Personal property is property, movable. In common law systems, personal property may be called chattels or personalty. In civil law systems, personal property is called movable property or movables – any property that can be moved from one location to another. Personal property can be understood in comparison to real estate, immovable property or real property. Movable property on land was not automatically sold with the land, it was "personal" to the owner and moved with the owner; the word cattle is the Old Norman variant of Old French chatel, once synonymous with general movable personal property. Personal property may be classified in a variety of ways. Intangible personal property or "intangibles" refers to personal property that cannot be moved, touched or felt, but instead represents something of value such as negotiable instruments, securities and intangible assets including chose in action. Tangible personal property refers to any type of property that can be moved, touched or felt; these include items such as furniture, jewelry, writings, or household goods.
In some cases, there can be formal title documents that show the ownership and transfer rights of that property after a person's death In many cases, tangible personal property will not be "titled" in an owner's name and is presumed to be whatever property he or she was in possession of at the time of his or her death. Accountants distinguish personal property from real property because personal property can be depreciated faster than improvements, it is an owner's right to get tax benefits for chattel, there are businesses that specialize in appraising personal property, or chattel. The distinction between these types of property is significant for a variety of reasons. One's rights on movables are more attenuated than one's rights on immovables; the statutes of limitations or prescriptive periods are shorter when dealing with personal or movable property. Real property rights are enforceable for a much longer period of time and in most jurisdictions real estate and immovables are registered in government-sanctioned land registers.
In some jurisdictions, rights can be registered against movable property. In the common law it is possible to place a mortgage upon real property; such mortgage requires the owner of the mortgage can seek foreclosure. Personal property can be secured with similar kind of device, variously called a chattel mortgage, trust receipt, or security interest. In the United States, Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code governs the creation and enforcement of security interests in most types of personal property. There is no similar institution to the mortgage in the civil law, however a hypothec is a device to secure real rights against property; these real rights follow the property along with the ownership. In the common law a lien remains on the property and it is not extinguished by alienation of the property. Many jurisdictions levy a personal property tax, an annual tax on the privilege of owning or possessing personal property within the boundaries of the jurisdiction. Automobile and boat registration fees are a subset of this tax.
Most household goods are exempt as long as they are used within the household. The distinction between tangible and intangible personal property is significant in some of the jurisdictions which impose sales taxes. In Canada, for example and federal sales taxes were imposed on sales of tangible personal property whereas sales of intangibles tended to be exempt; the move to value added taxes, under which all transactions are taxable, has diminished the significance of the distinction. In political/economic theory, notably socialist and most anarchist philosophies, the distinction between private and personal property is important. Which items of property constitute, open to debate. In some economic systems, such as capitalism and personal property are considered to be equivalent. Personal property or possessions includes "items intended for personal use", it must be gained in a fair manner, the owner has a distributive right to exclude others. Private property is a social relationship between the owner and persons deprived, i.e. not a relationship between person and thing.
Private property may include artifacts, mines, infrastructure, natural vegetation, mountains and seas -- these generate capital for the owner without the owner having to perform any labour. Conversely, those who perform labour using somebody else's private property are deprived of the value of their work, are instead given a salary, disjointed from the value generated by the worker. Marxists consider it to be unfair that mere ownership of something should grant an individual free money and power over others. In Marxist theory, the term private property refers to capital or the means of production, while personal property refers to consumer and non-capital goods and services. Chattel house Communal property Jus relictae Secured transaction State property Trespass to chattels Australia Personal Prop
Frederick Blair Stanley is a retired American Major League Baseball shortstop. He played from 1969 to 1982 for the Seattle Pilots, Milwaukee Brewers, Cleveland Indians, San Diego Padres, New York Yankees, the Oakland Athletics. With the Yankees, he won two World Series championships back to back in 1977 and 1978, both over the Los Angeles Dodgers. Stanley serves as the San Francisco Giants Director of Player Development. Stanley was a key backup to Bucky Dent of the Yankees teams in the late 1970s and was a part of the Yankees championship teams in both 1977 and 1978, he was a favorite player of Phil Rizzuto, who did the color analysis for the Yankees during this timeframe. Since 1960, no other non-pitcher has had as many seasons with at least 30 at-bats and five or fewer extra base hits. On October 12, 2007, he was appointed as the Giants' Director of Player Development. Prior to that, he held several positions in the Giants' organization, including spending 2000–2004 as a minor league manager.
