Peoria is a city in Maricopa and Yavapai counties in the State of Arizona. Most of the city is located in Maricopa County, while a tiny portion in the north is in Yavapai County, it is a major suburb of Phoenix. According to 2017 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 168,181. Peoria is the sixth largest city in Arizona for land area, the ninth largest for population, it was named after Illinois. The word "peoria" is a corruption of the Illini word for "prairie fire." It is the spring training home of the San Diego Padres and Seattle Mariners, who share the Peoria Sports Complex. In July 2008, Money magazine listed Peoria in its Top 100 Places to Live. Peoria sits in the Salt River Valley, extends into the foothills of the mountains to the north. William John Murphy, who had worked on the Arizona Canal, recruited settlers to begin a community in Arizona, many of them from Peoria, Illinois. Albert J. and Elizabeth Straw were the first to establish residency in November 1886. They were followed by William T. and Sylvia Hanna, James M. and Clara Copes, James and Ella McMillan, all from Peoria, Illinois relocate to what is now Peoria, Arizona.
An old desert road connecting Phoenix to the Hassayampa River near present-day Wickenburg was the only major transportation route in the area until 1887, when a new road was laid out. Named Grand Avenue, this road angled through the newly designed town sites of Alhambra and Peoria and became the main route from Phoenix to Vulture Mine; the settlers filed Peoria's plot map with the Maricopa County recorder on May 24, 1897, naming the settlement after their hometown. The original plot map of Peoria included east and west streets Monroe, Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln and Van Buren. Streets going north and south were Almond, Orange, Walnut, the plot was from present-day Peoria and 85th avenues to Monroe Street and 85th Avenue to Monroe Street and 81st Avenue to 81st Avenue and south of the Desert Cove alignment. On August 4, 1888, the Territory of Peoria, Arizona was granted a post office in its name and served a population of 27. Maricopa County supervisors defined the boundaries for School District Eleven, comprising forty-nine square miles, the first class took place in an unoccupied brick store that faced north on Washington Street until Peoria's first school building, a one-room structure completed in 1891.
Between 1891 and 1895 a spur line of the Santa and Phoenix Railroad was placed in Peoria along with Phoenix, Alhambra and Marinette. A small depot on 83rd Avenue just off Grand Avenue; the depot was sold to the city of Scottsdale in 1972 where it now resides at McCormick Stillman Railroad Park. About 1919 the Peoria Chamber of Commerce formed, it operated as the informal government body until Peoria was incorporated in 1954. The Peoria volunteer fire district remained all volunteer until the mid-1950s; the three-story Edwards Hotel was built in 1918, followed by the Mabel Hood building in May 1920 at the southwest corner of Washington Street and 83rd Avenue. The John L. Meyer or "flatiron" building was completed in June 1920 and the O. O. Fuel's Paramount Theatre in July 1920; the town's first newspaper, The Peoria Enterprise, was printed weekly from November 14, 1917, to April 1921. Peoria's first library was held at the women's club in 1920 until it moved to the old Peoria City Hall in 1975; the library moved to the Peoria Municipal Complex.
In May 1959 the Women's Club gave the clubhouse to the City of Peoria. Central School was built in 1906. By 1910, three additional classroom buildings were built next to the central school, in 1918 another school building, containing an auditorium and four classrooms, was opened. In 1918 the attendance for Peoria schools was 190. School District Number Eleven was an elementary school district. Children going on to high school had to travel to Glendale High School. In 1919 the school board approved construction of Peoria High School. Increased economic activity, combined with the presence of Luke Air Force Base and tremendous growth throughout the entire Valley—coinciding with the mass-production of air conditioning in the early 1950s—led to an increase in residential housing in Peoria. A postwar construction boom set the stage for Peoria to become a suburb of Phoenix, providing housing for the capital city as growth moved west. In 1954, Peoria was home including an area of 720 acres. Peoria incorporated on June 7, 1954.
