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Pemmasani Nayaks

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Pemmasani feudatory
13th century–1652
Capital Gandikota
Languages Telugu
Religion Om.svg Hinduism
Government Monarchy
Historical era Medieval India
 •  Established 13th century
 •  Disestablished 1652
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kakatiya dynasty
Musunuri Nayaks
Qutb Shahi dynasty
Mughal Empire

Pemmasani Nayakas were a clan in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. They came into prominence during Vijayanagar times as feudatories of Gandikota under the rule of the kings at Vijayanagar.[1]

They ruled for 282 years, which is the highest by any other Telugu dynasty.[2]


The Pemmasani Nayaks ruled Yadiki, Gutti and Gandikota, the hard earned independence of Telugu land came to an end in fifty years with the martyrdom of Musunuri Kaapaaneedu in 1370 CE at the hands of Velamas who colluded with Bahmani sultan.[citation needed] A large number of remaining Nayaks who served under Kaapaaneedu migrated to Vijayanagar and swore allegiance to Bukka Raya, a close associate of Kapaneedu for protecting the Hindu dharma in Dakshnapatha (Deccan). Among them, Pemmasani clan was one. Generations of Pemmasani clan were commanders under various families of the Vijayanagar empire.[3]

Extent of rule

The extent of Pemmasanis feudatorial influence ranged from Tamil Nadu to Orissa [4], they ruled from Gandikota as their capital. Ravella Nayaks, Sayapaneni Nayaks, Dasari Nayaks and Koneru Nayaks worked as feudatory kings of Pemmasani kings.[citation needed] Pemmasanis ruled mostly as autonomous rulers of Gandikota. Pemmasanis even ascended the throne of great Vijayanagar Empire at times when there was power shift between dynasties especially between Tuluva and Araveedu dynasties.[citation needed] Pemmasanis played a critical role in protecting the Vijayanagar empire, this is evident from the prime location of land that Vijayanagar kings have provided to Pemmasanis in Hampi as camp when they visited the city.

List of rulers

  • Pemmasani Kumara Veera Timma Naidu
  • Pemmasani Veera Timma Naidu
  • Pemmasani Chennapa Naidu
  • Pemmasani Pedda Timma Naidu
  • Pemmasani Ramalinga Naidu
  • Pemmasani Timma Naidu II
  • Pemmasani Timma Naidu III
  • Pemmasani Bangaru Timma Naidu
  • Pemmasani Pedda Timma Naidu II
  • Pemmasani Veera Timma Naidu II
  • Pemmasani Chinna Timma Naidu


The first ruler of Pemmasani clan was Pemmasani Timmanayudu who fought many a battle and won the trust of Bukka Raya.

Veera Thimma had a son by name Chennappa who had two sons Ramalinga Naidu and Peda Thimma Naidu. Ramalinga ruled Gandikota (1509-1530 CE) during the time of Krishna Deva Raya. Ramalinga had 80,000 soldiers under him and he played a crucial role in the victory of Krishna Deva Raya over the combined armies of Kalaburagi, Golkonda and Ahmednagar.[5] His exploits in the battle were extolled by many Telugu poets, he was the most feared for the Muslim Generals of Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golconda.[6]

Thimma Naidu II participated in the expeditions of Krishna Deva Raya and captured Udayagiri, Addanki, Kondapalli, Rajahmundry and Katakam (Cuttack). He also played a crucial role in the conquest of Ummattur.[7]

After the death of Krishna Deva Raya in 1529, his son-in-law Rama Raya took control of the kingdom, the Bahamani sultan colluded with Salakam Timmaraja and raided Vijayanagar. Ramaraya took refuge in Gandikota. Bangaru Thimma Naidu vanquished Bahamanis in a fierce battle at Komali, killed Salakam Timmaraja and restored the throne to Ramaraya.[7]


  1. ^ Vijayanagara, Burton Stein, Cambridge University Press, 1989, p.88, ISBN 0-521-26693-9
  2. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Stone from Gandikota fort to be used". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  3. ^ Vijayanagara, Burton Stein, Cambridge University Press, 1989, p.92, ISBN 0-521-26693-9
  4. ^ "Aristocracy of South India by Vadivelu
  5. ^ Krishnadeva Raya, M. Rama Rao, 1971, National Book Trust, New Delhi, p. 17
  6. ^ Tidings of the king: a translation and ethnohistorical analysis of the Rayavachakamu by Phillip B. Wagoner. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 1993, Page 138-139, ISBN 0-8248-1495-9,
  7. ^ a b Further Sources of Vijayanagar History by K. A. Nilakanta Sastry, 1946,