University Park, Pennsylvania
University Park is the name given to the Pennsylvania State University's largest campus, University Park, Pennsylvania is the postal address used by Penn State. The University Park campus is located in adjacent College Township, Pennsylvania; the campus post office was designated "University Park, Pennsylvania" in 1953 by Penn State president Milton Eisenhower, after what was Pennsylvania State College was upgraded to university status. The school that became Penn State University was founded as a degree-granting institution on February 22, 1855, by act P. L. 46, No. 50 of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania. Centre County, became the home of the new school when James Irvin of Bellefonte, donated 200 acres of land – the first of 10,101 acres the school would acquire. In 1862, the school's name was changed to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, with the passage of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, Pennsylvania selected the school in 1863 to be the state's sole land-grant college.
The school's name changed to the Pennsylvania State College in 1874. In 1953, the university sought a name change for the town called State College to reflect the new status of the school as a university; as the name change referendum failed to pass, the resolution ended with a new postal address to be called "University Park". Media originating from University Park include Onward State, the world's most-read student-run news website, WKPS, a student run radio station, The Daily Collegian, a student run newspaper. Within the campus, a student government is a set of elected positions by the student body to represent the students with relations with the university, it is divided between graduate students. Special interest groups representing minorities exist within the campus have an influence towards university policies that get enacted by the university; the residence commons are common areas for each of the residence hall areas. Each one has a computer lab. At one point in time, each had a radio station.
WEHR, which operated in Johnston Commons until 2005, was the last to survive. Waring Commons Warnock Commons Redifer Commons Findlay/Johnston Commons Pollock Commons Nittany Community Center Houses a TV lounge, laundry facilities, Commons Desk, Residence Life/Housing Office for residents of Nittany Apartments and Suites. Weston Community Center Houses a TV lounge, Commons Desk, Residence Life/Housing Office for residents of White Course Apartments. Brill Hall Houses a TV lounge, Front Desk, Residence Life/Housing Office for residents of Eastview Terrace. East Halls is the largest group of residence halls on campus, is served by Findlay/Johnston Commons, it is reserved for first-year student housing, most residents share a double room with a roommate. The area's special living options are First-Year Interest in Liberal Arts and Education and Tri-Service ROTC. All of the buildings in the East Halls residence area are named after former governors of Pennsylvania. All of the halls and commons within East Halls are connected via an underground maintenance tunnel system.
The residence halls are: Bigler Brumbaugh Curtin Earle Fisher Geary Hastings McKean Packer Pennypacker Pinchot Snyder Sproul Stone Stuart Tener North Halls is the smallest residence hall complex at the University Park campus, consisting of five residence halls. They are known as the most comfortable on campus, with all rooms being carpeted and having their own bathroom. Nearly all rooms in North residence halls are suites for two or four students, however there are a few rooms for only a single resident; the two- and four-person suites are made up of four rooms with two bedrooms with a shared living room separating them, the bathroom connected to the shared living room. Leete was the first hall converted to this format. North Halls special living options are Arts and Architecture and Society House, EARTH House. Robinson Holmes Leete Runkle Beam This building was once converted to offices for the Business Administration department, more the Dickinson School of Law; the structure of Beam is identical to the other North Halls residence halls.
It was reopened as of the Fall 2009 semester. Pollock Halls is the third-largest residence hall complex on campus, consisting of co-ed and female only residence halls. Most rooms are shared by two students. Pollock Halls houses nine special livings options: Be House, Discover House, EASI, Forensic Science Interest House, HEAL, HAC, ILH, LIFE, WISE. Pollock Halls contains housing for eleven sororities. Beaver – Co-ed Hall with several Special Living Options Hartranft – Co-ed First Year Hall Hiester – Co-ed Upperclassman Hall with Alpha Omicron Pi, Phi Mu, Pi Beta Phi Sororities Mifflin – Co-ed First Year Hall Porter – Co-ed First Year Hall Ritner – Female Hall with Sigma Kappa, Zeta Tau Alpha Sororities Shulze – Co-Ed Upperclassman Hall with Sigma Delta Tau, Delta Gamma Sororities Shunk – Co-ed First Year Hall Wolf – Female Upperclassman Hall with Kappa Alpha Theta, Alpha Xi Delta, Alpha Phi Sororities South Halls offers housing for Schreyer Honors College
Penn State School of Hospitality Management
The Pennsylvania State University School of Hospitality Management is located at the main campus of The Pennsylvania State University in University Park and serves over 500 students. SHM is one of the three oldest continually-operating hospitality management programs in the United States and offers a Bachelor of Science, Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy in Hospitality Management; the B. S. Degree offers an optional minor in Innovation. SHM houses a Career Center under the direction of Mr. Brian Black, a Hospitality Real Estate Strategy Group under the direction of Dr. John O'Neill; the school hosts under the direction of Dr. Amit Sharma, the ICHRIE Penn State Research Reports, translational research studies designed for hospitality industry executives. SHM has an Industry Advisory Board composed of leading hospitality industry executives who provide the school with strategic advice and strengthen SHM's industry links for such things as career placement and research, as well as help faculty remain current about industry trends.
