Adeline Virginia Woolf was an English writer, considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device. Woolf was born into an affluent household in South Kensington, the seventh child in a blended family of eight, her mother, Julia Prinsep Jackson, celebrated as a Pre-Raphaelite artist's model, had three children from her first marriage, while Woolf's father, Leslie Stephen, a notable man of letters, had one previous daughter. The Stephens produced another four children, including the modernist painter Vanessa Bell. While the boys in the family received college educations, the girls were home-schooled in English classics and Victorian literature. An important influence in Virginia Woolf's early life was the summer home the family used in St Ives, where she first saw the Godrevy Lighthouse, to become iconic in her novel To the Lighthouse. Woolf's childhood came to an abrupt end in 1895 with the death of her mother and her first mental breakdown, followed two years by the death of her stepsister and surrogate mother, Stella Duckworth.
From 1897 to 1901, she attended the Ladies' Department of King's College London, where she studied classics and history and came into contact with early reformers of women's higher education and the women's rights movement. Other important influences were her Cambridge-educated brothers and unfettered access to her father's vast library. Encouraged by her father, Woolf began writing professionally in 1900, her father's death in 1905 caused another mental breakdown for Woolf. Following his death, the Stephen family moved from Kensington to the more bohemian Bloomsbury, where they adopted a free-spirited lifestyle, it was in Bloomsbury where, in conjunction with the brothers' intellectual friends, the Stephens formed the artistic and literary Bloomsbury Group. Following her 1912 marriage to Leonard Woolf, the couple founded the Hogarth Press in 1917, which published much of her work; the couple rented a home in Sussex and moved there permanently in 1940. Throughout her life, Woolf was troubled by bouts of mental illness.
She was institutionalized attempted suicide at least twice. Her illness is considered to have been bipolar disorder, for which there was no effective intervention during her lifetime. At age 59, Woolf committed suicide in 1941 by putting rocks in her coat pockets and drowning herself in the River Ouse. During the interwar period, Woolf was an important part of London's artistic society. In 1915 she published her first novel, The Voyage Out, through her half-brother's publishing house, Gerald Duckworth and Company, her best-known works include the novels Mrs Dalloway, To the Orlando. She is known for her essays, including A Room of One's Own, in which she wrote the much-quoted dictum, "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." Woolf became one of the central subjects of the 1970s movement of feminist criticism and her works have since garnered much attention and widespread commentary for "inspiring feminism." Her works have been translated into more than 50 languages.
A large body of literature is dedicated to her life and work, she has been the subject of plays and films. Woolf is commemorated today by statues, societies dedicated to her work and a building at the University of London. Virginia Woolf was born Adeline Virginia Stephen on 25 January 1882 at 22 Hyde Park Gate in South Kensington, London to Julia and Leslie Stephen, historian, essayist and mountaineer. Julia Jackson was born in 1846 in Calcutta, British India to Dr. John Jackson and Maria "Mia" Theodosia Pattle, from two Anglo-Indian families. John Jackson FRCS was the third son of George Jackson and Mary Howard of Bengal, a physician who spent 25 years with the Bengal Medical Service and East India Company and a professor at the fledgling Calcutta Medical College. While John Jackson was an invisible presence, the Pattle family were famous beauties, moved in the upper circles of Bengali society; the seven Pattle sisters married into important families. Julia Margaret Cameron was a celebrated photographer, while Virginia married Earl Somers, their daughter, Julia Jackson's cousin, was Lady Henry Somerset, the temperance leader.
Julia moved to England with her mother at the age of two and spent much of her early life with another of her mother's sister, Sarah Monckton Pattle. Sarah and her husband Henry Thoby Prinsep, conducted an artistic and literary salon at Little Holland House where she came into contact with a number of Pre-Raphaelite painters such as Edward Burne-Jones, for whom she modelled. Julia was the youngest of three sisters and Adeline Virginia Stephen was named after her mother's eldest sister Adeline Maria Jackson and her mother's aunt Virginia Pattle; because of the tragedy of her aunt Adeline's death the previous year, the family never used Virginia's first name. The Jacksons were a well educated and artistic proconsular middle-class family. In 1867, Julia Jackson married Herbert Duckworth, a barrister, but within three years was left a widow with three infant children, she was devastated and entered a prolonged period of mourning, abandoning her faith and turning to nursing and philanthropy. Julia and Herbert Duckworth had three children.
