Udinese Calcio referred to as Udinese, is an Italian football club based in Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, that plays in Serie A. It was founded on 30 November 1896 as a sports club, on 5 July 1911 as a football club; the traditional team home kit is black and white striped shirt, black shorts, white socks. The club broadcasts on channel 110 on digital terrestrial television in north-east of Italy, it has a large number of fans in Friuli and surrounding areas. Udinese Calcio was established in 1896 as part of the Società Udinese di Ginnastica e Scherma. In its inaugural year, the club won the Torneo FNGI in Treviso beating Ferrara 2–0. On 5 July 1911, some gymnasts of Udinese, headed by Luigi Dal Dan, founded the A. C. Udinese, which joined the FIGC; the new side made its debut in a friendly match against Juventus Palmanova, won 6–0. It was only in 1912 -- 13. In that year they enrolled in the Campionato Veneto di Promozione, which consisted of just three teams. With two victories against Padova, Udinese finished the tournament in second place behind Petrarca and were promoted to first-level Prima Categoria.
In Prima Categoria, Udinese failed to reach the national stage, always knocked out in the Eliminatoria Veneta. The 1920–21 season, which ended with the Friulani eliminated in the Eliminatoria Veneta, was memorable because it was the debut of Gino Bellotto, still the player who has played the most seasons with Udinese, spending 17 seasons with the Zebrette. In 1922, taking advantage of the absence of big clubs, entered the FIGC Italian Football Championship and reached the Coppa Italia final losing 1–0 against Vado, thanks to an overtime goal. In the league, Udinese finished second in Girone Eliminatorio Veneto, which allowed them to remain in the top flight for the next season, despite a reform of the championships that reduced the number of teams in the competition; the 1922–23 season was a disastrous one for Udinese, as they came last in and were relegated to the second division. The team risked failure for debts in 1923. On 24 August 1923, AS Udinese separated from AC Udinese Friuli, the club was forced to set up a budget and an autonomous board.
All debts were paid by President Alessandro Del Torso through the sale of some of his paintings and Udinese could thus join the Second Division in which they came fourth. The 1924–25 season was memorable; the team was included in Group F II Division. The championship was even and at the end of the tournament three teams were in contention to win: Udinese and Olympia River. Playoffs were needed to determine. Udinese drew 1 -- 1 with Vicenza. In the play-off standings and Vicenza were still in the lead with 3 points each. Another play-off was played to determine the winner. After a first encounter finished 0–0, Udinese lost a replay 2–1 but were awarded the win as Vicenza fielded an ineligible player, a Hungarian called Horwart. Udinese reached the finals in place of Vicenza. In the final round, Udinese was promoted, alongside Parma, to First Division. In the following season, Udinese was relegated again. However, the format of the championship was again reformed and Udinese had another chance to reclaim their place in the top flight.
They competed in play-offs with seven other sides for the right to play in Serie A. The winner would remain in the top flight; the club, lost the playoff against Legnano and lost their place in the top flight. They remained in Second Division until the end of the 1928–29 season when Serie A and Serie B were created, with Udinese falling into the third tier; the first season in Terza Serie was a triumphant one and Udinese were promoted up to Serie B. The stay in Serie B lasted only two years, after the 1931–32 season, the team returned to the third division. Udinese remained in the third tier until 1938–39, when coming second in Girone Finale Nord di Serie C, they were promoted to Serie B; the Zebrette remained in Serie B for a dozen years, with average performances and were relegated to Serie C at the end of the 1947–48 season due to a reform of the championships. This relegation, was followed by two consecutive promotions, thanks to an excellent second-place finish in the Serie B 1949-50, the Friulani won a historic promotion to Serie A. Udinese remained in Serie A for five seasons and claimed an historic Scudetto in the 1954–55 season, when they came second only behind Milan.
