Petarwar block

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Petarwar
Community development block
Petarwar is located in Jharkhand
Petarwar
Petarwar
Location in Jharkhand, India
Petarwar is located in India
Petarwar
Petarwar
Petarwar (India)
Coordinates: 23°37′17″N 85°51′30″E / 23.62139°N 85.85833°E / 23.62139; 85.85833Coordinates: 23°37′17″N 85°51′30″E / 23.62139°N 85.85833°E / 23.62139; 85.85833
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictBokaro
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Area
 • Total307.31 km2 (118.65 sq mi)
Elevation
237 m (778 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total132,150
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates69,942 (62.33%)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
829121 (Petarwar), 829123 (Tenughat Dam)
Telephone/STD code06549
Vehicle registrationJH-09
Lok Sabha constituencyGiridih
Vidhan Sabha constituencyGomia, Bermo
Websitebokaro.nic.in
CD Block

Petarwar (also spelled Peterwar) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bermo subdivision of Bokaro district, Jharkhand state, India.

Overview[edit]

Bokaro district, a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, has undulating surface with the altitude varying between 200 and 282 m. Topographically, the entire area is divided into three parts – the Bokaro uplands in the west, the Bokaro-Chas uplands in the middle and Barakar basin in the east; the general slope of the region is from the west to the east. The main rivers are the Damodar, Garga, Parga, Konar and Gobei; the district, covered with hills and forests, is a mining-industrial area. With the construction of the gigantic Bokaro Steel Plant in the nineteen sixties, it has become the focal point of this district.[1][2]

Maoist activities[edit]

Jharkhand is one of the states affected by Maoist activities; as of 2012, Bokaro was one of the 14 highly affected districts in the state.[3]As of 2016, Bokaro was identified as one of the 13 focus areas by the state police to check Maoist activities.[4]

Geography[edit]

Petarwar is located at 23°37′17″N 85°51′30″E / 23.62139°N 85.85833°E / 23.62139; 85.85833.[5]

Petarwar CD Block is bounded by Bermo CD Block on the north, Jaridih and Kasmar CD Blocks on the east, Gola CD Blocks, in Ramgarh district, on the south and Gomia CD Block on the west.[6][7]

Petarwar CD Block has an area of 307.31 km2.[8] It has 23 gram panchayats, 65 villages and 1 census town.[9][10] Petarwar police station is located in this CD Block.[11] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Petarwar.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Peterwar CD Block had a total population of 132,150, of which 127,617 were rural and 4,533 were urban. There were 68,127 (52%) males and 64,023 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,946. Scheduled Castes numbered 19,620 (14.85%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 18,349 (13.88%).[10]

Tenu with a population of 4,533 in 2011 is the only census town in Petarwar CD Block.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Petarwar CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Petarwar (5,060), Gharwatanr Baludih (4,248), Champi (5,864), Khetko (8,057), Chalkari (7,895), Pichhri (10,581) and Angwali (9,059).[10]

Literacy[edit]

As of 2011 census the total number of literates in Peterwar CD Block was 69,942 (62.33% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 42,745 (73.85% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 27,197 (50.06% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 23.79%.[10]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Bokaro district was 73.48% ,[12] Literacy in Jharkhand was 66.41% in 2011. [13] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[14]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[15] Jharkhand legislature had passed a bill according the status of a second official language to several languages in 2011 but the same was turned down by the Governor.[16][17][18]

In the 2001 census, the three most populous mother tongues (spoken language/ medium of communication between a mother and her children) in Bokaro district were (with percentage of total population in brackets): Khortha (41.08%), Hindi (17.05%) and Santali (10.78%). In the 2011 census, scheduled tribes constituted 12.40% of the total population of the district. The five most populous mother tongues were (with percentage of ST population in brackets): Santali (70.12%), Munda (17.05%), Oraon (5.90%), Karmali (4.23%) and Mahli (3.23%).[19]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Livelihood
in Peterwar CD Block

  Cultivators (39.01%)
  Agricultural labourers (27.44%)
  Household industries (1.99%)
  Other Workers (31.56%)

