Pr (hieroglyph)

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O1
House
(" floor plan" )
in hieroglyphs

Pr (𓉐 Gardiner sign listed no. O1) is the hieroglyph for 'house', the floor-plan of a walled building with an open doorway .

While its original pronunciation is not known with certainty, modern Egyptology assigns it the value of per, but purely on the basis of a convention specific to the discipline. However, the Ancient Greek rendering of the title pr-`3 as Ancient Greek: φαραώ 'pharaō' suggests the reconstruction of the historical (Late Egyptian) pronunciation as *par, see Pharaoh#History of the Pharaoh title.

O1 S34 O1
House of Life
"library"
in hieroglyphs

Pr combined with an associated "personal name", god, or location becomes the "House of .... ." An example for pharaoh Setnakhte is the city of: Pr-Atum, (city of Pithom). Pr and Ankh-(Life) is a "combination hieroglyph" and is the "word" for House of Life. The House of Life is a library for papyrus books-(scrolls), as well as a possible scriptorium.

The shape of Pr in beginning dynasties had variations in the shape of a square, with the opening. See Garrett Reference for tomb of Official Ti.

Pr is one of hieroglyphs adopted into the Proto-Sinaitic script, the earliest known alphabetic writing system. It was used to represent the phoneme /b/ as in bayt, the Canaanite word for "house", after the hieroglyph's original meaning,[1] the Latin letter B is a distant descendent of this letter.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goldwasser, Orly (Mar–Apr 2010). "How the Alphabet Was Born from Hieroglyphs". Biblical Archaeology Review. Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society. 36 (1). ISSN 0098-9444. Retrieved 2016-08-03. 

References[edit]

  • Garrett, Kenneth. Treasures of Egypt, Nationaal Geographic Collector's Ed. No. 5. Kenneth Garrett, Egyptian Museum, Cairo. 2003.

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