It was after that season, that Udinese was relegated because of an offence committed on 31 May 1953, the last day of the championship, exposed two years later. The Friuliani returned to Serie A after one season in B and in the following season was confirmed among the best Italian teams with an excellent fourth-place finish. A decline followed those good seasons, with Udinese first relegated back down to Serie B in 1961–62 and to Serie C in 1963–64. Udinese remained in C for about fifteen years, it was only after the 1977–78 season that the Friuliani, led by manager Massimo Giacomini, returned to B winning Girone A. In the same season, they won the Coppa Italia Semiprofessionisti, beating Reggina and won the Anglo-Italian Cup. During the next season, Udinese with Massimo Giacomini as their manager, won Serie B and returned after more than two decades to Serie A. In their first year back after so long, the team survived after a disappointing 15th-place finish. In Europe, they far
Norway national football team
The Norway men's national football team represents Norway in international association football and is controlled by the Football Association of Norway, the governing body for football in Norway. Norway's home ground is Ullevaal Stadion in Oslo and their head coach is Lars Lagerbäck, it is, as of February 2019. Norway has participated three times in the FIFA World Cup, once in the UEFA European Championship. Norway is notable as the only national team that has never lost any of the matches it has played against Brazil. In four matches played, Norway has a 2–2–0 record against Brazil, with one of those victories coming in a friendly in 1997 and the other in a 1998 World Cup group stage match. Norway's performances in international football have been weaker than those of their Scandinavian neighbours Sweden and Denmark, but they did have a golden age in the late 1930s. An Olympic team achieved third place in the 1936 Olympics, after beating the hosts Germany earlier in the tournament. Norway qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup, where they lost 2–1 after extra time against eventual champions Italy.
This turned out to be Norway's last World Cup finals appearance in 56 years. In the post-war years, up to and including the 1980s, Norway was considered as one of the weaker nations in Europe, they never qualified for a World Cup or European Championship in this period, finished near the bottom of their qualifying group. Norway had a reputation for producing the occasional shock result, such as the 3–0 win against Yugoslavia in 1965, the 1–0 away win against France in 1968, the 2–1 victory against England in 1981 that prompted radio commentator Bjørge Lillelien's famous "Your boys took a hell of a beating" rant. Norway had their most successful period from 1990 to 1998 under the legendary coach Egil "Drillo" Olsen. At its height in the mid-90s the team was ranked second on the FIFA World Rankings. Olsen started his training career with Norway with a 6–1 home victory against Cameroon on 31 October 1990 and ended it on 27 June 1998 after a 0–1 defeat against Italy in the second stage of the 1998 World Cup.
In the 1994 World Cup in the United States, Norway was knocked out at the group stage after a win against Mexico, a defeat against Italy and a draw against the Republic of Ireland. The Norwegians lost out on second round qualification on goal difference as all 4 teams finished with 4 points in the group. In the 1998 World Cup in France, Norway was once again eliminated by Italy in the first round of the knock out stage after finishing second in their group, having drawn against Morocco and Scotland and won 2–1 against Brazil. Former under-21 coach Nils Johan Semb replaced Olsen after the planned retirement of the latter. Under Semb's guidance, Norway qualified for Euro 2000, which remains their last finals appearance to date. Semb resigned at the end of an unsuccessful qualifying campaign in 2003, was replaced by Åge Hareide. Under Hareide, Norway came close to reaching both the 2006 World Cup and Euro 2008, but fell short on both occasions. In 2008, it all fell apart as Norway failed to win a single game the entire calendar year.
Hareide resigned at the end of 2008. His replacement on a temporary basis, was the returning Egil Olsen, who began his second spell in charge with an away win against Germany, subsequently signed a three-year contract. Olsen resigned in September 2013 after Norway lost at home to Switzerland and had limited chances to qualify for the 2014 World Cup with one game to spare, he was replaced with Per-Mathias Høgmo. Olsen claimed he was sacked. Norway used the national flag on a white circle as their badge from the 1920s onwards. In May 2008 the NFF unveiled a new crest, a Viking-style Dragon wrapped around the NFF logo. After massive public pressure the crest was dropped. Between the 1980s and the 1990s, Norway used the NFF logo in the opposite breast of the shirt together with the national flag on a white circle. On 12 December 2014, a new crest was presented; the crest features the national flag, in addition, there are two lions taken from the Coat of arms of Norway on the top. The lions are facing each other while holding a blue miniature of the NFF logo, between the lions and above the NFF logo, it says "NORGE" in blue letters.
