New York metropolitan area
The New York metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 sq mi. The metropolitan area includes New York City, Long Island, the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the New York metropolitan area remains, by a significant margin, the most populous in the United States, as defined by both the Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Combined Statistical Area. It is the tenth largest in the world; the New York metropolitan area continues to be the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States, with the largest foreign-born population of any metropolitan region in the world. The MSA covers 6,720 sq mi, while the CSA area is 13,318 sq mi, encompassing an ethnically and geographically diverse region; the New York metropolitan area's population is larger than that of the state of New York, the metropolitan airspace accommodated over 130 million passengers in 2016. As a center of many industries, including finance, international trade and traditional media, real estate, fashion, tourism, biotechnology and manufacturing, the New York City metropolitan region is one of the most important economic regions in the world.
In 2012, the New York metropolitan area was home to seven of the 25 wealthiest counties in the United States by median household income, according to the American Community Survey. According to Forbes, in 2014, the New York City metropolitan area was home to eight of the top ten ZIP codes in the United States by median housing price, with six in Manhattan alone; the New York Metropolitan Area houses five of the top ten richest places in America, according to Bloomberg. These are Scarsdale, NY; the New York metropolitan region's higher education network comprises hundreds of colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Princeton University, Yale University, which are ranked among the top 3 universities in the United States and top 10 in the world. Institutions such as New York University, Rockefeller University, the Cornell Tech campus of Cornell University additionally have been ranked among the top 40 in the world; the U. S. Office of Management and Budget utilizes two definitions of the area: the Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Combined Statistical Area.
The MSA definition is titled the New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, includes a population of 20.3 million people by 2017 Census estimates 1 in 16 Americans and nearly 7 million more than the second-place Los Angeles metropolitan area in the United States. The MSA is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions; the 26-county MSA includes 12 counties in New York State. The largest urbanized area in the United States is at the heart of the metropolitan area, the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT Urbanized Area; the counties and county groupings constituting the New York metropolitan area are listed below, with 2012 population estimates: New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area New York–Jersey City–White Plains, NY–NJ Metropolitan Division Kings County, NY Queens County, NY New York County, NY Bronx County, NY Richmond County, NY Westchester County, NY Bergen County, NJ Hudson County, NJ Middlesex County, NJ Monmouth County, NJ Ocean County, NJ Passaic County, NJ Rockland County, NY Orange County, NY Nassau County–Suffolk County, NY Metropolitan Division Suffolk County Nassau County Dutchess County-Putnam County, NY Metropolitan Division Putnam County Dutchess County Newark, NJ–PA Metropolitan Division Essex County, NJ Union County, NJ Morris County, NJ Somerset County, NJ Sussex County, NJ Hunterdon County, NJ Pike County, PA Combined statistical areas group together adjacent core-based statistical areas with a high degree of economic interconnection.
The New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area had an estimated population of 23.7 million as of 2014. About one out of every fifteen Americans resides in this region, which includes ten additional counties in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania; this area, less the Pennsylvania portion, is referred to as the tri-state area and less the tri-state region. The New York City television designated market area includes Pike County, included in the CSA. In addition to the New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA metropolitan statistical areas, the following core-based statistical areas are included in the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA CSA: Bridgeport–Stamford–Norw
Gambling in Pennsylvania
Gambling in Pennsylvania includes casino gambling, the Pennsylvania Lottery, horse racing and small games of chance conducted by nonprofit organizations and taverns under limited circumstances. Although casinos gaming has only been legal for about a decade, Pennsylvania is second only to Nevada in commercial casino revenues. On October 26, 2017, the House passed a bill. Governor Tom Wolf signed that bill into law on October 30, 2017; the modern purpose of gambling legislation in Pennsylvania is focused on using revenues to help create more jobs, boost the economy, stitch together the state's financial deficit. The PA state lottery was established in Act 91 of 1971 as a government run entity; the purpose of the lottery, as stated in the bill, is to provide property tax relief to the elderly for property taxes paid in 1971 and thereafter to persons 65 years of age or older. The lottery is intended to curb illegal gambling operations that were taking place in PA; the bill outlines the procedures for selling tickets, commercial advertising, distribution of prizes.
