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Penalty shoot-out (association football)

A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining which team is awarded victory in an association football match that cannot end in a draw, when the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time have expired. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns shooting at goal from the penalty mark, with the goal only defended by the opposing team's goalkeeper; each team has five shots. Shoot-outs finish as soon. If scores are level after five pairs of shots, the shootout progresses into additional "sudden-death" rounds. Balls kicked into the goal during a shoot-out do not count as goals for the individual kickers or the team, are tallied separately from the goals scored during normal play. Although the procedure for each individual kick in the shoot-out resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked; the penalty shoot-out is one of the three methods of breaking a draw that are approved by the Laws of the Game.

A shoot-out is used only after one or more of the other methods fail to produce a winner. The method of breaking a draw for a specific match is determined beforehand by the match organizing body. In most professional level competitions, two 15-minute extra time periods are played if the score is tied at the end of regulation time, a shoot-out is held if the score is still tied after the extra time periods. Although employed in football since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs have been criticized by many followers of the game, due to their perceived reliance on luck rather than skill and their dependence on individual duels between opposing players, arguably not in keeping with football as a team sport. Conversely, some believe the pressure and unpredictability involved makes it one of the most thrilling finales to any sport. During a shoot-out and players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle; the kicking team's goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line and the line marking the penalty area near one of the assistant referees.

Goals scored during the shoot-out are not added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A draw is a common result in football. Shoot-outs are only used in competitions that require a match-winner at the end of the game – this is predominantly in knockout "cup" ties, as opposed to round-robin "leagues". Extra time has been played first, but this is not necessary; the rules of some competitions provide that a shoot-out may be used to decide placings in a round-robin group, in the unusual event that two teams who have faced each other in a final-day match finish the group with identical statistics, no other teams has the same record. This was invoked in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship, in which Italy and Sweden held a shootout after their drawn match; this rule is a recent innovation, for example did not apply in Group F of the 1990 World Cup, where the Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands were separated by drawing of lots after drawing their final-day match.

Several leagues, such as the J. League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point. In the United States and Canada, Major League Soccer also had a shoot-out following the end of full-time during league matches, although these shoot-outs differed from standard penalty shoot-outs. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, while the winning team in the shoot-out advances or is crowned champion but does not get a match victory. For instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage; the following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark. The procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFAB's Laws of the Game document; the referee tosses a coin to decide the goal. The choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable.

The referee tosses the coin a second time to determine. All players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitch's centre circle; each kick will be taken in the general manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, 11 m from the goal line and equidistant from each touch line, with the goal defended only by the opposing goalkeeper; the goalkeeper must remain between the goal posts on his goal line until the ball has been kicked, although he can jump in place, wave his arms, move side to side along the goal line or otherwise try to distract the shooter. Each team is responsible for selecting from the eligible players the order in which they will take the kicks; each kicker can kick the ball only once. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again; the de

Comic Con Ukraine

Comic Con Ukraine is a speculative fiction entertainment annual exhibition and fan convention of computer and video games, TV series and comic movies in Ukraine. First convention was held alongside the Art Factory «Platform» in 2018. From the beginning the showcasing comic books and science fiction/fantasy related film and similar popular arts, the convention includes a larger range of pop culture and entertainment elements across all genres, including horror, anime, toys, collectible card games, video games and fantasy novels in the country; the convention was held on September 22–23, with more than 20,000 visitors, which made the festival the largest in Ukraine. Star guests was Bryan Dechart and Amelia Rose Blaire; the convention was held on September 21–22, with more than 30,000 visitors, which made him the most visited Comic Con in Eastern Europe. Foreign guests of the festival was Danny Trejo and Christopher Lloyd. A separate model museum of the Star Wars franchise from the "Yavin" design team was reopened at the festival.

