Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theater. Such a "work" is a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery and sometimes dance or ballet; the performance is given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor. Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition. Understood as an sung piece, in contrast to a play with songs, opera has come to include numerous genres, including some that include spoken dialogue such as musical theater, Singspiel and Opéra comique. In traditional number opera, singers employ two styles of singing: recitative, a speech-inflected style and self-contained arias; the 19th century saw the rise of the continuous music drama. Opera originated in Italy at the end of the 16th century and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Heinrich Schütz in Germany, Jean-Baptiste Lully in France, Henry Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century.
In the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe, attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his "reform" operas in the 1760s; the most renowned figure of late 18th-century opera is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who began with opera seria but is most famous for his Italian comic operas The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, Così fan tutte, as well as Die Entführung aus dem Serail, The Magic Flute, landmarks in the German tradition. The first third of the 19th century saw the high point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini all creating works that are still performed, it saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Auber and Meyerbeer. The mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera and dominated by Giuseppe Verdi in Italy and Richard Wagner in Germany; the popularity of opera continued through the verismo era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini and Richard Strauss in the early 20th century.
During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe in Russia and Bohemia. The 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism and Minimalism. With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso and Maria Callas became known to much wider audiences that went beyond the circle of opera fans. Since the invention of radio and television, operas were performed on these mediums. Beginning in 2006, a number of major opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. Since 2009, complete performances are live streamed; the words of an opera are known as the libretto. Some composers, notably Wagner, have written their own libretti. Traditional opera referred to as "number opera", consists of two modes of singing: recitative, the plot-driving passages sung in a style designed to imitate and emphasize the inflections of speech, aria in which the characters express their emotions in a more structured melodic style.
Vocal duets and other ensembles occur, choruses are used to comment on the action. In some forms of opera, such as singspiel, opéra comique and semi-opera, the recitative is replaced by spoken dialogue. Melodic or semi-melodic passages occurring in the midst of, or instead of, are referred to as arioso; the terminology of the various kinds of operatic voices is described in detail below. During both the Baroque and Classical periods, recitative could appear in two basic forms, each of, accompanied by a different instrumental ensemble: secco recitative, sung with a free rhythm dictated by the accent of the words, accompanied only by basso continuo, a harpsichord and a cello. Over the 18th century, arias were accompanied by the orchestra. By the 19th century, accompagnato had gained the upper hand, the orchestra played a much bigger role, Wagner revolutionized opera by abolishing all distinction between aria and recitative in his quest for what Wagner termed "endless melody". Subsequent composers have tended to follow Wagner's example, though some, such as Stravinsky in his The Rake's Progress have bucked the trend.
The changing role of the orchestra in opera is described in more detail below. The Italian word opera means "work", both in the sense of the labour done and the result produced; the Italian word derives from the Latin opera, a singular noun meaning "work" and the plural of the noun opus. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the Italian word was first used in the sense "composition in which poetry and music are combined" in 1639. Dafne by Jacopo Peri was the earliest composition considered opera, it was writt
China the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since China has expanded, re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin established the first Chinese empire; the succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD, saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements.
The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty and Northern Song completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Horn of Africa. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution; the Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan. The political status of Taiwan remains disputed. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates above 6 percent. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. Since 2010, China has been the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and since 2014, the largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity.
China is the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget; the PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism. China is a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, the G20. In recent times, scholars have argued that it will soon be a world superpower, rivaling the United States; the word "China" has been used in English since the 16th century. It is not a word used by the Chinese themselves, it has been traced through Portuguese and Persian back to the Sanskrit word Cīna, used in ancient India."China" appears in Richard Eden's 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. Barbosa's usage was derived from Persian Chīn, in turn derived from Sanskrit Cīna.