The passing of this bill led to repeated pushes for casinos in the 1980s-1990s. The first major effort to establish casinos took place in the Pocono Mountains Resort Area. Several polls were taken in the region, in all cases residents rejected the idea; this is due to a general apprehension about gambling in the 1980s. Pennsylvanians looked to Nevada as an example of what casinos could do to a society, saw nothing but corruption and criminals. In 1993-1994 there was another push for this time on riverboats in state waterways. Although supporters of riverboats were determined that legalizing riverboat gambling would bring more money into Pennsylvania, fiscal experts and social scientists had said that the gambling industry could generate crime and cost the state money; the opposers of gambling said legalization would have a corrosive effect on families, would increase the number of business failures and traffic congestion. Another reason riverboat gambling legislation failed to be passed in the mid-1990s is that the newly elected governor, Tom Ridge, demanded a series of voter referenda as a condition for his support of any legislation.
This drained any existing momentum for the passage of riverboat legislation. One last failed push for gambling in Pennsylvania occurred in 1999. A gaming bill, approved by the State House, would have allowed for a voter referendum to decide whether the state should have slot machines at the four racetracks, authorize riverboats, allow video poker at taverns; however the referendum proposal was not scheduled for a vote, this effort acquired the same outcome as legislation in the previous years. In 2004 Pennsylvania legislators passed Act 71; this act known as the Pennsylvania Racehorse Development and Gaming Act, established the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board and legalized casinos and racetracks within the state. It was apparent that horse racing was a viable industry that would create thousands of new jobs and bring more money into Pennsylvania; the revenues gained by the machines and tracks would go towards providing property tax relief, various horse breeders in the state, local governments, as well as various funds that were established by Act 71.
The moral and religious grounds on which people had opposed gambling became less of a factor as new generations of Pennsylvanians became adults, which led to a greater public acceptance of gambling. Another factor that contributed to this acceptance was that the historic link between gambling and crime had diminished as the ownership structure of casinos had shifted to publicly traded corporations. During the first full year of operations, seven casinos produced machine revenues of over one billion dollars, which yielded tax revenues of about seven hundred and sixty-six million dollars, by the end of 2009, the revenues of Pennsylvania machines exceeded those of machines in other states with the exception of Nevada; the success of Act 71 led to calls for more gambling legislation to be passed in Pennsylvania. The 2017 Truck stop and Satellite casino bill included in it a plan to establish 10 new mini-casino sites, as well as expand casino-style gambling to truck stops, online portals, airports.
In 2016 there were 18,000 people employed by the various racetracks and casinos around the state, all of which generate $1.4 billion annually in tax revenue. Horse Racing was the first type of gambling to be legalized in Pennsylvania, having been legal since the passing of the Race Horse Industry Reform Act in 1959; the first race track to open after the passage of that act was Meadows Racetrack in 1963. In addition to the racetracks, there are several off-track betting establishments with simulcasting available. Online betting and phone betting on horse racing is legal. Greyhound racing, however, is not permitted. There are several locations offering off-track betting throughout the state; each location is affiliated with a specific racetrack. Off-track betting has been legal since 1988. Pennsylvania was the 5th state in the country to legalize off-track betting parlors; the original legislation called for each of the four racetracks to have a 35-mile protective radius in which the off-track locations could be established.
