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Violin Concerto (Bates)

The Violin Concerto is a concerto for violin and orchestra by the American composer Mason Bates. The work was commissioned by violinist Anne Akiko Meyers, it was premiered December 7, 2012, with Meyers and the Pittsburgh Symphony performing under conductor Leonard Slatkin. The Violin Concerto has a duration of 25 minutes and is composed in three continuous movements: Archaeopteryx Lakebed Memories The Rise of the Birds The Pittsburgh Symphony commissioned Bates's Violin Concerto at the behest of a recommendation from composer John Adams and principal guest conductor Leonard Slatkin. Slatkin had led the orchestra in a performance of Bates's Liquid Interface and lauded Bates to the symphony's vice president Bob Moir as a "terrific young composer." Violinist Anne Akiko Meyers had sought a commission from Bates, remarking before the work's premiere:I've known Mason for several years. I've done some concerts where he was the DJ, so I've seen him in action that way. I asked him to write cadenzas in Beethoven's Concerto for a performance in Holland, I always wanted a concerto from him.

I thought he would write something exciting. A couple of years ago, I got on his tail, harassing him until he agreed. Bates spoke of the experience, saying, "I've written a lot for strings in the orchestra, but writing for solo violin is different, it was like writing a one-person play in a language. It was intimidating at first." The piece was completed in the summer of 2012, with Meyers remarking, "we were changing things right and left—it was an evolution." Bates described the style of the piece in the score program notes, writing:Composers paint with sound, my sonic palette has been growing in large-scale symphonies fusing orchestral and electronic sounds. But the pops and thuds of techno present challenges in a violin concerto: the subtle textures of this eighteen-inch instrument would be painted over by the powerful colors of such a big palette. So, in order to showcase the violin, I stepped back into the acoustic universe—but with my ears still humming with exotic sounds; the piece is scored for solo violin and orchestra comprising two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets in B-flat, two bassoons, four French horns, four trumpets in C, two trombones, bass trombone, three percussionists, piano and strings.

Reviewing the world premiere, Mark Kanny of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review praised the Violin Concerto, saying, "The outer movements are high-energy excursions, driven by the composer's gifts for inventive rhythms, lyrical inspiration and a combination of moment-to-moment persuasiveness and feeling of formal satisfaction." Andrew Druckenbrod of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette lauded the work for having "more than a few exhilarating moments," but criticized Bates for limiting his ambition, remarking, "I am not begrudging Mr. Bates from going where his muse takes him, but I am concerned that the pull of tradition may be tugging on him, making him feel he needs to prove himself as a'real' composer." Druckenbrod said, "Despite the ambitious program of the work there were some compelling musical moments." John von Rhein of the Chicago Tribune praised the work, writing, "If Bates' big tune smacks of the Hollywood cornfields, he won me over when the fiddle engaged in dreamy dialogues with the percussion in the middle movement, again when the violin soared in glimmering arcs high above the full orchestra in the finale."

John Pitcher of ArtsNash said:There’s much to admire in the new concerto. Bates loads the work with interesting effects that seem both primeval and contemporary at the same time. For instance, in the opening of the piece, he calls on the bassists and cellists to tap their instruments with their hands; the sound could be the beat of a DJ's drum machine. This primordial opening gives way to a few drop-dead gorgeous melodies. Pitcher added, "Unfortunately, these melodies come across as little more than beautiful moments in an otherwise tedious half-hour. Melodies in the concerto meander without a sense of purpose or destination; the work’s musical argument is loose, sometimes amounting to nothing more than slow sections following fast sections." However, Pitcher praised the solo writing and referred to the piece asan "important" work

William Pelham (lord justice)

Sir William Pelham was an English soldier and Lord Justice of Ireland, a military and political role rather than a judicial one. He was third son of Sir William Pelham of Laughton, Sussex, by his second wife, daughter of William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys of the Vyne near Basingstoke in Hampshire and his wife Margaret Bray, his full brothers included Edmund Pelham, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer: their eldest half-brother was Sir Nicholas Pelham. His father died in 1538, Pelham was thirty when he was appointed captain of the pioneers at the siege of Leith in 1560. Among the siegeworks, his pioneers built a sconce with four bastions, called "Mount Pelham." William was commended on that occasion. He commanded the pioneers at Le Havre in November 1562 under 3rd Earl of Warwick. Returning to Le Havre in March, he was wounded during a skirmish with the forces of the Rhinegrave in June, he assisted at the negotiations for the surrender of Le Havre, was a hostage for the fulfilment of the conditions of surrender.

Subsequently, on his return to England, he was employed with Portinari and Jacopo Aconcio in inspecting and improving the fortifications of Berwick upon Tweed. Confidence was reposed in his judgment, appointed lieutenant-general of the ordnance, he was chiefly occupied for several years in strengthening the defences of the kingdom, he accompanied Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, Secretary Francis Walsingham on a diplomatic mission to the Netherlands in the summer of 1578, in the following summer he was sent to Ireland to organise the defence of the Pale against possible inroads by the O'Neills. He was knighted by Sir William Drury, and, on the latter's death shortly afterwards, was chosen by the Privy Council of Ireland to be Lord Justice of Ireland ad interim; the situation of affairs in Munster convulsed by the rebellion of James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald, the menacing attitude of Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond and his brother Sir John of Desmond, obliged him to go there. His efforts at conciliation proving ineffectual, he caused the earl to be proclaimed a traitor.

