click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

People's Action Party

The People's Action Party is a major centre-right political party in Singapore. The governing party since 1959, it was founded in 1954 as a pro-independence political party descended from an earlier student organization, it has gone on to dominate the political system of the nation; the PAP has dominated Singapore's politics and has been credited as being central to the city-state's rapid political and economic development. In the 2015 general election, the most recent election held, the PAP won 83 of the 89 constituency elected seats in the Parliament of Singapore with 69.86% of total votes cast. Lee Kuan Yew, Toh Chin Chye and Goh Keng Swee were involved in the Malayan Forum, a London-based student activist group, against colonial rule in Malaya in the 1940s and early 1950s. Upon returning to Singapore, the group met to discuss approaches to attain independence in Malayan territories and started looking for like-minded individuals to start a political party. Journalist S. Rajaratnam was introduced to Lee by Goh.

Lee was introduced to several English-educated left-wing students and Chinese-educated union and student leaders while working on the Fajar sedition trial and the National Service riot case. The PAP was registered as a political party on 21 November 1954. Convenors of the party include a group of trade unionists and journalists such as Lee Kuan Yew, Abdul Samad Ismail, Toh Chin Chye, Devan Nair, S. Rajaratnam, Chan Chiaw Thor, Fong Swee Suan, Tann Wee Keng and Tann Wee Tiong; the political party was led by Lee Kuan Yew as its secretary-general, with Toh Chin Chye as its founding chairman. Other party officers include Lee Gek Seng, Ong Eng Guan and Tann Wee Keng; the PAP first contested the 1955 general election in which 25 of 32 seats in the legislature were up for election. In this election, the PAP's four candidates gained much support from the trade union members and student groups such as the University Socialist Club, who canvassed for them; the party won three seats, one by its leader Lee Kuan Yew for the Tanjong Pagar division and one by PAP co-founder Lim Chin Siong for the Bukit Timah division.

22 years old unionist Lim Chin Siong was and remained the youngest Assemblyman to be elected to office. The election was won by the Labour Front headed by David Marshall. In April 1956, Lim and Lee represented the PAP at the London Constitutional Talks along with Chief Minister David Marshall which ended in failure as the British declined to grant Singapore internal self-government. On 7 June 1956, disappointed with the constitutional talks, stepped down as Chief Minister as he had pledged to do so earlier if self-governance was not achieved, he was replaced by another Labour Front member. Lim pursued a anti-communist campaign and managed to convince the British to make a definite plan for self-government; the Constitution of Singapore was revised accordingly in 1958, replacing the Rendel Constitution with one that granted Singapore self-government and the ability for its own population to elect its Legislative Assembly. PAP and left-wing members who were communists were criticised for inciting riots in the mid-1950s.

Lim Chin Siong, Fong Swee Suan and Devan Nair as well as several unionists were detained by the police after the Chinese middle schools riots. Lim Chin Siong was placed under solitary confinement for close to a year, away from his other PAP colleagues, as they were placed in the Medium Security Prison instead; the number of PAP members imprisoned rose in August 1957, when PAP members from the trade unions won half the seats in the CEC. The "moderate" CEC members, including Lee Kuan Yew, Toh Chin Chye and others, refused to take their appointments in the CEC. Yew Hock's government again made a sweeping round of arrests, imprisoning all the "communist" members, before the "moderates" re-assumed their office. Following this, the PAP decided to re-assert ties with the labour faction of Singapore in the hope of securing the votes of working-class Chinese Singaporeans, many of whom were supporters of the jailed unionists. Lee Kuan Yew convinced the incarcerated union leaders to sign documents to state their support for the party and its policies, promising to release the jailed members of the PAP when the party came to power in the next elections.

Ex-Barisan Sosialis member Tan Jing Quee claims that Lee was secretly in collusion with the British to stop Lim Chin Siong and the labour supporters from attaining power because of their huge popularity. Quee states that Lim Yew Hock deliberately provoked the students into rioting and had the labour leaders arrested. Greg Poulgrain of Griffiths University argued that "Lee Kuan Yew was secretly a party with Lim Yew Hock in urging the Colonial Secretary to impose the subversives ban in making it illegal for former political detainees to stand for election". Lee Kuan Yew accused Lim Chin Siong and his supporters of being communists working for the Communist United Front, but evidence of Lim being a communist cadre was a matter of debate as many documents have yet to be declassified; the PAP won the 1959 general election under Lee Kuan Yew's leadership. The election was the first one to produce a elected parliament and a cabinet wielding powers of full internal self-government; the party has won a majority of seats in every general election since then.