Cīna was first used including the Mahābhārata and the Laws of Manu. In 1655, Martino Martini suggested that the word China is derived from the name of the Qin dynasty. Although this derivation is still given in various sources, it is complicated by the fact that the Sanskrit word appears in pre-Qin literature; the word may have referred to a state such as Yelang. The meaning transferred to China as a whole; the origin of the Sanskrit word is still a matter of debate, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The official name of the modern state is the "People's Republic of China"; the shorter form is "China" Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Western Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne. It was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing, it was used as a cultural concept to distinguish the Huaxia people from perceived "barbarians". The name Zhongguo is translated as "Middle Kingdom" in English.
Archaeological evidence suggests that early hominids inhabited China between 2.24 million and 250,000 years ago. The hominid fossils of Peking Man, a Homo erectus who used fire, were discovered in a cave at Zhoukoudian near Beijing; the fossilized teeth of Homo sapiens have been discovered in Fuyan Cave in Hunan. Chinese proto-writing existed in Jiahu around 7000 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800–5400 BCE, Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE; some scholars have suggested. According to Chinese tradition, the first dynasty was the Xia, which emerged around 2100 BCE; the dynasty was considered mythical by historians until scientific excavations found early Bronze Age sites at Erlitou, Henan in 1959. It remains unclear whether these sites are the remains of the Xia dynasty or of another culture from the same period; the succeeding Shang dynasty is the earliest to be confirmed by contemporary records. The Shang ruled the plain of the Yellow River in eastern China from the 17th to the 11th century BCE.
Their oracle bone script
Better Halves (TV series)
Better Halves is a TVB costume television series, premiered in 2003. Theme song "Beautiful Fate" composition and arrangement by Joseph Koo, lyricist by Wong Jim, sung by Steven Ma. Chuen Ka Fok, Lien Bak Hap and Ling Wu Hei are matchmakers in ancient China. Ka Fok and Bak Hap acting in a private capacity and Wu Hei in an official government capacity. In the course of their business Ka Fok and Bak Hap come into conflict, before deciding that they can maximize profits by working together. Despite finding matches for others Ka Fok and Bak Hap find it impossible to find a spouse for themselves, until they discover that their parents had long ago arranged a betrothal between the two. Ling Wu Hei is a woman who has to pretend to be a male in order to fulfill her family's hereditary office of court match maker, this leads to difficulties when she falls in love with Ko Fei in a society intolerant of homosexuals. Steven Ma as Chuen Ka Fok Maggie Cheung Ho-yee as Lien Bak Hap Moses Chan as Ko Fei Joyce Koi as Ling Wu Hei Cerina da Graca as Sang Seung Seung Auguste Kwan as Ping On Henry Yu as Lien Yung Cheung Ying Choi as Ling Wu CikLily Lee as Wai Leung Angelina Lo as Wan Leung Chuen Cho Fu as Lam Choi Ching Choi Hong Nin as Lau Sai Kwong June Chan as Yung Yuk Lan Simon Lo as Tong Man Sang Angela Tong as Po Yue Kevin Cheng as Choi Chi Chau Chan Man Chi as Fan Chi Kiu Deno Cheung as Wing Evergreen Mak as Choi Hiu Winnie Yeung as Yuet Leung Yeung Ying Wai as Yuen Tin Ha Mark Kwok as Chun Chung Chai Bo as Ting Chung Yee Lo Lok Lan as Chun Tai Cho Lo Hoi-pang as Ting Official website
Square Pegs (Hong Kong TV series)
Square Pegs was a Hong Kong television series 2003. The program's title is an abbreviated reference to the English idiomatic phrase "square peg in a round hole." The series was the runaway success of 2003, commanding a viewership of 3.5 million or half of Hong Kong's population during the last week of its broadcast, breaking TVB's ten-year ratings record. It went on to win four awards for its two lead actors in the TVB 36th Anniversary Awards, made both Roger Kwok and Jessica Hsuan household names in the territory. Choi Fong is the eldest daughter of the Ling family that includes her oft-absent father and stepsister Choi Dip. Like Cinderella, she undertakes all the housework, does the grocery shopping, cooks for the family, prevents her father's antique collection from falling prey to her stepmother's gambling appetite. One day, Mrs. Ling's vice catches up with her and to pay a particular debt, Choi Dip is consigned to marry the village idiot Ding Seung Wong or Ah Wong, about as intelligent as an eight-year-old.