The legislation called for a maximum of 23 locations total throughout the state. Due to horse racing's decline in popularity, many off-track betting locations have closed. However, some operators, including Parx, will be adding sports betting to existing off-track betting locations in 2019. Since its creation in 2004 Pennsylvania Gaming C
The Lehigh Valley, known by the United States Census Bureau and the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton, PA–NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area and referred to colloquially as The Valley, is a metropolitan region consisting of Carbon and Northampton counties in eastern Pennsylvania and Warren county on the western edge of New Jersey, in the Eastern United States. The Lehigh Valley's largest city, with a population of 120,443, is Allentown; the region is a part of the larger New York City metropolitan area, but borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area. All of the region, except Warren County, New Jersey, is part of Philadelphia's designated media market; the Lehigh Valley is the third most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area in the state of Pennsylvania with a population of 821,173 residents as of the 2010 U. S. Census; the region is eclipsed in total population in Pennsylvania only by the metropolitan areas of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh metropolitan areas.
It is the 64th most populated metropolitan area in the United States. Lehigh County, the Valley's largest county in terms of overall population, is among the fastest growing in the state and, as of 2010–2012, ranks in the 79th percentile for population growth nationally; the core population centers are located in southern and central Lehigh and Northampton counties along U. S. Route 22 and Interstate 78; the Lehigh Valley is proximate to two of the nation's largest cities: New York City, about 75 miles to its east, Philadelphia, 50 miles to its southeast. In March 2014, the Lehigh Valley was recognized by Site Selection Magazine as the second-best performing region of its size for economic development in the United States, it was ranked by Fortune in May 2015 as being among the top 10 best places in the U. S. to locate corporate finance and information technology operations for companies, such as call centers and IT support. Allentown, the region's largest city, was cited as a "national success story" in April 2016 by the Urban Land Institute for its downtown redevelopment and transformation, one of only six communities nationwide to achieve this distinction.
The Lehigh Valley is named for the Lehigh River, which runs through it, owes much of its development and history to the anthracite supplies and ores which poured down the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company's Lehigh Canal and railroads LC&N built or encouraged parallel to it. The lower Lehigh Valley is geologically part of the Great Appalachian Valley and is bordered on the north by the mineral-rich Ridge and Valley Appalachians, which define its rugged upper parts from White Haven and west of the Poconos, south through the Lehigh Gorge to the Lehigh Gap near Palmerton; the upper drainage basin contains or shares nearly half the southeastern Coal Region, which have the richest anthracite deposits in the world, while the lower valley holds valuable limestone and clay deposits. In the charter of March 20, 1818 for the Lehigh Navigation Company, the legislature gave virtual total control to the Canal Company which it retained until 1964; these transportation improvements overcame the country's first energy crises due to deforestation in the early 19th century.
The Canal operated into the Great Depression, feeding ports up and down the Delaware River, the Delaware Canal, transoceanic demand, was integral to the regional industrial revolution in the greater Philadelphia-Trenton-Wilmington region. The Morris Canal and the 22–23 miles coal feeder of the Delaware and Raritan Canal and locks at New Hope on the Delaware Canal were built to fuel the anthracite needs of Newark, Jersey City and New York City. Culturally and the Valley runs from the drainage divide in the Solomon Gap just north of Mountain Top where coal flowed up the Ashley Planes from the Wyoming Valley coal beds in Luzerne County and across the divide downhill to the White Haven down through the Lehigh Gorge, past the historic Jim Thorpe terminus of the Summit Hill & Mauch Chunk Railroad through historic locks and dams below Jim Thorpe or alongside the canal which fueled the American Industrial Revolution and operated into the Great Depression; the American Canal age had its epicenter at the confluence of the Lehigh and Delaware rivers where five major canals met major rivers and coastal waterways, all gave the people and industries of the Lehigh Valley access to minerals and markets via Easton from Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania.
The Lehigh Valley's principal cities are Allentown and Easton, making up the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton metropolitan area. The traditional bounds of the region are The Poconos to the north, the Delaware River to the east, the boundaries of Berks County and Montgomery County to the southwest, the boundary with Bucks County to the south. More however, the area around Phillipsburg, New Jersey west of Pohatcong Mountain, parts of upper Bucks County around Quakertown, portions of northeastern Berks County and southern Carbon and Schuylkill counties in Pennsylvania are considered outer parts of the Valley; the Lehigh Valley is located 60 mi north of Philadelphia, 80 mi northeast of Harrisburg, 90 mi west of New York City, the country's largest city. The area is home to more than 820,000 people as of the 2010 U. S. Census. Recent census studies show it to be the fastest growing region in Pennsylvania, due in part to its growing popularity as a bedroom community for the populated neighboring regions of Philadelphia, New Jersey and New York City as well as its favorable business climate and much lower cost of living in comparison to surrounding areas.