The Bloomsbury Group—or Bloomsbury Set—was a group of associated English writers, intellectuals and artists in the first half of the 20th century, including Virginia Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, E. M. Forster and Lytton Strachey; this loose collective of friends and relatives was associated with the University of Cambridge for the men and King's College London for the women, they lived, worked or studied together near Bloomsbury, London. According to Ian Ousby, "although its members denied being a group in any formal sense, they were united by an abiding belief in the importance of the arts." Their works and outlook influenced literature, aesthetics and economics as well as modern attitudes towards feminism and sexuality. A well-known quote, attributed to Dorothy Parker, is "they lived in squares, painted in circles and loved in triangles". All male members of the Bloomsbury Group, except Duncan Grant, were educated at Cambridge. Most of them, except Clive Bell and the Stephen brothers, were members of "the exclusive Cambridge society, the'Apostles'".
At Trinity in 1899 Lytton Strachey, Leonard Woolf, Saxon Sydney-Turner and Clive Bell became good friends with Thoby Stephen, it was through Thoby and Adrian Stephen's sisters Vanessa and Virginia that the men met the women of Bloomsbury when they came down to London. In 1905 Vanessa began the "Friday Club" and Thoby ran "Thursday Evenings", which became the basis for the Bloomsbury Group, which to some was "Cambridge in London". Thoby's premature death in 1906 brought them more together and they became what is now known as the "Old Bloomsbury" group who met in earnest beginning in 1912. In the 1920s and 1930s the group shifted when the original members died and the next generation had reached adulthood; the Bloomsbury Group from upper middle-class professional families, formed part of "an intellectual aristocracy which could trace itself back to the Clapham Sect". It was an informal network of an influential group of artists, art critics, writers and an economist, many of whom lived in the West Central 1 district of London known as Bloomsbury.
They were "spiritually" similar to the Clapham group who supported its members' careers: "The Bloomsberries promoted one another's work and careers just as the original Claphamites did, as well as the intervening generations of their grandparents and parents."A historical feature of these friends and relations is that their close relationships all pre-dated their fame as writers and thinkers. The group had ten core members: In addition to these ten, Leonard Woolf, in the 1960s, listed as'Old Bloomsbury' Adrian and Karin Stephen, Saxon Sydney-Turner, Molly MacCarthy, with Julian Bell, Quentin Bell and Angelica Bell, David Garnett as additions". Except for Forster, who published three novels before the successful Howards End in 1910, the group were late developers. There were varied and complicated affairs among the individual members. Lytton Strachey and his cousin and lover Duncan Grant became close friends of the Stephen sisters, Vanessa Bell and Virginia Woolf. Duncan Grant had affairs with siblings Vanessa Bell and Adrian Stephen, as well as David Garnett, Maynard Keynes, James Strachey.
Clive Bell married Vanessa in 1907, Leonard Woolf returned from the Ceylon Civil Service to marry Virginia in 1912. Cambridge Apostle friendships brought into the group Desmond MacCarthy, his wife Molly, E. M. Forster; the group met not only in their homes in Bloomsbury, central London, but at countryside retreats. There are two significant ones near Lewes in Sussex: Charleston Farmhouse, where Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant moved in 1916, Monk's House, in Rodmell, owned by Virginia and Leonard Woolf from 1919. Much about Bloomsbury appears to be controversial, including its membership and name: indeed, some would maintain that "the three words'the Bloomsbury group' have been so much used as to have become unusable". Close friends, brothers and sometimes partners of the friends were not members of Bloomsbury: Keynes’s wife Lydia Lopokova was only reluctantly accepted into the group, there were "writers who were at some time close friends of Virginia Woolf, but who were distinctly not'Bloomsbury': T. S. Eliot, Katherine Mansfield, Hugh Walpole".