His proceeding gave considerable offence to Queen Elizabeth, reluctant to involve herself in a new and costly campaign. Yielding to pressure from England, Pelham in January 1580 prepared to go to Munster himself. At Waterford, where he was detained till about the middle of February for want of victuals, he determined, in consequence of rumours of a Spanish invasion, to entrust the government of the counties of Cork and Waterford to Sir William Morgan, in conjunction with the Earl of Ormonde to direct his march through Connello and Kerry to Dingle, he carried out his intention ruthlessly, killing indiscriminately according to the Annals of Four Masters. Returning along the sea-coast, he sat down before Carrigafoyle Castle on 25 March. Two days he carried the place by assault, put the garrison to the sword, sparing no one. Terrified by the fate of Carrigafoyle, the garrison at Askeaton surrendered without a blow, Desmond's last stronghold of Ballyloughan fell at the same time into Pelham's hands.

With his headquarters at Limerick, the lord justice garrisoned the Desmond district, his object being to confine the struggle to Kerry, with the assistance of the fleet, under Admiral Winter, to starve the rebels into submission. He summoned a meeting of the noblemen and chief gentry of the province, he and Ormonde entered Kerry together. From Castleisland, where they narrowly missed capturing the Earl of Desmond and Nicholas Sanders, they advanced along the valley of the River Maine, scouring the country as they went, to Dingle. At Dingle they found Admiral Winter, with his assistance, Pelham ransacked the coast between Dingle and Cork, while Ormonde harried the interior of the country; the western chiefs one by one submitted to Ormonde. At Cork there was a great meeting of all the lords and chiefs, all were received to mercy except Lord Barrymore. Desmond was still at large. Pelham, who insisted on an unconditional surrender, was preparing for a fresh inroad into Kerry, when he received information that the new viceroy, Baron Grey de Wilton, had arrived at Dublin.

It was intended to send Sir Henry Wallop with the sword of state to Dublin. He was detained for some time about Athlone by bad weather, it was not till 7 September that he formally resigned the sword of state to the deputy in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. There was some talk of making him President of Munster, he accompanied Grey to Drogheda to inspect the fortifications, he obtained permission to return to England, left Ireland early in October. On 16 January 1581 he was joined in commission with George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury and Sir Henry Neville to convey Mary, Queen of Scots, from Shef


Naragasooran is an upcoming Indian Tamil-language thriller film written and directed by Karthick Naren. It features an ensemble cast led by Aravind Swamy, Shriya Saran, Sundeep Kishan and Indrajith Sukumaran. Arvind Swamy as Dhruva Indrajith Sukumaran Shriya Saran as Geetha Sundeep Kishan as Vinay Aathmika as Tharini Aathma Patrick Kitty Nalinikanth In February 2017, the director tweeted, "#Naragasooran is the second installment of the thriller trilogy which I would like to make & it belongs to the same universe of #D16". The film began production on 16 September 2017; the shooting schedule was 41 days. Naragasooran is scheduled to release in March 2020. Naragasooran on IMDb

Heliotrope (building)

The Heliotrope is an environmentally friendly house designed by the German architect Rolf Disch who designed the Sonnenschiff. Three such houses exist in Germany, the first experimental version having been built in 1994 as the architect's home in Freiburg im Breisgau, while the other two are used as exhibition buildings for the Hansgrohe company in Offenburg and a dentist's lab in Hilpoltstein in Bavaria; the Heliotrope in Freiburg was the first building in the world to capture more energy than it uses, all of, renewable, emissions free and CO2 neutral. The structure physically rotates to track the sun, which allows it to harness the maximum natural sunlight and warmth possible. Several different energy generation modules are used in the building including a 603 sq ft dual-axis solar photovoltaic tracking panel, a geothermal heat exchanger, a combined heat and power unit and solar-thermal balcony railings to provide heat and warm water; these innovations in combination with the superior insulation of the residence allow the Heliotrope to capture anywhere between four and six times its energy usage depending on the time of year.

The Heliotrope is fitted with a grey-water cleansing system and built-in natural waste composting. At the same time that Freiburg’s Heliotrope was built, Hansgrohe contracted Rolf Disch Solar Architecture to design and build another Heliotrope to be used as a visitor’s center and showroom in Offenburg, Germany. A third Heliotrope was contracted and built in Hilpoltstein, Bavaria to be used as a technical dental laboratory. Disch’s unique design accommodates different utilization from private residences to laboratories, maintains the structure’s positive energy balance. In addition to the original Heliotrope design, Rolf Disch has drawn plans for larger versions of the project to be built as a rotating hotel, which gives every guest a beautiful view, as well as administrative buildings and an exhibition pavilion for the EXPO 2010 in Shanghai. PlusEnergy is a coined concept developed by Rolf Disch that indicates a structure’s extreme energy efficiency so that it holds a positive energy balance obtaining more energy than it uses.