The following 23 players were called up for the two UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches: Match date: 23 and 26 March 2019 Opposition: Spain and Sweden Caps and goals correct as of: 26 March 2019, after the match against Sweden. The following players have been called up for the Norway squad within the last 12 months. NotesWIT Withdrew from squad. INJ Injured, ill or recovering from surgery. RET Retired from international football. Last updated: 9 September 2014Source: RSSSF.no Last updated: 9 September 2014Source: RSSSF.no The following is a list of all managers of the national team. Prior to 1953, the team was selected by a selection committee, which continued to select the team until 1969; the table lists the manager, his nationality, the period he was manager, games played, games won, games drawn, games lost, goals for and goals against. It lists any finals reached and how far the team progressed; the list is up to date as of 26 March 2019. The following table shows Norway's all-time international record, correct as of 19 November 2018.
Between 1996 and 2014, Norway's kits were supplied by Umbro. They took over from Adidas who supplied Norway's kit between 1992 and 1996. On 10 September 2014, the NFF and Nike announced a new partnership that made the sportswear provider the official Norwegian team k
Solna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in Sweden, located just north of the Stockholm City Centre. Its seat is located in the town of Solna, a part of the Stockholm urban area; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. None of the area is considered rural, unusual for Swedish municipalities, which are of mixed rural/urban character. Solna is the third smallest municipality in Sweden in terms of area. Solna borders Stockholm Municipality to the south and northwest; the boundary with Danderyd Municipality is delineated by the Stocksundet sea strait. There are two parishes in Solna Municipality: Solna. Solna is divided into eight traditional parts with no administrative functions: Bergshamra, Hagalund, Huvudsta, Järva, Råsunda and Ulriksdal; the largest districts are Råsunda and Huvudsta, with the Solna Centrum in between them. With few exceptions, Solna's built-up areas have a suburban character, but there are several large parks and Friends Arena, Sweden's new national football stadium adjacent to the Solna station of Stockholm commuter rail.
The final matches of both the 1958 FIFA World Cup and the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup were played at Råsunda Stadium, the national football stadium from 1937 to 2012. Solna has low tax rates and has attracted a wide range of companies and authorities, making it a major place of work in Stockholm. Among the most important employers are the medical university Karolinska Institutet and the Karolinska University Hospital; the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute are located in Solna. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 30 601, or 38.39% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 14 986, or 26.02% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 79 707 residents in Solna, of which 23 597 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
As with all 290 municipalities of Sweden, Solna has a municipal assembly, holding 61 members elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. An executive committee is appointed by its members. 1943-1956 CA Andersson 1956-1967 KA Larsson 1968-1976 CG Eklund 1977-1982 Sune Berglund 1983-1988 Gösta Fagerberg 1989-1991 Karl Gustav Svensson 1991-1994 Anders Gustâv 1994-1998 Karl Gustav Svensson 1998-2006 Anders Gustâv 2006 Anders Ekegren 2006-2011 Lars-Erik Salminen 2011 Anders Ekegren - 8 juni-24 juli 2011-2012 Lars-Erik Salminen 2012- Pehr Granfalk =Moderate Party =Social Democratic Party =Liberal Party Solna is centrally located in Stockholm and is well served by the Stockholm public transport system with two commuter train stations and six Metro stations as well as a dense bus network run by SL. It was served by trams until 1959. Trams returned after 54 years of absence. A further extension will be opened in 2014. Skanska, NextJet, Vattenfall have their head offices in Solna. Mall of Scandinavia is located in Solna.
