A penciller is a collaboration artist who works in creation of comic books, graphic novels, similar visual art forms, with focus on primary pencil illustrations, hence the term "penciller". In the American comic book industry, the penciller is the first step in rendering the story in visual form, may require several steps of feedback with the writer; these artists are concerned with layout to showcase steps in the plot. A penciller works in pencil. Beyond this basic description, different artists choose to use a wide variety of different tools. While many artists use traditional wood pencils, others prefer mechanical drafting leads. Pencillers may use any lead hardness they wish, although many artists use a harder lead to make light lines for initial sketches turn to a softer lead for finishing phases of the drawing. Still other artists do their initial layouts using a light-blue colored pencil because that color tends to disappear during photocopying. Most US comic book pages are drawn oversized on large sheets of paper Bristol board.
The customary size of comic book pages in the mainstream American comics industry is 11 by 17 inches. The inker works directly over the penciller's pencil marks, though pages are inked on translucent paper, such as drafting vellum, preserving the original pencils; the artwork is photographically reduced in size during the printing process. With the advent of digital illustration programs such as Photoshop and more artwork is produced digitally, either in part or entirely. Jack KirbyFrom 1949 until his retirement, Jack Kirby worked out of a ten-foot-wide basement studio dubbed "The Dungeon" by his family; when starting with clean piece of Bristol board, he would first draw his panel lines with a T-square. Arthur AdamsArthur Adams begins drawing thumbnail layouts from the script he's given, either at home or in a public place; the thumbnails range in size from 2 inches x 3 inches to half the size of the printed comic book. He or an assistant will enlarge the thumbnails and trace them onto illustration board with a non-photo blue pencil, sometimes using a Prismacolor light-blue pencil, because it is not too waxy, erases easily.
When working on the final illustration board, he does so on a large drawing board when in his basement studio, a lapboard when sitting on his living room couch. After tracing the thumbnails, he will clarify details with another light-blue pencil, finalize the details with a Number 2 pencil, he drew the first three chapters of "Jonni Future" at twice the printed comic size, drew the fifth chapter, "The Garden of the Sklin", at a size larger than standard, in order to render more detail than usual in those stories. For a large poster image with a multitude of characters, he will go over the figure outlines with a marker in order to emphasize them, he will use photographic reference when appropriate, as when he draws things that he is not accustomed to. Because a significant portion of his income is derived from selling his original artwork, he is reluctant to learn how to produce his work digitally. Jim LeeArtist Jim Lee is known to use F lead for his pencil work. J. Scott CampbellArtist J. Scott Campbell does his pencil with a lead holder, Sanford Turquoise H lead, which he uses for its softness and darkness, for its ability to provide a "sketchy" feel, with a minimal amount of powdery lead smearing.
He uses this lead because it strikes a balance between too hard, therefore not dark enough on the page, too soft, therefore prone to smearing and crumbling. Campbell avoids its closest competitor. Campbell has used HB lead and F lead, he maintains sharpness of the lead with a Berol Turquoise sharpener, changing them every four to six months, which he finds is the duration of their grinding ability. Campbell uses a combination of Magic Rub erasers, eraser sticks, since he began to ink his work digitally, a Sakura electric eraser, he sharpens the eraser to a cornered edge in order to render fine detailed work. Travis CharestArtist Travis Charest uses 2H lead to avoid smearing, sometimes HB lead, he illustrated on regular illustration board provided by publishers, though he disliked the non-photo blue lines printed on them. By 2000, he switched to Crescent board for all his work, because it does not warp when wet, produces sharper illustrations, are more suitable for framing because they lack the non-photo blue lines.
Charest prefers not to employ preliminary sketching practices, such as layouts, thumbnails or lightboxing, in part due to impatience, in part because he enjoys the serendipitous nature in which artwork develops when produced with greater spontaneity. He prefers to use reference only when rendering objects that require a degree of real-life accuracy, such as guns, vehicles or characters of licensed properties that must resemble actors with whom they are identified, as when he illustrated the cover to Star Trek: The Next Generation: Embrace the Wolf in 2000. Adam HughesThe penciling process that artist Adam Hughes employs for his cover work is the same he uses when doing sketches for fans at conventions, with the main difference being that he does cover work in his sketchbook, before transferring the drawing to virgin art board with a lightbox, whereas he does convention drawings on 11 x 14 Strathmore bristol, as he prefers penciling on the rougher, vellum surface rather than smooth paper, preferring smoother paper only for brush inking.
He does preliminary undersketches with a lead holder, because he feels regular pencils get worn down to the nub too quickly. As he explained during a sketch demonstration at a comic book
Forbidden Evil is the debut album from American thrash metal band from San Francisco, Forbidden. The album was released in 1988; the title of this album refers to their original name before shortening it to Forbidden in 1987. The album was well received by both critics and fans and became a cult classic. Forbidden Evil was produced by Doug Caldwell and John Cuniberti, best known for working with Joe Satriani, at Alpha & Omega Recording, Studio 245 and Prairie Sun Recording in Cotati; the album's recording sessions took place in 1988. The album features future Slayer drummer Paul Bostaph and three of the songs were co-written by Robb Flynn, who played with Vio-Lence and Machine Head – although he never played on the album; as of 2009, it is the only Forbidden album to feature guitarist Glen Alvelais, who left in 1989 and would join Testament. He was replaced by Tim Calvert, who would remain with the band until their breakup in 1997; the title track was covered by Temple of Blood on their 2008 release Overlord.
"Chalice of Blood" – 4:27 "Off the Edge" – 4:12 "Through Eyes of Glass" – 6:18 "Forbidden Evil" – 5:35 "March into Fire" – 5:05 "Feel No Pain" – 5:05 "As Good as Dead" – 4:11 "Follow Me" – 7:00The 2008 reissue of the album from Century Media Records includes four live bonus tracks, all recorded at the Trocadero Theatre in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 23, 1988: Feel No Pain As Good as Dead Through Eyes of Glass Chalice of Blood Russ Anderson – vocals Glen Alvelais – guitar Craig Locicero – guitar Matt Camacho – bass Paul Bostaph – drums Recorded at Alpha & Omega Recording, San Francisco, California Studio 245, San Francisco, California Prairie Sun Recording, California, USA Produced by John Cuniberti and Doug Caldwell Recording engineered by John Cuniberti Assistant engineered by David Plank Mixed at Alpha & Omega Executive produced by Cliff Cultreri Mastered by Chris Bellman at Bernie Grundman, Los Angeles, California, USA Cover art by Kent Mathieu
FC Ordabasy is a football club from Kazakhstan based at the K. Munaitpasov Stadium in Shymkent. Ordabasy was formed in July 2000 as FC Dostyk, following the merger of two existing Kazakhstan Premier League sides, FC Zhiger and FC Tomiris. Following the formation of the club during the middle of the 2000 season, FC Dostyk was renamed FC Ordabasy prior to the start of the 2003 season, On 5 February 2017, Aleksei Petrushin replaced Bakhtiyar Bayseitov as the club's manager. Ordabasy holds the history of both Zhiger and Tomiris: Kazakhstan First Division 1998, 2001 Kazakhstan Cup 2011 Kazakhstan Cup 2012 As of 11 February 2020Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Kazakhstani football clubs in European competitions Official website