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Pepin of Landen

Pepin I of Landen called the Elder or the Old, was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia under the Merovingian king Dagobert I from 623 to 629. He was the mayor for Sigebert III from 639 until his death. Through the marriage of his daughter Begga to Ansegisel, a son of Arnulf of Metz, the clans of the Pippinids and the Arnulfings were united, giving rise to a family which would rule the Franks as the Carolingians. Pepin's father is named Carloman by the Chronicle of the chief source for his life, his byname comes from his probable birthplace: Landen, modern Belgium. However, according to Godefroid Kurth, it was only in the twelfth century that the chroniclers of Brabant began to associate him with that locality, he is sometimes called Pepin I and his other nicknames come from his position at the head of the family called the Pippinids after him. He was lord of a great part of Brabant, governor of Austrasia, when Theodebert II. King of that country was defeated by king of Burgundy. In 613, several leading magnates of Austrasia and Burgundy abandoned Brunhilda, the great-grandmother and regent of their king, Sigebert II, turned to Chlothar II of Neustria for support, promising not to rise in defense of the queen-regent and recognizing Chlothar as rightful regent and guardian of the young king.

Chief among these leading men were Warnachar II, Rado and Pepin. The latter two were described by Fredegar as the "two most powerful barons of Austrasia" and they made some agreement with Chlothar at Andernach. However, while Rado was confirmed as mayor in Austrasia and Warnachar in Burgundy, Pepin did not receive his reward until 623, when he was appointed mayor in Austrasia after Chlothar made his young son Dagobert king there. Arnulf, his lifelong friend, was appointed adviser to the new king alongside him. Pepin was praised by his contemporaries for wise counsel. Though some enemies tried to turn the king against him, their plots were foiled and Pepin remained on good terms with the king until 629, for reasons unknown, he retired to his estates, where he remained for the next decade, until Dagobert's death. On Dagobert's death, Pepin came out of retirement to take on the mayoralty in Austrasia for the heir Sigebert III and to oversee the distribution of the treasury between Sigebert and his brother, Clovis II, his stepmother Nanthild, ruling on Clovis' behalf in Neustria and Burgundy.

Sigebert's share of the inheritance was amicably surrendered because of the friendship between Pepin and the Burgundian mayor of the palace, Aega. Pepin and Arnulf's successor as chief counselor to the king, Bishop of Cologne, received the treasure at Compiègne and brought it back to Metz. Pepin died in 640, he was so popular in Austrasia that, though he was never canonized, he was listed as a saint in some martyrologies. Butler lists him as "blessed", his feast day was 21 February. He left two daughters and two sons by his famous wife, Itta: Begga, married the aforementioned Ansegisel and canonized Grimoald mayor of the palace like his father Bavo, became a hermit and canonized Gertrude, entered the convent of Nivelles founded by her mother later canonized. Oman, Charles; the Dark Ages 476–918. London: Rivingtons, 1914. Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. translator. The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with its Continuations. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1960. Media related to Pepin of Landen at Wikimedia Commons

Latin Grammy Award for Song of the Year

The Latin Grammy Award for Song of the Year is an honor presented annually at the Latin Grammy Awards, a ceremony that recognizes excellence, creates a wider awareness of cultural diversity and contributions of Latin recording artists in the United States and internationally. The award is given to the songwriters of new songs containing at least 51% of lyrics in Spanish or Portuguese language. Instrumental songs or a new version of a recorded track are not eligible. Due to the increasing musical changes in the industry, from 2012 the category includes 10 nominees, according to a restructuration made by the academy for the four general categories: Album of the Year, Record of the Year, Best New Artist and Song of the Year. Eleven of the thirteen awarded songs have earned the Latin Grammy for Record of the Year, which unlike this category, is given to songs that were released on a promotional level, the prize is given to the performer and audio engineer; the exceptions to this were in 2000, 2009 and 2013 when "Corazón Espinado" by Santana featuring Maná, "No Hay Nadie Como Tú" by Calle 13 featuring Café Tacvba and "Vivir Mi Vida" by Marc Anthony received the award without a nomination for Song of the Year.

