Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
Starsky & Hutch
Starsky & Hutch is an American action television series, which consisted of a 70-minute pilot movie and 92 episodes of 50 minutes each. The show was created by William Blinn, produced by Spelling-Goldberg Productions, broadcast from April 1975 to May 1979 on the ABC network, it was distributed by Columbia Pictures Television in the United States and Metromedia Producers Corporation in Canada and some other parts of the world. Sony Pictures Television is now the worldwide distributor for the series; the series inspired a theatrical film and a video game. The series' protagonists were two Southern California police detectives: David Michael Starsky, the dark-haired, Brooklyn transplant and U. S. Army veteran, with a street-wise manner and intense, sometimes childlike moodiness. Under the radio call sign "Zebra Three", they were known for tearing around the streets of fictional Bay City, California; the vehicle of choice was Starsky's two-door Ford Gran Torino, bright red, with a large white vector stripe on both sides.
Four different cars were used for filming. Earlier shots had red wing mirrors for long shots or footage used in episodes, close ups and episodes had silver wing mirrors; the Torino was nicknamed the "Striped Tomato" by Hutch in the episode "Snowstorm", fans subsequently referred to the car by that nickname, too. However, this moniker didn't come from the writers, it came from a real-life comment that Glaser made. In a segment titled Starsky & Hutch: Behind the Badge, featured on the first season DVD collection, Glaser stated that when he was first shown the Torino by series producer Aaron Spelling, he sarcastically said to Soul, "That thing looks like a striped tomato!" In characteristic contrast, Hutch's vehicle was a battered, tan, 1973 Ford Galaxie 500. It appeared when the duo needed separate vehicles, or for undercover work. However, the duo's cover was blown because Hutch's vehicle had a bad habit, it was noticeable due to the cluttered back seat, so cluttered that there was no room to transport both prisoners and the two detectives simultaneously.
Much of the series was shot on location in the Los Angeles beach community of San Pedro. The building, used as the Metropolitan Division police headquarters is now San Pedro's City Hall. For their fourth and final season, Starsky & Hutch finished #36 in the Nielsen Ratings; the detectives' main confidential informant was the street-wise, ethically ambiguous, "jive-talking" Huggy Bear, who dressed in a flashy manner and operated his own bar. The duo's boss was the gruff, no-nonsense-but-fair Captain Harold C. Dobey. Starsky and Hutch continued the 1960s trend in some prime-time, U. S. TV dramas of portraying African-Americans in a positive light. Huggy's immense popularity with viewers caused producers Spelling and Goldberg to consider giving actor Fargas his own TV series; the second-season episode "Huggy Bear and the Turkey" was the test pilot for a proposed spin off with Huggy and his friend, former Sheriff "Turkey" Turquet becoming private investigators. In the episode it was revealed. Two series characters were named for people from William Blinn's past: Starsky was the name of a high school friend, Huggy Bear was a local disc jockey.
Series creator William Blinn first used the name Huggy Bear on-screen for a character a confidential informant, in an episode penned by Blinn for the TV series The Rookies, during the 1973 second season, "Prayers Unanswered Prayers Unheard", there played by actor Johnny Brown. In contrast to police characters on U. S. TV in prior years and Hutch were open with physical gestures of friendly/brotherly affection toward one another declaring that they trusted only each other. While "normal" by the social standards of 1990s-and-later America, such body language conflicted with 1970s norms of masculinity. In a show wrap blooper tape made during the show's run that can be found on YouTube, the narrator intones that some Hollywood industry types referred to the characters as "French kissing prime-time homos". Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAifiPz6u5c Soul verified this statement in a 1999 cast reunion interview in the United Kingdom. Many fans were attracted not just by the characters, but the quality of writing during the first two seasons.
