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Pepé Le Pew

Pepé Le Pew is a character from the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons, first introduced in 1945. Depicted as a French striped skunk, Pepé is in search of love and appreciation. However, his offensive skunk odor and his aggressive pursuit of romance cause other characters to run from him. Pepé Le Pew storylines involve Pepé in pursuit of a female black cat, whom Pepé mistakes for a skunk; the cat, retroactively named Penelope Pussycat has a white stripe painted down her back by accident. Penelope frantically races to get away from him because of his putrid odour, his overly aggressive manner or both, while Pepé hops after her at a leisurely pace; the setting is always a mise-en-scène echoing with fractured French. They include Paris in the springtime, the Sahara, the Matterhorn, or the little village of N'est-ce Pas in the French Alps; the exotic locales, such as Algiers, are drawn from the Pepé Le Moko story. Settings associated in popular culture with romance, such as the Champs-Élysées or the Eiffel Tower, are sometimes present.

Pepé describes Penelope as lucky to be the object of his affections and uses a romantic paradigm to explain his failures to seduce her. For example, he describes a hammer blow to his head as a form of flirtation rather than rejection. Accordingly, he shows no sign of narcissistic injury or loss of confidence, no matter how many times he is rebuffed. In a role-reversal, the Academy Award-winning 1949 short For Scent-imental Reasons ended with an accidentally painted blue Pepé being pursued by a madly smitten Penelope, it turns out. Penelope locks him up inside a perfume shop, hiding the key down her chest, proceeds to chase the now-imprisoned and odorless Pepé. In another short, Little Beau Pepé, Pepé, attempting to find the most arousing cologne with which to impress Penelope, sprays a combination of perfumes and colognes upon himself; this resulted in something close to a love potion, leading Penelope to fall madly in love with Pepé in an explosion of hearts. Pepé is revealed to be frightened of overly-affectionate women, much to his dismay, as Penelope captures him and smothers him in more love than he could imagine.

And yet again, in Really Scent, Pepé removes his odor by locking himself in a deodorant plant so Penelope would like him. However, Penelope had decided to make her own odor match her appearance and had locked herself in a Limburger cheese factory. Now more forceful and demanding, Penelope corners the terrified Pepé, after smelling her new stench, wants nothing more than to escape the amorous female cat, she will not take "no" for an answer and proceeds to chase Pepé off into the distance, with no intention of letting him escape. Although Pepé mistakes Penelope for a female skunk, in Past Perfumance, he realizes that she is a cat when her stripe washes off. Undeterred, he proceeds to cover his white stripe with black paint, taking the appearance of a cat before resuming the chase. To emphasise Pepé's cheerful dominance of the situation, Penelope is always mute in these stories. Sometimes this formula is varied. In his initial cartoon, Odor-able Kitty, Pepé unwittingly pursues a male cat who has deliberately disguised himself as a skunk in order to scare off a bunch of characters who have mistreated him.

Scent-imental Over You has Pepé pursuing a female dog. In the end, she removes her pelt. Pepé "reveals" himself as another dog and the two embrace. However, he reveals to the audience that he is still a skunk. In Wild Over You, Pepé attempts to seduce a wildcat that has escaped a zoo and painted herself to look like a skunk to escape her keepers; this cartoon is notable for not only diverging from the Pepé/female-black-cat dynamic, but rather cheekily showing that Pepé likes to be beaten up, considering the wildcat thrashes him numerous times. Scent is a subversion with Penelope attracted to him from the beginning, removing the need for Pepé to chase her as she goes to him, but Pepé's scent still causes a problem for her. Chuck Jones, Pepé's creator, wrote that Pepé was based on the personality of his Termite Terrace colleague, writer Tedd Pierce, a self-styled "ladies' man" who always assumed that his infatuations were reciprocated. Pepé's voice, provided by Mel Blanc, was based on Charles Boyer's Pépé le Moko from Algiers, a remake of the 1937 French film Pépé le Moko.

Eddie Selzer, animation producer—and Jo

S Ori 70

S Ori 70 or S Ori J053810.1-023626 is a mid-T type astronomical object in the foreground of the σ Orionis cluster, 1,150 light-years from Earth. It was discovered on November 24, 2002 by M. R. Zapatero Osorio and E. L. Martin's team at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, it has yet to be determined if it is a field brown dwarf or a 3-million-year-old planet, part of a cluster. Near-infrared spectroscopy images taken 3 years after its discovery led to the first motion measurements for the object, its behavior is different from what may be expected. The object's small proper motion suggests that it is farther away than expected if it were a single field T dwarf; the σ Orionis open cluster has been the focus of Osorio's team observations due to the age of the cluster. The cluster has low extinction, its distance is convenient, it is observed to be rich and dense. Using the 4.2-meter William Herschel Telescope in a pencil-beam deep mini-survey measuring 55 square minutes of arc at a sensitivity of 21 magnitudes in the J and H Bands allowed the team to find S Ori 70.

