Women's Boat Race
The Women's Boat Race is an annual rowing race between Cambridge University Women's Boat Club and Oxford University Women's Boat Club. First rowed in 1927, the race has taken place annually since 1964. Since the 2015 race it has been rowed on the same day and course as the men's Boat Race on the River Thames in London, taking place around Easter, since 2018 the name "The Boat Race" has been applied to the combined event; the race is rowed in eights and the cox can be of any gender. The course covers a 4.2 miles stretch of the Thames from Putney to Mortlake. Members of both crews are traditionally known as blues and each boat as a "Blue Boat", with Cambridge in light blue and Oxford dark blue; as of 2019 Cambridge have won the race 44 times and Oxford 30 times. Cambridge has led Oxford in cumulative wins since 1966; the women's race has received television coverage and grown in popularity since 2015, attracting a television audience of 4.8 million viewers that year. The 2019 race was won by Cambridge by five lengths.
The first women's rowing event between Oxford and Cambridge was held on 15 March 1927 on The Isis in Oxford. This was not a race in the years up to 1935, the two boats were not on the river together and were judged on both their speed and their "steadiness, finish and other matters of style"; the Times reported that "large and hostile crowds gathered on the towpath" and The New York Times stated "a crowd of five thousand persons was on hand as a willing cheering section". The race covered a distance of 1⁄2 mile over which the crews were judged on their style while rowing downstream and their speed while rowing back upstream. Reports differ as to the judges' opinions on style: one suggests they failed to agree on a winner, another indicates that they deemed the style of each crew to be equal; as a result, the judges based their decision on speed: the race was won by Oxford in a time of 3 minutes 36 seconds, beating Cambridge by 15 seconds. The next event in 1929 took place on the Tideway in London.
At the 1935 race, after two intervening events, the crews took to the river together for the first time. Racing on the Thames in London Oxford's boat was sent off first with the Cambridge boat following thirty seconds later; the 1936 race, held on The Isis, was the first to take place side by side. The location alternated between the River Cam in Cambridge and The Isis, over a distance of about 1,000 yards. Unlike the men’s race, the women's continued in most years through the Second World War; the Cambridge University Women's Boat Club was founded in 1941 when Girton College became the second women's college to cater for rowing. Until that year Cambridge was represented by Newnham College Boat Club; the first blues were awarded in 1941 when CUWBC raced against Oxford University Women's Boat Club, founded in 1926. All of the Cambridge rowers in 1941 were members of Newnham College; the following year the first non-Newnham rower competed. In training after the 1952 race, Oxford was banned from the river.
Both OUWBC and CUWBC suffered from lack of funds and the race fell into abeyance. After a 12-year gap, the race has been held annually since; the number of women rowers increased as more colleges started to admit women and reserve boats from each university began racing in 1966, the year after the men's reserve boats began racing. A second reserve race was run in 1968, the reserves have raced annually since 1975; the women's reserve boats were named Osiris and Blondie. In 1975 the men's lightweight race started at Henley-on-Thames and the women's Boat race was relocated there in 1977 creating the Henley Boat Races. At Henley the race took place over a distance of 2,000 metres; the First VIII receive university blues, is therefore more known as the Blue Boat, with Cambridge in light blue and Oxford dark blue. While the crew is all female, the cox can be female; the Second VIII receives university colours. The 2011 race was the first to be sponsored by Newton Investment Management, a subsidiary of BNY Mellon.
The crews had no sponsorship and were self funded. Newton have remained the sponsor since and increased the amount of funding significantly. For the 2013 race the entire Henley Boat Races was moved to Dorney Lake because of flooding on the river. Oxford won the 2014 race on the Henley course having beaten Cambridge by a distance of four boat lengths over two kilometres. A newly designed trophy, to replace the existing wooden shield, was awarded to the Oxford president by Olympic gold medallist Sophie Hosking who had won the Women's lightweight double sculls at the 2012 Summer Olympics. On 11 April 2015 the 70th women's race was held on The Championship Course on the same day as the traditional male event for the first time; the course covers a 4.2 miles stretch of the Thames from Putney to Mortlake. Rebranded as "The Boat Races", the combined event was broadcast on national television in UK, during which the audience for the women's race reached 4.8 million viewers. OUWBC won by six and half lengths that year.