Lee, who became the first Prime Minister, requested for the release of the PAP left-wing members to form the new cabinet. In 1961, disagreements on the proposed merger plan with Malaysia and long-standing internal party power struggle led to the split of the left-wing group from the PAP. Although the "Communist" faction had been frozen out of taking over the P

Toby Regbo

Toby Finn Regbo is an English actor and musician who has appeared in film and theatre. He is known for his role as young Nemo Nobody in the science fiction drama Mr. Nobody, as King Francis II of France on The CW series Reign and Æthelred on the BBC Two series The Last Kingdom. Toby Regbo was born in England, his father's family is of Norwegian origin. His maternal grandfather was an Italian cruise ship captain, his maternal grandmother was an Australian ballerina, he attended Latymer Upper School in West London. His interest in acting started with plays at school. Regbo started his acting career with a small role in 2006 ITV television film Sharpe's Challenge. In 2007, he played American teen spy Chad Turner in an episode of CBBC children's spy-fi adventure series M. I. High, he continued to pursue his acting career in 2009, when he played Michael Walton in Stephen Poliakoff's period drama Glorious 39. One of his most notable roles was in a science fiction drama Mr. Nobody, premiered in 2009, he played eponymous character Nemo Nobody.

He played young Albus Dumbledore in the film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 and reprised the role in the 2018 film Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald. He made his stage début as Eliot in Tusk Tusk, a 2009 play by Polly Stenham, at the Royal Court Theatre in London. Regbo played James Sveck in the film version of Peter Cameron's novel Someday This Pain Will Be Useful To You, shot in the summer 2010 in New York. In 2013, Regbo played John in drama-thriller film uwantme2killhim? Directed by Andrew Douglas and produced by Bryan Singer, he was cast in Disney's Maleficent as young Stefan, but was replaced by Michael Higgins as the directors decided they wanted a younger boy to play the part. He starred in The CW's original show Reign as Francis II of France. In 2016, he played Aethelred on BBC Two UK's series The Last Kingdom. Regbo was set to be part of the cast of the upcoming Game of Thrones prequel titled "Bloodmoon" but the pilot did not get picked up. Film critic Eric Lavallée listed Regbo as one of his "Top 10 New Faces & Voices" of 2009 Toronto International Film Festival.

He noted that "newbie Toby Regbo might be Mr. Nobody's most'alive' character. Playing Nemo at age 16, the actor is paired with Juno Temple - their unique love story is the film's heart pumping portions and plays a lot better than the artery clogging other brushes of romance." Variety's Boyd van Hoeij praised Regbo and Temple as well, saying "Regbo, as the teenage Nemo, Juno Temple, as the teenage Anna, are impressive, bringing the hormonal battles of adolescence vividly to life". His portrayal of Eliot in Tusk Tusk received praise from a broad spectrum of theatre critics. Michael Billington from The Guardian called him an "astonishing actor". Robert Tanitch from Morning Star praised both his and co-star Bel Powley's "impressive performances" and predicted that "Tusk Tusk should, all things being equal, play to full houses because of them". Matt Wolf, writing for The New York Times, was very complimentary about the pair, concluding: "... these newfound talents inhabit every mercurial point on a spectrum that makes them one another's protectors and their destroyers and allies.

