George Pell is an Australian prelate of the Catholic Church and convicted child sex offender. He served as the inaugural Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy between 2014 and 2019, he served as the eighth Archbishop of Sydney, the seventh Archbishop of Melbourne and an auxiliary bishop of Melbourne. He was created a cardinal in 2003. Ordained in 1966, he has been an author and public speaker. Since becoming Archbishop of Melbourne in 1996, he has maintained a high public profile on a wide range of issues, while retaining a strict adherence to Catholic orthodoxy on most matters, his views on the environment, global warming in particular, are inconsistent with scientific consensus, contradict the positions held by Pope Francis. Pell worked as a priest in regional Victoria and in Melbourne as well as chairing the aid organisation Caritas Australia from 1988 to 1997, he was appointed as a delegate to the Australian Constitutional Convention in 1998, received the Centenary Medal from the Australian government in 2003, was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in 2005.
Upon becoming Archbishop of Melbourne, Pell set up the "Melbourne Response" diocesan protocol to investigate and deal with complaints of child sexual abuse in the Archdiocese of Melbourne. The protocol was the first of its kind in the world, but has been subject to a variety of criticisms. Pell himself used the platforms to both condemn past failings of his Church and to defend his own efforts to combat child sexual abuse in the church and care for victims. Pell is the Catholic Church's most senior official to be convicted of child sexual abuse. In June 2017, Pell was charged in Victoria with multiple historical sexual assault offences; the most serious charges were struck out for "fundamental defects in evidence" and credibility issues over witnesses, but Pell was committed to stand trial on other charges, pleading not guilty. Pell's five year term on the Council of Cardinal Advisers concluded in October 2018. On 11 December 2018 Pell was found guilty on five charges related to sexual misconduct involving two boys in the 1990s.
On 13 March 2019 Pell was sentenced to six years in prison. Pell's conviction had been subject to a gag order issued by Judge Peter Kidd, suppressing coverage of the conviction by Australian media companies, lifted on 26 February 2019. Pell lodged an appeal against his conviction on three grounds, including a claim that the jury verdict was unreasonable. In February 2019 the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith initiated its own investigation of the charges against Pell, which could lead to Pell being defrocked, his five year term as Prefect of the Secretariat of the Economy concluded in February 2019. Pell was born 8 June 1941 to George Arthur and Margaret Lillian Pell, his father was a non-practising Anglican. His mother was a devout Catholic of Irish descent; as a child, Pell underwent 24 operations to remove an abscess in his throat. Pell attended Loreto St Patrick's College in Ballarat. At St Patrick's, Pell played Australian rules football as a ruckman on the first XVIII from 1956 to 1959.
He played for the club in the VFL reserves. However, his ambitions turned to the priesthood. Speaking of his decision to become a priest, Pell once said, "To put it crudely, I feared and suspected and became convinced that God wanted me to do His work, I was never able to escape that conviction."In 1960, he began his studies for the priesthood at Corpus Christi College located in Werribee. Pell served as class prefect in his second and third years. In 1963, he was assigned to continue his studies at the Pontifical Urban University in Rome, he was ordained to the diaconate on 15 August 1966. On 16 December 1966, Pell was ordained a priest by Cardinal Gregorio Pietro Agagianian at St. Peter's Basilica, he received a Licentiate of Sacred Theology degree from the Pontificia Università Urbaniana in 1967 and continued his studies at the University of Oxford where he earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree in church history in 1971 with a thesis entitled The exercise of authority in early Christianity from about 170 to about 270.
