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People (magazine)

People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation. With a readership of 46.6 million adults, People has the largest audience of any American magazine. People had $997 million in advertising revenue in 2011, the highest advertising revenue of any American magazine. In 2006, it had revenue expected to top $1.5 billion. It was named "Magazine of the Year" by Advertising Age in October 2005, for excellence in editorial and advertising. People ranked number 6 on Advertising Age's annual "A-list" and number 3 on Adweek's "Brand Blazers" list in October 2006; the magazine runs a 50/50 mix of celebrity and human-interest articles. People's editors claim to refrain from printing pure celebrity gossip, enough to lead celebrity publicists to propose exclusives to the magazine, evidence of what one staffer calls a "publicist-friendly strategy". People's website, People.com, focuses on celebrity news and human interest stories. In February 2015, the website broke a new record: 72 million unique visitors.

People is best known for its yearly special issues naming the "World's Most Beautiful", "Best & Worst Dressed", "Sexiest Man Alive". The magazine's headquarters are in New York, it maintains editorial bureaus in Los Angeles and in London. For economic reasons, it closed bureaus in Austin and Chicago in 2006; the concept for People has been attributed to Andrew Heiskell, Time Inc.'s chief executive officer at the time and the former publisher of the weekly Life magazine. The founding managing editor of People was Richard B. "Dick" Stolley, a former assistant managing editor at Life and the journalist who acquired the Zapruder film of the John F. Kennedy assassination for Time Inc. in 1963. People's first publisher was another Time Inc. veteran. Stolley characterized the magazine as "getting back to the people who are causing the news and who are caught up in it, or deserve to be in it. Our focus is on people, not issues." Stolley's religious determination to keep the magazine people-focused contributed to its rapid early success.

It is said that although Time Inc. pumped an estimated $40 million into the venture, the magazine only broke 18 months after its debut in March 1974. The magazine was sold on newsstands and in supermarkets. To get the magazine out each week, founding staff members slept on the floor of their offices two or three nights each week and limited all non-essential outside engagements; the premier edition for the week ending March 4, 1974, featured actress Mia Farrow starring in the film The Great Gatsby, on the cover. That issue featured stories on Gloria Vanderbilt, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the wives of U. S. Vietnam veterans; the magazine was, apart from its cover, printed in black-and-white. The initial cover price was 35 cents; the core of the small founding editorial team included other editors, writers and photo editors from Life magazine, which had ceased publication just 13 months earlier. This group included managing editor Stolley, senior editors Hal Wingo, Sam Angeloff and Robert Emmett Ginna.

Many of the noteworthy Life photographers contributed to the magazine as well, including legends Alfred Eisenstaedt and Gjon Mili and rising stars Co Rentmeester, David Burnett and Bill Eppridge. Other members of the first editorial staff included editors and writers Ross Drake, Ralph Novak, Bina Bernard, James Jerome, Sally Moore, Mary Vespa, Lee Wohlfert, Joy Wansley, Curt Davis, Clare Crawford-Mason, Jed Horne an editor of The Times-Picayune in New Orleans. In 1996, Time Inc. launched a Spanish-language magazine entitled People en Español. The company has said that the new publication emerged after a 1995 issue of the original magazine was distributed with two distinct covers, one featuring the murdered Tejano singer Selena and the other featuring the hit television series Friends. Although the original idea was that Spanish-language translations of articles from the English magazine would comprise half the content, People en Español over time came to have original content. In 2002, People introduced People Stylewatch, a title focusing on celebrity style and beauty – a newsstand extension of its Stylewatch column.

Due to its success, the frequency of People Stylewatch was increased to 10 times per year in 2007. In spring 2017, People Stylewatch was rebranded as PeopleStyle. In late 2017, it was announced that there would no longer be a print version of PeopleStyle and it would be a digital-only publication. In Australia, the localized version of People is titled Who because of a pre-existing lad's mag published under the title People; the international edition of People has been published in Greece since 2010. On July 26, 2013, Outlook Group announced that it was closing down the Indian edition of People, which began publication in 2008. In September 2016, in collaboration with Entertainment Weekly, People launched the People/Entertainment Weekly Network; the network is "a free, ad-supported online-video network

Germany at the 1998 Winter Olympics

Germany competed at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan. MenWomenWomen's combined MenMen's 4 × 7.5 km relayWomenWomen's 4 × 7.5 km relay Men Men's 4 × 10 km relayWomen Women's 4 × 5 km relay Top four teams advanced to semi-finals. Contestants Top four teams advanced to semi-finals. Contestants PairsIce Dancing Women Top team advanced to the first round. All times are local. All times are local. Team rosterOlaf Kölzig Josef Heiß Klaus Merk Mirko Lüdemann Erich Goldmann Uwe Krupp Markus Wieland Daniel Kunce Brad Bergen Jochen Molling Lars Brüggemann Peter Draisaitl Jan Benda Mark MacKay Reemt Pyka Jochen Hecht Benoît Doucet Stefan Ustorf Thomas Brandl Andreas Lupzig Dieter Hegen Jürgen Rumrich Marco SturmHead Coach: George Kingston Men Doubles Women Men's individual Events: normal hill ski jumping 15 km cross-country skiing Men's team Four participants per team. Events: normal hill ski jumping 5 km cross-country skiing MenWomen Men's team large hill Men's giant slalomMen's halfpipeWomen's giant slalomWomen's halfpipe MenWomen Official Olympic Reports International Olympic Committee results database Olympic Winter Games 1998, full results by sports-reference.com