In Peterwar CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 22,292 and formed 39.01%, agricultural labourers numbered 15,680 and formed 27.44%, household industry workers numbered 1,135 and formed 1.99% and other workers numbered 18,035 and formed 31.56%. Total workers numbered 57,142 and formed 43.24% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 75,008 and formed 56.76% of the population.[20]

Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers, it includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 62 inhabited villages in Peterwar CD Block. In 2011, 53 villages had power supply. 2 villages had tap water (treated/ untreated), 62 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 62 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 14 villages had post offices, 14 villages had sub post offices, 9 village had telephone (land line) and 50 villages had mobile phone coverage. 62 villages had pucca (hard top) village roads, 33 villages had bus service (public/ private), 6 villages had autos/ modified autos, and 22 villages had tractors. 5 villages had banks branches, 4 villages had agricultural credit societies, no village had cinema/ video hall, 1 village had public library and public reading room. 32 villages had public distribution system, 19 villages had weekly haat (market) and 42 villages had assembly polling stations.[22]

Tenughat Dam[edit]

Tenughat Dam was constructed across the Damodar River in 1978 by the Government of Bihar, outside the control of the Damodar Valley Corporation.[23]

Agriculture[edit]

The average annual rainfall in Bokaro district is 1291.2 mm. The soil is generally laterite and sandy. 39.21% of the total area is under agriculture. It is generally a single monsoon-dependent crop. 9.90% of the cultivable land is under horticulture. Rice and maize are the main crops. Bajra, wheat, pulses and vegetables are also grown.[1]

Backward Regions Grant Fund[edit]

Bokaro district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund; the fund created by the Government of India is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme; the list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[24][25]

Education[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 62 inhabited villages in Peterwar CD Block, all villages had primary schools, 44 villages had one primary school and 18 villages had more than one primary school. 40 villages had at least one primary school and one middle school. 9 villages had at least one middle school and one secondary school. Bermo (small block with only 3 inhabited villages) and Peterwar were the only CD Blocks in Bokaro district where all inhabited villages had primary schools. Peterwar CD Block had 2 senior secondary schools and 1 degree college.[26]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 62 inhabited villages in Peterwar CD Block, 4 villages had primary health centres, 15 villages had primary health sub-centres, 8 villages had maternity and child welfare centres, 2 villages had TB clinics, 2 villages had allopathic hospitals, 1 village had an alternative medicine hospital, 4 villages had dispensaries, 2 villages had veterinary hospitals, 4 villages had medicine shops and 40 villages had no medical facilities.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bokaro district". About Bokaro. Government of Jharkhand. Archived from the original on 2017-10-04. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ "District Courts of India". About Bokaro. District Court. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Jharkhand Assessment 2013". Satp. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  4. ^ "13 focus areas identified in Jharkhand to check Maoist activities". Eenadu Jndia, 14 June 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Petarwar blok". Jharkhand. Wikimapia. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b "2011 District Census Handbook Bokaro, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Map on Page 3. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  7. ^ "CD Block/ Tehsil Map of Bokaro". Maps of India. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook, Bokaro". Tables 2.4. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 October 2017.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Bokaro district". Government of Jharkhand. Archived from the original on 2017-10-09. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Jharkhand Police Official Website". Contact Bokaro Police. Jharkhand Police. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Page 110. Government of India. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook Bokaro 2011 Series- 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 15. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  14. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  15. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  16. ^ "Khortha demand for language teachers". The Telegraph, 22 November 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Second Language". India Today, 22 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Jharkhand Governor turns down language bill". Post/Jagran Josh, 19 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook, Bokaro, Census of India 2011, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Page 20 – Note on mother tongue. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  20. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2011 Bokaro, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Tables 30 and 33, pages 42 and 47. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  21. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Bokaro, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Page 14. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook, Bokaro, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 341 - 344 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Integrated Flood Management Case Study1 India: Flood Management – Damodar River Basin" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  24. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  26. ^ "District Census Handbook, Bokaro, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 345, 341 Appendix 1, I A & B: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  27. ^ "District Census Handbook, Bokaro, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 342 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 16 November 2017.