The second-season episode "Long Walk Down a Short Dirt Road", featured country star Lynn Anderson as a singer being stalked by a deranged person. The part was written with Parton in mind. Season 1: Starsky & Hutch aired on Wednesday nights at 10 p.m. and aired against the long forgotten Kate McShane on CBS and the second season law drama Petrocelli on NBC. Starsky & Hutch had no trouble beating its competition and finished #16 with a 22.5 share in the A. C. Nielsen Ratings
Fire with Fire (1986 film)
Fire with Fire is a 1986 American romantic drama film about a young woman from a Catholic boarding school who runs away with an escapee from a nearby prison camp. The film stars Virginia Madsen, Craig Sheffer, Jon Polito, Kate Reid, Kari Wuhrer, Tim Russ and D. B. Sweeney, it was directed by Duncan Gibbins, features a soundtrack by noted film composer Howard Shore. It was released on VHS in 1986 by its own studio and on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on July 31, 2012, by Olive Films and is now available for online streaming rental and download buying through Amazon, Apple's iTunes Store and Vudu; the film was shot and produced under the original title ‘Captive Hearts’, but was changed to ‘Fire with Fire’ just prior to the film’s theatrical release. Due to the late change in title, press-kit stills are seen with the original title initials CH, followed by a hyphen and the press still number, etched onto the film negatives and carried over onto the printed stills; the film’s new title was deemed more descriptive and exciting, as well as allowing a marketing tie-in with a song of the same title, ‘Fire with Fire’ by the 1980s band Wild Blue.
In this fact-based adolescent melodrama, Joe Fisk is a juvenile delinquent who falls in love with Lisa Taylor, a beautiful Catholic girls' school student, in an Oregon forest. The two meet by accident when the troubled young man stumbles upon her while being chased by his peers in a training exercise, sees the lovely girl floating in a small lake as she works on a photography assignment, recreating the Pre-Raphaelite painting Ophelia by John Everett Millais; the two are drawn to each other, but neither of their custodians encourage contact with the opposite sex, when their relationship is discovered there is trouble all around, forcing the young lovers to flee. The question remains: Will they be able to escape the law and other authorities long enough to find happiness? Joe Fisk – Craig Sheffer Lisa Taylor – Virginia Madsen Mr. Duchard, the Boss – Jon Polito Myron, the "Mapmaker" – J. J. Cohen Sister Victoria – Kate Reid Sister Marie – Jean Smart Jerry Washington – Tim Russ Gloria – Kari Wuhrer Thomas Baxter – D. B.
Sweeney Sister Harriet – Ann Savage Ben Halsey – David Harris Fire with Fire on IMDb Fire with Fire at AllMovie Fire with Fire at Rotten Tomatoes Fire with Fire at Box Office Mojo
Rags to Riches (TV series)
Rags to Riches is an American musical comedy-drama, broadcast on NBC for two seasons from 1987 to 1988. Set in the pre-British Invasion 1960s, the series tells the story of Nick Foley, a self-made millionaire who adopts six orphan girls; each episode included musical scenes of hit songs from the era performed by the girls integrated into the plot. Nick Foley, the millionaire owner of Foley's Frozen Foods, is a streetwise New Jersey-born businessman with a playboy lifestyle. In the TV movie pilot which launched the series, Foley attempts to develop a family man image by bringing a group of six orphaned girls, who were featured in a newspaper story, saying that they refused to be separated from each other to live in the mansion in Bel Air where he lives with his butler, John Clapper. Foley does this to seal a business deal and does not intend to keep the girls permanently, but Foley's plans change as he grows attached to the girls, he ends up adopting them permanently; the adjustment is huge on both sides, as the girls acquire a new father with no parenting experience.
Having spent the past few years in a rundown orphanage, the girls find themselves in a life of luxury. The series follows the trials and tribulations of the girls and a man who has never loved anyone but himself, struggles to cope with his new family. In the pilot for the series, Foley takes in a group of six girls; the sixth girl, appears only in the pilot. The series differed from regular comedy-dramas in that the girls would burst into song to help explain their feelings or move along the plot; each episode therefore contained at least two musical scenes with covers of popular songs from the early 1960's with the lyrics changed to provide commentary on the storyline of the episode. Promoted with the tagline, "If you liked Annie, you'll like Rags to Riches", ratings for the series were not strong enough for its Friday night time slot, NBC canceled the show part way through its second season. Mark Mueller wrote new comedic lyrics for existing hit songs from the'50s and early'60s that were featured in most episodes of both seasons of the show.