Unwilling to commit her real daughter to a life of misery, Mrs. Ling arranges a double wedding and switches the brides so that Choi Fong ends up marrying Ah Wong, while Choi Dip marries Bao Gai Zong, the scion of the wealthy Bao family, and so begins Choi Fong's merry schemes to escape from her marriage with Ah Wong who, to her consternation, takes an immediate liking to her and clings to her like sticky biscuit dough. After several failed attempts evading her fate, Choi Fong resigns herself to play Ah Wong's "lou por jai" or "little wife". One day, a strange girl Yeung Pui Kwan arrives in town and claims Ah Wong for her fiancé. Choi Fong soon learns that Ah Wong was a bright young man and the real heir of the Bao family who inexplicably disappeared two years ago, only to reappear with an IQ of an eight-year-old. Hoping to return Ah Wong to his rightful babysitter as soon as possible, Choi Fong agrees to help Pui Kwan get to the root of the mystery. So the girls embark on a campaign to expose the bogus Bao Gai Zong, reinstate Ah Wong as the rightful heir, help him regain his memory.
But just as Ah Wong begins to show signs of recovery, Choi Fong realises to her dismay that she has fallen for him... Roger Kwok won his first "Best Actor in a Leading Role" Award for his role Ding Sheung Wong, at the 36th TVB Anniversary Awards in 2003. TVB.com Square Pegs - Official Website
Shi Kefa, courtesy names Xianzhi and Daolin, was a government official and calligrapher who lived in the late Ming dynasty. He claimed ancestry from Daxing County, Shuntian Prefecture, he was mentored by Zuo Guangdou. He served as Grand Secretary in the Ministry of War in Nanjing during the early part of his career, he is best remembered for his defence of Yangzhou from the Qing dynasty, was killed when Yangzhou fell to Qing forces in April 1645. After his death, the Southern Ming dynasty granted him the posthumous name "Zhongjing". Nearly a century the Qianlong Emperor of Qing granted Shi Kefa another posthumous name, "Zhongzheng" His descendants collected his works and compiled them into a book titled Lord Shi Zhongzheng's Collections. Shi Kefa took the imperial examination and obtained a jinshi degree in 1628, he was appointed as an official in Xi'an, before subsequently serving as a yuanwailang and langzhong in the Ministry of Revenue. In 1635 he followed the general Lu Xiangsheng to suppress peasant revolts throughout the land.
Two years he was promoted to yushi on the recommendation of the minister Zhang Guowei, was appointed as xunfu of Anqing, Taiping and various counties in Henan and Huguang provinces. In 1641, he was put in charge of the Caoyun system. In the seventh month of 1643, he was appointed as Grand Secretary of the Ministry of War in Nanjing. In the third lunar month of 1644, rebel forces led by Li Zicheng captured the Ming capital Beijing and the Chongzhen Emperor committed suicide; the following month, Wu Sangui defected to the Qing dynasty and opened Shanhai Pass, allowing the Qing armies to seize control of Beijing from Li Zicheng's rebel forces and overrun most of northern China. When news of the Chongzhen Emperor's death reached Nanjing, there was much debate on who would be the new Ming emperor. Though Shi Kefa was the leader of the Ming loyalists in Nanjing, he was unable to make a decision on the issue. In the fifth lunar month, Fengyang's Viceroy, Ma Shiying, others supported the prince Zhu Yousong to take the throne, Zhu became the Hongguang Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty.