In 2014, "Universos Paralelos" by Jorge Drexler featuring Anita tijoux won the Latin Grammy Award for Record of The Year, but not Song of The Year, despite it received a nomination for the award. Alejandro Sanz is the most awarded songwriter in the category with four wins out of eight nominations. Andrés Castro and Carlos Vives have received the award twice. In 2017, Colombian artist Maluma became the first songwriter to have three nominated songs in the same year, with "Chantaje", "Felices los 4", "Vente Pa' Ca". Pedro Capó, Juan Luis Guerra, Jorge Luis Piloto and Jorge Villamizar have been nominated twice the same year: Capó in 2015 for songs performed by Ricky Martin and himself, Guerra in 2012 for songs performed by Juanes featuring Joaquín Sabina and himself, Piloto in 2009 for songs performed by Andrés Cepeda and Luis Enrique, while Villamizar wrote songs for the band Bacilos. Claudia Brant, Angie Chirino, Joy Huerta, Natalia Lafourcade, Mónica Vélez are the only female writers to be awarded.

The current holder, as of the 2019 ceremony is Capó, Gabriel Edgar González Pérez and George Noriega for the song "Calma". An asterisk indicates this recording won Record of the Year. ^ Each year is linked to the article about the Latin Grammy Awards held that year. ^ The performing artist does not receive the award. ^ in parentheses the performer's name. Grammy Award for Song of the Year Official site of the Latin Grammy Awards

High Roads (comics)

High Roads is a six-issue limited series created by writer Scott Lobdell and artist Leinil Francis Yu. It was published in April 2002 by an imprint of DC Comics' Wildstorm Productions, it tells about the story of a U. S. Army Captain Nick Highroad, as he tries to survive the final days of World War II. Along the way, he meets up with a British actor, an ex-kamikaze pilot and one of Hitler's mistresses; the foursome come up with a plan to steal one of Hitler's most prized possessions, but instead inadvertently find themselves involved in a plot to thwart the mono-testicled dictator's Final Solution. Cliffhanger List of Wildstorm titles

Pterostylis trullifolia

Pterostylis trullifolia known as the trowel-leaved greenhood, is an orchid species endemic to New Zealand. As with similar orchids, the flowering plants differ from those; the non-flowering plants have a rosette of wrinkled, trowel-shaped leaves but the flowering plants have a single flower with a bulging, platform-like sinus between the lateral sepals and leaves on the flowering spike. Pterostylis trullifolia is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and when not flowering, a rosette of dark green to reddish-green, trowel-shaped leaves, 5–10 mm long and wide with a petiole up to 10 mm long. Flowering plants have a single green and white-striped flower on a flowering stem up to 300 mm high with between two and eight spreading stem leaves; the stem leaves are 5–20 mm long and 2–5 mm wide. The dorsal sepal and petals are fused, forming a hood or "galea" over the column, the dorsal sepal curving forward with a short-pointed tip; the lateral sepals are held against the galea and have erect, thread-like tips much taller than the gales.

There is a bulging U-shaped sinus between the bases of the lateral sepals. The labellum is dark brown to reddish-brown and protrudes above the sinus. Flowering occurs from May to September. Pterostylis trullifolia was first formally described in 1853 by Joseph Dalton Hooker and the description was published in The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of H. M. Discovery Ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross; the specific epithet is derived from the Latin words trulla meaning "trowel" and folia meaning "leaves". The trowel-leaved greenhood occurs from coastal to montane forests at altitudes of up to 1,100 m, it sometimes invades rough lawns near forests. It is widespread on the North Island and Three Kings Islands and on the South Island north of Canterbury

Colin Mitchell

Colin Campbell Mitchell was a British Army soldier and politician. He became a public figure in 1967 as the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Forces under his command reoccupied the Crater district of Aden, taken over by local police mutineers in what became known as "the last battle of the British empire"; the reoccupation and subsequent control of the Crater were controversial and Mitchell resigned his army commission in 1968. Subsequently he became a Conservative Member of Parliament and served one term from 1970 to February 1974. After participation in a failed business venture he subsequently worked as a security and military consultant. In 1989 Mitchell took a leading role in the Halo Trust, a not-for-profit organisation undertaking mine clearance in former war zones. Mitchell’s father came from an Argyllshire fishing family. Mitchell worked in a solicitor's office and for the MacBrayne ferry company before serving in the 10th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in World War I. Mitchell achieved the rank of captain and was awarded the Military Cross at the Second Battle of Ypres, but when the young Colin asked him how he would only say,'Oh, shooting rabbits'.