The Reserves race moved to the Championship Course in 2015, running on the day prior to the main race. In 2016 all four men's and women's boat races took place on the same day and course for the first time. Cancer Research UK were gifted the title sponsorship rights by BNY Mellon and Newton Investment Management, an arrangement which continued for the following two years; the 2016 race, again receiving national television coverage, was won by Oxford while the Cambridge boat nearly sank in the rough conditions. The 2017 race took place on Sunday 2 April at 16:35 British Summer Time, an hour before the men's race. Cambridge won for the fir
Anglia Ruskin Boat Club
Anglia Ruskin Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Anglia Ruskin University. It was known as CCAT Boat Club until 2008; the name CCAT derives from a former name for the University, the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, abbreviated to CCAT. The boat club has chosen to retain the name CCAT for historical reasons, it was once thought the club would lose its positions in the bumps races if the name were changed, but, urban legend. Although not affiliated with Cambridge University, ARBC have rowed in the Lent and May Bumps since the 1980s as a guest club. CCAT first put a men's crew on in 1988 in both events, rose to lie in the middle of the 2nd division in both sets of bumps races, although have slipped into the lower half; the women first appeared in the May Bumps in 1983 and Lent Bumps in 1984, but have only had a continuous presence since 1987 in both events. ARBC 1st women rose to take a place in the bottom of the Lents 1st division in the late 1990s but have since faded to the bottom of the 2nd division.
In the May Bumps, ARBC 1st women rose to get into the 1st division for two days in 2002 but have now fallen to the bottom of the 2nd division. In the 2003 May bumps, the Ladies 2nd VIII won blades, by bumping an unprecedented 5 bumps. ARBC crews participate in other races and regattas throughout the year, on and off the River Cam, including Bedford and London, where crews have enjoyed numerous success over the recent years. ARBC 1st Women won the ARA Novice 8+ Plate Competition in Bedford Regatta 2006, both the 1st Men and 1st Women won the Sunday Novice 8+ races at Peterborough Regatta 2006, with ARBC women taking first and third place in the final. In 2007 Peterborough Regatta, ARBC enjoyed particular success with the Men and Women's 1st VIIIs winning their Senior 4 8+ events on Saturday, the 2nd Women's VIII winning their Novice 8+ event on Sunday; as well, the 1st Women finished 97th out of 274 crews from across the UK and Europe in the Women's Eights Head of the River Race in London in 2006.
In 2014 the women's crew won Blades at the May Bumps, bumping Clare Hall, Fitzwilliam II, First & Third II and Newnham III. In 2017 the men’s crew won Blades at May Bumps. Durack, John; the Bumps: An Account of the Cambridge University Bumping Races 1827–1999 ISBN 0-9538475-1-9 CUCBC – Lent and May Bumps programmes. Bumps Charts Archive 1992–2004 Anglia Ruskin Boat Club
Downing College Boat Club
Downing College Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Downing College, Cambridge. Downing men have not been below the top 9 boats for over 3 decades, on occasion being the only boat club with a second boat in the first division, ahead of other college first boats. Downing men and women have rowed internationally, winning World Rowing Championship medals, Olympic medals. Despite the college admitting undergraduates in 1821, Downing's boat club did not form until 1863, with their first race being in the spring of 1864; the men's 1st VIII did not feature in the 1st division of the Lent and May Bumps until the 1960s. The club first became Head of the Mays in 1982, a position it lost in 1983 and regained in 1984; the head crew was coached by Downing alumnus Graeme Hall, the stroke of the Cambridge crew which won The Boat Race 1969, coached the British Men's VIII to win the silver medal in Rowing at the 1980 Summer Olympics. Downing women formed in 1981 and held their first headship of the Lent Bumps from 2004–2005, regaining it in 2011, attained their first headship of the May Bumps in 2011.
They retained both headships in 2012. The club has now held 15 headships in total, including a double-headship in 1996. In 2018, the first indoor rowing training tank in the East of England was built in the Club's boathouse. CUCBC/ Cambridge University Combined Boat Club Downing College Boat Club
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam 50 miles north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age; the first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not conferred until 1951. The world-renowned University of Cambridge was founded in 1209; the buildings of the university include King's College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. The city's skyline is dominated by several college buildings, along with the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital and St John's College Chapel tower. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology has its main campus in the city.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. More than 40% of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average; the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to house premises of AstraZeneca, a hotel and the relocated Papworth Hospital. The first game of association football took place at Parker's Piece; the Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fair are held on Midsummer Common, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is adjacent to the A14 roads. Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King's Cross railway station. Settlements have existed around the Cambridge area since prehistoric times; the earliest clear evidence of occupation is the remains of a 3,500-year-old farmstead discovered at the site of Fitzwilliam College.
Archaeological evidence of occupation through the Iron Age is a settlement on Castle Hill from the 1st century BC relating to wider cultural changes occurring in southeastern Britain linked to the arrival of the Belgae. The principal Roman site is a small fort Duroliponte on Castle Hill, just northwest of the city centre around the location of the earlier British village; the fort was bounded on two sides by the lines formed by the present Mount Pleasant, continuing across Huntingdon Road into Clare Street. The eastern side followed Magrath Avenue, with the southern side running near to Chesterton Lane and Kettle's Yard before turning northwest at Honey Hill, it was converted to civilian use around 50 years later. Evidence of more widespread Roman settlement has been discovered including numerous farmsteads and a village in the Cambridge district of Newnham. Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain around 410, the location may have been abandoned by the Britons, although the site is identified as Cair Grauth listed among the 28 cities of Britain by the History of the Britons.