During his studies at Oxford, he served as a chaplain to Catholic students at Eton College. In 1971, he returned to Australia and was assigned to serve as an assistant priest in Swan Hill, where he remained for two years, he served at a parish in Ballarat East from 1973 to 1983, becoming administrator of the parish of Bungaree in 1984. In 1982, he earned a Master of Education degree from Monash University in Melbourne. During his tenure in Ballarat East and Bungaree, he served as Episcopal Vicar for Education, director of the Aquinas campus of the Institute of Catholic Education and principal of the Institute of Catholic Education, he was editor of Light, the newspaper of the Diocese of Ballarat, from 1979 to 1984. From 1985 to 1987, Pell served as seminary rector of Corpus Christi College. Pell was appointed an auxiliary bishop of Melbourne and titular Bishop of Scala on 30 March 1987, he received his episcopal consecration on 21 May 1987 from Archbishop Frank Little, with bishops Ronald Mulkearns and Joseph O'Connell serving as co-consecrators.
He served as Bishop for the Southern Region of Melbourne. During this time, he was a parish priest in Mentone. Pell was named seventh Archbishop of Melbourne on 16 July
Isabel Townsend Pell was an American socialite who fought with the French Resistance during World War II and for this reason was decorated with the Legion of Honour. Pell was born on September 28, 1900, to S. Osgood Pell, a New York real estate man, Isabel Audrey Townsend, who married in 1899; the marriage was important enough to be noted by the New York Times. S. Osgood Pell died in a car accident on the night of August 3, 1913, when a train from the Long Island Railroad crashed into his car at a crossing. Isabel Townsend sued for $250,000. Pell was cared for by Stephen Hyatt Pell. S. National Register of Historic Places and a U. S. National Historic Landmark, her other uncle was tennis player. Pell attended Holton-Arms School in Bethesda and the Spence School in New York City, she made her debut in 1920, at the Piping Rock Club, was known as a skilled horsewoman in Long Island, New York, Virginia. She admired by contemporaries for being outspoken and athletic. In 1921 Pell went to work in a dress shop, a position felt at the time to be below her social standing.
In 1922 she left the job at the dress shop and tried a career as actress, playing a small part in Fools Errant at the Maxine Elliott Theatre. In 1930 Pell worked for New York, she collaborated with Lois Long, fashion writer, Elsie de Wolfe, interior decorator. While in France during World War II, Pell joined the Maquis, she moved inland in the mountain and served for four years, until September 1944, was known among the resistance as "the girl with the blonde mèche". Pell was interned at Puget-Théniers; when she was released, she disguised herself as a peasant and went to a mountain forest with her lover, the Marquise Claire Charles-Roux De Forbin. An Associate Press recounts how, in 1944, Pell rescued a contingent of American soldiers surrounded by enemies in Tanaron, a small French town. Pell, wearing the badge of Free France, led the men to safety. At the end of the war, November 28, 1944, the plaza in Puget-Théniers was renamed in her honor. In February 1924 Pell was engaged to R. Lorenzo Thomson.
Her society photos show Pell practicing sports, or together with other heiresses, like Margarett Sargent and Eleonora Sears, both rumored to be her lovers. Sargent said that Isabell was "handsome, wonderfully handsome". Pell used to visit Sargent at her Prides Crossing, Massachusetts mansion, was well known by both Sargent's husband, Quincy Adams Shaw McKean, children, who called Pell "cousin Pell". In 1933 Isabel Pell and another woman, the wife of Henry T. Fleitmann, a partner of De Witt, Fleitmann & Company, were rescued after a crash at sea on the Kattegat while on a flight between Copenhagen and Falkenberg, they were taken to Copenhagen, uninjured. Isabel Pell was friends with Eva Le Gallienne, they used to spend time together driving in the country. Pell had an affair with an American sculptor and actress with Bohemian ancestry. Pell was forced to leave New York. Pell moved to Paris, joining many other eccentric heiresses who sought the freedom from their gilded cage. In a story recounted by Esther Murphy Strachey, younger sister of Gerald Murphy, with Natalie Clifford Barney, infiltrated a 13th-century Italian convent to meet with Alice Robinson.