He was badly gassed in 1918. After the war, he worked in the City of London and married a Glaswegian woman whose father worked as a manager for the LMS Railway company; the couple took up residence in the South London suburb of Purley where they had two children – Colin and Henrietta. The family lived in a modest semi-detached house and Colin would attend services at the local Presbyterian Church wearing a kilt. Mitchell received his formal education at the Whitgift Grammar School in Croydon. In 1940, at age 15, Mitchell enlisted in the Home Guard, may have been the youngest Home Guard soldier. In May 1943 he joined the British Army, he soon instructed newcomers in physical training. One of his fellow instructors was Stan Cullis, the captain of the Wolverhampton Wanderers cup side at Wembley in 1939 and was the captain of England at the time. Mitchell was commissioned into the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in 1944, he fought in the final battles of the Italian campaign, was wounded in the advance on Ferrara.

Despite this, his wartime experience inclined him to take up a military career. He was appointed to a regular commission on 21 December 1946. Following the war, he saw action against Jewish guerrillas during the Palestine Emergency. While in Palestine, he participated in operations to arrest Jewish militants. During Operation Agatha, which saw most of the Jewish political leadership in Palestine detained, Mitchell's mission was to arrest Moshe Shertok, his unit raided the wrong house. However, they were able to find and arrest him. In July 1946, he witnessed the King David Hotel bombing: he and his company commander were within 300 feet of the building when the bombing occurred. While on a personal reconnaissance mission, he was shot and wounded by one of his own Bren gunners, who mistook him for a guerrilla. After recovering from his injuries, he was transferred from his regiment to become aide-de-camp to General Gordon MacMillan, the commander of British forces in Palestine and Transjordan, he spent a total of three years in Palestine.

While there, he made friends among both the Arabs and Jews, including Moshe Dayan, a future Israeli general who would become one of Mitchell's heroes, as well as Moshe Shertok, who developed a cordial relationship with Mitchell after his arrest and corresponded with him for years afterward, when he became a senior Israeli government official. In 1950, with the outbreak of the Korean War, he was allowed to rejoin his regiment so he could deploy to Korea, he participated in the initial advance into North Korea. His regiment reached Taechon, near the Chinese border on the Yalu River; when the Chinese Army intervened and crossed the Yalu River in overwhelming numbers, the regiment was forced to take part in the retreat of UN forces, helped hold the line against Communist forces when UN forces consolidated. The regiment held a position known as "Frostbite Ridge", where they had to endure freezing conditions, they held the area through the winter until the thaw, in 1951, they began to advance. However, shortly afterward, they were withdrawn.

Following his service in Korea, Mitchell was posted in Britain, but in late 1957, he returned to the Argylls as a company commander with the 1st Battalion, was posted to Cyprus. At the time, the Cyprus Emergency was in full swing. Mitchell was placed in charge of the coastal towns of Paphos and Ktima, where his men engaged in counter-insurgency operations against EOKA guerrillas, they faced both conventional EOKA raids and forest fires deliberately lit by EOKA fighters and local villagers who were motivated by the money they would receive to fight them. Mitchell was subsequently posted to the British Army of the Rhine with the rest of the regiment, joined the King's African Rifles, was posted to East Africa. Soon afterward, he saw action in Zanzibar with the KAR in breaking up disturbances between the island's Arab and African populations, which had begun during a general election and had descended into widespread rioting and clashes, he participated in operations on the Northern Frontier District.