Evidence exists that the invading Anglo-Saxons had begun occupying the area by the end of the century. Their settlement – on and around Castle Hill – became known as Grantebrycge. Anglo-Saxon grave goods have been found in the area. During this period, Cambridge benefited from good trade links across the hard-to-travel fenlands. By the 7th century, the town was less significant and described by Bede as a "little ruined city" containing the burial site of Etheldreda. Cambridge was on the border between the East and Middle Anglian kingdoms and the settlement expanded on both sides of the river; the arrival of the Vikings was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 875. Viking rule, the Danelaw, had been imposed by 878 Their vigorous trading habits caused the town to grow rapidly. During this period the centre of the town shifted from Castle Hill on the left bank of the river to the area now known as the Quayside on the right bank. After the Viking period, the Saxons enjoyed a return to power, building churches such as St Bene't's Church, merchant houses and a mint, which produced coins with the town's name abbreviated to "Grant".
In 1068, two years after his conquest of England, William of Normandy built a castle on Castle Hill. Like the rest of the newly conquered kingdom, Cambridge fell under the control of the King and his deputies; the first town charter was granted by Henry I between 1120 and 1131. It recognised the borough court; the distinctive Round Church dates from this period. In 1209, Cambridge University was founded by students escaping from hostile townspeople in Oxford; the oldest existing college, was founded in 1284. In 1349 Cambridge was affected by the Black Death. Few records survive; the town north of the river was affected being wiped out. Following further depopulation after a second national epidemic in 1361, a letter from the Bishop of Ely suggested that two parishes in Cambridge be merged as there were not enough people to fill one church. With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare.
In 1382 a revised town charter effects a "diminution of the liberties that the community had enjoyed", due to Cambridge's pa
Trinity Hall Boat Club
Trinity Hall Boat Club is the rowing club of Trinity Hall, a college of the University of Cambridge. Founded in 1827 it is amongst the oldest college boat clubs in England, it is the most successful Cambridge college at Henley Royal Regatta with a number of wins, including winning all the events but one in 1887. The club has produced numerous rowers for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and various national teams, including Tom James, who stroked the 8+ from Great Britain to the B-final in the 2004 Olympics in Athens and won gold with the 4- at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing; the club colours are black and white, its nickname is "Black and White army", its motto "Our power's a crescent", its supporters shout "Row Hall" to encourage the rowers. Unlike other boat clubs, whose scarves are derived from their college scarves, its scarf is made in a black and white tartan. THBC has a senior rowers' club called The White Society; the college first boats, both men and women have been Head of the Lent and May Bumps on numerous occasions in the history of the races, dominating the Mays in the 1890s and both events in the early 1990s.
From 1890 until 1898, Trinity Hall stayed Head of the Mays for 33 consecutive days, which remains to this day the longest continuous defence by a single club of the bumps headship since the Lent and May Bumps became separate events. Trinity Hall were deposed from the top spot in 1898 by First Trinity, who held the headship for 10 days Third Trinity who held the headship for a further 24 days again by First Trinity for 2 more days, meaning that boats from Trinity College held the headship for 36 consecutive days, but until the 1940s, Trinity maintained more than one boatclub. CUCBC – Lent and May Bumps programmes. Trinity Hall Boat Club CUCBC
First and Third Trinity Boat Club
The First and Third Trinity Boat Club is the rowing club of Trinity College in Cambridge, England. The club formally came into existence in 1946 when the First Trinity Boat Club and the Third Trinity Boat Club merged, although the 2 clubs had been rowing together for several years before that date; the first boat club associated with Trinity was formed in 1825 and came to be known as First Trinity in 1833 when the Third Trinity Boat Club was formed. Membership of Third Trinity was confined to Old Etonians and Old Westminsters. Members of Third Trinity were allowed to be members of First or Second Trinity and were; the boat club gives its name to Trinity college's May Ball, the oldest such event in Cambridge and originates from the club's celebrations after the victories in the May Bumps. In the nineteenth century the various Trinity boat clubs were strong and won events in Cambridge, at various regattas around the country, notably the Henley Royal Regatta, contributed rowers to the Cambridge boat for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race.
