Social Market Foundation
The Social Market Foundation is an independent British public policy think-tank based in Westminster, London. It is one of the'Top 12 Think Tanks in Britain' and was named'UK Think Tank of the Year' by Prospect in 2012, its purpose is to "advance the education of the public in the economic and political sciences" and to "champion ideas that marry a pro-market orientation with concern for social justice". Policy ideas are based on the concept of the social market economy. Founded in 1989, the organisation was cited as ‘John Major's favourite thinktank’ and two former directors, Rick Nye and Daniel Finkelstein, left to work for the Conservative Party. In the 1990s it moved closer to New Labour, with Gordon Brown giving a speech about'social markets' at the Foundation in 2003, SMF publishing a paper by Gordon Brown in 2004. In 2001, Lord Skidelsky was replaced as chair by David, Lord Lipsey, it was associated with some of the policies of New Labour issues of public service reform. In September 2010 Mary Ann Sieghart, the political and social affairs journalist, took over as Chair.
The SMF’s remit is to focus on domestic public policy the public services and welfare. The majority of publications are therefore focused on issues concerning education, health care and employment; however it produces publications on wide-ranging subjects such as road-pricing and energy policy. The SMF has a 20 member Policy Advisory Board, which as of 2018 included the MPs Stephen Kinnock, Norman Lamb, Chris Leslie, Alison McGovern, Tom Tugendhat, Chuka Umunna and John Woodcock. List of UK think tanks Official website Charity Commission; the Social Market Foundation, registered charity no. 1000971
Greville Ewan Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone, QC was a British politician and writer, alleged to have abused vulnerable children, but died before court proceedings could formally establish the facts. He became a Leicester Labour MP in the 1970 general election as a last-minute candidate, succeeding his father, he was an MP until 1997, elevated to the House of Lords. Never a frontbencher, Janner was known for his work on Select Committees, he was associated with a number of Jewish organisations including the Board of Deputies of British Jews, of which he was chairman from 1978 to 1984, was prominent in the field of education about the Holocaust. Allegations that he had sexually abused children first emerged publicly in 1991, but Janner denied them and no action was taken; the accusations re-emerged shortly before Janner's death, although the Crown Prosecution Service considered that there was enough evidence to merit prosecution, they decided that it would not be in the public interest as Janner had been diagnosed as suffering from dementia.
This decision was overturned on review. At the time of his death a trial of the facts had been scheduled for 11 April 2016, but was shelved following his death. In a statement issued after the CPS decision in April 2015, his family said that Janner was innocent. Janner was born in Cardiff, Wales, to Lithuanian Jewish parents, the son of Barnett Janner and Elsie Sybil, née Cohen. Janner and Ruth, his sister, were evacuated to Canada at the age of 11, because their parents anticipated a Nazi invasion of Britain. While in Canada, living with family friends, he attended Bishop's College School, Quebec. Janner attended St Paul's School, London. At the age of 18, he served in occupied Germany working for the War Crimes Investigation Unit of the British Army of the Rhine for 18 months. Janner investigated cases of British airmen who were shot at Stalag Luft III, the prisoner of war camp. At weekends, he worked with Holocaust survivors at Bergen-Belsen; the army unit was closed in 1948 to Janner's dismay.
Janner read Law at Trinity Hall, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society, in 1952, chairman of the university Labour Club. He became the international secretary of the National Association of Labour Students and president of Trinity Hall Athletic Club. Janner was able to attend Harvard Law School through both the Smith-Mundt Act awards. After training, via a Harmsworth Scholarship at Middle Temple, he became a barrister in 1954 and was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1971. Having unsuccessfully fought Wimbledon in the 1955 General Election, Janner represented Leicester North West from the 1970 general election until February 1974, succeeding his father, Sir Barnett Janner, a former Chairman of the Zionist Federation of Great Britain, his father announced his retirement from the Commons two days before candidate nominations closed in 1970, his son was chosen in his place. Posters imploring electors to "Vote Janner" had been printed, thus did not need to be scrapped; the younger Janner retained the reformed Leicester West from 1974 until his retirement at the 1997 general election.
Janner chaired the Select Committee on Employment from 1994 to 1996. He lost this position. A potential conflict of interest existed as he was an advisor to firms the committee might investigate, he was succeeded in Leicester West by Patricia Hewitt. Janner was president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, the main representative body of the British Jewish community, from 1978 to 1984, was a prominent campaigner in the efforts to gain reparations for victims of the Holocaust. In parliament, outside, he was involved in campaigning for the War Crimes Act 1991, lobbying the Thatcher government to allow legislation to bring those responsible for Nazi atrocities to justice, he was a vice-president of the World Jewish Congress until 2009 and of the Jewish Leadership Council until 2015. He was president of the National Council for the Commonwealth Jewish Council. In 1988 he co-founded the Holocaust Educational Trust with Merlyn Rees, a body which persuaded the British government to add teaching about the Holocaust to the National Curriculum in 1988.