Another is Vita Sackville-West, who became "Hogarth Press's best-selling author". Members cited in "other lists might include Ottoline Morrell, or Dora Carrington, or James and Alix Strachey"; the lives and works of the group members show an overlapping, interconnected similarity of ideas and attitudes that helped to keep the friends and relatives together, reflecting in large part the influence of G. E. Moore: "the essence of what Bloomsbury drew from Moore is contained in his statement that'one's prime objects in life were love, the creation and enjoyment of aesthetic experience and the pursuit of knowledge'". Through the Apostles they encountered the analytic philosophers G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell who were revolutionizing British philosophy at the start of the 20th century. Distinguishing between ends and means was a commonplace of ethics, but what made Moore's Principia Ethica so important for the philosophical basis of Bloomsbury thought was Moore's conception of intrinsic worth as distinct from instrumental value.
As with the distinction between love and monogamy, Moore's differentiation between intrinsic and instrumental value allowed the Bloomsburies to maintain an ethical high-ground based on intrinsic merit, independent of, without reference to, the consequences of their actions. For Moore, intrinsic value depended on an indeterminable int
Blanche Athena Clough
Blanche Athena Clough was a British classicist, the Principal of Newnham College. She was the secretary to her aunt, Anne Clough, Principal of Newnham College, remained at the College as an administrator after her aunt's death in 1892. Clough wrote a memoir of her aunt, published in 1903, she was involved in assisting Katharine Stephen in work towards the Royal Charter and Statutes granted in 1917 whereby Newnham College became the first women’s College to be a self-governing academic community. Clough came up to Newnham College in 1884 to read Classics, she remained as secretary to her aunt, Anne Clough and as an administrator in the college. Clough turned down the opportunity to become Principal in 1911 but took the role in 1920. During her time as Principal, Clough fought to have women admitted to full membership of Cambridge University; the principle that women's admittance be linked to government funding was refused in 1921. After Clough's retirement in 1923 she devoted her time to gardening, bird-watching, volunteering for the London and National Society for Women’s Service which became the Fawcett Society in 1953.
A. J. Pertz painted Clough while Principal of the portrait hangs in the college today. Ray Strachey painted two portraits of Clough between 1925-1931 which are now in the National Portrait Gallery. In 1918 Clough was the sole female member of the Royal Commission considering the finances of Oxford and Cambridge. Clough was the youngest child of Blanche Mary Shore Smith. Memoir of Anne Jemima Clough Gillian Sutherland Faith and the Power of the Mind: The Cloughs and their Circle 1820-1960 Gillian Sutherland, Clough, “Blanche Athena ”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
A Room of One's Own
A Room of One's Own is an extended essay by Virginia Woolf, first published in September 1929. The work is based on two lectures Woolf delivered in October 1928 at Newnham College and Girton College, women's constituent colleges at the University of Cambridge. An important feminist text, the essay is noted in its argument for both a literal and figurative space for women writers within a literary tradition dominated by men; the essay was based on two papers Woolf read on 20 and 26 October 1928 to two Cambridge student societies, the Newnham Arts Society at Newnham College and the ODTAA Society at Girton College, respectively. Elsie Duncan-Jones known as Elsie Phare, was the president of the Newnham Arts Society at the time and wrote an account of the paper, "Women and Fiction", for the college magazine, Thersites. Woolf stayed at Newnham at the invitation of Pernel Strachey, the college principal, whose family were key members of the Bloomsbury Group. At Girton she was accompanied by Vita Sackville-West.
It was published in 1929 as a book with six chapters. The title of the essay comes from Woolf's conception that "a woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction"; the narrator of the work is referred to early on: "Here was I". The three Marys were ladies-in-waiting to Queen of Scots. In referencing the tale of a woman who rejected motherhood and lived outside marriage, a woman about to be hanged, the narrator identifies women writers such as herself as outsiders who exist in a dangerous space. Woolf notes that women have been kept from writing because of the constraints they face and their relative poverty: "In the first place, to have a room of her own, let alone a quiet room or a sound-proof room, was out of the question, unless her parents were exceptionally rich or noble up to the beginning of the nineteenth century." The essay examines whether women were capable of producing, in fact free to produce, work of the quality of William Shakespeare, addressing the limitations that past and present women writers face.
Woolf's father, Sir Leslie Stephen, in line with the thinking of the era, believed that only the boys of the family should be sent to school. In delivering the lectures outlined in the essay, Woolf is speaking to women who have the opportunity to learn in a formal setting, she moves her audience to understand the importance of their education, while warning them of the precariousness of their position in society. She sums up the stark contrast between how women are idealised in fiction written by men, how patriarchal society has treated them in real life: Women have burnt like beacons in all the works of all the poets from the beginning of time. Indeed if woman had no existence save in the fiction written by men, one would imagine her a person of the utmost importance, but this is woman in fiction. In fact, as Professor Trevelyan points out, she was beaten and flung about the room. A queer, composite being thus emerges. Imaginatively she is of the highest importance, she pervades poetry from cover to cover.