The head office of Scandinavian Airlines and SAS Group is located in Solna. The airline head office was located on the property of Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, but now it is back in Solna. Haga Park, part of the Royal National City Park, was initiated by king Gustav III, planned and carried out in the English landscaping style; the city features three of Sweden's royal palaces. Friends Arena, the Swedish national arena of association football, home of local football club AIK. Mall of Scandinavia, Scandinavia's biggest shopping mall The Solna Church was constructed in the 12th century. For defensive purposes, it was built as a round church, is one of few of that kind in Sweden; the following football clubs are located in Solna: AIK Blue Hill KF Råsunda IS Vasalunds IF Solna Gymnasium is the senior high school/sixth form college of Solna. Solna is twinned with: Gladsaxe, Denmark Ski, Norway Pirkkala, Finland Valmiera, Latvia Burbank, California, USAPartnershipsIn addition to this, Solna has two cooperating cities, Greece Bemowo, Poland Category:People from Solna Municipality Football World Cup 1958 1992 European Football Championship FIFA Women's World Cup 1995 Solna Municipality - Official site Solna Municipality - Tourist Guide in English
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Gamla Ullevi (1916)
Gamla Ullevi was a football stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden. Named Ullevi until 1958 when Nya Ullevi opened, it was built in 1915–1916 and opened on 17 September 1916 with the game between IFK Göteborg-AB København, it had a capacity of 15,000 to 18,000, depending on usage. The record attendance was set 2 May 1957, when Örgryte IS played IF Elfsborg. IF Elfsborg won 2–1. Demolition of Gamla Ullevi began on 9 January 2007 at 11.15 AM local time. The stadium has been replaced with a new football stadium; the new stadium, opened on 5 April 2009, has been named Gamla Ullevi as well. Gamla Ullevi was named after the Nordic god Ull, he was a archer who chased away the winter so he could wake up the goddess of the earth. The word vi means holy place; when Gamla Ullevi first opened it was called Ullervi, but after being pressured by a professor of Nordic languages, Hjalmar Lindroth, the r was removed. It was only added in the first place to make the name easier to pronounce. Before Ullevi, the location was called Idrottsplatsen.
It was a velocipede arena with room for 600 spectators. Other sports began to use the facilities and a tenniscourt was built in 1901. Other courts were added too, but a new football stadium was needed with a proper grass pitch because of the growing interest in football. Göteborgs idrottsförbund created a corporation that had a capital of 90 000kr to spend on a new arena; the end cost of Gamla Ullevi was 160 000kr. It was designed as a stadium for only football despite half-promises being made to the archers and equestrians about space. At that time, the finished arena could hold 12 000 spectators. Ullevi became more than just an arena for football though. Next to the football pitch, the ice-skating rink was built and opened 6 January 1917 with a bandy match. Ice hockey and figure skating were two sports that used the facilities, as well as boxing, fencing and tennis. In 1924, Gothenburg city became the owners of Gamla Ullevi, they closed it in 1934 for renovations where they added more seats for spectators, reopened in 1935.
The opening match was between Örgryte IS and AIK. After Nya Ullevi was opened, it became the home arena to the three football clubs but they moved back to Gamla Ullevi in 1992. Giovanni Galligani was the leader of the snack and drink providers during the match, they sold chocolate, bananas and Ullevikolan. There was a main kiosk where all the snacks could be bought, but during the match Gottepojkarna walked around with metal boxes with each type of snack in a separate compartment; these boys had been trained so that when a spectator ordered something they could throw the snack to the customer. The change was thrown back up and they always hit the right target. Ullevi-Bladet was the name of the match-program, it was published by Idrottsjournalisternas Klubb but financed by advertisements. The magazine featured an introduction to the match, the line-up of both teams and the points-chart of Allsvenskan. Scandinavium Gamla Ullevi – official site Johansson, Bo & Nilsson, Bo Sigvard. Gamla Ullevi. Tre Böcker Förlag AB, 1992.
Öhnander, Bengt A. Från Ulleviss arenor. Tre Böcker Förlag AB, 2002
Football Association of Norway
The Norwegian Football Federation is the governing body of football in Norway. It was formed in 1902 and organises the men's and women's national teams, as well as the league systems for men and women; the current president of NFF is Terje Svendsen. By 1 January 2004, there were 1,814 clubs organized in 373,532 registered players, it is the largest sports federation in Norway. The NFF joined FIFA in 1908, UEFA in 1954; the NFF was part of an unsuccessful joint bid with the SvFF, the DBU and the SPL to host the UEFA Euro 2008 championship. The SvFF invited the NFF to join them in bidding for the UEFA Euro 2016 championship; the NFF and Norwegian politicians expressed support for such a proposal, but Euro 2018 was awarded to France. In Spring 1902, Lyn invited representatives from Grane and Spring to join together in forming a national football association. On April 30, 14 delegates from the three clubs met at the Hotel Bristol in Oslo; these were Arthur Nordlie, Leif Eriksen and Bredo Eriksen from Lyn.