The school's alumni association is known as the Penn State Restaurant Society. The hospitality management program at Penn State formally began in 1937 as an outgrowth of Institutional Management and was known as Hotel Administration. In 1958, the program became Food Service and Housing Administration, dividing the Hotel Administration major into two separate majors – Commercial Food Service and Institutional Resident Management. In the 1970s, the program became focused on Administrative Dietetics. In 1981, the program name changed again, the Department of Hotel and Institutional Management was formed; the department was upgraded in 1987, the School of Hotel and Institutional Management was created. In 2005, the program was renamed the School of Hospitality Management; the School of Hospitality Management is located in the Mateer Building on the northwest corner of Penn State's University Park campus near the intersection of Atherton Street and Park Avenue. Mateer was completed in 1993 and is named after A.
Laura Mateer and her husband M. C. "Matty" Mateer in whose memory she had donated $1.5 million to the School. Mateer is the host to Cafe Laura, the Center for Food Innovation, the Career Center, conference rooms, faculty offices, a computer laboratory and classrooms. Cafe Laura, named for Laura Mateer, is the student-run restaurant located in the Mateer Building. Under the supervision of instructors, students receive hands-on restaurant experience in a laid back lunch setting and a formal theme dinner setting. Café Laura underwent a significant make-over in 2013, with an all new dining area including tables, carpeting, artwork, lighting fixtures and window treatments, new menus and the addition of grab-and-go equipment and service. During 2014, an additional $1.2 million renovation occurred that included a new servery, espresso bar, executive dining room, rest rooms, additional lighting fixtures, painting, artwork and menus. The faculty and staff in the Penn State School of Hospitality Management are referenced by local and national news media for their expertise and classroom activities.
In 2014, Dr. John O'Neill released a study for the American Hotel & Lodging Association and the Asian American Hotel Owners Association that examined the potential economic impact of an increase in the national minimum wage to $10.10 per hour. Dr. O'Neill releases on a quarterly basis the Penn State Index of U. S. Hotel Values, an econometric model projecting future hotel market values, cited by national media. Associate Professor Dan Mount was interviewed in 2010 by CNN concerning bed bug reports at hotels, Dr. O'Neill's 2017 research regarding the lodging sharing economy was cited in a number of national media outlets including The Wall Street Journal. Dr. Peter Bordi was recognized for his contributions to creating healthy foods by State College Magazine, the Advanced Meeting and Event Planning course taught by Jackie Golas was the subject of a 2013 Centre Daily Times article. Dr. John O'Neill was quoted on NBC Today concerning Jazz Age packages based on The Great Gatsby movie release, in the New York Times concerning sleeping accommodations at private clubs.
Dr. O'Neill's research on the most common types of stressors in the hospitality industry among managers and hourly employees was cited by TNS; the Food Decisions Research Laboratory at Penn State University is a collaborative capacity committed to conducting empirical research in behavioral economic analysis and evaluates cost-benefits of choices and decisions associated with food service environments. Amit Sharma, faculty member at the School of Hospitality Management is the Director of the Laboratory. More information regarding this research initiative can be found at foodecisions.org The Hospitality Management program at Penn State has been recognized as one of the leading hospitality programs in the world ranked number four in the world and number one in the United States for the period of 2011 to 2015. In contributions to academic research, Dr. Anna Mattila was ranked as the most prolific hospitality author of the new millennium and Dr. John O'Neill was ranked in the top ten in a Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research article.