The Lehigh Valley is geologically and geo
Harrisburg–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area
The Harrisburg–Carlisle, metropolitan statistical area is defined by the United States Census Bureau as an area consisting of three counties in Pennsylvania's Susquehanna Valley, anchored by the cities of Harrisburg and Carlisle. As of the 2010 census, the metropolitan statistical area had a population of 549,475. In 2009, Harrisburg–Carlisle was the 96th largest metropolitan area in the United States; as of 2010, it is part of the defined Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area, which includes York and Adams counties and has a population of 1,233,708 people making it the 43rd most populous in the United States. 1950: The Harrisburg standard metropolitan area, consisting of Cumberland and Dauphin counties, was first defined. 1959: Following a term change by the Bureau of the Budget, the Harrisburg SMA became the Harrisburg standard metropolitan statistical area. 1963: Perry County added to the Harrisburg SMSA. 1983: Harrisburg SMSA renamed the Harrisburg–Lebanon–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area.
2010: The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon urban agglomeration area is defined for the first time, linking York County to the CSA. 2012: The Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area was formally defined and includes the counties of York and Adams. As of the census of 2000, there were 509,074 people, 202,380 households, 134,557 families residing within the MSA; the racial makeup of the MSA was 86.20% White, 9.39% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.67% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $43,374, the median income for a family was $51,792. Males had a median income of $36,368 versus $26,793 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,432. In 2009 the urban population of the MSA increased to 383,008 from 362,782 in 2000, a change of 20,226 people; the Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area is made up of six counties.
The statistical area includes four metropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 1,219,422; the CSA ranked 5th in the state of Pennsylvania, 43rd most populous in the United States. Combined Statistical Areas Gettysburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area York-Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Metropolitan Statistical Areas Harrisburg–Carlisle Lebanon As of the census of 2000, there were 629,401 people, 248,931 households, 167,328 families residing within the CSA; the racial makeup of the CSA was 87.78% White, 7.84% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.11% of the population. The median income for a household in the CSA was $42,740, the median income for a family was $51,071. Males had a median income of $35,660 versus $26,116 for females.
The per capita income for the CSA was $21,017. In 2010, the Harrisburg area was combined with York and Lebanon as an urban agglomeration, or a contiguous area of continuously developed urban land, signifying a future merger with the York–Hanover MSA, which created a combined statistical area of over 1.2 million people. Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area Pennsylvania census statistical areas List of Pennsylvania metropolitan areas List of United States metropolitan areas List of United States combined statistical areas PA MSA 1990 Census and 1994 Population Estimates Quickfacts from U. S. Census Bureau census.gov Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990
Geology of Pennsylvania
The Geology of Pennsylvania consists of six distinct physiographic provinces, three of which are subdivided into different sections. Each province has its own economic advantages and geologic hazards and plays an important role in shaping everyday life in the state, they are: the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province, the Piedmont Province, the New England Province, the Ridge and Valley Province, the Appalachian Plateau Province, the Central Lowlands Province. A majority of the rocks in Pennsylvania exposed at the surface are sedimentary and were deposited during the Paleozoic Era. All of the metamorphic and igneous rocks are confined to the southeast portion of the state. A total of four orogenies have affected the rocks of the Commonwealth including the Grenville orogeny, the Taconic orogeny, the Acadian orogeny, the Appalachian orogeny; the Appalachian event has left the most evidence and has continued to shape the landscape of the state. The Pennsylvania terrain has been affected by continental rifting during the Mesozoic era.