For his effort, Ma Shiying won the appreciation of Hongguang and replaced Shi Kefa as the effective head of government. In the face of Li Zicheng's rebel forces and the Qing armies, Shi Kefa advocated the policy of allying with Qing to eliminate the rebels first drive the Qing forces back north. However, the officials in the Southern Ming imperial court were disunited as they were more interested in pursuing their personal interests; the Southern Ming dynasty weakened under the pressure of internal political struggle and the resignation of several officials. After losing his influence in the imperial court, Shi Kefa requested to be dispatched north to supervise defenses on the northern border. Due to internal conflict among the Ming generals along the border, Shi Kefa was unable to establish a strong defense. In the fourth lunar month of 1645, Zuo Liangyu led an army from Wuhan to attack Ma Shiying and Ruan Dacheng. Ma Shiying ordered Shi Kefa to set up defenses at the northern border to resist Zuo Liangyu from the east.
Zuo Liangyu was defeated by Huang Degong while his army surrendered. Xuyi surrendered to Qing and Sizhou fell to Qing. Shi Kefa continued resisting the Qing invaders there. In the fifth lunar month of 1645, Qing forces led by the Manchu prince Dodo besieged Yangzhou. Shi Kefa sent a messenger to request reinforcements, his subordinate Liu Zeqing escaped north to Huai'an. The Qing regent Dorgon wrote to Shi Kefa, asking for his surrender. Shi Kefa's response, titled Reply to Dorgon's letter, was noted for its neither servile nor overbearing tone, was circulated among generations. Subsequently, Shi Kefa entrusted his subordinate Shi Dewei, whom he had adopted as a godson, with his funeral arrangements, saying that he wished to be buried at Plum Blossom Ridge after his death. On the 24th day, Qing armies bombarded Yangzhou with the city fell that night. Shi Kefa failed, he ordered Shi Dewei to kill him but Shi Dewei tearfully refused and did not dare to look up at his godfather. Shi Kefa shouted "I'm Military Inspector Shi.
Kill me!" and was captured as a prisoner-of-war. Dodo tried to persuade Shi Kefa to surrender and serve him, saying, "Previously we sent you a letter politely asking for your surrender, but you refused. Now that you've fulfilled your loyalty and righteousness, you should take on a new important responsibility – help me conquer Jiangnan." Shi Kefa replied, "I fall together with the city. My decision will not change. If I'm torn to pieces, my feelings will be as sweet as maltose, but do not harm the thousands of lives in Yangzhou!" Shi Kefa was executed. Dodo was infuriated by the heavy casualties sustained by his army in conquering Yangzhou so he ordered that the entire city be put to the sword. Twelve days after Shi Kefa's death, his remains could not be found. A year in 1646, Shi Dewei buried Shi Kefa's headdress and garments at Plum Blossom Ridge outside the Tianning Gate of Yangzhou; the Qing writer Quan Zuwang wrote the Tale of Plum Blossom Ridge to describe the event. The Shi Kefa Memo
Li Zicheng, born Li Hongji known by the nickname, "Dashing King", was a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over northern China as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later. Born in 1606 as Li Hongji to an impoverished family. Li came from a family of farmers and had an older brother, 20 years older than him whose son, Li Guo, grew up alongside Li. Li was literate. While a teenager and as a young adult Li held jobs in a wineshop, a blacksmith's shop, a farm, as a mailman in the state courier system. According to folklore, in 1630, Li was put on public display in an iron collar and shackles for his failure to repay loans to a usurious magistrate, Ai. Ai struck a guard who offered shade and water to Li, wherefore a group of peasants friendly to Li tore apart Li's shackles, spirited him to a nearby hill, proclaimed him their leader. Although they were only armed with wooden sticks, Li and his band managed to ambush a group of government soldiers sent to arrest them, obtained their first real weapons.