With the completion of his private residence, the Heliotrope, in 1994, Disch had created the first PlusEnergy house in the world. The sheer logic of a home that captures more energy than it consumes made perfect sense to Disch, his next goal in its development was thus the mass application of the concept to residential and retail space. As the concept further developed and gained financial backing as well, Disch built several more projects with PlusEnergy certifications. PlusEnergy is a simple concept, materialized in a technical design. “PlusEnergy is a fundamental environmental imperative,” Disch claims. Disch believes that passive building isn’t enough because passive homes still emit CO2 into the atmosphere; the house is designed to face the sun with its triple-pane windows during the heating months of the year and turn its insulated back to the sun during the warmer months when heating isn't necessary. This reduces heating and cooling requirements for the building throughout the year which are provided for by a heat pump, while hot water is provided by vacuum-tube solar panels.

Photovoltaic solar panels with a rated power of 6.6 kW on its roof provide five to six times more energy than the building uses, making the building energy positive. To further improve energy capture, the panels rotate independently from the building to follow the sun, while being able to adapt its orientation in case of strong winds. In order to limit water usage, a gray water circuit is used, it collects rainwater. Waste water is purified in a vegetated cascade pond outside of the edifice. Natural waste and excrement are dry composted in the structure as well. One of the main attractions of the house, apart from its low energy needs is its rotating view; as the building turns according to the sun's position, the view changes creating a spectacular view. This feature was developed into a rotating hotel concept; the roof deck includes viewing deck, as well as a garden terrace. The solar panels can be used for rain protection while on the roof terrace. All floors are accessible from the spiral staircase reducing surface loss through hallways and corridors.

2008 German Sustainability Award 2007–08 Japanese PEN-Magazine Creativity Award 2005 Wuppertal Energy and Environment Prize 2003 Global Energy Award 2002 European Solar Prize 2001 Photovoltaic Architecture Prize Baden-Württemberg Further potential for this building design includes plans that were drawn up for a possible Heliotrope Hotel. This project has no customers but was designed to show that the revolving design can be scaled up; the plans for a rotating hotel have surfaced on several occasions although the financing has not yet been available for its actualization. Heliotrope, Freiburg, 1994 Heliotrope, Offenburg, 1994 Heliotrope, Hilpoltstein, 1995 Official website of the Heliotrop brief description with pictures Article in Chinese with some pictures of the house Solar Settlement and Sun Ship Video Rolf Disch Solar Architecture PlusEnergy

Frank H. T. Rhodes

Frank Harold Trevor Rhodes was the ninth president of Cornell University from 1977 to 1995. Rhodes was born in Warwickshire, England on October 29, 1926, the son of Gladys and Harold Cecil Rhodes, he attended the University of Birmingham, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1948, went on to complete a Ph. D. there, in geology, in 1950. Sc. in geology. Following his doctoral studies, he spent a year at the University of Illinois as a Fulbright Scholar. Rhodes taught geology at the University of Durham between 1951 and 1954. In 1954 he returned to the University of Illinois as an assistant professor and was named an associate professor in 1955. In 1956 he moved to the University of Wales, Swansea as head of the department of geology and in 1967 he was named dean of faculty of science. During this time Rhodes lectured at other institutions such as Cornell in 1960. In 1965 and 1966 he served as a visiting research fellow at the Ohio State University. Rhodes joined the University of Michigan faculty as professor of geology and mineralogy in 1968.

In 1971, he was named dean of the College of Literature and the Arts. Prior to assuming the presidency at Cornell he served for three years as vice president of academic affairs at Michigan. Rhodes was elected the ninth President of Cornell University on February 16, 1977 and he assumed the office on August 1, 1977, he served until June 30, 1995. At the time of his retirement, he was the longest-serving president in the Ivy League, he was a Professor Emeritus of Geology at Cornell. In addition to his positions in academia, Rhodes played a part in government, he was appointed as a member of the National Science Board under President Ronald Reagan, as a member of the President's Educational Policy Advisory Committee by President George H. W. Bush. Between 1984 and 2002 Rhodes served on the Board of Directors of General Electric. Rhodes died in Bonita Springs, Florida on February 3, 2020, at age 93. During his tenure as president the percentage of minority students grew from 8 percent in 1977 to 28 percent in 1994.

The number of women and minority members of the faculty more than doubled. In the final years of his presidency a capital campaign raised $1.5 billion. In 1995 the building that houses what was known as the Cornell Theory Center was named Frank H. T. Rhodes Hall. Cornell has a professorship honoring Rhodes. T. Rhodes Class of'56 University Professors are appointed to three-year terms. In 2010, the University created new postgraduate student fellowships named after Rhodes to support students committed to the field of public interest law, enable them to gain in-depth experience in work on behalf of the poor, the elderly, the homeless, those deprived of civil rights. King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Cornell Presidency: Frank H. T. Rhodes Cornell University Library Presidents Exhibition: Frank Howard Trevor Rhodes