Zarrinnaal

Zarrinnaal or Zarrin Naal is the name of a dynasty of Persian-Kurdish tribal chiefs and state officials belonging to the Zarrin Kafsh tribe and originated from Sanandaj in the Iranian Kurdistan Province. Their heads with the title of Beyg, Beyk or Beg were the Aghas of Senneh and ruled their fiefdom during the time of four hundred years when the Safavids and Qajar dynasty reigned in Iran. About the origin of the name "Zarrinnaal" various stories are told: One says the family's ancestor rode in a battle against a foreign power a horse with golden horseshoes and therefore was named after. Another says that this ancestor was sent as Persia's envoy to the Mughal Empire for border negotiations with the Indians. To show his wealth on this special ceremonial occasion and to convince his partners to agree, he once put golden horseshoes on his horse; when he took a ride the animal lost its horseshoes, people picked them up and so forth nicknamed him Zarrinnaal. This reports M. Lesan ol-Molk in his historical chronicle.

In fact there was a certain Mohammad Ali Beyg sent as ambassador to the Mughal court by Shah Abbas! A third story tells us that this ancestor wanted to marry a shah's daughter but the king denied to give him his daughter's hand. Thus, he rode on a horse with golden horseshoes to impress the king and could pick up his bride. However, after this man his entire clan was called in the same way and his descendants were entitled "Zarrinnaal" in honour to that forefather. In fact the term naal or to be more precise na'al means in modern Persian of today "horseshoe", but is Nominative Singular of the Arab word na'eleyn meaning "shoes, slippers", was the common term for slippers. So, like Zarrinkafsh the term Zarrinnaal means "Golden Shoe" as well, but in a more elaborated Arabized way used in former times and among the Kurds; when the Persian shahs conquered their empire and established their supremacy over the western Kurdish principalities the Zarrinnaal family began to reach local prominence in Kurdistan.

Its members were installed in military and administrative posts and aided the Ardalan rulers in governing their province. Mohammad Ali Beyg called Zarrinnaal, whose family belonged to the clan of Zarrin Kafsh, had been settled in Kurdistan minimum since the year 1448 A. D. and possessed the area of Sanandaj as their hereditary fief, was ordered by Shah Abbas I the Great to make war on the Ottomans. After that he was made vicegerent of that area and reigned from 1609 to 1615 as governor and was head of the administration and army, chief judge and legislator. There, he himself and his entire tribal confederacy were known and henceforth called by the name of "Zarrinnaal". In 1631 Mohammad ‘Ali Beyg was the ambassador sent to the Mughal court by Shah Abbas of Iran, arriving in time for the New Year festival in March 1631. Iran and Mughal India went in negotiations about the province of Kandahar, once part of the Mughal empire given by Humayoun to Shah Tahmasp and annexed by Humayoun's successor Akbar.

In 1622 Shah Abbas had reconquered Kandahar as his rightly possession and a treaty with Jahangir should secure this status quo. Mohammad Ali Beyg remained in the Mughal empire until October 1632, during which time his portrait was painted by the royal artist, Hashim; the painting is inscribed in Persian ‘Likeness of Mohammad ‘Ali Beyg, the work of Hashim’. Mohammad Ali Beyg's son Mohammad Zaman Beyg was a traveller. After Shah Abbas I's death in 1629 the Ottoman vizier Khusrew Pasha attacked the Kurdistan Province in 1634 and destroyed its capital city of Hassanabad, but next to it Sehna or Senneh, the modern city of Sanandaj was built as new residence and capital for the Ardalan emirs by Vali Soleyman Khan Ardalan. Thus, the entire Kurdish tribal elite moved to the new capital of Sanandaj, which became a prosperous city. Thereby the name of Sanandaj comes from the Kurdish terms Sena meaning "soltan" or "ruler" and Daj meaning "fortress", thus means "The Ruler's Fortress", which refers to the Vali's stony fort on top of the city peak Teppeh-ye Painshahr.

In 1638 the common modern Turkish-Persian border was established at the foot of the Zagros Mountains between Mesopotamia and the Iranian Plateau. Mohammad Zaman Beyg's son Mahmoud Beyg Soltan was provincial sub-governor. In Safavid time the military aristocracy of the emirs was divided in the three ranks of khan and soltan. Mahmoud Beyg Soltan's son Mohammad Beyg was vicegerent of the Afghans after he was deputy governor in today's Afghanistan; the province of Afghan with its capital of Kandahar belonged to the Safavid Empire until 1709. Mohammad Beyg's son Hajji Eskandar Beyg-e Afghan was a leader of the Afghans and after his arrival in the Kurdistan Province from a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca he settled there again at Sanandaj. In 1709 Ghilzai-Afghan rebels under their chief Mirwais Khan Hotak rose against the Persians, killed the Safavid governor of Kandahar, the Georgin Gurgin Khan, they declared their independence and caused the downfall of the Safavids when they seized and at last sacked the Safavid capital city of Isfahan in 1722.

Hajji Eskandar Beyg's son Abbas Beyg was vizier of