In France, Pell started a relationship with Marquise De Forbin. The Marquise was raised in Morocco. Pell and the Marquise moved together to Auribeau-sur-Siagne; when France was occupied in 1940, both Pell and De Forbin joined the French Resistance and the 1st Airborne Task Force led by Major General Robert T. Frederick, who said "I think she came up there because she wanted a uniform. Well, we told her we didn't have any women's uniforms". Pell became an attaché of the Civil Affair Task Force of the US Army and liaised between the French and the Americans. Pell was close friends with Mercedes de Acosta. After the war De Acosta visited Pell in France and began a relationship with Pell's companion, Claire de Forbin. Back in New York City, after the war, Pell lived at 30 East End Avenue. Pell died at the age of 51, collapsing while dining with her friend Anne Andrews at La Reine Restaurant, 139 East 52nd Street. We Used to Own the Bronx: Memoirs of a Former Debutante is a memoir written by Eve Pell, a reporter in San Francisco
John Pell was an English mathematician and political agent abroad. He was born at Southwick in Sussex, his father named John Pell, was from Southwick, his mother was Mary Holland, from Halden in Kent. He was the second of two sons, by the age of six he was an orphan, his father dying in 1616 and his mother the following year. John Pell the elder had a fine library, this proved valuable to the young Pell as he grew up, he was educated at Steyning Grammar School and entered Trinity College, Cambridge, at the age of thirteen. During his university career he became an accomplished linguist, before he took his B. A. degree corresponded with other mathematicians. He received his M. A. in 1630, taught in the short-lived Chichester Academy, set up by Samuel Hartlib. On 3 July 1632 he married sister of Bathsua Makin, they went on to have four daughters. Ithumaria died in 1661, some time before 1669 he remarried. Pell spent much of the 1630s working under Hartlib's influence, on a variety of topics in the area of pedagogy and pansophy, the legacy of Trithemius.
By 1638 he had formulated a proposal for a universal language. In mathematics, he concentrated on expanding the scope of algebra in the theory of equations, on mathematical tables; as part of a joint lobbying effort with Hartlib to find himself support to continue as a researcher, he had his short Idea of Mathematics printed in October 1638. The campaign brought interested responses from Marin Mersenne, his reputation and the influence of Sir William Boswell, the English resident, with the States-General procured his election in 1644 to the chair of mathematics in Amsterdam, after an earlier attempt after Martin van den Hove left for Leiden had failed. From 1644 he worked against Longomontanus. For this he put in a large effort soliciting help and testimonials: from Bonaventura Cavalieri, his patron Sir Charles Cavendish, René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Claude Mydorge, Gilles de Roberval, it appeared as Controversy with Longomontanus concerning the Quadrature of the Circle. In 1646, on the invitation of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, Pell accepted a professorship at the new Orange College at Breda, where he taught until 1652.
He realised that war between the English and the Dutch was imminent and that he would be in an difficult position in Breda, so returned to England before the outbreak of the First Anglo-Dutch War in July 1652. After his return, Oliver Cromwell appointed Pell to a post teaching mathematics in London. From 1654 to 1658 Pell acted as Cromwell's political agent in Zurich to the Protestant cantons of Switzerland. Pell was described in Zurich by the English traveller Sir John Reresby in about 1656 as "a strange unknown person, not unsuiting the people he was sent to, nor the master he came from, they are here so strict in their religion, they suffer not the Venetian ambassador to hear mass in his own house." Cromwell wanted to split the Protestant cantons of Switzerland off to join a Protestant League, with England at its head. However Pell's negotiations were long drawn out and he returned to England to deliver his report only shortly before Cromwell's death, he was unable to report. A mathematical pupil and disciple in Switzerland, from 1657, was Johann Heinrich Rahn, known as Rhonius.
