Lincoln University (Pennsylvania)
Lincoln University is public black university in Oxford, Pennsylvania. Founded as a private university in 1854, it has been a public institution since 1972 and was the United States' first degree-granting HBCU, its main campus is located on 422 acres near the town of Oxford in southern Chester County, Pennsylvania. The university has a second location in Philadelphia. Lincoln University provides undergraduate and graduate coursework to 2,000 students; the University is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund. While a majority of Lincoln University students are African Americans, the university has a long history of accepting students of other races and nationalities. Women have received degrees since 1953 and made up 60% of undergraduate enrollment in 2015. In 1854 Rev. John Miller Dickey, a Presbyterian minister, his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson, a Quaker, founded Ashmun Institute named Lincoln University, in Hinsonville, they named it after a religious leader and social reformer. They founded the school for the education of African Americans, who had few opportunities for higher education.
John Miller Dickey was the first president of the college. He encouraged some of his first students: James Ralston Amos, his brother Thomas Henry Amos, Armistead Hutchinson Miller, to support the establishment of Liberia as a colony for African Americans.. Each of the men became ordained ministers. In 1866, a year after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Ashmun Institute was renamed Lincoln University; the college attracted talented students from numerous states during the long decades of legal segregation in the South. As may be seen on the list of notable alumni, many went on to achievements in careers in academia, public service, the arts and many other fields. In 1945 Dr. Horace Mann Bond, an alumnus of Lincoln, was selected as the first African-American president of the university. During his 12-year tenure, he continued to do social science research, helped support the important civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education, decided in 1954 by the US Supreme Court, he established an important relationship with the collector Albert C.
Barnes, who ensured Lincoln University had a role in the management of his art collection, the Barnes Foundation. From 1854 to 1954, Lincoln University graduates accounted for 20 percent of black physicians and over 10 percent of black lawyers in the United States. In 1972 Lincoln University formally associated with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as a state-related institution. In 2013, the University refined its name and brand as Lincoln University to emphasize its distinction as the nation's first HBCU, as well as to distinguish itself from other universities of the same name in Missouri and New Zealand, as well as Lincoln Memorial in Tennessee. In November 2014, University president Robert R. Jennings resigned under pressure from faculty and alumni after comments relating to issues of sexual assault. Jennings was the subject of a couple of no-confidence votes by faculty and the alumni association in October 2014. On May 11, 2017, the Lincoln University board of trustees announced the appointment of Dr. Brenda A. Allen and vice chancellor for academic affairs at Winston-Salem State University as Lincoln's new president.
A 1981 alumna of Lincoln, Allen's inauguration was announced for October, 2017. According to U. S. News & World Report, Lincoln University ranks number 20th out of 81 in the 2013 magazine's first ranking of undergraduate education at HBCUs, it is ranked as a Tier One school on the list. Lincoln University shares its No. 20th ranking with Alabama A&M University. In 2012 the US News & World Best Colleges Report rated Lincoln as a Tier Two University overall. Lincoln University's International and Study Abroad Program had student participation in Service Learning Projects in the countries of Ecuador, Spain, Costa Rica, France, Zambia, Ghana, Russia, Thailand, the Czech Republic and South Africa The Lincoln-Barnes Visual Arts program is a collaboration between Lincoln University and the Barnes Foundation, it established a Visual Arts program that leads to a Bachelor of Fine Arts, most a Pan-Africana Studies major has been added to the list undergraduate majors available at the institution. Lincoln University offers 23 undergraduate minors.