He wrote the lyrics to the show's theme song. Many of the songs used were not around yet during the time frame. On June 5, 2012, Image Entertainment released Rags to Riches: The Complete Series on Region 1 DVD. DTP Entertainment released the entire series on DVD in Germany. Season 1 was released on May 13, 2011 and season 2 on October 27, 2011. Rags to Riches on IMDb Rags to Riches on IMDb Rags to Riches at TV.com Rags to Riches at epguides.com
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Thirtysomething is an American drama television series created by Ed Zwick and Marshall Herskovitz for United Artists Television and aired on ABC from 1987 to 1991. It is about a group of Baby Boomers in their thirties who live in Philadelphia and how they handle the lifestyle that dominated American culture during the 1980s given their involvement in the early 1970s counterculture as young adults. Kathie Broyles changed the show's original title, Thirty Something, to the uncapitalized thirtysomething, it premiered in the United States on September 29, 1987, ran for four seasons until it was cancelled in May 1991 because the ratings had dropped and Zwick and Herskovitz moved on to other projects. The series won 13 Primetime Emmy Awards, out of 41 nominations, two Golden Globe Awards. Although seen as an ensemble drama, the series revolves around husband and wife Michael Steadman and Hope Murdoch and their baby Janie. Michael's cousin is photographer Melissa Steadman, who used to date his college friend Gary Shepherd.
Gary marries Susannah. Michael's business partner is Elliot Weston, who has a troubled marriage with his wife Nancy, a painter. Hope's childhood friend is local politician Ellyn Warren. Michael Steadman and Hope Murdoch Steadman: Hope is from Philadelphia and Michael is from Chicago but remained in the area after graduating from the University of Pennsylvania. Hope is a graduate of a consumer affairs writer. After having their daughter Janie, Hope becomes a stay-at-home mother giving up her writing, she returns to work but struggles with her role as a mother in the process. During a difficult period in her marriage when she is pregnant with her second child, Hope contemplates having an affair with environmentalist John Dunaway. Michael's confrontation with her over this leads them to resolve their problems and rekindle their marriage. Michael is Jewish and Hope is Christian, complications from their interfaith marriage recur throughout the series. Michael's original ambition was to be a writer, but he works in advertising with graphic designer Elliot.
They first meet at the Bernstein Fox ad agency and leave to form The Michael and Elliot Company. When their company goes bankrupt and Elliot join the advertising corporation DAA, run by Miles Drentell. Michael's relationship with Miles erodes his marriage with Hope, who decides to accept a job in Washington, D. C. By the time the show was canceled, Michael had decided to quit work altogether so that Hope could pursue her own interests. Elliot Weston and Nancy Krieger Weston: Elliot studied graphic design at RISD, his father Charlie now lives in California. Elliot's sister Ruthie, who lives in Philadelphia and is married with two children, hasn't forgiven their father for leaving them, he works in the advertising business with Michael. Nancy was an art major and is a stay-at-home mother to Ethan and Brittany. Like Hope, she feels bored and unhappy in her role as a homemaker. After Elliot has an affair which leads to divorce proceedings, Nancy develops a career as a children's book illustrator and author and begins to teach at a local art center.
Elliot becomes jealous after she begins to date and finds himself once again attracted to her. They rekindle their relationship and stop divorce proceedings. During the final two seasons, Nancy struggles with, but overcomes, ovarian cancer, which deepens their relationship. Always a rebel, Elliot can never reconcile himself to Miles's preference for Michael and his own loss of creative work at DAA, quits DAA in a fit of rage against both Miles and Michael, he and Nancy move to California where he finds his passion in directing and makes up with Michael when they accidentally bump into each other during Michael's job interview at TBWA\Chiat\Day. Michael does not accept the job, but entertains the possibility of working again with Elliot to make commercials. At the time the show was canceled, it is implied that this venture will not happen after Michael tells Hope that he will stop working so that she can pursue her own interests. Melissa Steadman: Michael's cousin and Gary's former girlfriend who studied photography at NYU.
Her work as a photographer includes photos in Vanity Fair. Melissa has a complicated relationship with Michael, jealous of her career path, she has an complicated relationship with her mother and grandmother, Rose. Her free-spirited sister, budding actress Jill, lives in New York. In the first season, Melissa dates a divorced gynecologist with a daughter who doesn't want more children, she briefly dates Michael's boss Miles. The relationship ends when his intense attraction to her nearly evolves into date rape, which she prevents and for which he apologizes. Miles never recovers from his infatuation, but Melissa works to avoid him thereafter. Art school-dropout house painter and twenty-something Lee Owens becomes the primary focus of her romantic yearnings, they are drawn to each other, but their relationship is fraught with problems due to the age difference. After Melissa convinces Michael and Elliot to find Lee a job at DAA, they begin to drift apart and break up. At the time of the show's cancellation, they are on friendly terms
Amazing Stories is an American science fiction magazine launched in April 1926 by Hugo Gernsback's Experimenter Publishing. It was the first magazine devoted to science fiction. Science fiction stories had made regular appearances in other magazines, including some published by Gernsback, but Amazing helped define and launch a new genre of pulp fiction; as of 2018, Amazing has been published, with some interruptions, for ninety-two years, going through a half-dozen owners and many editors as it struggled to be profitable. Gernsback was forced into bankruptcy and lost control of the magazine in 1929. In 1938 it was purchased by Ziff-Davis. Palmer made the magazine successful though it was not regarded as a quality magazine within the science fiction community. In the late 1940s Amazing presented as fact stories about the Shaver Mystery, a lurid mythos that explained accidents and disaster as the work of robots named deros, which led to increased circulation but widespread ridicule. Amazing switched to a digest size format in 1953, shortly before the end of the pulp-magazine era.