The late Ming Dynasty weakened as the government struggled with finances and these economical issues as well as environmental problems and sickness plagued China. Sicknesses included smallpox and the black plague. In 1639 An extreme epidemic hit the Yangzi region and as it spread across the north, it became known as the Chongzhen Slough; the hardships from the environment and resulting toll on the Ming subjects led to major peasant uprisings in Northern China, namely from the Shaanxi province. The northern areas of China experienced famine first due to the failure of the Chongzhen government to fix the financial issues and provide aid to the northern areas suffering from famine and sickness. Once the drought hit the Shaanxi province in 1628, this spurred the first rebellions. Li Zicheng and Zhang Xianzhong were two of the major leaders in the peasant rebellions under the late Ming dynasty. Li joined a rebel army led by Gao Yingxiang, nicknamed "Dashing King" in 1633, he inherited Gao's command of the rebel army after Gao's death.
Within three years, Li succeeded in rallying more than 30,000 men to form a rebel army. They attacked and killed prominent government officials, such as Sun Chuanting, in Henan and Shaanxi provinces; as Li won more battles and gained more support, his army grew larger. People attributed that the rebel armies were kind to the poor and that they would only attack Ming officials; some battles Li fought in this period Battle of Chexiang Pass Battle of Fengyang Li advocated the slogan of "dividing land and abolishing the grain taxes payment system" which won great support from the peasants. The song of "killing cattle and sheep, preparing tasty wine and opening the city gate to welcome the Dashing King" was spread at that time; the 1642 Kaifeng flood, caused by breaches of the Yellow River dikes by both sides, ended the siege of Kaifeng and killed over 300,000 of its 378,000 residents. After the battles of Luoyang and Kaifeng, the Ming government was unable to stop Li's rebellion, as most of its military force was involved in the battle against the Manchus in the north.
Li declared himself the King of the Shun dynasty in Shaanxi. In 1642, Li captured Xiangyang and proclaimed himself "King Xinshun". Li Zicheng led one of the major peasant uprisings that the weakened Ming administration struggled to combat; when Li took over the Ming capital it marked the end of the Ming dynasty. In April 1644, Li's rebels sacked the Ming capital of Beijing, the Chongzhen Emperor committed suicide. Li proclaimed himself the Emperor of the Shun dynasty. Li, as all contenders for the throne were required, claimed to have the Mandate of Heaven bestowed upon him. Firstly, Li hailed from the Shaanxi province of China, which strengthened his legitimacy to the throne versus the foreign Manchus. Li gained the support of scholar officials, important in leading over the people of China as a Confucian state; the name of the dynasty is translated to mean "Obedient to Heaven". Li's army was defeated on 27 May 1644 at the Battle of Shanhai Pass by the combined forces of the defecting Ming general Wu Sangui and Prince Dorgon leading the Manchus.
The Ming and Manchu forces captured Beijing on June 6 and Fulin ascended to the throne to establish the Shunzhi reign with the Dorgon prince as regent. When Wu Sangui and the Dorgon Prince took control of Beijing, Li fled to Xi'an in Shaanxi, it is not known how Li died and there are multiple accounts of his death which vary and some are exaggerated by folklore. Across multiple sources, the year of his death is said to be in 1645. One account states that in the summer of 1645 Li went to raid a village in search of sustenance with his remaining followers and was killed by soldiers guarding the village. Although the success of the Manchu conquest of China was attributed to the weakening of the Ming dynasty, official historiography during the Qing dynasty regarded Li as an illegitimate usurper and outlaw; this view sought to discourage and demonize notions of rebellion against the Qing government, by propagating that the Manchus put an end to Li's illegitimate rule and restore peace to the empire, thus receiving the Mandate of Heaven to rule China.