Lincoln University main campus is 422 acres with 56 buildings totaling over one million gross square feet. There are fifteen residence halls; the dormitories range from small dorms such as Alumni Hall, built in 1870. A $40.5 million, four-story, 150,000-square-foot Science and General Classroom High Technology Building was completed in December 2008. A $26.1 million 60,000-square-foot International Cultural Center began construction on April 10, 2008, was completed in 2010. The $28 million Health and Wellness Center is a 105,000 square feet facility that opened in September 2012; the facility contains basketball courts, locker rooms, track, rock climbing wall, health clinic and healthy eating café. An on-campus football stadium with concession stands, a separate locker room, storage facilities opened in August 2012. A separate practice field with Field Turf II is located near the Health and Wellness Center, where six new lighted tennis courts are located. New baseball and softball fields are adjacent to the foo
A public university is a university, publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another depending on the specific education landscape. In Egypt, Al-Azhar University was founded in 970 AD as a madrassa, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the world, formally becoming a university in 1961, it was followed by a lot of universities opened as public universities in the 20th century such as Cairo University, Alexandria University, Assiut University, Ain Shams University, Helwan University, Beni-Suef University, Benha University, Zagazig University, Suez Canal University, where tuition fees are subsidized by the government. In Kenya, the Ministry of Education controls all of the public universities. Students are enrolled after completing the 8-4-4 system of education and attaining a mark of C+ or above. Students who meet the criteria determined annually by the Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Service receive government sponsorship, as part of their university or college fee is catered for by the government.
They are eligible for a low interest loan from the Higher Education Loan Board. They are expected to pay back the loan after completing higher education. In Nigeria public universities can be established by both the federal government and by state governments. Examples include the University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Ibadan, University of Benin, University of Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Abia State University, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Gombe State University, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Federal University of Technology Yola, University of Maiduguri, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, University of Jos, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, University of Ilorin, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University South Africa has 23 public tertiary educational institutions, either categorised as a traditional university or a comprehensive university. Prominent public South African universities include the University of Johannesburg, University of Cape Town, Nelson Mandela University, North-west University, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Pretoria, University of Stellenbosch, University of Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and the University of South Africa.
In Tunisia, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research controls all of the public universities. For some universities, the ministry of higher education coordinates with other ministries like: the Ministry of Public health or the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies. Admission in a public university in Tunisia is assured after succeeding in the Tunisian Baccalaureate: Students are classified according to a Formula score based on their results in the Baccalaureate; the students make a wishlist with the universities they want to attend on a state website dedicated for orientation. Thus, the high-ranking-students get priority to choose. Examples of Tunisian public universities: Carthage University, Carthage Ez-Zitouna University, Tunis Manouba University, Manouba Tunis El Manar University, Tunis Tunis University, Tunis Université Tunis Carthage University of Gabès, Gabès University of Gafsa, Gafsa University of Jendouba, Jendouba University of Kairouan, Kairouan University of Monastir, Monastir University of Sfax, Sfax University of Sousse, Sousse There are 40 public universities in Bangladesh.
The universities do not deal directly with the government, but with the University Grants Commission, which in turn deals with the government. Many private universities are established under the Private University Act of 1992. All universities in Brunei are public universities; these are major universities in Brunei: University of Brunei Darussalam Brunei Technological University Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University In mainland China, nearly all universities and research institutions are public and all important and significant centers for higher education in the country are publicly administered. The public universities are run by the provincial governments; some public universities are national. Private undergraduate colleges do exist, which are vocational colleges sponsored by private enterprises; the majority of such universities are not entitled to award bachelor's degrees. Public universities enjoy higher reputation domestically. Eight institutions are funded by the University Grants Committee.
The Academy for Performing Arts receives funding from the government. The Open University of Hong Kong is a public university, but it is self-financed; the Shue Yan University is the only private institution with the status of a university, but it receives some financial support from the government since it was granted university status. In India, most universities and nearly all research institutions are public. There are some private undergraduate colleges engineering schools, but a majority of these are affiliated to public universities; some of these private schools are partially aided by the national or state governments. India has an "open" public university, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which offers distance education, in terms of the number of enrolled students is now the largest university in the world with over 4 million students. There are private educational institutes in Indonesia; the government (Ministry of Re
Millersville University of Pennsylvania
Millersville University of Pennsylvania is a public university in Millersville, Pennsylvania. It is one of the fourteen schools. Founded in 1855 as the first Normal School in Pennsylvania, Millersville is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the Pennsylvania Department of Education. First established in 1854 as the Millersville Academy out of the since-demolished Old Main, the Academy specialized in a series of workshop-style teacher institutes in response to the 1834 Free School Act of Pennsylvania. Millersville University was established in 1855 as the Lancaster County Normal School, the first state normal school in Pennsylvania, it subsequently changed its name to Millersville State Normal School in 1859 and Millersville became a state teachers college in 1927. It was renamed Millersville State College in 1959 and became Millersville University of Pennsylvania in 1983. In November 1852, the Lancaster County Educational Association met in Strasburg to form an institute for teacher training.