Rahn is credited with the invention of the division sign ÷. This book by Rahn contained what would become known as the "Pell equation". Diophantine equations was a favourite subject with Pell, he is now best remembered, if erroneously, for the indeterminate equation a x 2 + 1 = y 2, known as Pell's equation. This problem was in fact proposed by Pierre de Fermat first to Bernard Frénicle de Bessy, in 1657 to all mathematicians. Pell's connection with the problem is through Rahn, it consisted of publication of the solutions of John Wallis and Lord Brouncker in his edition of Thomas Branker's Translation of Rhonius's Algebra. This new edition by Pell of what was Rahn's work included a great deal of additional material on number theory, amounting to a reply to the 1657 book Exercitationes mathematicae by Frans van Schooten, it is notable for its inclusion of a Table of Incomposits, an early large factor table. After his return to England Pell in 1661 became rector of Fobbing in Essex. In 1663 he was given an honorary D. D. and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
At the same time he was presented by Bishop Gilbert Sheldon to the rectory of Essex. He spent time visiting William Brereton, 3rd Baron Brereton, at Brereton Hall, having taught him mathematics at Breda, after Brereton died in 1680 John Aubrey reported a close friendship between the two men. In 1673 Pell met Leibniz in London, was able to inform him that some of his mathematical work had been anticipated by François Regnaud and Gabriel Mouton, his devotion to
Charles Byron Pell was an American college football player and coach. Pell was an Alabama native and an alumnus of the University of Alabama, where he played college football, he is most notably remembered as the head coach of the Clemson University and the University of Florida football teams. Pell was credited with laying the foundation for the success of both programs, but his coaching career was tainted by National Collegiate Athletic Association rules violations. Charley Pell was born in Albertville, Alabama in 1941. Neither of his parents had completed any education beyond the fifth grade, he did not play football until his senior year of high school. After graduating from high school, he attended the University of Alabama, having been recruited to play football for the Crimson Tide by coach Bear Bryant. Pell was undersized at 187 pounds, but he became an all-Southeastern Conference guard and defensive tackle. Pell played for Bryant's Crimson Tide from 1961 to 1963, including Bryant's first national championship team in 1961.
After graduating from the University of Alabama, Pell stayed in Tuscaloosa, serving as a graduate assistant under Bryant in 1964. Charlie Bradshaw, a former Alabama assistant and current Kentucky Wildcats football head coach, offered Pell a position as the defensive line coach at the University of Kentucky. While coaching at Kentucky, Pell met his future wife, Ward Noel. Pell earned his first head coaching job at age 28 when he was hired by Jacksonville State University in 1969, he coached the Gamecocks to four consecutive winning seasons, including a 10–0 record and a Gulf South Conference championship in 1970. His overall record as head coach was 33–13–1. In 1974, Pell left NAIA Jacksonville State to become defensive coordinator for Division I Virginia Tech Hokies, he stayed for just two seasons. After taking the defensive coordinator position for the Clemson Tigers football team in 1976, he was elevated to head coach in 1977 when Red Parker was fired. In his first year, he led the Tigers to the 1977 Gator Bowl—their first bowl invitation in 18 years.
A year his Tigers won their first Atlantic Coast Conference championship in 11 years, were ranked seventh in the final AP Poll—the highest final ranking in school history at the time. Pell was named ACC Coach of the Year in 1978, compiled an 18–4–1 record. Pell left Clemson after the 1978 regular season to become head coach at the University of Florida, he was succeeded at Clemson by assistant coach Danny Ford. In 1982, it emerged that Pell and his staff had committed major NCAA infractions in player recruiting, for which the NCAA placed the Clemson football program on two years' probation; the Tigers were allowed to keep their 1978 ACC title. Pell coached the Florida Gators football team from 1979 to 1984; the 1979 Gators suffered an 0–10–1 record—still the worst in school history. However, Pell's Gators improved, with winning records and bowl invitations during the next four years; the Gators' improvement from 0–10–1 in 1979 to 8–4 in 1980 was the largest one-year turnaround in major college football history at the time.
His 1983 Gators finished 9–2–1 and were ranked sixth in the final Associated Press football poll—the Gators' first-ever top-ten finish, the highest final ranking in school history at the time. After the 1982 season, the National Collegiate Athletic Association began an investigation into possible rule violations by Pell and his staff at Florida. Pell took full responsibility for the violations in August 1984 and announced he would resign at the end of the season. However, on September 16, only three games into the season, the NCAA announced that Florida was alleged to have committed 107 infractions—including spying on other teams' practices and gifts to players, allowing walk-ons to stay in the athletic dorm; that night, university president Marshall Criser fired Pell and named his offensive coordinator, Galen Hall, as interim coach. Hall and the 1984 Gators won Florida's first-ever Southeastern Conference football championship, but the SEC refused to allow the Gators to play in the Sugar Bowl.