Indeed, in the 1849 Boat Race, all members of the crew were from Trinity, seven from Third Trinity and two, the cox included, from First Trinity. Boats from the three clubs could be found at, or near, the top of the Bumps and they sometimes combined their resources in races against the rest of the University. In 1876 Second Trinity was disbanded due to insufficient members. However, a legend claims that during the Bumps in that year, the rowers of Trinity's arch-rivals, St John's College, attached a sword to the front of one of their boats such that if they bumped the boat in front, it would be holed and sink; the plan worked in the sense that the Trinity boat did sink, but in the process the sword hit and killed Second Trinity's cox, which of course wasn't intended So the legend claims that this is the reason why Second Trinity Boat Club was dissolved, why St. John's College is no longer allowed a boat club under its own name. Though a wonderful legend, there is no traceable record of a crew from St. John's attaching a sword to their bow, while a St John's College Boat Club was disbanded in 1876, the original boat club at St. John's was the Lady Margaret Boat Club.
However, a somewhat similar incident occurred in 1888, 12 years after the dissolution of Second Trinity, after which bow balls became mandatory. In his History of the First Trinity Boat Club, Walter Rouse Ball notes: " The third day was the occasion of a sad tragedy. Clare bumped Queens', drew into the bank by Grassy. Behind these boats was the Trinity Hall third boat. This, instead of rounding First Post Corner, ran, by some mishap, across the river, the nose of the boat struck number 4 in the Clare boat just over his heart, killing him on the spot; the further races were at once stopped. Since this dreadful incident small india-rubber knobs have been fixed on the bows of all the racing boats"; the more prosaic explanation for 2nd Trinity's demise is that membership was restricted to Theology scholars, which over time proved to be an unreliable source of oarsmen. In the twentieth century the clubs remained competitive and continued to achieve success in various events; the 2nd World War forced the 2 clubs to combine resources and after the war they formally merged in order to remain competitive with the now larger boat clubs of other colleges.
In the same year First and Third won the Visitors' Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta and the following year won the Ladies' Challenge Plate. They repeated this feat by winning the Ladies Plate again in 1954 and 1967, the last year that a college crew from either Cambridge or Oxford has won the event; the difference in the standard of rowing between Oxbridge colleges and non-University clubs has changed over the twentieth century due to standards within college clubs falling or to the quality of rowing in other clubs improving, but a combination of the two. For example and Third, like all other Oxbridge college crews, now have difficulty achieving a standard of rowing to qualify for events at the Henley Royal Regatta, let alone to win these events. In spite of this, rowing within Cambridge remains popular and the Bumps, the main inter-college event, see well over a thousand students competing around a hundred from Trinity; the Trinity Boat Club, the original rowing club of Trinity College, dates from 1825 and was called First Trinity Boat Club after 1833.
It was open to all members of the College. In 1946, the club amalgamated with the other remaining boat club of the College, Third Trinity Boat Club, to form First and Third Trinity Boat Club, in this form continues to compete today; the Club was successful throughout its history, but in the 19th century. Its early history is well covered by Walter Rouse Ball's 1908 book, A History of The First Trinity Boat Club, available online in its entirety. Of particular note is that in 1839 First Trinity won the Grand Challenge Cup in the first Henley Regatta; the crew rowed in a boat named the Black Prince, the bow section of, still owned by the First and Third Trinity Boat Club but, on loan to the River & Rowing Museum in Henley. They defeated the other three entries, who were Wadham College Oxford, Brasenose College Oxford and the Oxford Etonian Club. First and Third Trinity Boat Club still names its higher quality men's eight-oared boats as'Black Prince'; as new boats are purchased, older boats are demoted to lower boat use and are referred to as'Black Prince II','Black Prince III' and
Murray Edwards College Boat Club
Murray Edwards College Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Murray Edwards College, Cambridge known as New Hall. New Hall was founded as a women-only college hence only fields women's crews; the Club was founded and known as New Hall Boat Club until 2008, when the Club decided to rename itself as Murray Edwards College Boat Club in line with the College name change. New Hall's early progress was good, taking the headship of the Lent Bumps in 1976, 1978 and 1980. A run of poorer results saw the 1st VIII drop into the second division for the first time in 2007. Since the Club has made a strong come-back, regaining a first division position in Lent Bumps in 2013. In the May Bumps, initial performance was good, taking the headship in 1977, 1981 and 1984 in the four-oared races, but in 1990, when the start order was re-organised, the New Hall 1st VIII were placed at the bottom of the 1st division and dropped into the 2nd division in 1992. By 1996, New Hall had climbed as high as 10th, but found itself in the 2nd division again by the end of 1998.
The New Hall 1st VIII climbed to 10th by 2002, but fell into the 2nd division once again in 2006. Better recruitment and continuing financial support from the College and alumnae community enabled the Club to build depth and breadth in its crews once more. From 2010 onwards, the 1st VIII had not conceded a Bump in either of the Bumps races, had earned a total of five sets of blades in five years and has been making progress on reclaiming a first division position on the May Bumps charts. Murray Edwards won the Pegasus Cup in 2011 after a solid performance in May Bumps, which secured blades for both its crews