The first institute, which led to the Lancaster County Normal School and received major support from Thomas H. Burrowes, was held in January 1853. While the Association was working to organize, Lewis M. Hobbs, a popular teacher of the Manor district, lobbied in Manor township for a more permanent training facility for teachers. Jacob Shenk, a local farmer, donated a tract of five acres with Hobbs collecting investments from local residents. On April 17, 1855, Lancaster County Normal School opened with James P. Wickersham as principal and a peak of 147 teachers in attendance; the president of the school was Thomas H. Burrowes and vice-president was Lewis M. Hobbs. November 5, 1855, marked the start of the first full session, with a new expansion off the original Academy building that made 96 rooms available for nearly 200 students and their teachers. Completed in 1894, the Biemesderfer Executive Center known as the Old Library, is the centerpiece of Millersville University's campus; the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees designated $27,500 for the construction of the library in 1891, with the contract awarded to Lancastrian D.
H. Rapp, who submitted the lowest bid in a blind auction; the Millersville University Library is housed in Ganser Hall. In September 2011, the University closed Ganser Hall for two years for renovations. On August 26, 2013, the Ganser Library reopened as the McNairy Library and Learning Forum at Ganser Hall. Located in Millersville, Pa.. C. 3 hours from New York City 3 1/2 hours from Pittsburgh Housing options include Shenks Hall, Reighard Hall, Brookwood Court and Healthy Living apartments. 2,232 students live in eight suite-style residence halls on campus. Coed, by wing or floor Theme areas: First Year Experience, Honors College, International Students, Center for Service Learning and Leadership 1,228 live in local off-campus housing 5,365 commute from home On August 29, 2015, local community members Samuel and Dena Lombardo announced a gift to Millersville University of $1.2M for the creation of the University's new Welcome Center and first state-of-the-art Net-Zero energy building on campus.
University president, Dr. Anderson, appropriated over $6.3M in university funds, with oil prices near multi year lows, bringing the final cost to over $7.5M. This building, named the Lombardo Welcome Center, opened in January 2018. Equipped with solar panels, state-of-the-art energy-efficient glass, an interior design inspired by feng shui principles, the Lombardo Welcome Center will produce as much energy as it consumes. On the grounds of former Hull Hall, the Lombardo Welcome Center houses the offices of Admissions, Housing & Residential Life, University Marketing and Communications, the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs & Enrollment Management. Built from 1965-1967 on the grounds of Old Main, the Helen Ganser Library closed its doors in 2011 for an extensive 2-year renovation project and re-opened in 2013 as the Francine G. McNairy Library & Learning Forum; the entire complex is named after Millersville's 13th President, Dr. Francine McNairy, who began her career at Millersville first as Provost and Vice President of Academic Affairs before becoming President in 2003.
Ganser Hall, named for Helen A. Ganser and head of the Library Science Department, is the 9-story building that houses the University's academic collection. Serving as the academic heart of campus for over 40 years, Ganser Hall's beginning with the two famous "Bookwalks" of 1967; the Library offers a laptop borrowing service for students, has rooms available for reservation, is home to a 24-hour study room and is a part of the EZ-Borrow network, where students and staff can request a book from another library and arrives in as little as four days to the circulation desk. The Library hosts several student-worker positions each semester. Millersville's Office of Visual and Performing Arts manages two performing arts centers in Lancaster County: The Ware Center and Winter Visual & Performing Arts Center. Built as an expansion of Lyte Auditorium in Alumni Hall, the new Charles R. and Anita B Winter Visual and Performing Arts Center has a new entrance
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania is a small public university in Mansfield, Pennsylvania. It is one of the fourteen state universities that are part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education; the university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and numerous national professional organizations. Mansfield University's total enrollment is 2,198 students. Mansfield University traces its heritage back to 1857, when Mansfield Classical Seminary opened on January 7. At 10 a.m. on April 22, with a foot of snow on the ground, the Mansfield Classical Seminary burned to the ground. After the fire, the founders vowed to persevere and reconstruct an bigger and better building. Mansfield Classical Seminary was reopened on November 23, 1859, to some 30 students. Rev. James Landreth was elected Principal and Miss Julia A. Hosmer was named preceptress. In 1862, Simon B. Elliott submitted application for Mansfield Classical Seminary to become a state normal school.