In January 1985, after it was determined that Pell and the Gators coaching staff had committed 59 infractions, the NCAA placed Florida on two years' probation and banned the Gators from bowl games and live television in 1985 and 1986. The NCAA reduced the Gators' football scholarships by 20 over three years. To the shock and dismay of the team and fans, the SEC university presidents voted to retroactively vacate the Gators' 1984 SEC championship in the spring of 1985; the loss of scholarships proved to be the most crippling sanction in the long-term. During his time at the University of Florida, Pell led the fund-raising efforts to make several major facility improvements at Florida Field, including the construction of a world-class training facility, a major expansion of the south end zone seating and the construction of the first luxury skyboxes. Pell is credited by many with rebuilding Florida's football program and rehabilitating the finances of the school's athletic department. At the same time, he was condemned for committing NCAA violations whose repercussions hobbled the program for the rest of the decade.
After being fired by Florida, Pell was unable to secure another coaching job, a frustration, a factor in a suicide attempt in 1994. Pell became a spokesman for depression awareness, he coached one season of high school football at the newly built Lake Region
Claiborne de Borda Pell was an American politician and writer who served as a U. S. Senator from Rhode Island for six terms from 1961 to 1997, he was the sponsor of the 1972 bill that reformed the Basic Educational Opportunity Grant, which provides financial aid funding to American college students. A member of the Democratic Party, he served in the U. S. Senate longer than anyone else from Rhode Island. Claiborne Pell was born on November 22, 1918, in New York City, the son of Matilda Bigelow and diplomat and congressman Herbert Pell. Pell's family members included John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne, George Mifflin Dallas, Nathaniel Herbert Claiborne, he was a direct descendant of mathematician John Pell and a descendant of Senator William C. C. Claiborne. In 1927 Pell's parents divorced and his mother remarried U. S. Naval Commander Hugo W. Koehler of St. Louis. Following the First World War, Koehler served as an Office of Naval Intelligence and State Department operative in Russia during its civil war, as naval attaché to Poland.
Said to be the "richest officer in the Navy" during the 1920s, Koehler was rumored to be the illegitimate son of the Crown Prince of Austria and to have assisted the Romanovs in fleeing Russia following the revolution of 1917, though no evidence of this has been established. Pell was close to his stepfather, who died when Pell was 22. In years, Pell made a concerted effort to determine the veracity of these rumors surrounding Koehler's past. Pell attended St. George's School in Newport, Rhode Island, received an A. B. in history from Princeton University in 1940. While at Princeton, he was a member of Colonial Club and the American Whig-Cliosophic Society, played as part of the rugby team. After graduating, Pell worked as an oil field roustabout in Oklahoma, he served as private secretary for his father, United States Ambassador to Portugal. At the start of World War II he was with his father, United States Ambassador to Hungary. Claiborne Pell drove trucks carrying emergency supplies to prisoners of war in Germany, was detained several times by the Nazi government.
Pell enlisted in the U. S. Coast Guard as a seaman second class on August 12, 1941, four months before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Pell served as a ship's cook, was promoted to seaman first class on October 31, was commissioned as an ensign on December 17, 1941. During the war, Pell's ships served as North Atlantic convoy escorts, in amphibious warfare during the allied invasion of Sicily and the allied invasion of the Italian mainland. Pell was promoted to lieutenant on October 1, 1942, to lieutenant during May 1943. Due to his fluency in Italian, Pell was assigned as a civil affairs officer in Sicily where he became ill from drinking unpasteurized milk, he was sent home during the summer of 1944 for recuperation, but returned to active service in the war. Pell was discharged from active duty on September 5, 1945. After the end of World War II, he remained in the U. S. Coast Guard Reserve, he retired from that service in 1978 with the rank of captain. Pell married Nuala O'Donnell in December 1944.