Pleistocene glaciers have repeatedly visited the state over the last 100,000 years. These glaciers have left some evidence and carved out much of the landscape of the northern tier of the state. A rock with high economic value from Pennsylvania is Anthracite coal. Before mining began, there was an estimated 22.8 billion tons of anthracite in Pennsylvania. In 2001, 12 billion tons still remained in the ground, most of, not economically feasible to mine. American geologists recognized the importance of Pennsylvania's coal region and named the Upper Carboniferous Period the Pennsylvanian Period because of the abundance of coal in the state. Despite this, Celestine was proposed as the state mineral in 2002; the proposal however, was not approved by the state legislature. Pennsylvania is home to the famous Drake Oil Well in Titusville which help gave rise to the modern oil industry and two brand name motor oils, Quaker State and Pennzoil. Pennsylvania has reserves of natural gas from both buried source rocks and coal-bed areas.
One of the smallest physiographic provinces in the state is confined to Philadelphia and Bucks counties along the Delaware River. Local relief is less than 200 feet and much of the bedrock is buried under recent alluvial deposits. On the geologic map, "Trenton Gravel" is used to describe most of these sediments. However, much of the alluvial sediments that exist here are sand and clays; the traditional boundary of the coastal plain is the Fall Line. The coastal plain in Pennsylvania was once home to thousands of acres of fresh water tidal marsh; this was important in the early development of Chester. Many of the small tributaries to the Delaware have cut small but impressive gorges into the bedrock, including the Ridley Creek, the Chester Creek, the Wissahickon Creek. Flash floods are becoming a local problem in the province; the Piedmont in Pennsylvania is divided into three distinct sections: the Piedmont Uplands, the Piedmont Lowlands, the Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands. Much of the Piedmont is becoming developed.
Some of the best farmland in the state is in this region Lancaster and Chester counties. This section is characterized by the metamorphic rocks that provide much of the bedrock for this area; the oldest exposed rocks in Pennsylvania consist of the Baltimore Gneiss. These rocks have a vast array of different minerals, they are similar in many respects to their cousins in northern and central Maryland to the south. Much of the rock was altered during the formation of Rodinia during the Grenville orogeny; these rocks provided the platform for the deposition of sediment that would become the Wissahickon Formation during a rifting of Rodinia. Sea floor spreading continued until a passive margin developed along the new Iapetus Ocean and a beach strandline developed; these sediments became the Chickies Formation. Siliclasitc and carbonate deposition continued into the Ordovician period. During the Taconic orogeny, more igneous intrusions and metamorphism occurred as the ancestral Taconic Mountains were pushed up.
The sediments that were deposited in a sea between an island-arc and the Iapetus were squeezed and deformed along a subduction zone. The sediments deposited; the sediments placed from the rifting of Rodinia became the roots of the ancestral Taconics and went through their first wave of metamorphism during the Taconic orogeny. Additional waves of metamorphism continued up until the Alleghanian orogeny; the lowlands are underlain by more eroded rocks such as limestone and phyllite. These rocks are younger in age than the surrounding uplands and are the result of a quiet stretch of shallow sea deposition; some of the rocks deposited during this time are found in the Great Valley section but have been separated by the Gettysburg-Newark Lowland section. Relief is low and never rises above 700 feet. Karst terrain is problematic in this section; this section is a bit misleading. It is separated from the rest of the Piedmont sections. Called the Triassic Basin, most of the bedrock are red sandstone and shale.
A few formations are black. The sediment accumulated during the rifting of Pangea in the Triassic age. A basaltic igneous rock called diabase formed dykes and sills in the Jurassic as the Atlantic Ocean began to form. Much of the roc
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is the largest designated borough in Pennsylvania, it is the principal borough of the six municipalities that make up the State College area, the largest settlement in Centre County and one of the principal cities of the greater State College-DuBois Combined Statistical Area with a combined population of 236,577 as of the 2010 United States Census. In the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034 with 105,000 living in the borough plus the surrounding townships referred to locally as the "Centre Region." Many of these Centre Region communities carry a "State College, PA" address although are not part of the borough of State College. State College is a college town, dominated economically and demographically by the presence of the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University. Lion Country is another used term to refer to the State College area, the term includes the borough and the townships of College, Harris and Ferguson.