Germany's "Project X1" team has brought a realistic model of the T-65 X-Wing star fighter from the Star Wars franchise. The length of the model is 34 feet, weight - 2.3 tons, it has the autographs of many artists.. There were 14 bands performing on the main stage, including the American Magic Sword. A lot of Ukrainian comic book publishers participated in the festival. 44 future Ukrainian editions of localized and copyrighted comics have been announced, as well as the first artbooks for video games in Ukrainian. San Diego Comic-Con International East European Comic Con Comic-Con Official website Comic Con Ukraine on Facebook Comic Con Ukraine on Instagram Comic Con Ukraine on Telegram Comic Con Ukraine's channel on YouTube

R. C. Majumdar

Ramesh Chandra Majumdar was a historian and professor of Indian history. Coming from a Vaidya family, Majumdar was born in Khandarpara, Bengal Presidency, British India on 4 December 1884, to Haladhara Majumdar and Bidhumukhi. In 1905, he passed his Entrance Examination from Cuttack. In 1907, he passed F. A. joined Presidency College, Calcutta. Graduating in B. A. and M. A. from Calcutta University in 1909 and 1911 he won the Premchand Roychand scholarship from the University of Calcutta for his research work in 1913. Majumdar started his teaching career as a lecturer at Dacca Government Training College. Since 1914, he spent seven years as a professor of history at the University of Calcutta, he got his doctorate for his thesis "Corporate Life in Ancient India". In 1921 he became professor of history in newly established University of Dacca, he served, until he became its Vice Chancellor, as the head of the Department of History as well as the dean of the Faculty of Arts. Between 1924 and 1936 he was Provost of Jagannath Hall.

He became the Vice Chancellor of that University, for five years from 1937 to 1942. From 1950, he was Principal of the College of Benares Hindu University, he was elected the general president of the Indian History Congress and became the vice president of the International Commission set up by the UNESCO for the history of mankind. Majumdar started his research on ancient India. After extensive travels to Southeast Asia and research, he wrote detailed histories of Champa and Kambuja Desa. On the initiative of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, he took up the mantle of editing a multi-volume tome on Indian history. Starting in 1951, he toiled for twenty-six long years to describe the history of the Indian people from the Vedic Period to the present day in eleven volumes. In 1955, Majumdar joined as Principal. In 1958-59, he taught Indian history in the University of University of Pennsylvania, he was the president of the Asiatic Society and the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad, the Sheriff of Calcutta. When the final volume of "The History and Culture of the Indian People" was published in 1977, he had turned eighty-eight.

He edited the three-volume history of Bengal published by Dacca University. His last book was "Jivaner Smritidvipe"; when the Government of India set up an editorial Committee to author a history of the freedom struggle of India, he was its principal member. But, following a conflict with the Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on the Sepoy Mutiny, he left the government job and published his own book, The Sepoy Mutiny & Revolt of 1857. According to him the origins of India's freedom struggle lie in the English-educated Indian middle-class and the freedom struggle started with the Banga Bhanga movement in 1905, his views on the freedom struggle are found in his book History of the Freedom Movement in India. He was an admirer of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa; the Early History of Bengal, Dacca, 1924. Champa, Ancient Indian Colonies in the Far East, Vol. I, Lahore, 1927. ISBN 0-8364-2802-1 Suvarnadvipa, Ancient Indian Colonies in the Far East, Vol. II, The History of Bengal, 1943. ISBN 81-7646-237-3 Kambuja Desa Or An Ancient Hindu Colony In Cambodia, Madras, 1944 An Advanced History of India.

London, 1960. ISBN 0-333-90298-X The History and Culture of the Indian People, Bombay, 1951–1977. Ancient India, 1977. ISBN 81-208-0436-8 History of the Freedom movement in India, Calcutta, ISBN 81-7102-099-2. VakatakaGupta Age Circa 200–550 A. D. ISBN 81-208-0026-5 Main currents of Indian history ISBN 81-207-1654-X Classical accounts of India Hindu Colonies in the Far East, Calcutta, 1944, ISBN 99910-0-001-1 India and South-East Asia, I. S. P. Q. S. History and Archaeology Series Vol. 6, 1979, ISBN 81-7018-046-5. The History of Ancient Lakshadweep, 1979 Corporate Life in Ancient India, Calcutta. Interview with Majumdar Remembering Acharya Ramesh Chandra Majumdar: A Century of Spotless Scholarship and Inspiration