Janner stood down from the role in 2012. The Lord Janner Scholarship provides funding for ten schools to take part in the Trust's educational programmes each year. Janner sought to foster good relations between different faiths and religions and wrote about this issue in his book One Hand Alone Cannot Clap, he co-founded a charity to combat Islamophobia and antisemitism. Janner was created a life peer as Baron Janner of Braunstone, of Leicester in the County of Leicestershire in 1997, he was an Officer of the All-Party Parliamentary Group against Anti-Semitism. Janner was associated with the Labour Friends of Israel and in 2002 backed Stephen Byers to be chairman. In 2006, Janner was struck by Lord Bramall, a former head of the Armed Forces, during a heated row over the Middle East. In the incident, which occurred during the 2006 Lebanon War, the two men had disagreed in the House of Lords chamber after Bramall had made comments Janner considered too critical of Israel. Janner was hit in one of the rooms close to the chamber.
Janner sought the advice of fellow peers about how and whether to make a formal complaint against
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (United Kingdom)
The Ministry of Agriculture and Food was a United Kingdom government department created by the Board of Agriculture Act 1889 and at that time called the Board of Agriculture, from 1903 the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, from 1919 the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. It attained its final name in 1955 with the addition of responsibilities for the British food industry to the existing responsibilities for agriculture and the fishing industry, a name that lasted until the Ministry was dissolved in 2002, at which point its responsibilities had been merged into the Department for Environment and Rural Affairs. On its renaming as the Ministry of Agriculture and Food in 1955, it was responsible for agriculture and food; until the Food Standards Agency was created, it was responsible for both food production and food safety, seen by some to give rise to a conflict of interest. MAFF was criticised for its handling of the outbreak of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and the outbreak of foot and mouth disease in 2001.
It was the last Ministry of the United Kingdom government not to be a Department of State. It was merged with the part of the Department for Environment and the Regions that dealt with the environment to create a new government department, the Department for Environment and Rural Affairs in 2001. MAFF was formally dissolved on 27 March 2002, when the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Order 2002 came into force; the Board of Agriculture, which become the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, was established under the Board of Agriculture Act 1889. It was preceded, however, by an earlier Board of Agriculture, founded by Royal Charter on 23 August 1793 as the Board or Society for the Encouragement of Agriculture and Internal Improvement, which lasted until it was dissolved in June 1822. Though its founders hoped the board would become a department of state it was never more than a private society which spread useful knowledge and encouraged improvements in farming. A significant predecessor of the second Board of Agriculture was the Tithe Commission, set up in 1841 under the Tithe Act 1836 and amalgamated with the Enclosure Commissioners and the Copyhold Commissioners to become the Lord Commissioners for England and Wales under the Settled Land Act 1882, responsible to the Home Secretary, which became the Land Department of the new Board of Agriculture in 1889.
Another predecessor was the Cattle Plague Department, set up by the Home Office to deal with an outbreak of rinderpest in London in June 1865. This was renamed the Veterinary Department of the Privy Council in 1869 and became part of the new Board of Agriculture in 1889; the Board of Agriculture Act 1889, passed on 12 August, established the Board of Agriculture and combined all Government responsibilities for agricultural matters in one department. The first President of the new Board was the Rt. Hon. Henry Chaplin, there were 90 members of staff and the first annual estimate was for £55,000; the following year, the Board took responsibility for the Ordnance Survey and in 1903, it took responsibility for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1903, the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries Act 1903 was passed to transfer certain powers and duties relating to the fishing industry from the Board of Trade to what became the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries. In 1904, the Board appointed honorary agricultural correspondents throughout the country to liaise with the Board on Regional Matters and to give advice to farmers.
In 1911, responsibility for all agricultural matters in Scotland except animal health was transferred to a newly created Board of Agriculture for Scotland. Meanwhile, the country was becoming dependent on imported food. By 1914, the output of home-grown food only met one-third of the country's needs. War was declared on 4 August 1914. Good harvests and little interruption to imports of food during the first two years of meant that there were no shortages of food; the agricultural situation changed for the worse with a poor crop harvest, failure of the potato crop, declining harvest abroad and increased shipping losses. In 1916, Rowland Prothero was appointed President of the Board of Agriculture with a seat in the Cabinet and with the aim of stimulating food production. In December 1916, a Ministry of Food was created under the New Ministries & Secretaries Act 1916 and Lord Devonport appointed Food Controller to regulate the supply and consumption of food and to encourage food production. A Food Production Department was established by the Board of Agriculture in 1917 to organise and distribute agricultural inputs, such as labour, feed and machinery, increase output of crops.
