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In ancient Syracuse, Sicily, petalism was a form of banishment similar to ostracism (Ancient Greek: ὀστρακισμός) in Athens. In a special vote, citizens wrote on leaves (πέτᾰλᾰ "leaves") the names of those they wished to banish from public life. In Athens, names were written on ostraka "shells, potsherds". A certain number of such votes could send the victim into exile; the Greek term petalismós (πεταλισμός) is used by the historian Diodorus Siculus, who reports the practice in his Bibliotheca historica, Book 11. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]


Diodorus Siculus, Book 11, Perseus Digital Library:

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "Petalism" . The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.