When including college and graduate students, State College is the third most populous city in Pennsylvania, after Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. State College evolved from a village to a town in order to serve the needs of the Pennsylvania State College, founded as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania in 1855. State College was incorporated as a borough on August 29, 1896, has grown with the college, renamed The Pennsylvania State University in 1953. In 1973 State College adopted a home rule charter which took effect in 1976; the university has a post office address of Pennsylvania. When Penn State changed its name from College to University in 1953, its president, Milton S. Eisenhower, sought to persuade the town to change its name as well. A referendum failed to yield a majority for any of the choices for a new name, so the town remains State College. After this, Penn State requested a new name for its on-campus post office in the HUB-Robeson Center from the U. S. Post Office Department; the post office, which has since moved across an alley to the McAllister Building, is the official home of ZIP code 16802.
State College is situated at an elevation of 1,200 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.5 square miles, all of it land. It is surrounded by large tracts of farmland, an expanse of Appalachian Mountain ranges and forests. Nittany Mountain is part of Pennsylvania's geologic ridge-and-valley province of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the geographic center of Pennsylvania, as a result, Penn State University was founded in State College. State College is one of the densest cities of its population in the United States aided by the presence of numerous high rises downtown along Beaver and College Avenues; the 2010 have seen a construction boom downtown, with several mixed-use towers being developed, including the Rise, Frazer Centre, a 15-floor tower on Garner Street, among many other projects. Unlike most older towers, many of the new buildings will be mixed-use, with retail on the ground floor, offices on the next couple floors up, apartments on the top floors.
This high rise building boom has drawn debate in the local area. Some see it as a boon to increase foot traffic downtown and reduce congestion on the arterial roads leading into the city. Others, are skeptical of the developments as they are causing eyesores, may lose some of SC's charm. State College has a humid continental climate. Temperatures average 72.1 °F in July. Annual precipitation averages 39.8 inches, with 45.9 inches of annual snowfall on average. With a period of record dating back to 1893, the lowest temperature recorded was −20 °F on February 10, 1899 and the highest was 102 °F on July 17, 1988, July 9, 1936. According to the 2010 census, there are 42,034 people, 12,610 households, 3,069 families residing in the borough; the population density was 9,258.6 people per square mile. There were 13,007 housing units at an average density of 2,865.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 83.2% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.8% Asian, 1.0% Other, 2.0% from two or more races.
3.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. 22,681 or 54.0% of borough residents were males and 19,353 or 46.0% were females. A 2014 estimate had the racial makeup of the borough as 78.9% Non-Hispanic White, 5.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American and Alaska Native, 11.5% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.8% Some other race, 2.2% two or more races. 4.4 % were Latino. Of the 12,610 households, 9.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 18.2% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 75.6% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.71. The age distribution of the borough, overwhelmingly influenced by its student population, was 5.1% under the age of 18, 70.6% from 18 to 24, 13.1% from 25 to 44, 6.5% from 45 to 64, 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 22 years. The median income for a household in the borough was $23,513, the median income for a family was $
Williamsport is a city in, the county seat of, Lycoming County, United States. In 2017, the population was estimated at 28,462, it is the principal city of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of about 114,000. The city is the cultural and commercial center of Central Pennsylvania, it is 131 miles from Philadelphia, 166 miles from Pittsburgh and 85 miles from state capital Harrisburg. The city is renowned for arts scene and food. Williamsport was settled by Americans late in the 18th century, the town began to prosper due to its lumber industry. By the early 20th century, the town reached the height of its prosperity and the population has since declined by about a third from its peak of around 45,000 in 1950. Williamsport is the birthplace of Little League Baseball. South Williamsport, a town nearby, is the headquarters of Little League Baseball and annually hosts the Little League World Series in late summer. Colonial settlement in what is today Williamsport dates back to 1786 but the area was inhabited by the Iroquois.