Will you be more shaken by Ms. Powley... or Mr. Regbo, whose face is chillingly capable of shutting down? It's difficult to say, though one thing is clear: Tusk Tusk is beyond tears in a production beyond praise." Critical reception for uwantme2killhim? produced by Bryan Singer centered upon Regbo and his co-star Jamie Blackley's acting, with the Screen Daily commenting that the two delivered "strong performances". Variety praised his performance commenting "The impressive Regbo is on surer footing as a meek geek with some surreptitious social skills". Maitland McDonagh, from Film Journal International complimented the duo noting "Stars Blackley and Regbo are the film's core strength, despite long scenes in which they speak aloud what they're typing into their computers that would tax the skills of many older and more experienced actors"; the film premiered at the Edinburgh International Film Festival, where the two actors won the "Best performance in a British feature film" award. Toby Regbo on IMDb Toby Regbo on Instagram @tobyregbo Toby Regbo on Twitter

Ferguson Avenue (Hamilton, Ontario)

Ferguson Avenue is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Canada. It is a two-way street throughout. It's interrupted 3 blocks north at Corktown Park where Canadian Pacific Railway lines passes through it. Ferguson Avenue resumes again north of the Park right before Hunter Street East, extending northward past Barton Street East through the city's North End industrial neighbourhood where it ends on Dock Service Road, the site of a Royal Canadian Navy base and Pier 10. Ferguson Street was named after Peter Ferguson an early settler. Mary Street was named after Mary Ferguson. Ferguson Station is a defunct train station in downtown Hamilton, it used to be the Hamilton terminal for the Grand Trunk Railway Company. There was a railyard north and south of this station; the North yard was on Ferguson Avenue between Barton Street East. The South yard was on Ferguson Avenue at Young Street. Ferguson Avenue south of Main Street used to be called, Cherry Street. Back in its day, Ferguson Station was referred to as the "King Street Station".

Freight rail service continued on a line running down the middle of Ferguson Avenue until the mid-1980s. On July 25, 2008, a newly constructed bridge opened up on Ferguson Avenue North, just north of Barton Street East, to Simcoe Street East; this part of Ferguson was separated by CN railway tracks and better connects the downtown to Hamilton's waterfront. The $4.6 million construction project began in November 2006 and includes one lane of traffic in each direction, bicycle lanes and sidewalks. This project is in line with Hamilton’s adopted Transportation Master Plan which emphasizes enhanced cycling and walking facilities and an efficient road network to support economic development; this construction project received federal funding through the Federal Gas Tax Fund. Hamilton was home to the Mustard Festival from 1998 to 2010. Hamilton is home to the largest miller of dry mustard in the world, it was held annually on Labour Day weekend at Ferguson Station at Hamilton's International Village and was a summertime food & beverage festival that features some of the top Blues and Jazz acts in the region.

Note: Listing of Landmarks from North to South. Pier 10 Royal Canadian Navy and Sea Cadets Ferrie Street Park Simcoe Street Park Ferguson Avenue bridge/overpass, Canadian National railway tracks Hamilton Regional Detention Centre Hamilton Regional Police station Theatre Aquarius Beasley Park Beasley Park Community Centre Ferguson Station - defunct Grand Trunk Railway train station, site of the summertime Mustard Festival International Village Escarpment Rail Trail Corktown Park Shamrock Park Bruce Trail Niagara Escarpment Note: Listing of neighbourhoods from North to South North End - Everything north of the Canadian National Railway tracks Beasley Corktown Note: Listing of streets from North to South. Burlington Street East Barton Street East Cannon Street East - One-way street Wilson Street - One-way street King William Street - One-way street King Street East - One-way street Main Street East - One-way street Jackson Street East Hunter Street East - One-way street Charlton Avenue East Note: Listing of streets from West to East.

Bay Street, South MacNab Street, South James Street, South Hughson Street, South John Street, South Catharine Street, South Ferguson Avenue, South Wellington Street, South Victoria Avenue, South Wentworth Street, South Sherman Avenue, South Gage Avenue, South Ottawa Street, South Niagara Escarpment Commission MapArt Golden Horseshoe Atlas - Page 647 - Grids E13, F13, G13, H13 Beasley Neighbourhood International Village North End Neighbours Bruce Trail Association Hikes on the Bruce Trail Google Maps: Ferguson Avenue

Nadvirna

Nadvírna referred to as Nadwirna or Nadvorna is a city located in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast in western Ukraine. It is the administrative centre of Nadvirna Raion. Population: 22,281 . From the mid-14th century until 1772 Nadvirna, known in Polish as Nadwórna, was part of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1772, it was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, remained in the province of Galicia until late 1918. In the inter-war years, the borders changed and the town became part of the Second Polish Republic. Following the 1939 Invasion of Poland, it was annexed into the Ukrainian SSR. Nadvirna was occupied by the Germans in 1941 during World War II. After the war it was once again absorbed into the Ukrainian SSR. Since its independence in 1991, the city has been part of Ukraine; the town is located in a hilly, verdant area twenty miles northeast of the Carpathian mountains. Major exports and raw materials from the town include salt and petroleum products, timber; the town was popular at the start of the 20th century as a summertime resort, with restaurants and hotels.