Together, they had four children: Herbert Claiborne Pell III, Christopher Thomas Hartford Pell, Nuala Dallas Pell, Julia Lorillard Wampage Pell. Herbert and Julia predeceased their parents, his grandson Clay Pell was an unsuccessful contender in the 2014 Democratic primary for Governor of Rhode Island. From 1945 to 1952, he served in the United States Department of State as a Foreign Service Officer in Czechoslovakia and Washington, D. C, he was fluent in French and Portuguese. In 1945, Pell was a participant with the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco that drafted the United Nations Charter. In 1946 he completed graduate studies in International Relations at Columbia University receiving a Master of Arts degree. In 1954 Pell was appointed vice president and member of the board of directors of the International Fiscal Corporation, he served as a vice president and director of the North American Newspaper Alliance. He was a director of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Foundation, Fort Ticonderoga Association, General Rochambeau Commission of Rhode Island.
He served as a fundraiser and consultant for the Democratic National Committee. He served as Vice President of the International Rescue Committee. Stationed in Austria, he was responsible for assisting refugees from the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 to leave the country and resettle. During Pell's diplomatic career and other international activities in the 1940s and 1950s, he was arrested and jailed at least six times, including detentions by both fascist and communist governments. In 1960, Pell won the seat of retiring U. S. Senator Theodore Francis Green, defeating former Governor Dennis J. Roberts and former Governor and U. S. Senator J. Howard McGrath in the Democratic primary, former Rhode Island Republican Party Chairman Raoul Archambault in the general election. Despite being called "the least electable man in America" by John F. Kennedy because of his many odd habits and beliefs, Pell proved a durable politician, he won reelection five times, including victories over Ruth M. Briggs, John Chafee, James G. Reynolds, Barbara Leonard, Claudine Schneider.
Considered by his opponents to be too easygoing, Pell demonstrated his effectiveness as a campaigner. During his first campaign, when he was accused of carpetbagging, Pell published newspaper advertisements featuring a photograph of his grand-uncle Duncan Pell, w
Axel Rudi Pell
Axel Rudi Pell is a German heavy metal guitar player who works as a lead guitarist for an unnamed backing band he founded as a solo work. He started off with the band Steeler before leaving to start his solo career in 1989. During this time, he has played with such drummers as Jörg Michael and Mike Terrana, singers Johnny Gioeli, Jeff Scott Soto, Rob Rock. SPV Records released a live DVD on 25 February 2008, titled Live over Europe, which includes the full performance from the Rock Hard Festival in 2007, comes with a bonus disc which includes live footage from Pell's own archive. CurrentAxel Rudi Pell — guitar Johnny Gioeli — lead vocals Ferdy Doernberg — keyboards Volker Krawczak — bass guitar Bobby Rondinelli — drums Past VocalsCharlie Huhn Rob Rock Jeff Scott Soto BassJörg Deisinger Thomas Smuszynski DrumsJörg Michael Mike Terrana KeyboardsGeorg Hahn Rüdiger König Kai Raglewski Julie Greaux Christian Wolff Timeline Steeler Rulin' the Earth Strike Back Undercover Animal Wild Obsession Nasty Reputation Eternal Prisoner Between the Walls Black Moon Pyramid Magic Oceans of Time The Masquerade Ball Shadow Zone Kings and Queens Mystica Diamonds Unlocked Tales of the Crown The Crest Circle of the Oath Into the Storm Game of Sins Knights Call The Ballads The Ballads II The Wizard's Chosen Few The Ballads III The Best of Axel Rudi Pell: Anniversary Edition The Ballads IV The Ballads V Made in Germany Knights Live Live On Fire Magic Moments: 25th Anniversary Special Show Knight Treasures Live Over Europe One Night Live Live On Fire Official website Axel Rudi Pell at AllMusic Axel Rudi Pell on Metal Storm Axel Rudi Pell, Interview: "I Have Never Changed My Style" September 2011