The application was accepted in December 1862, Mansfield Classical Seminary became the Mansfield Normal School, the third state normal school in Pennsylvania. In 1874, the new ladies dormitory was built for a cost of $15,000, it would be renamed North Hall. In 1892 at the Great Mansfield Fair, electric lights were erected and a game of football was played between Mansfield Normal and Wyoming Seminary, ending in a draw, it is recorded as the first night football game played in the United States. In 1902, Mansfield Normal School moved to a three-year program from the two-year normal course, pushing the school closer to collegiate status. On June 4, 1926, Mansfield State Normal School was granted the right to give four-year Collegiate degrees. On May 13, 1927, the name Mansfield Normal is changed to Mansfield State Teachers College. During World War II, several hundred male students entered military service, nurse training was initiated at MSTC. Most of the sports are suspended at the college for the duration of the war.
Post-war, sports resumed with MSTC capturing two consecutive State Championships in football for the 1946 and 1947 seasons. During the 1950s, both South Hall and Alumni Hall were replaced with new buildings. In 1960, the Pennsylvania Department of Education granted the expansion of liberal arts programs to colleges in the system, including MSTC. MSTC became Mansfield State College; the campus continued to expand with the construction of other new buildings and new academic programs through the 1960s and 1970s. On July 1, 1983, with passage of the State System of Higher Education bill, Mansfield State College became Mansfield University of Pennsylvania, part of the new Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. In 1992, the MU baseball team placed second in the NCAA Division II World Series, the highest finish for a Northern team to date; the team advanced to the series in 1993 and 1994. That year, Mansfield University and Mansfield Borough celebrated the first Fabulous 1890s celebration; the first night football game was the subject of an advertising campaign by General Electric that year.
The newly renovated North Hall reopened for the fall semester. It housed the main and music libraries as well as administrative offices; the building received international attention for combining a state-of-the-art electronic library with a rich and stately Victorian environment. The university received permission to keep the historic six-story atrium open. Mansfield University and Mansfield Borough both celebrated their Sesquicentennials in 2007. New premier suite-style housing was introduced in 2011. On January 23, 2015, Mansfield University was approved as the 29th member of COPLAC - Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. Mansfield University is the only institution in the state of Pennsylvania, recognized as a member of COPLAC. In 2015, Mansfield University became nationally recognized as a College of Distinction. Mansfield University offers 87 minor programs; the university offers associate's, bachelor's, master's degree programs. The Mansfield University Mountaineers intercollegiate athletics are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and compete in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference.
The sprint football team competes in the Collegiate Sprint Football League. Women's varsity programs include soccer, field hockey, cross-country, indoor track, track and field. Men's programs include cross country, baseball, indoor track and field, sprint football. On its 175-acre campus, Mansfield has four residence halls, multiple eateries, an on-campus student health clinic, campus police unit, campus bookstore, an on-campus and student-led television studio, radio station, campus newspaper, state-of-the-art North Hall Library, Grant Science Planetarium, Decker Gymnasium and Olympic-sized swimming pool, Kelchner Fitness Center, multiple outdoor recreation spots, Straughn Hall Auditorium, Steadman Theatre and Steadman Studios, Alumni Student Center and Game Room, Childcare Center, in addition to several academic and administrative buildings and outdoor seating and learning venues. North Hall, a four-story Victorian structure, was completed in 1878; the current visible North Hall was built in two parts.