Evidence of the early settlement in the region around Nadvirna dates back to 2000 BC. Numerous finds of Bronze Age artifacts attest to a vibrant culture; the town was built around the Pniv castle. The Pniv Castle was built in the second half of the 16th century by the Stolnik of Halych, Paweł Kuropatwa, as a residence of his family; the castle was defended in 1621, in 1648, in 1676, during the Polish–Ottoman War. Abandoned in the 18th century, it turned into a ruin; the town itself is first mentioned in chronicles dating back to 1589, in an act describing an attack on the inhabitants by Tatars. In the second half of the 16th century the town received self-governing status. In the period of Halych, the town was situated on a major trading route and a taxation office was located there; the shield of the Kuropat family has been adopted for use by the town of Nadvirna. After an attack by the Tartars, the Kuropat family built a more inaccessible fortress in 1589. In 1621, the Opryshky under the leadership of Hrynia Kardash had their base of operations close by.

In 1648 the inhabitants took part in the Cossack insurrection under Bohdan Khmelnytsky. Soldiers from Nadvirna joined the forces of Bohdan Khmelnytsky in his drive to Lviv. In the 17th century the town became an important centre for the building professions and an important centre for trade. Trade from Hungary to central Ukraine traveled through Nadvirna. In 1805, a court was set up in the town. In the 19th century the trades began to be replaced by factory manufacturing. One of the largest factories in Galicia for the construction of farm machinery was built in 1843; these machines were demonstrated at the second world exhibition held in Vienna in 1844. In 1870 a match factory was built in the town. In 1886 deposits of oil were discovered locally. In 1893 a railway line was built to Stanislaviv; the first train traveled the line on October 21, 1894. In the late 18th century, Count Ignacy Cetner founded here a tobacco field, excavated local salt deposits, invited German settlers. After World War I and the Polish–Ukrainian War, Nadwórna returned to Poland, where it remained until the 1939 Invasion of Poland.

During World War I, the 2nd Brigade of the Polish Legions operated in the area of Nadvirna. In the winter of 1914/1915, the brigade faced here the Imperial Russian Army, which planned to cross the Carpathian Mountains, enter Hungary. In 1929, in a nearby village of Starunia complete Woolly rhinoceros was found, preserved in ozokerite; this unique trove, one of its kind, is now kept at Kraków’s Nature Museum. Altogether, in 1907 – 1932, four rhinoceroses and one mammoth were found in the area of Nadvirna. In the interbellum period, the mammoth and one of the rhinoceroses were kept at the Dzieduszycki Nature Museum in Lviv. After World War II, they remained in the city, are still kept in the now-Ukrainian museum. In June 1941, some 80 inmates of the local NKVD prison were murdered along the Bystrytsya river, their bodies were unearthed and properly buried in July 1941. Among the victims were women and children. In 1945, Polish residents of the town were forced to leave the area. Most of them settled in Prudnik and Opole.

Nadvirna has a Greek-Catholic church and a Roman Catholic Cathedral in the name of the Trinity built in 1599. A Roman Catholic parish was formed in 1609. In the 16th and 17th centuries most of the population of 2233 was illiterate. In the 18th century a school was built to serve 100 students using a German and a Jewish curriculum. Nadvirna once had a large Jewish population, whose recorded history in the city dates from at least 1765; the city is still known for its Hasidic dynasty and rabbinical families, many of whom now live in Israel. In 1880, a census showed, but by 1890, there were 7,227 inhabitants, 3,618 of them Jewish, by 1921, there were 6,062 inhabitants, 2,042 of them Jewish. By 1942 all but a few of the Nadvirna Jews had been murdered in the Holocaust, some in ghettos created in the city, but many killed in the Belzec concentration camp. There is a memorial to the victims of the Holocaust from Nadvirna in the Baron Hirsch Cemetery Staten Island, New York where the Nadworna landsmanshaft has a section.