The raw data collected was reduced to a standard technique used with near-infrared images. It was the faintest and coolest member found in the cluster and was named S Ori 70. Adam J. Burgasser examined the claims of Osorio's T-type brown dwarf discovery and its spectroscopically verified low-mass. A comparison of the J band spectrum between S Ori 70 and other field objects was done; the J band spectrum revealed a distinct triangular-shaped spectral morphology, explained by Osorio and Martin was due to the surface's low gravity. In order to see if similar discrepancies occurred in the T dwarf's behavior, Burgasser's team compared data from the claims of Osorio to that of standard COND models. Identical wavelength scales interpolated through both empirical and model spectra were Gaussian smoothed. Burgasser concluded that S Ori 70 is not a member of the Sigma Ori cluster but is rather a foreground field brown dwarf. Further study of the object suggest that the low gravity was not from the field T dwarf but rather a nearby background star.

As of 2009 no direct scientific data confirmed either conclusion. It could be the first "free floating" non-stellar planet discovered with a mass of 3 MJupiter, but needs confirmation. List of exoplanet firsts

Humphreys, Missouri

Humphreys is a village in Sullivan County, United States. The population was 118 at the 2010 census. Humphreys is located in southwestern Sullivan County; the community is on Missouri State Routes 6 and 139. The community of Galt is about four miles to the west in Grundy County. Medicine Creek flows past about three miles to the west and Muddy Creek flows past the east side of the community. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.25 square miles, all land. Humphreys known as Haley City, was first surveyed in April 1881 by G. M. Garvey for the Stringer family; when established, it consisted of just seventeen blocks with 246 lots. Additions of three blocks and nine blocks were made in May 1882, respectively, it was sometime during that spring of 1882. The town experienced rapid early growth, being located on the Quincy, Missouri & Pacific Railroad, with the train depot being constructed in August 1881. James Stringer established the first store in June 1881, by the end of the year the new town supported four hotels, two drug stores, two dry goods stores, a general merchandise, a millinery.

A harness shop joined the business list in 1884 and blacksmiths in 1886 and 1887. Light industry of a sort came to Humphreys in 1882 with the establishment of the Humphreys Milling Company, a steam-powered flour mill located in a large three-story building, it was said to have produced up to twenty-five barrels of flour per day at peak capacity. The citizenry's need for news was met by the Humphreys Gazette, a weekly newspaper founded in late 1881 by Joseph S. Wright; the name was changed to the Humphreys Advance in 1884 but the venture proved unprofitable and publication ceased in August, 1887. The children of Humphreys were educated in a typical one-room rural schoolhouse, located about three-fourths of a mile northwest of the community until 1885. At that time, the elementary and secondary education were combined with and housed in the building containing the Humphreys College and Business Institute; the College was established in 1884 on four acres of land donated by James M. Stringer. A large two-story brick structure was constructed between June and September 1884, with the first class admission beginning on September 29 of the aforementioned year.

Humphreys College was co-education and offered two course tracks of study—preparatory and collegiate, with a reported enrollment in 1887 of 157 students. No dormitories were constructed. Humphreys College and Business Institute was destroyed by fire on April 8, 1893. Humphreys is a "bedroom community" today with little if any businesses. Most citizens must travel to larger cities in the region such as Milan, Trenton and Kirksville for employment. After a population low of 98 in 1990, the town rebounded in 2000 with 164 citizens. Presently, children from Humphreys attend Grundy County R-5 school in Galt; the two small towns merged their schools in 1966 to create the new district. On July 26, 2011 the United States Postal Service announced plans to permanently close the Humphreys post office as part of a nationwide restructuring plan. No official date for closing has yet been announced. Humphreys' first post office has been in continuous operation since; as of the census of 2010, there were 118 people, 49 households, 27 families residing in the village.

The population density was 472.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 59 housing units at an average density of 236.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 1.7 % from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population. There were 49 households of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.9% were non-families. 40.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.37. The median age in the village was 36.5 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 47.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 164 people, 62 households, 40 families residing in the village; the population density was 639.5 people per square mile.

There were 68 housing units at an average density of 265.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the village was 95.73% White, 1.22% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.49% of the population. There were 62 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22. In the village, the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $25,250, the median income for a family was $27,500.

Males had a

Childhood in the Viking Age

In Viking Age Scandinavia, boys were considered to be adults at age 16. But before they reached adulthood, they had a childhood spent learning the skills they would need to be successful. Viking children were raised by their mothers, although sometimes Viking boys lived with another family for a period of time as a foster child; this was meant to forge bonds between the two families and entitled the boy to help from his foster family, as well as his birth family. It bound him to them and they remained close through the life of the boy. After the conversion of Scandinavia to Christianity, formal education was rare for Scandinavian children, as schools were few and far between. Instead, most children were educated within and around the home, by helping out with chores around the house; these chores were shared and children learned by doing them to the best of their ability. Talented children might have been sent off to another house to better learn a specific skill, such as metallurgy, which might not have been done at home.