She dominates the lives of conquerors in fiction. Some of the most inspired words and profound thoughts in literature fall from her lips. In one section Woolf invents a fictional character, Shakespeare's sister, to illustrate that a woman with Shakespeare's gifts would have been denied the opportunity to develop them. Like Woolf, who stayed at home while her brothers went off to school, Judith is trapped in the home: "She was as adventurous, as imaginative, as agog to see the world as he was, but she was not sent to school."While William learns, Judith is chastised by her parents should she happen to pick up a book, as she is abandoning some household chore to which she could be attending. Judith is betrothed, when she does not want to marry, her father beats her shames her into the marriage. While William establishes himself, Judith is trapped by, she runs away from home to London, is harassed and laughed at when she tries to become an actor, is made pregnant by an actor-manager who said he would help her.
She kills herself and "lies buried at some cross-roads where the omnibuses now stop outside the Elephant and Castle". William establishes his legacy. In the essay, Woolf constructs a historical account of women writers thus far. Woolf examines the careers of several female authors, including Aphra Behn, Jane Austen, the Brontë sisters, Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea, George Eliot. In addition to female authors, Woolf discusses and draws inspiration from noted scholar and feminist Jane Ellen Harrison. Harrison is presented in the essay only by her initials separated by long dashes, Woolf first introduces Harrison as "the famous scholar, could it be J---- H---- herself?"Woolf discusses Rebecca West, questioning Desmond MacCarthy's uncompromising dismissal of West as an "'arrant feminist'". Among the men attacked for their views on women, F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead is mentioned, although Woolf further rebukes his ideas in stating she
Royal Holloway, University of London
Royal Holloway, University of London, formally incorporated as Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London. It has three faculties, 20 academic departments and c. 9,200 undergraduate and postgraduate students from over 100 countries. The campus is located west of Surrey, 19 miles from central London; the Egham campus was founded in 1879 by the Victorian entrepreneur and philanthropist Thomas Holloway. Royal Holloway College was opened in 1886 by Queen Victoria as an all-women college, it became a member of the University of London in 1900. In 1945, the college admitted male postgraduate students, in 1965, around 100 of the first male undergraduates. In 1985, Royal Holloway merged with Bedford College; the merged college was named Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, this remaining the official registered name of the college by Act of Parliament. The campus is dominated by the Founder's Building, a Grade I listed red-brick building modelled on the Château de Chambord of the Loire Valley, France.
The annual income of the institution for 2017–18 was £173.6 million of which £13.9 million was from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £169.4 million. Royal Holloway is ranked 24th in the UK according to The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2019 as well as ranked in the top 300 universities in the world as published byTimes Higher Education World University Rankings for 2019. In the category of ‘International Outlook’, Royal Holloway is ranked 20th in the UK as of 2019. There are strong links and exchange programmes with institutions in the United States, Canada and Hong Kong, notably Yale University, the University of Toronto, the University of Melbourne and the University of Hong Kong. Royal Holloway was a member of the 1994 Group until 2013. Royal Holloway College a women-only college, was founded by the Victorian entrepreneur Thomas Holloway in 1879 on the Mount Lee Estate in Egham; the founding of the college was brought about after Holloway, seeking to fulfil a philanthropic gesture, began a public debate through The Builder regarding'How best to spend a quarter of a million or more', at which point his wife proposed to build a college for women.
Holloway increased his original sum of money to half a million, today, the campus is still best known for its original 600-bed building, known as the Founder's Building, designed by William Henry Crossland and inspired by the Château de Chambord in the Loire Valley, France. Sir Nikolaus Pevsner called the original college building "the most ebullient Victorian building in the Home Counties", noted that together with its sister building the Holloway Sanatorium, it represents "the summit of High Victorian design"; the Founder's Building, now Grade I listed, was opened in 1886 by Queen Victoria, who allowed the use of "Royal" in the college's name. Founder's has been described by The Times as "one of Britain’s most remarkable university buildings" for its elaborate architecture, according to The Sunday Times it "makes the college recognisable"; the college has a Chapel, completed in 1886 as one of the last parts of the university to be finished. October 1887 saw the arrival of the first 28 students at Royal Holloway College.