Dr. Breffni Noone received the 2013 JHTR Article of the Year Award, Dr. Michael Tews received the 2013 Cornell Hospitality Quarterly Best Article Award. A JHTR article on academic leadership in hospitality and tourism journals ranked Penn State as second highest for universities with chief editors and sixth in total nu
Bryce Jordan Center
The Bryce Jordan Center is a 15,261-seat multi-purpose arena in University Park, United States, on the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University. The arena is the largest such venue between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, it replaced Rec Hall as the home to the Nittany Lions men's and women's basketball teams, the Pride of the Lions Pep Band, its student section, Legion Of Blue. It plays host to a number of events such as music concerts and commencement ceremonies for colleges within the university; the arena is named after former Penn State University president Bryce Jordan, instrumental in acquiring the funding needed to build it. The arena is associated with a marketing and scheduling group of 38 arenas; the arena is located across the street from Beaver Stadium on Curtin Road, on the eastern part of the campus. This part of campus is home to many of the school's athletic facilities, including the built Medlar Field at Lubrano Park baseball facility, Pegula Ice Arena, Jeffrey Field soccer stadium.
There is a large electronic display outside the arena which provides advertisements for future events. The university recently contracted with ANC Sports to install over 900 feet of LED ribbon board signage to be used for sponsor advertisements and game prompts; the Jordan Center is owned by Penn State University and operated through its Auxiliary & Business Services Unit. It hosts numerous concerts and World Wrestling Entertainment events, including RAW. Parts of Aerosmith's 1998 live album, A Little South of Sanity, were recorded at the Jordan Center. Lead singer Steven Tyler can be heard yelling "State College" out to the audience in order to rile them up during "Love in an Elevator"; the music video for The Backstreet Boys' 2000 hit, "The One", was filmed at the arena. Tina Turner was scheduled to perform during her Twenty Four Seven Tour on September 29, 2000, but the show was cancelled due to scheduling conflicts. Britney Spears played a concert in 2001 as part of her Dream Within a Dream Tour.
Some performances were taped with a new technology, at the time, called First-person shooter engine and were released as bonus videos in her video game "Britney's Dance Beat", for PlayStation 2. On May 3, 2003, Pearl Jam played their longest concert at the venue; the arena played host to the politically motivated Vote for Change Tour on October 1, 2004, featuring performances by My Morning Jacket, Jurassic 5, Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals, The Dave Matthews Band. In March 2006, the arena hosted first and second rounds of the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship; the arena hosts the Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association Basketball Championships on a yearly basis. In 2007, the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon known as THON, was moved to the Jordan Center; the event, designed to raise money to fight pediatric cancer, raises millions of dollars every year. On October 13, 2008, it played host to Change Rocks: A Concert to Benefit Obama, among guests playing included The Allman Brothers Band and Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann, all four of whom were members of The Grateful Dead.
In March 2013, Lady Gaga was to take her Born This Way Ball Tour to the Jordan Center. In May 2015, Garth Brooks brought the Garth Brooks World Tour with Trisha Yearwood to the arena, it is Brooks' first tour since the late 1990s. It is the first time he has played in the same state twice on this tour, having played at CONSOL Energy Center in Pittsburgh from February 5 to the 8th. On January 26, 2018, Lana Del Rey performed at the venue for her LA to the Moon Tour with Kali Uchis. On October 20, 2018, Metallica set the attendance record with a crowd of 15,588 people. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Official Website Bryce Jordan Center at GoPSUSports.com
Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry
The Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Michigan State Spartans and Penn State Nittany Lions. The Land Grant Trophy is presented to the winner of the game. Michigan State holds the trophy after beating Penn State 21-17 in 2018. Michigan State leads the series 17–15–1; when Penn State joined the Big Ten Conference in 1993, the Nittany Lions and Spartans were designated as permanent rivals, met each other for the trophy in the last week of conference play. The trophy, designed by former Michigan State coach George Perles, features pictures of Penn State's Old Main and Michigan State's Beaumont Tower, as well as figurines of The Spartan and Nittany Lion Shrine statues; the trophy is infamous for its hodgepodge appearance. On September 24, 2005 during Michigan week, a couple of Penn State students brazenly defaced the newly installed bronze Sparty statue. “It happened during broad daylight, with people all around” according to MSU police Sgt.
Randy Holton. The statue was splattered with blue paint and the base tagged with the letters PSU; the perpetrators were able to evade capture despite the incident occurring in the middle of the day, during the traditional period of time when the statue is guarded by MSU student employees and Spartan Marching Band members, in what is called Sparty Watch. In 2011, Nebraska joined the Big Ten, the conference split into two divisions. Michigan State was in the Legends division and Penn State was in the Leaders division, so they no longer played each other annually. Instead and Nebraska were designated as Michigan State and Penn State's permanent rivals, respectively. Under this setup, Penn State and Michigan State would compete on average two out of every five years, but the two teams did not play against each other during the three years that this system was in effect. In 2014, when Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten, the conference was realigned into two geographically-based divisions and West.