The original North Hall from 1874 was torn down in the spring of 1907. The north part and the middle section was started in the summer 1891 following the purchase of the lot that the North end cross wing sits on; this new structure was seven stories tall. The new cafeteria on the first floor was opened for use on Thanksgiving day 189
California University of Pennsylvania
California University of Pennsylvania is a public university located in California, United States. Founded in 1852, it is a member of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education; the university offers bachelor's, master's, doctoral degrees. The main campus consists of about 38 buildings situated on 92 acres. Another 9-acre facility is located near the main campus. An additional 98-acre recreation complex, George H. Roadman University Park, is located one mile from campus and includes a football stadium, various sports facilities, picnic facilities; the University's student association owns 98 acres at the SAI Farm, located near Roadman Park as well as 25 acre Vulcan Village Student Apartments. Cal U has a satellite campus in Canonsburg as well as a large virtual school. California University of Pennsylvania traces its roots back to 1852, when the fledgling community of California spent tax money and donations to create an academy for kindergarten through college-level courses. In 1864, it purchased 10 acres and moved to what is now the center of its present location, a year the school received a charter to be a normal school.
In 1874, the institution was renamed SouthWestern Normal School and in 1914 Pennsylvania bought the school, renaming it the California State Normal School and converted it into a two-year institute for training of elementary school teachers. In 1928 the school restored a full four-year curriculum and was renamed the California State Teachers College; the programs offered were expanded over time and broadened beyond teacher training, by 1959 the school's name was condensed to California State College. In 1962, the school added a graduate program; the school became a part of the State System of Higher Education on July 1, 1983. At the same time, it was granted university status under its current name, California University of Pennsylvania. California University has received state and private grants to rebuild the campus. Since 2000, six new residence halls have been completed, each with private bathrooms. A short drive or bus ride from campus, Cal U has apartment-like housing at the Vulcan Village complex.
The Elmo Natali Student Center, operated by the Student Association, Inc. is the main hub of student activities on campus. The student center hosts the student services offices, commuter center, performance center, campus bookstore, the school's TV and Radio stations, CUTV and WCAL, as well as four distinctive dining areas; the Union was renovated as of the summer of 2015, planning to add new dining and study areas for Cal U students. The Eberly Science and Technology Center opened in 1999, while the new Duda Hall opened in 2007. Steele Auditorium underwent a major renovation and expansion project, reopening in the Fall of 2007; the Heron Hall recreation facility underwent significant renovation and expansion through the Fall and Spring semesters of 2008, opening to student and faculty use on Homecoming Day 2009. The new facility features an elevated running track, cardio equipment, free weight equipment, weight machines, two racquetball courts, a dance studio, two gymnasiums, a swimming pool.
By far the largest project at the University was the building of the new Convocation Center. Opened in 2011, the building covers 142,000 sq ft, while seating over 6,000; the building is the largest indoor venue between West Virginia and Pittsburgh. The building supplements as Hamer Hall; as part of the Outreach Mission, the university has become a participant of the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service program, a part of the Smithsonian that allows exhibits to travel to various locations across the United States. Outreach programs this provides unique educational experiences and opportunities for personal enrichment and professional development for area students and residents of all ages. California University Television is a student television station serving California University of Pennsylvania and over 100,000 households in the Monongahela River Valley. CUTV, like its sister campus radio station WCAL-FM, is owned and operated by the Student Association and broadcasts from the Media Suite of the Natali Student Center on Cal U's main campus.
In addition to Final Cut Pro digital editing suites, CUTV has a three-camera news and interview set, utilizing DVCPro digital video equipment. The station has DV-Field cameras, a master control room and a mobile television truck, used by the station for production of Cal Vulcan sporting events as well as High School Football Games of the week. CUTV produces programming throughout the school year. NewsCenter, CUTV's flagship program, broadcasts live news from the University and around the Mon Valley, as well as sports and weather. NewsCenter airs live on Thursdays at 5:00 PM. CUTV Sports covers California University's sports teams, including Vulcan football, women's volleyball and men's and women's soccer in the fall, both men's and women's basketball and the Homecoming Hockey game in the winter, as well as baseball in the spring. CUTV Sports covers select high school football games around the region in "CUTV'S High School Football Game of the Week". CUTV has won awards for its programming, including "Station of the Year" by the National Association of College Broadcasters, "Best College TV News Broadcast" — Eastern Region by the Society of Professional Journalists and several Telly Awards for sports and magazine programs.
Cal U's nickname is the Vulcans, its athletic teams compete at the NCAA Division II in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conferenc