Provision of labour provided considerable difficulty as many men working on farms had enlisted but co-operation between the War Office and the Board enabled men to be released to help with spring cultivation and harvest. In 1917, the Women's Land Army was created to provide substitutes for men called up to the forces; the Corn Production Act 1917 guaranteed minimum prices for wheat and oats, specified a minimum wage for agricultural workers and established the Agricultural Wages Board, to ensure stability for farmers and a share of this stability for agricultural workers. The aim was to reduce dependence on imports. In June 1917, Lord Devonport resigned as Food Controller to be replaced by Lord Rhondda, who introduced compulsory rationing of meat and butter in early 1918. By 1918, there were controls over all aspects of farming.
The Birmingham Post is a weekly printed newspaper based in Birmingham, with a circulation of 3,362 and distribution throughout the West Midlands. First published under the name the Birmingham Daily Post in 1857, it has had a succession of distinguished editors and has played an influential role in the life and politics of the city, it is owned by Reach plc. In June 2013, it launched; the Birmingham Journal was a weekly newspaper published between 1825 and 1869. A nationally influential voice in the Chartist movement in the 1830s, it was sold to John Frederick Feeney in 1844 and was a direct ancestor of today's Birmingham Post; the 1855 Stamp Act transformed the news trade. The price of the Journal was reduced from seven pence to four circulation boomed. Untaxed, it became possible to sell a newspaper for a penny, the advantage lay with smaller, more frequent publications that could keep their readers more up to date. Feeney and Journal editor, John Jaffray contemplated a second mid-week edition of the Journal, but the launch of Birmingham's first daily newspaper by prominent radical George Dawson – the short-lived Birmingham Daily Press – provoked them into launching their own daily title, The Birmingham Daily Post, on 4 December 1857.
Historical copies of the Birmingham Daily Post, dating back to 1857, are available to search and view in digitised form at The British Newspaper Archive. From the outset the Post became associated with radical politics and intellectual movements; the newspaper played an important role in the calls for radical political and social reform in the expanding industrial town. In 1869 Birmingham Daily Post editor John Thackray Bunce was instrumental in getting Joseph Chamberlain elected to the Town Council for the first time; the newspaper remained a staunch supporter of Chamberlain helping to take the town with him as he pushed for municipal reform. It printed informed articles on the ideals of the Civic Gospel, gave a platform to radical figures such as John Bright, George Dawson, Robert William Dale, William Harris. John Frederick Feeney died in 1869, was succeeded by his son John, he built on his success. By the 1870s, the Birmingham Daily Post was the largest circulating daily newspaper in the Midlands.
Following the death of John Feeney in 1905, ownership of the Post passed to his nephew, Charles Hyde. Hyde was instrumental in urging middle class recruits to volunteer for the Birmingham Pals battalions at the outbreak of the First World War. In an editorial of August 1914 he wrote: "At all costs Germany must be restrained. Birmingham can and ought to do much more...we should raise a battalion of non-manual workers." The word'Daily' was dropped from the title in 1918. Hyde remained the proprietor of the Birmingham Post and Mail until his death in 1942. Following in the footsteps of his grandfather and uncle, Hyde was a great philanthropist and stated in his Will that the Birmingham Post and the Birmingham Mail, which he owned, should be sold, with the proceeds going to various charities and hospitals; the papers were bought by an established newspaper proprietor Sir Edward Iliffe, a former Conservative MP, who owned the Coventry Evening Telegraph. It became part of the Birmingham Post & Mail Limited.
The Birmingham Post, Evening Mail, Sports Argus and Sunday Mercury moved into the purpose built Post and Mail building in the city centre in 1965. Its concrete and steel structure with glass and aluminium cladding panels seemed impressively modern when it was built, but its brutalist 1960s design did not age well and it was demolished in 2005; the newspapers relocated to the restored Fort Dunlop building, three miles out of the city centre, in August 2008. American Ralph Ingersoll II bought out the controlling interest of the Iliffe family in 1987. In 1991, the Post reverted to a broadsheet format. In 1991, the managing director, Chris Oakley, led a management buy-out; the company, Midland Independent Newspapers, was floated on the Stock Exchange three years making Oakley and his team millionaires overnight. In 1997, Midland Independent Newspapers was sold for £297 million to Mirror Group. In 1999, Mirror Group merged with the regional newspaper group Trinity; the Birmingham Post is today one of 155 titles in the Trinity Mirror portfolio.
