Pervane Medrese

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Pervane Medrese
Pervane Medresesi.JPG
Main gate of Pervane Medrese in Sinop, Turkey
Pervane Medrese is located in Turkey
Pervane Medrese
Location of Pervane Medrese in Turkey
Basic information
Location Sinop, Turkey
Geographic coordinates 42°01′37″N 35°08′54″E / 42.02693°N 35.14831°E / 42.02693; 35.14831Coordinates: 42°01′37″N 35°08′54″E / 42.02693°N 35.14831°E / 42.02693; 35.14831
Affiliation Islam
Region Black Sea Region
Country Turkey
Year consecrated 1265
Architectural type Madrasa
Specifications
Length 38 m (125 ft)
Width 28 m (92 ft)

Pervane Medrese (Turkish: Pervane Medresesi) is a historic madrasa, a Islamic school, in Sinop, Turkey.

It is situated in the center of the Sinop Peninsula. Another historical building, the Alaaddin Mosque is to the south of the madrasa.[1]

Background[edit]

Mu'in al-Din Sulaiman Parwana, better known as Pervâne, was a vizier during the dissolution period of the Anatolian Seljuks in the second half of the 13th century. In 1262, he recaptured Sinop from the Trebizond Empire, the sultan granted Sinop to Pervane as an iqta, a fief. Although a vassal of the Seljuks, Pervane became de facto ruler of Sinop, he built the madrasa in 1265.[2] The madrasa was used during the Candar beylik and Ottoman Empire, after the proclamation of the Turkish Republic, madrasas were replaced by modern schools, and the Pervane Medrese was closed. From 1932 on, the madrasa building was used as a depot for archaeological artifacts and ethnographical items collected since 1921, it was established as a museum in 1941, which lasted until 1970 when the museum was moved to its new building.[3] In 2002, the building was handed over to Sinop governorship, it is now used as a souvenir shop bazaar.

Architecture[edit]

The building with the dimensions 38 m × 28 m (125 ft × 92 ft) lies in the north to south direction. A marble portal is the main entrance in the south. There are two rooms on each side of the portal. Five student cells each are situated on both side of the building; in the courtyard, there is a fountain.[4] The tombs of a ruler (Gazi Chelebi) and his daughter are also at the madrasa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinop Guide Lizard ajans p.8
  2. ^ Official culture portal (in Turkish)
  3. ^ "Sinop Arkeoloji Müzesi" (in Turkish). Sinop Valiliği – İl Küştür ve Turizm Müdürlüğü. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  4. ^ Historical buildings page (in Turkish)