Michigan State and Penn State are both in the East division, thus resumed a yearly series. Michigan State University followed by Penn State University are the nation's oldest land-grant universities, hence the name for the trophy. In 1955 on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the land grant system, Michigan State and Penn State were commemorated on a U. S. postage stamp honoring the "First of the Land-Grant Colleges". These two universities were the first universities to be placed on a U. S. postage stamp. They are the 4th and 5th most joined members of the Big Ten, after Nebraska, who joined in 2011, Maryland and Rutgers, who both joined in 2014. Fellow Big Ten members Illinois, Ohio State and Wisconsin all these being land-grant schools. List of NCAA college football rivalry games "Land Grant Trophy: a case of envy", Jeff, The Daily Collegian, November 23, 2002
Penn State Nittany Lions
The Penn State Nittany Lions are the athletic teams of Pennsylvania State University, except for the women's basketball team, known as the Lady Lions. The school colors are navy white; the school mascot is the Nittany Lion. The intercollegiate athletics logo was commissioned in 1983. Penn State participates as a member institution of the Big Ten Conference at the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Bowl Subdivision level for most sports. Penn State is one of only 15 universities in the nation that plays Division I FBS football and Division I men's ice hockey. Two sports participate in different conferences because they are not sponsored by the Big Ten: men's volleyball in the Eastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association and women's ice hockey in College Hockey America; the fencing teams operate as independents. Penn State has finished in the top 25 in every NACDA Director's Cup final poll, a feat only matched by nine other institutions: Stanford, UCLA, USC, Ohio State, North Carolina, Michigan.
The NACDA Director's Cup is a list compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics that charts institutions' overall success in college sports. Penn State's highest finish came in the 1998 -- 1999 standings. PSU finished in 5th place in the 2013–14 standings. Penn State's men's basketball program reached the Final Four once in 1954, though the best postseason finish in recent years occurred in 2001 with a trip to the Sweet Sixteen of the NCAA Tournament after a win over UNC in the round of 32; the most recent postseason championship for Penn State was the 2009 National Invitation Tournament on April 2, 2009. Penn State outscored Baylor 69–63 to capture its first men's basketball national title in school history and its second postseason tournament title since winning the Atlantic-10 Tournament in 1991; the Nittany Lions lost in the first round of the 2011 NCAA Tournament, the team's most recent postseason appearance. Notable alumni include: Frank Brickowski, John Amaechi, Calvin Booth, Mike Costello, Stanley Pringle, Geary Claxton, Jamelle Cornley Pat Chambers is in his seventh year as head coach at Penn State with the 2016–2017 season.
The Lady Lions, the Penn State women's basketball team and the only athletic team not known as "Nittany Lions," have had more success than their male counterparts gaining berths into the women's NCAA tournament, reaching the Final Four once in 2000. The Lady Lions have reached the NCAA tournament more than any other Big Ten team with 25 appearances as of 2014; the Lady Lions have won 8 Big Ten Regular Season Championships and 2 Big Ten Tournament Championships. The most recent postseason championship won by Penn State was the 1998 Women's National Invitation Tournament. Coquese Washington is in her seventh year as head coach of the Lady Lions with the 2013–2014 season; the men's cross country team won NCAA titles in 1942, 1947 and 1950. Before the NCAA began sponsoring the cross country championship in 1938, unlike today, the annual ICAAAA meet was a premier national championship event for track and field and cross country; the team won ICAAAA championships in 1926, 1927, 1928 and 1930. Penn State runners won the individual ICAAAA titles in 1920, 1927 and 1928.
PSU men won ICAAAA team titles in 1950, 1951, 1960 and 2000, as well as individual crowns in 1938, 1946, 1987 and 2004. Penn State is a fencing powerhouse, winning a record 13 national championships in the sport since the NCAA began awarding titles in combined men's and women's fencing in 1990; the team has finished as runner-up in 21 of the 25 years of the combined tournament. The program won 6 consecutive NCAA Championships from 1995 to 2000. Emmanuil G. Kaidanov was the regarded coach of the fencing squads during most of that period; the women's fencing team won national AIAW titles in 1980 and 1981, followed by an NCAA championship in 1983. The team recruits both nationally and throughout the globe and has a number of touted international fencers; the women's field hockey team is coached by Char Morett, a former Penn State field hockey player herself and 1984 Olympic bronze medalist. Penn State is one of the premier programs in the nation with 28 NCAA Tournament appearances, the third most in the nation.