Together they agreed to form a football association, voted 9 to 5 to adopt the name proposed by Lyn - Norsk Fodboldforbund. Isak Benjaminsen from Grane was adopted as the first chairman. Olympic Bronze Medal 1936 European Championships Bronze Medal 1998, 2013 World Cup Silver Medal 1991 World Cup Gold Medal 1995 Olympic Gold Medal 2000 European Championships Gold Medal 1987, 1993 European Championships Silver Medal 1989, 1991, 2005, 2013 European Championships Bronze Medal 2009 NFF Agder NFF Akershus NFF Buskerud NFF Finnmark NFF Hordaland NFF Hålogaland NFF Indre Østland Nordland fotballkrets Nordmøre og Romsdal fotballkrets Oslo fotballkrets Rogaland fotballkrets Sogn og Fjordane fotballkrets Sunnmøre fotballkrets Telemark fotballkrets Troms fotballkrets Trøndelag fotballkrets Vestfold fotballkrets Østfold fotballkrets Isak Benjaminsen, 1902–03 Emil Wettergreen, 1903–04 Arthur Nordlie, 1904–05 Sverre Strand, 1905–06 H. W. Benneche, 1906–07 Carl Frølich Hanssen, 1908–09 Arthur Nordlie, 1909–10 C.
F. B. Schøyen, 1910–13 Johannes Jordell, 1913–14 Carl Frølich Hanssen, 1914–15 Daniel Eie, 1915–18 Carl Emil Christiansen, 1918–20 Reidar Bergh, 1920–24 Sam Knutzen, 1924–26 Daniel Eie, 1926–28 Jacob Ramm, 1928–29 Per Skou, 1929–34 Bjarne Gulbrandsen, 1934–36 Reidar Dahl, 1936–41, 1945–49 Harald Evensen, 1949–53 Reidar Dahl, 1953–55 Aksel W. Floer, 1955–63 Jørgen Jahre, 1963–66 Odd Evensen, 1966–70 Einar Jørum, 1970–80 Eldar Hansen, 1980–87 Per Ravn Omdal, 1987–92 Odd Flattum, 1992–96 Per Ravn Omdal, 1996–2004 Sondre Kåfjord, 2004–2010 Yngve Hallén, 2010–2016 Terje Svendsen, 2016– Seasons in Norwegian football Official website Norway at FIFA site Norway at UEFA site
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are or located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Super Cup, controls the prize money and media rights to those competitions. Henri Delaunay was Ebbe Schwartz the first president; the current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA. UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations.
The European football union began with 25 members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Switzerland. UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions; some states are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law; these include Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the Faroe Islands, Kosovo, however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically. Countries, members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association Israel and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition.
AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League. F. C. participate in the English League. Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtensteinian teams play in the Swiss Leagues. Saarland Football Union, joined Football Association of West Germany Football Association of East Germany, joined Football Association of West Germany as German Football Association Football Federation of the Soviet Union. Four other successor republics formed their own football organisations. Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro, which exited the union, created the Football Association of Montenegro, it competed as FR Yugoslavia until 2003 when the country changed its name to Montenegro. Football Association of Czechoslovakia, became Football Association of the Czech Republic and Slovak Football Association with the Football Association of the Czech Republic acknowledged as its direct successor. Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to secession of Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of Soviet Union Yugoslavia, in 1992-1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War Italy, in 1974-1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified England, in 1985-1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years Netherlands, in 1991-1992 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background 1968–69 the Warsaw Pact demonstrated political protest and imposed sanctions on clubs of its members in continental competitions (included E