The Peoples Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia is the legislative branch in Indonesias political system. It is composed of the members of the Peoples Representative Council, before 2004, and the amendments to the 1945 Constitution, the MPR was the highest governing body in Indonesia. 16/1960, the assembly was formed after the first general election of 1971 and it was decided at that time that the membership of the Assembly would be twice that of the Representative House. The 920 membership of MPR continued for the periods of 1977–1982, for the periods 1987–1992, 1992–1997, and 1997–1999 the MPRs membership became 1000. One hundred members were appointed representing delegations from groups as addition to the delegates of Karya Pembangunan, Partai Demokrasi Indonesia. For the period of 1999–2004 the membership of MPR was only 700, on 18 August 1945, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence approved a new constitution for the country. It was, however, difficult to implement because of the postwar conditions. The Preparatory Committee therefore decided to implement a document titled The Four Clauses of Transition Regulations. Clause IV of those regulations stated that until permanent governing bodies could be established all governmental powers would be held by the President with the assistance of a National Committee. On 29 August 1945, the Central Indonesian National Committee was set up, on 16 October 1945, Vice-President Mohammad Hatta issued a decree that outlined the function and authority of the KNIP. In addition to the assisting the President, the committee would perform legislative duties until an MPR and DPR could be formed, in taking on the functions of the MPR, the KNIP was responsible for creating the Broad Outlines of Government Policy. The role which KNIP played would provide an outline of the duties which Preparatory Committee would later perform. On 27 December 1949, Indonesias independence was recognised by the Dutch Government, from that year until 17 August 1950, Indonesia was known as the United States of Indonesia and had a federal system of government. Under the constitution of the RIS, the MPR was not recognised as the highest state institution, on 17 August 1950, however, the RIS ceased to exist, and Indonesia changed its name to the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. Parliamentary democracy was the form of government quickly adopted by the newly re-formed nation and it operated under a provisional constitution that did not recognise the MPR. As a result of the 1955 legislative elections, however, a new DPR was formed, in December 1955, a government body called the Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia was formed, and its duty was to draft a new constitution for Indonesia. On 5 July 1959, President Sukarno, who then had played the role of ceremonial Head of State intervened. In a decree, he dissolved the Constitutional Assembly and declared that the 1945 Constitution would thenceforth be in force, with the return to the 1945 Constitution, the MPR was once again recognised as the highest governing body in the land
General session of Indonesian DPR/MPR
The building complex in Jakarta that includes the offices and meeting chamber of Indonesia's People's Consultative Assembly
Suharto reads his speech at the 1993 session of the People's Consultative Assembly.