Li appears as a bandit in Baifa Monü Zhuan, a wuxia novel by Liang Yusheng, where the heroine comments he is worthy of being a king. Li is featured as a character in some of the works of Hong Kong wuxia writer Jin Yong. Li's rebellion against
Perish In the Name of Love
Perish In The Name Of Love was a TV drama series made by TVB. It is based on an old Chinese opera play titled Tai Nui Fa, takes place during the final years of the Ming Dynasty; the story follows the romantic relationship of the Chinese Emperor's daughter, Princess Cheung-Ping, the son of a Royal Courtier, Chow Sai Hin. The entire series takes place in a continuing flashback. Although based on the classic Chinese Opera, this TVB drama uses the original characters to rewrite a new version of the story; the beginning shows Chow Sai Princess Cheung Ping growing up together. They were best friends, it shows how their friendship grew as each day passed by. Yuk Fung, the Empress, was punished for killing Tin Fei's son, she was framed for this. Therefore, Yuk Fung and her two daughters were banned out into Po Ting palace where all guilty and unfavored concubines lived. Tin Fei tried to kill them once and for all by setting the palace on fire. After that, they lived in the countryside, suffering year by year of over-working themselves just to put a little food on the table.
They lived in a small shack. Chiu Yan's dream was to become a dancer whilst Cheung Ping, the most beloved and respectful daughter, worked hard to help her mother get money. Cheung Ping moves to local artillery workshop to work after Manchurian forces infiltrated and attacked local military outpost, because she needs to make money for her family, she promised her mother she'd bring home a pack of rice each time she was able to go home while her sister, Princess Chiu Yan, attended a dancing school. There, Cheung Ping meet Cho Sing Hing, son of the owner of the artillery workshop, she found her long-lost friend, Chow Sai Hin there. She didn't reveal herself. Therefore, she went under the name Chu Fai Chiu Yan went under the name Chu Fai Lan. Sing Hing liked Fai Lei. Chow Sai Hin suspected, he found a wish paper stuck in the tree. Sai Hin continued to investigate until he got it out of her mouth that she was Cheung Ping; when Chongzhen Emperor found out that his Empress and the princesses were still alive, he let them back into the palace, but hardly paid attention to them.
This is. She collaborated with Tin Fei to annoy her mother and family her sister, Cheung Ping, she is jealous of her sister. Chow Sai Hin is arranged to marry Cheung Ping after cause more tensions. Lee Yuk Han, Sai Hin's fiancée, got angry when she found out Cheung Ping and Chow Sai Hin were together, but soon after, she couldn't be angry at Cheung Ping anymore; the four of them, Lee Yuk Han, Cheung Ping, Chow Sai Hin, Sing Hing were the best of friends. When Lee Yuk Han was trying to help Cheung Ping prove that the Empress did not poison Tin Fei's son that day, she was killed accidentally by Tin Fei. After that, Chow Sai Hin was arranged to marry Cheung Ping, while Chiu Yan is forced to marry Tong Bo Lun, a somewhat perverted and fierce commander. News came back that Qing's troops invaded Liaodong region. Chow Sai Hin goes to war with Sing Hing to fight for their country. Cheung Ping made Sing Hing and Chow Sai Hin both promise that they would come back without a hair missing from their heads. Chiu Yan harmed her mother so much.
The Emperor still had strong feelings for Chow Yuk Fung, but his mother and Tin Fei kept on trying to tear them apart. Comes the war of Li Zicheng's rebel; the country filled with terror. Tin Fei became ill. Ng Sam Kwai, one of the best general did not support the Emperor because he himself and the Emperor had long tensioned over the matter of his lover, Chan Yuen Yuen, it was that Tin Fei's father kidnapped her and made it look like she died in order for the fall of the kingdom because he hated the Emperor. After that, Chongzhen Emperor lost the war without the aid of Ng Sam Kwai. Ng Sam Kwai joined up with the Manchurians. Unlike the old version, the Emperor did not chop off Cheung Ping's arm or make the Chow Yuk Fung hang herself, instead he spread rumors so that Li Zicheng wouldn't come after them, he told them to rendezvous at Jinlin. On the escape route, Chongzhen Emperor was captured and was executed by hung on a tree atop a mountain so people can laugh as they walk by at the bottom; the Empress was left in charge of the army and the country, along with her son, pretty much useless as an Emperor.
Many opposed because they thought the Chow Yuk Fung was trying to become