Since joining the Big Ten in 1992, the Nittany Lions have been dominant with more Big Ten Tournament titles than any other team and the second most regular season titles behind Michigan. In 2007, the women's Field Hockey team reached the National Championship game, but fell to undefeated UNC, 3–0. In their tournament run, they were able to defeat two-time defending champion Maryland, 1–0, defending national runner-up Wake Forest, 2–0. Jen Long was nominated for the Honda Award for her efforts, they finished as NCAA runners-up in 2002, losing to Wake Forest in the title game 2–0 after defeating Old Dominion 3–2 in the semifinals. 2002 marked the first time Penn State reached the NCAA Finals and second time reaching the Final Four. The team won the AIAW national championships in 1980 and 1981. In 2011 the women's field hockey team won its fifth Big Ten title after defeating Michigan 3–2, first since 1998 when they again defeated Michigan 3–1. Penn State attracts tens of thousands of visitors to its campus.
The largest crowd at Beaver Stadium was on October 21, 2017, as 110,823 people watched the Nittany Lions defeat the University of Michigan by a score of 42-13. The school has earned a reputatio
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is the largest designated borough in Pennsylvania, it is the principal borough of the six municipalities that make up the State College area, the largest settlement in Centre County and one of the principal cities of the greater State College-DuBois Combined Statistical Area with a combined population of 236,577 as of the 2010 United States Census. In the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034 with 105,000 living in the borough plus the surrounding townships referred to locally as the "Centre Region." Many of these Centre Region communities carry a "State College, PA" address although are not part of the borough of State College. State College is a college town, dominated economically and demographically by the presence of the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University. Lion Country is another used term to refer to the State College area, the term includes the borough and the townships of College, Harris and Ferguson.
When including college and graduate students, State College is the third most populous city in Pennsylvania, after Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. State College evolved from a village to a town in order to serve the needs of the Pennsylvania State College, founded as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania in 1855. State College was incorporated as a borough on August 29, 1896, has grown with the college, renamed The Pennsylvania State University in 1953. In 1973 State College adopted a home rule charter which took effect in 1976; the university has a post office address of Pennsylvania. When Penn State changed its name from College to University in 1953, its president, Milton S. Eisenhower, sought to persuade the town to change its name as well. A referendum failed to yield a majority for any of the choices for a new name, so the town remains State College. After this, Penn State requested a new name for its on-campus post office in the HUB-Robeson Center from the U. S. Post Office Department; the post office, which has since moved across an alley to the McAllister Building, is the official home of ZIP code 16802.
State College is situated at an elevation of 1,200 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.5 square miles, all of it land. It is surrounded by large tracts of farmland, an expanse of Appalachian Mountain ranges and forests. Nittany Mountain is part of Pennsylvania's geologic ridge-and-valley province of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the geographic center of Pennsylvania, as a result, Penn State University was founded in State College. State College is one of the densest cities of its population in the United States aided by the presence of numerous high rises downtown along Beaver and College Avenues; the 2010 have seen a construction boom downtown, with several mixed-use towers being developed, including the Rise, Frazer Centre, a 15-floor tower on Garner Street, among many other projects. Unlike most older towers, many of the new buildings will be mixed-use, with retail on the ground floor, offices on the next couple floors up, apartments on the top floors.
This high rise building boom has drawn debate in the local area. Some see it as a boon to increase foot traffic downtown and reduce congestion on the arterial roads leading into the city. Others, are skeptical of the developments as they are causing eyesores, may lose some of SC's charm. State College has a humid continental climate. Temperatures average 72.1 °F in July. Annual precipitation averages 39.8 inches, with 45.9 inches of annual snowfall on average. With a period of record dating back to 1893, the lowest temperature recorded was −20 °F on February 10, 1899 and the highest was 102 °F on July 17, 1988, July 9, 1936. According to the 2010 census, there are 42,034 people, 12,610 households, 3,069 families residing in the borough; the population density was 9,258.6 people per square mile. There were 13,007 housing units at an average density of 2,865.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 83.2% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.8% Asian, 1.0% Other, 2.0% from two or more races.