Skills such as fighting were taught in an informal setting, with most children honing their skills by practice fighting other children, a nearby adult. Above all, young people were expected to work hard. Hard work was a value impressed on children from a young age, those who were deemed as lazy were mockingly called “charcoal chewers”- a term which referred to their staying at home by the cooking hearth while everyone else was hard at work in the fields. Viking Age children were granted freedom and agency to do as they wished, so long as it did not damage the honor of the family. Sons were allowed to choose their own life path-whether they wanted to be a farmer, a warrior, a trader, etc. and daughters had a say in who they were to marry, despite marriage being a matter of negotiation between families. Both sons and daughters could inherit from their parents, although inheritance went to a son over a daughter. Daughters could claim inheritance if no sons were born, had claim over their uncles and grandparents.

The children of slave women and concubines could receive inheritance, although the amount they received from their fathers was very little if they had not been adopted by their father. They would receive more in practice than the law granted them but they fared better if adopted, they were and many illegitimate sons inherited their father's land and wealth. This holds true in the royal family, where multiple illegitimate sons have inherited the throne. Viking Age Scandinavians had a variety of games to pass the time and children participated in a variety of activities, such as boating, racing and board games. Popular board games include chess and hneftafl, played with 24 pieces- 16 of one color, 8 of another- and a "king piece,", ornately carved, they could spectate on more adult activities, like horsefighting, as well as listen to stories and poems, such as the epic poems characteristic of Viking literature. Childhood in medieval England Childhood in Scotland in the Middle Ages Childhood in early modern Scotland Graham-Campbell and Dafydd Kidd.

The Vikings. Great Britain: British Museum Publications, 1980. Print. Sawyer, P. H. Sawyer. Medieval Scandinavia: From Conversion to Reformation, circa 800-1500. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota, 1993. Print. Simpson, Jacqueline. Everyday Life in the Viking Age. London: Batsford, 1967. Print

Richard Buller

Sir Richard Buller was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1621 and 1642. He was a Parliamentarian officer during the English Civil War. Buller was born at Shillingham Cornwall, the son of Francis Buller and his wife Thomasina Williams, daughter of Thomas Williams of Stowford, an Elizabethan-era Speaker of the House of Commons, he was knighted in 1608. Buller was elected Member of Parliament for St Germans in 1621, he was subsequently MP for Saltash from 1625 to 1629 when King Charles I decided to rule without parliament. He was High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1637. In April 1640, Buller was elected MP for Cornwall in the Short Parliament. In November 1640, he was elected MP for Fowey in the Long Parliament. Buller was involved in military operations in Cornwall in 1642, was forced to retreat from Launceston, he died in November that year at the age of 64. Buller married the daughter of Sir Rowland Hayward, Lord Mayor of London, they had six daughters. Three of their sons, Francis and Anthony, served in Parliament

Down Under (book)

Down Under is the British title of a 2000 travelogue book about Australia written by best-selling travel writer Bill Bryson. In the United States and Canada it was published titled In a Sunburned Country, a title taken from the famous Australian poem, "My Country", it was published as part of Walk About, which included Down Under and another of Bryson's books, A Walk in the Woods: Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail, in one volume. Bill Bryson describes his travels by railway and car throughout Australia, his conversations with people in all walks of life about the history, unusual plants and animals of the country, his wry impressions of the life and amenities in each locality. In a style similar to his book A Walk in the Woods, or William Least Heat-Moon's Blue Highways, Bryson's research enabled him to include many stories about Australia's 19th-century explorers and settlers who suffered extreme deprivations, as well as details about its natural resources and economy, his writings are intertwined with recurring humorous themes.

The book consists of three parts. 1. Into the Outback The first part of the book describes the journey taken by Bryson aboard the Indian Pacific from Sydney to Perth, he is accompanied on this journey by a young English photographer named Trevor Ray Hart. The author describes his experiences on the train, the places the train passes through on its way to Perth such as the Blue Mountains and White Cliffs; the author supplies plenty of humor in the form of historical accounts of early explorers and settlers of Australia. 2. Civilized Australia This section of the book starts off with historical accounts from the time when Australia was discovered and goes on to illustrate how the Australians built a dynamic and prosperous society from a modest and unpropitious beginning; the rest of this section is devoted to the author's account of what he considers to be Civilized Australia. 3. Around the edges This part of the journey covers the Great Barrier Reef, Alice Springs and the mighty monolithic rock Uluru