At the time, Somali guerrillas were launching raids as part of a campaign to unite the region with Somalia, the frontiers with other neighbouring states were volatile. In one incident, Mitchell was searching for

Wolverhampton railway station

Wolverhampton railway station in Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England is on the Birmingham Loop of the West Coast Main Line. It is served by Avanti West Coast, CrossCountry, Transport for Wales and West Midlands Trains services, was known as Wolverhampton High Level; the first station named Wolverhampton had opened on the edge of the town centre in 1837 on the Grand Junction Railway, this station was renamed Wednesfield Heath in 1855, shortly after the present station was opened, was closed in 1873. On 12 November 1849, the Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway opened a temporary terminus to its line, at a location close to the present station; the present station was opened on 1 July 1852 by the Birmingham and Stour Valley Railway, a subsidiary of the London and North Western Railway. The only visible remnant of the original station is the Queen's Building, the gateway to Railway Drive, the approach road to the station; the building was the carriage entrance to the station and was completed three years before the main station building.

Today, it forms part of Wolverhampton bus station. Two years on 1 July 1854, the Oxford and Wolverhampton Railway opened a second station, located behind the older station on lower ground, which became known as the Wolverhampton Low Level station from April 1856, the other becoming known as Wolverhampton High Level from 1 June 1885. From 1923, the LNWR was amalgamated into the London Midland and Scottish Railway, in 1948 it became part of the London Midland Region of British Railways. Services over the former Grand Junction Railway line to Walsall ended in January 1965, this route being the only one from here to fall victim to the Beeching Axe; the present Wolverhampton station dates from 1964-67 when the High Level station was rebuilt by the architect Ray Moorcroft as part of the modernisation programme which saw the West Coast Main Line electrified. It consisted of three through platforms; as part of this scheme, most services on the OW&WR route from Shrewsbury were diverted here from Low Level.

In the 1980s, a parcels siding was converted into a south-facing bay platform, a new north-facing bay was constructed. In 1987 twelve different horse sculptures by Kevin Atherton, titled Iron Horse, were erected between New Street station and Wolverhampton, including one at the southern end of platforms 2 and 3. More a new through platform was constructed on the site of infrequently-used sidings; this has enhanced the capacity of the station. A new footbridge was constructed, to allow access to the new platform but to improve access to the existing ones. A proposal for a more comprehensive redevelopment of the station and surrounding area was announced on 18 October 2006. Management of the station transferred from Virgin Trains West Coast to West Midlands Trains franchise in April 2018. Typical weekday operations are as follows:Avanti West Coast: 1tph to London Euston via Birmingham New Street 1tph to Scotland, alternating every two hours between Glasgow Central and Edinburgh; these terminate at Carlisle or Preston or Lancaster or Crewe during peak hours.

2 trains per day to Shrewsbury. London Northwestern Railway: 2tph to Liverpool Lime Street, start/terminating at Crewe or Stafford in the peak hours 2tph to Birmingham New StreetWest Midlands Railway: 4tph to Birmingham New Street, of which two continue to Walsall 2tph to Shrewsbury, one calling all stations, the other as a limited stop semi-fast express. Sundays are operated as an hourly service stopping at all stations. CrossCountry: 2tph to Manchester Piccadilly, via Stoke-on-Trent & Macclesfield 2tph to Birmingham New Street, extending to various parts of southern England, such as Bristol Temple Meads, Exeter St Davids, Southampton Central and Bournemouth. Transport for Wales: 1tp2h to Pwllheli & Aberystwyth, dividing at Machynlleth 1tp2h to Holyhead via Chester 1tph to Birmingham InternationalWest Midlands Railway run a single Saturdays-only parliamentary train on the line to Walsall via Pleck; this replaced the regular direct service that ran between 1998 and 2008. Centro hope to reintroduce a regular service over the line in the future and reopen the old station at Willenhall, though it would require some infrastructure improvements here to accommodate it.

Wolverhampton station has six platforms: platforms 1 to 4 are through platforms, while platforms 5 and 6 are bay platforms at the south and north ends respectively. Although all four through platforms are reversible, in practice platform 1 is used for northbound services, platform 2 for northbound and southbound services, platforms 3 and 4 are for southbound services. Platform 3 is used for northbound services at busy times. Platform 5 is used by local services to Walsall via Birmingham New Street. Platform 6 was designed for local services on the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury Line but is now used, as the majority of services on th