3.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. 22,681 or 54.0% of borough residents were males and 19,353 or 46.0% were females. A 2014 estimate had the racial makeup of the borough as 78.9% Non-Hispanic White, 5.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American and Alaska Native, 11.5% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.8% Some other race, 2.2% two or more races. 4.4 % were Latino. Of the 12,610 households, 9.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 18.2% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 75.6% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.71. The age distribution of the borough, overwhelmingly influenced by its student population, was 5.1% under the age of 18, 70.6% from 18 to 24, 13.1% from 25 to 44, 6.5% from 45 to 64, 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 22 years. The median income for a household in the borough was $23,513, the median income for a family was $
Pennsylvania State University
The Pennsylvania State University is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania. Founded in 1855 as the Farmers’ High School of Pennsylvania, known as the University of State College, Penn State conducts teaching and public service, its instructional mission includes undergraduate, graduate and continuing education offered through resident instruction and online delivery. Its University Park campus, the flagship campus, lies within the Borough of State College and College Township, it has two law schools: Penn State Law, on the school's University Park campus, Dickinson Law, located in Carlisle, 90 miles south of State College. The College of Medicine is located in Hershey. Penn State has another 19 commonwealth campuses and 5 special mission campuses located across the state. Penn State has been labeled one of the "Public Ivies," a publicly funded university considered as providing a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League.
Annual enrollment at the University Park campus totals more than 46,800 graduate and undergraduate students, making it one of the largest universities in the United States. It has the world's largest dues-paying alumni association; the university's total enrollment in 2015–16 was 97,500 across its 24 campuses and online through its World Campus. The university offers more than 160 majors among all its campuses and administers $3.62 billion in endowment and similar funds. The university's research expenditures totaled $836 million during the 2016 fiscal year. Annually, the university hosts the Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon, the world's largest student-run philanthropy; this event is held at the Bryce Jordan Center on the University Park campus. In 2014, THON raised a program record of $13.3 million. The university's athletics teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the Penn State Nittany Lions, they compete in the Big Ten Conference for most sports. The school was founded as a degree-granting institution on February 22, 1855, by Pennsylvania's state legislature as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania.
Centre County, became the home of the new school when James Irvin of Bellefonte, donated 200 acres of land – the first of 10,101 acres the school would acquire. In 1862, the school's name was changed to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, with the passage of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, Pennsylvania selected the school in 1863 to be the state's sole land-grant college; the school's name changed to the Pennsylvania State College in 1874. George W. Atherton became president of the school in 1882, broadened the curriculum. Shortly after he introduced engineering studies, Penn State became one of the ten largest engineering schools in the nation. Atherton expanded the liberal arts and agriculture programs, for which the school began receiving regular appropriations from the state in 1887. A major road in State College has been named in Atherton's honor. Additionally, Penn State's Atherton Hall, a well-furnished and centrally located residence hall, is named not after George Atherton himself, but after his wife, Frances Washburn Atherton.
His grave is in front of Schwab Auditorium near Old Main, marked by an engraved marble block in front of his statue. In the years that followed, Penn State grew becoming the state's largest grantor of baccalaureate degrees and reaching an enrollment of 5,000 in 1936. Around that time, a system of commonwealth campuses was started by President Ralph Dorn Hetzel to provide an alternative for Depression-era students who were economically unable to leave home to attend college. In 1953, President Milton S. Eisenhower, brother of then-U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and won permission to elevate the school to university status as The Pennsylvania State University. Under his successor Eric A. Walker, the university acquired hundreds of acres of surrounding land, enrollment nearly tripled. In addition, in 1967, the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, a college of medicine and hospital, was established in Hershey with a $50 million gift from the Hershey Trust Company. In the 1970s, the university became a state-related institution.
As such, it now belongs to the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. In 1975, the lyrics in Penn State's alma mater song were revised to be gender-neutral in honor of International Women's Year. In 1989, the Pennsylvania College of Technology in Williamsport joined ranks with the university, in 2000, so did the Dickinson School of Law; the university is now the largest in Pennsylvania, in 2003, it was credited with having the second-largest impact on the state economy of any organization, generating an economic effect of over $17 billion on a budget of $2.5 billion. To offset the lack of funding due to the limited growth in state appropriations to Penn State, the university has concentrated its efforts on philanthropy. In 2011, the university and its football team garnered major international media attention and criticism due to a sex abuse scandal in which university officials were alleged to have covered up incidents of child sexual abuse by former football team