It became a constituent of the University of London in 1900, as did Bedford College, which merged with Royal Holloway College. Bedford College was founded by Elizabeth Jesser Reid in 1849 as a higher education college for the education of women. Reid leased a house at 47 Bedford Square in the Bloomsbury area of London, opened the Ladies College in Bedford Square; the intention was to provide a liberal and non-sectarian education for women, something no other institution in the United Kingdom provided at the time. The college moved to 8 and 9 York Place in 1874, to Regent's Park in 1908. In 1900, the college became a constituent school of the University of London. Like RHC, following its membership of the University of London, in 1965, it allowed male undergraduates to study on its premises for the first time. RHC and Bedford merged in 1985; the pressure for the merger was due to a lack of government funding for higher education, the college was named Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, with an inauguration being held at the College Chapel in 1986 by Elizabeth II.
The newest title remains the official registered name of the college, though this was changed for day-to-day use to "Royal Holloway, University of London" by the College Council in 1992. Since the merger with Bedford College, Royal Holloway has entered into collaborative discussions with Brunel University and St George's, University of London; the latter project was cancelled in September 2009. Royal Holloway, St George's and Kingston University continue to work together in the field of health and social care teaching and research. Royal Holloway's campus is set in 135 acres between Windsor and Heathrow. Around 200 species of shrubs, 150 different types of tree and numerous wild flowering plants can be found in RHC's parkland; the nearest station is Egham. The campus is about 40–50 minutes from Waterloo station in central London about 19 miles away, Windsor is 5 miles; the campus is 2 miles from M25 junction 13 and close to the M3, M4 and M40 and London Heathrow Airport. RHC's worst feature is considered to be that "Egham is not known for its social scene", but it has been noted that the campus's environment "offers the best of both worlds – friendly and relaxed on the one hand and busy on the other."
The Founder's Buildin
Allenswood Boarding Academy
Allenswood Boarding Academy was an exclusive girls' boarding school founded in Wimbledon, London by Marie Souvestre in 1870 and operated until the early 1950s, when it was demolished and replaced with a housing development. Allenswood House was located on a large tract of land between Albert Road and Wimbledon Park Road, in Southfields in the London Borough of Wandsworth, England, it was owned by Henry Hansler and was built in the Tudor Revival style between 1865 and 1870. The house was converted in 1870 by Marie Souvestre and her partner, Paolina Samaïa, into an exclusive all-girl's boarding school; the school, whose students were from the European aristocracy and American upper-class, provided a progressive education to its students. Called a finishing school, the curriculum included serious study at a time when education was denied to women, stressed feminist ideals of social responsibility and personal independence. In addition to learning French, the official language spoken at the school, students studied the arts, history, literature and philosophy and were required to develop their own analytical skills to assess ideals and challenges.
When Souvestre died in 1905, Samaïa became the headmistress until 1909. She was succeeded by Florence Boyce and in 1916, by Helen Gifford, one of Eleanor Roosevelt's classmates and Jeanne Dozat. Gifford and Dozat served as co-principals until 1922, when Gifford left to establish Benfleet Hall, a school based on Souvestre's model, in Benhill, Surrey. Dozat was joined by Enid Michell, who remained as headmistress until the school closed in 1950. In 1950, the London County Council and Wandsworth London Borough Council took possession of the site under eminent domain to develop the Wimbledon Park Estate; the school was demolished and a housing development, known as Allenswood Estate was created on the site. Frances Stevenson Hilda Wynnefred Burkinshaw, who in 1908 married Cuthbert Collingwood Lloyd Fitzwilliams, a Major in the Welsh Guards, she remained close to Roosevelt and in 1942 hosted a reunion in London of classmates in Roosevelt's honor. Dorothy Bussy, née Strachey Beatrice Chamberlain Ethel Chamberlain Corinne Alsop Cole, née Robinson Lady Sibyl Colefax, née Halsey Megan Lloyd George Eleanor Roosevelt Pernel Strachey, along with three of her sisters Pippa Strachey Mien van Wulfften Palthe, née Broese van Groenou