Williamsport was incorporated as a borough on March 1, 1806, as a city on January 15, 1866. In the late 19th century, Williamsport was known as "The Lumber Capital of the World" because of its thriving lumber industry; the city is the original home of Little League Baseball, founded in 1939 as a three-team league. Following World War II the city's population and economic prosperity have declined. In 1763 the Battle of Muncy Hills took place during the French and Indian War, it was a clash between the Native Americans and colonists seeking homestead sites in Native American territory. In 1768, at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the British purchased the land that became Lycoming County from the Iroquois Nation who controlled the lands. In 1786 the first house was built in Williamsport. James Russell built his inn on what is now the northeast corner of East Third and Mulberry Streets in downtown. On April 13, 1795 Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County, it encompassed all the lands of Northumberland County situated west of Muncy Hills and was a domain of 12,500 square miles, comprising most of north central Pennsylvania.
In 1796 the first recorded childbirth in Williamsport was James Russell the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Russell and grandson of James Russell of the Russell Inn and the first school was built as a one-room log addition to the building that would become the first Lycoming County Courthouse. In 1798 the first brick house in Williamsport was erected on Front Street, between Market and Mulberry, by Andrew Tulloh, a lawyer; the bricks were made on the banks of Grafius Run. In 1799, a post office opened at the corner of Third and State Streets in what is now downtown, the following year, a jail was constructed at the northeast corner of William and Third Streets; the post office was converted to a saloon,In 1801 the town's first store was opened by William Winter on Third Street. In 1831 Jacob L. Mussina established the Repasz Band, the oldest brass band in America still in existence. On Oct. 15 1834 The West Branch Canal opened and the first boat to pass through the canal en route to Jersey Shore was that of George Aughenbaugh.
The first freight carried into town was iron for the foundry of John B. Hall; the same year the enactment of the common school law by Pennsylvania Legislature led to public education here. In May 1835, the first public schools opened in Williamsport and the town's first bank, the West Branch National Bank; the Underground Railroad, used by enslaved African-Americans to obtain their freedom in the 30 years before the Civil War included routes from states in the South, which supported slavery, to "free" states in the North and Canada. From 1830 until 1865, the underground railroad, a system of safe houses and routes for slaves escaping to freedom, operated in Lycoming County. Based on the oral history of Mamie Sweeting Diggs, fourth generation descent and great-granddaughter, was a river raftsman on the Susquehanna river who had migrated from Oswego, New York, he lived on the Muncy Indian Reservation. During his trips transporting logs to Maryland, he brought escaped slaves back on foot from Baltimore, over Bald Eagle Mountain and hid them at his home and in the caves on Freedom Road.
Mamie's grandfather, helped his father, Daniel Hughes, hide escaped slaves in the caves behind their home on Freedom Road. They fed them, nursed the sick back to health and delivered them safely to the next "station", The Apker House in Trout Run; the Apker House was the home of Robert Fairies and president of the Williamsport-Elmira Railroad. The railroad ran through his property where escaped slaves were hidden in the barn and house and loaded into railway baggage cars for the trip to Elmira, NY, the next "station."Mamie's grandfather, Robert passed the stories to his children, including Mamie's mother, Marion. Marion tended the family homestead, maintained Freedom Road Cemetery and passed Daniel's stories down to her children. In 1849 the Market Street Bridge was built over the West Branch Susquehanna River, it was opened as a toll bridge to cover the state's costs of $23,797. In 1854 a brewery opened; the brewery was sold to Henry Flock in 1865. This brewery was run by the Flock family until the 1940s.
The Flock's business survived Prohibition by converting to a dairy. In 1875, the first tower clock in the United States to sound the Cambridge Quarters was installed at Trinity Episcopal Chur