A seven-member city council formed and held its first organizational meeting on June 14. By 1966 Peoria grew to encompass 3.1 square miles with 36 miles of street. In 1968 the city passed a bond to issue securing the money to build a sewer system, completed in 1969. In 1970, Peoria began to transition to paid firefighting staff. From a population of 4,792 in 1970, the city grew to 12,351 in 1980 and 50,675 in 1990. Construction of the $30 million municipal complex began in 1988 at the edge of Peoria's Old Town; the Police Department opened in 1989, the main city hall building and courts in 1991, the library in 1993. Spring training has a long history in Peoria. From the late 1970s to 1990, Peoria's Greenway Sports Complex served as a minor-league training facility for the Milwaukee Brewers baseball team; this small facility was located at 83rd Avenue and the Greenway Road alignment, the location of the future Peoria Sports Complex. Construction of
Architectural Record is an American monthly magazine, dedicated to architecture and interior design. Published by BNP Media, it is considered "The Record" of Architectural History. Throughout its 125 years in print, Architectural Record has fostered readership among architecture and design professionals by featuring articles that showcase noteworthy architectural works throughout the global landscape. News, commentary and continuing-education sections outline the scope of content. Of note are the glossy, high-quality photos that accentuate the featured projects, an attribute which makes the magazine accessible to the general public as well. Architectural Record holds a close relationship with the American Institute of Architects through the AIA Continuing Education sections offered both in the magazine and on the magazine's website. An underscore of this interrelationship, previous editor-in-chief Robert Ivy now acts as CEO of the AIA. Architectural Record began publication in 1891 by Clinton W. Sweet, who published the Real Estate Record and Builders' Guide.
Sweet and Frederick Warren Dodge soon formed a partnership. Dodge published an information service for builders and architects in Boston and expanded to New York with the partnership. Together they established Sweet's Indexed Catalogue of Building Construction, a publication intended to be a summary filing of manufacturer's catalogs. In March 1938, the periodical American Architect and Architecture, first published in 1876, was merged with Architectural Record; this combined the two oldest architectural magazines in the United States. Sweet's Catalog and Architectural Record became part of F. W. Dodge Corporation in 1912. McGraw Hill acquired F. W. Dodge in 1961. McGraw-Hill divested the subsidiary McGraw-Hill Construction to Symphony Technology Group for US$320 million on September 22, 2014; the sale included Engineering News-Record, Architectural Record and Sweet's. McGraw-Hill Construction has been renamed Dodge Analytics. On July 1, 2015, the magazine was sold to BNP Media, along with Engineering News-Record and SNAP.
The editorial offices are located in Manhattan in the Empire State Building. Record Houses is an annual awards program organized by Architectural Record. Winning projects are published in the magazine. Preference is given to "projects that incorporate innovation in program, building technology and form." Started in 2000, Design Vanguard is an annual feature whereby Architectural Record features emerging practices from around the world "that are demonstrating inventive approaches to shaping the built environment." Notable firms that have been recognized as a Design Vanguard include Andres Jaque, Vo Trong Nghia Architects, Bjarke Ingels Group, nARCHITECTS, Tatiana Bilbao, Sou Fujimoto, Höweler+Yoon, Office Kersten Geers David Van Severen, LTL Architects, Smiljan Radic, Evan Douglis, Michel Rojkind, Neri & Hu, Jeanne Gang, Peter Tolkin Architecture, Synthesis Design + Architecture, Oyler Wu Collaborative, SsD, IwamotoScott, Abruzzo Bodziak Architects, Merge Architects, WORKac. In 2014, Architectural Record initiated their "Women in Architecture Forum and Awards" program, "as a way to spotlight pioneering women pushing the boundaries of innovation and creativity in design."
Each year's five honorees are categorized as Design Leader, New Generation Leader, Innovator and Educator. Leading up to 1910 Gelett Burgess interviewed and wrote about avant-garde artists and artworks in and around Paris; the result of Burgess' investigation, "The Wild Men of Paris", was published in the May 1910 issue of Architectural Record. An important painting by Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, was reproduced in this article. Other important works were reproduced by Henri Matisse, Auguste Herbin, André Derain. Architectural Record website Early issues of Architectural Record, Hathi Trust Digital Library