It was sold to Sol Cohen's Universal Publishing Company in 1965, which filled it with reprinted stories but did not pay a reprint fee to the authors, creating a conflict with the newly formed Science Fiction Writers of America. Ted White took over as editor in 1969, eliminated the reprints and made the magazine respected again: Amazing was nominated for the prestigious Hugo Award three times during his tenure in the 1970s. Several other owners attempted to create a modern incarnation of the magazine in the following decades, but publication was suspended after the March 2005 issue. A new incarnation appeared in July 2012 as an online magazine. Print publication resumed with the Fall 2018 issue. Gernsback's initial editorial approach was to blend instruction with entertainment, his audience showed a preference for implausible adventures, the movement away from Gernsback's idealism accelerated when the magazine changed hands in 1929. Despite this, Gernsback had an enormous impact on the field: the creation of a specialist magazine for science fiction spawned an entire genre publishing industry.
The letter columns in Amazing, where fans could make contact with each other, led to the formation of science fiction fandom, which in turn had a strong influence on the development of the field. Writers whose first story was published in the magazine include John W. Campbell, Isaac Asimov, Howard Fast, Ursula K. Le Guin, Roger Zelazny, Thomas M. Disch. Overall, Amazing itself was an influential magazine within the genre after the 1920s; some critics have commented that by "ghettoizing" science fiction, Gernsback harmed its literary growth, but this viewpoint has been countered by the argument that science fiction needed an independent market to develop in to reach its potential. By the end of the 19th century, stories centered on scientific inventions, stories set in the future, were appearing in popular fiction magazines; the market for short stories lent itself to tales of invention in the tradition of Jules Verne. Magazines such as Munsey's Magazine and The Argosy, launched in 1889 and 1896 carried a few science fiction stories each year.
Some upmarket "slick" magazines such as McClure's, which paid well and were aimed at a more literary audience carried scientific stories, but by the early years of the 20th century, science fiction was appearing more in the pulp magazines than in the slicks. In 1908, Hugo Gernsback published the first issue of Modern Electrics, a magazine aimed at the scientific hobbyist, it was an immediate success, Gernsback began to include articles on imaginative uses of science, such as "Wireless on Saturn". In April 1911, Gernsback began the serialization of his science fiction novel, Ralph 124C 41+, but in 1913 he sold his interest in the magazine to his partner and launched a new magazine, Electrical Experimenter, which soon began to publish scientific fiction. In 1920 Gernsback retitled the magazine Science and Invention, through the early 1920s he published much scientific fiction in its pages, along with non-fiction scientific articles. Gernsback had started another magazine called Practical Electrics in 1921.
In 1924, he changed its name to The Experimenter, sent a letter to 25,000 people to gauge interest in the possibility of a magazine devoted to scientific fiction. However, in 1926 he decided to go ahead, ceased publication of The Experimenter to make room in his publishing schedule for a new magazine; the editor of The Experimenter, T. O'Conor Sloane, became the editor of Amazing Stories; the first issue appeared on 10 March 1926, with a cover date of April 1926. The magazine focused on reprints. In the August issue, new stories were noted with an asterisk in the table of contents; the editorial work was done by Sloane, but Gernsback retained final say over the fiction content. Two consultants, Conrad A. Brandt and Wilbur C. Whitehead, were hired to help find fiction to reprint. Frank R. Paul, who had worked with Gernsback as early as 1914, became the cover artist. Amazing was issued in the large bedsheet format, 8.5 × 11.75 in, the same size as the technical magazines. It was an immediate success and by the following March reached a circulation of 150,000.
Gernsback saw there was an enthusiastic readership for "scientific