A photo can be found here. The emblematic blue box of the Jewish National Fund was invented by a bank clerk from Nadvirna named Haim Kleinman. Kleinman planned to make aliyah, but was murdered in the Holocaust. On Au

Carlos Gallisá

Carlos Gallisá Bisbal was a Puerto Rican attorney and independence movement leader. After graduating from the University of Puerto Rico School of Law, Gallisá practiced labor law, he became politicized through the Vieques protests against the United States Navy. He was elected to the House of Representatives as a member of the Puerto Rican Independence Party in 1972. In 1973 he left the PIP to join the more radical Puerto Rican Socialist Party. In 1983, Gallisá became general secretary of the PSP. Gallisá suffered harassment due including a firebombing of his law office, he testified at the United Nations on the decolonization issue. Following the disbanding of the PSP in 1993, Gallisá became a leader of the New Puerto Rican Independence Movement and the Hostosian National Independence Movement, he was a columnist for the newspaper Claridad and a regular news commentator on "Fuego Cruzado", a radio program aired by WSKN-AM in San Juan, Puerto Rico. La encrucijada colonial. Dewey Call Number from the Puerto Rican Collection at the University of Puerto Rico 320.97295 G171e Desde Lares.

Dewey Call Number from the Puerto Rican Collection at the University of Puerto Rico 972.95 G171d Gallisá Bisbal died in his home in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on 7 December 2018. He was 85 years old. Gallisá profile from Voices for Independence online book

Heralds of Harmony

The Heralds of Harmony is a Tampa, Florida-based men's a cappella chorus, entertaining Florida audiences in the barbershop style continuously since 1945, is ranked among the nation's best male vocal ensembles. The Tampa Bay Heralds of Harmony is a semi-professional chorus affiliated with the Barbershop Harmony Society; the Heralds of Harmony are multiple-time Florida state barbershop chorus champions, represent the state at the BHS international chorus contest. The Heralds have ranked as high as 6th in the world, it draws its members from several communities. Several international qualifying quartets have emerged from the Heralds of Harmony, including BHS gold medal champions KEEPSAKE Keepsake and PLATINUM Platinum. Within the past several years, the chorus has been led by 3 different directors who are gold medal winners in chorus or quartet competition: Tony DeRosa, Randy Loos, Roger Ross; the Heralds have performed with the Florida Orchestra on multiple occasions and have been directed by guest conductors Skitch Henderson and Doc Severinsen.

Throughout the year, the Heralds are featured as guest performers in various concert series and at numerous events throughout the Tampa Bay area as well as other parts of Florida. Their music has delighted a wide range of audiences in many different performance venues. In addition, the Heralds annually produce their own shows at various times of the year, most notably their annual Christmas show; the Heralds have supported the community by providing benefit performances for the Spring of Tampa Bay in Hillsborough County and The Hospice of the Florida Suncoast in Pinellas County. The Heralds engage in an active youth outreach program offering in-service training to many vocal music educators of Pinellas and Hillsborough Counties, providing numerous youth music scholarships, by participating as a clinic chorus in the Florida Music Educators Association Annual Convention; the Arts Council of Hillsborough County announced that the Heralds of Harmony is a recipient of one of its 2011-12 Cultural Development Grants.

They are listed as cultural resource to the State of Florida. This is among the best barbershop choruses in the world, having won Florida district competitions seven times and placed as high as ninth in international competition; the Heralds of Harmony most have been ranked 6th in the world at the Barbershop Harmony Society's International Competition in July, 2018, at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Florida. Tony DeRosa is a four-time gold-medal winning quartet champion on the International stage, he won in 1992 with Platinum in 2000, Max Q in 2007 and in 2017 with Main Street. Tony sings lead with Main Street, a quartet dedicated to the traditional style of barbershop music; this Joint is Jumpin' Songs of Christmas Tampa Bay Heralds of Harmony