In 2001, he managed the Salem-Keizer Volcanoes to the league championship of the Northwest League. Stanley was the last active player in the major leagues to have played for the short-lived Seattle Pilots franchise. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Appointment as the SF Giants Director of Player Development
X the Unknown is a 1956 British science fiction horror film directed by Leslie Norman and starring Dean Jagger and Edward Chapman. It was written by Jimmy Sangster; the film is significant in that "it established Hammer's transition from B-movie thrillers to out-and-out horror/science fiction" and, with The Quatermass Xperiment and Quatermass 2, completes "an important trilogy containing relevant allegorical threads revealing Cold War anxieties and a diminishing national identity resulting from Britain's decrease in status as a world power". The film takes place in the Lochmouth region of Scotland, near Glasgow.this is tradintionLere is a Y-shaped crack in the ground with no apparent bottom. Dr. Royston, from a nearby Atomic Energy Laboratory at Lochmouth, is called in to investigate, along with Mr. "Mac" McGill, who runs security at the UK Atomic Energy Commission. That night, a local boy, on a dare from his friend, goes to a tower on the marshes, where he sees a horrific off-camera sight.
He continues running. The friend follows. Royston investigates the tower and finds an old man inside who had a canister of a radioactive material, now drained of radioactivity; the boy dies next day from radiation burns. Shortly afterwards, a young doctor named Unwin is having an intimate encounter with a nurse in a radiation lab at the hospital when something off-camera reduces him to a charred corpse and leaves the nurse out of her mind and screaming. Royston hypothesizes that a form of life that existed in distant prehistory when the Earth's surface was molten had been trapped by the crust of the Earth as it cooled. Two soldiers have been left to guard the pit. One goes to investigate a mysterious glow in the pit; the other one goes to investigate. He is killed; the next day, Royston's colleague Elliott volunteers to be lowered into the crack, on his way down sees the remains of one of the soldiers. Farther down, he sees the monster, still off-camera, his compatriots race to get him back to the surface again before the monster can reach him.
The army uses flamethrowers and explosives in an attempt to kill the creature seals the crack with concrete. Royston points out that the monster broke through miles of earth to get to the surface, so a few feet of concrete will be nowhere near enough to stop it. Meanwhile, he continues with his pet experiment, looking for a way to neutralize radiation using radio waves tuned to a certain frequency; the monster comes out again that night. Some distance away, a car with four people in it is badly burned and all four people are melted; the thing travels to Lochmouth Atomic Energy Laboratory to get the cobalt being used there. The Lochmouth inhabitants hide in a chapel; the creature raids the nuclear facility before the authorities can remove the radioactive cobalt to a safe distance. As a result, the creature grows larger; as it returns through the village of Lochmouth, it narrowly misses the chapel and a little girl who has accidentally been left outside. Royston and McGill hypothesize that the creature will move through the centre of the nearby city of Inverness, to reach another source of radioactive material.
Royston has some success with his anti-radiation device, which neutralizes a small container of radioactive material, but causes it to explode violently in the process. With no time left for further experimentation or consideration of safety, they set up two large "scanners" on lorries, use a canister of cobalt as bait to lure the monster from the crack where it is hidden; the idea works, but Elliott in the jeep carrying the bait escapes with his life when the vehicle becomes stuck in mud while leading the monster into scanner range. However, the jeep makes it to a safe distance, enough for the scanners to do their job, the creature is neutralized and explodes a sufficient distance from the observers to avoid further injury or death; as the team approaches the crack from which the monster had emerged, however, a second, more powerful explosion occurs unexpectedly, knocking several of the team off their feet, but otherwise leaving them uninjured. Puzzled, the team continues approaching the crack to make further tests, as the film comes to an end.
The film was intended by Hammer to be a sequel to the previous year's successful The Quatermass Xperiment, but writer Nigel Kneale refused permission for the character of Bernard Quatermass to be used. The original director of the film was Joseph Losey, working under the name Joseph Walton – Losey was an American director who had moved to the UK after being placed on the Hollywood blacklist. Although Losey did begin shooting the film and some of his footage is included in the final cut, he was replaced by Leslie Norman due to illness. An alternative version is. Norman was borrowed from Ealing, he had just made his directorial debut with The Night My Number Came Up. He said "I hated working at Hammer... because I never got on with Anthony Hinds."Half the film's budget was provided by Sol Lesser, a producer for RKO Pictures. This amount, $30,000, went towards the salary for Dean Jagger. Nonetheless, the American distribution deal between Hammer and RKO fell through due to the latter company's pending demise, the film was distributed in the U.
S. by Warner Bros. Variety wrote that the film was "a imaginat