In 2008, the paper switched from broadsheet to tabloid format. In November 2009, under Marc Reeves' editorship, in response to falling circulation due to the increased competition from new media, the Post moved to weekly publication and revamped its website. In June 2013, the Birmingham Post launched. Trinity Mirror described the move as the first of its kind, it publishes 30 pages every weekday and carries content, says former editor Stacey Barnfield, "completely different from the Birmingham Post's print edition." John Thackray Bunce A. H. Poultney George William Hubbard E. W. Record L. P. Hadley T. W. Hutton W. Vaughan Reynolds Before Jack, the editor was David Hopkinson, he moved to the Evening Mail and to The Times. You can find obituaries in Telegraph. Jack Reedy Peter Saunders Marc Reeves May Alun Thorne Stacey Barnfield Whates, H. R. G.. The Birmingham Post 1857–1957: a centenary retrospect. Birmingham: Birmingham Post & Mail Limited. Birmingham Post website The Birmingham Post: An Historical Perspective
A.F.C. Telford United
A. F. C. Telford United is a football club based in Telford, England; the club was formed in 2004 after the original Telford United, founded in 1872, folded due to financial problems. Members of the National League North, the sixth tier of English football, they play home matches at the New Bucks Head in Wellington, part of the new town of Telford, their colours are white with navy red trim. Telford United playing in the Football Conference, experienced severe financial difficulties towards the end of the 2003–04 season following the collapse of the Miras Contracts business of chairman and sole shareholder Andy Shaw; the club went into administration, although supporters raised around £50,000 in two months, the club's debts totalled over £4 million, resulting in liquidation on 27 May 2004. On the same day, Telford United Supporters Limited announced that a new club would be formed, named A. F. C. Telford United. In June the new club were placed in Division One of the Northern Premier League by the Football Association.
Bernard McNally was appointed as manager and a new squad assembled. The new club's first season saw them finish third in Division One, qualifying for the promotion play-offs. After beating Eastwood Town 1–0 in the semi-final, they defeated Kendal Town 2–1 in the final to earn promotion to the Premier Division; the attendance of 4,215 for the final was a club record. The following season saw. During the season, McNally was replaced as manager by Rob Smith. In 2006–07 the club finished third, having missed the chance to win the league when they lost 2–1 at home to eventual champions Burscough on the final day. However, they qualified for the promotion play-offs, a 2–0 win over Marine in the semi-final, they defeated Witton Albion 3–1 to earn promotion to the Conference North. Telford finished second in the Conference North in 2007–08, again qualifying for the playoffs, in which they lost 4–0 on aggregate to Barrow; the 2008–09 season resulted in a fourth-place finish and another play-off campaign.
After beating Alfreton Town 5–4 on aggregate in the semi-finals, they lost 1–0 to Gateshead. The season saw them reach the first round of the FA Cup for the first time, where they were drawn at home to Football League club Southend United. Following a 2–2 draw, the club lost 2–0 in the replay. In the FA Trophy they reached the semi-finals. However, they were victorious in the Conference League Cup, beating Forest Green Rovers 3–0 on penalties after a 0–0 draw. In 2009–10 Telford finished eleventh in the league, resulting in the sacking of Smith and his replacement with Andy Sinton. Sinton's first season saw. In the play-offs they defeated Nuneaton Town 3–2 on aggregate in the semi-final, before beating Guiseley 3–2 in the final with an injury-time winner by Phil Trainer, earning promotion to the Conference National, they reached the first round of the FA Cup again, losing 3–1 at home to Lincoln City. The 2011–12 season saw Telford finish twentieth, one place above the relegation zone. Another appearance in the first round of the FA Cup resulted in a 4–0 defeat at Chelmsford City.
Sinton left the club mid-way through the following season, was replaced by Mark Cooper, who remained in charge for only six games, before resigning to take a coaching role at Swindon Town. He was replaced by Graham Hyde, who lasted just two games, resigning after a defeat to Macclesfield Town. John Psaras took over for the remainder of the season, which saw them finish bottom of the division and be relegated to the Conference North. Liam Watson was appointed as manager in May 2013. In 2013 -- 14 Telford won the Conference North. However, the following season Watson was sacked in December with the club bottom of the division and replaced by Steve Kittrick, they finished 23rd. However, the season saw them reach the second round of the FA Cup for the first time. In August 2015 Kittrick was sacked and Rob Smith returned for a second spell as manager, they lost 1 -- 0 at Hereford. AFC Telford United play their home games at the New Bucks Head; the ground was renamed following renovation in 2000, having been known as the Bucks Head.
During the renovations Telford United played with only two terraces in operation, with a small temporary stand situated on what is now the East Terrace and portable cabins in the car park were used for changing rooms. It had been home to Wellington Town and Telford United; the ground has a capacity of 6,380 of which 2,220 is 4,800 covered. The club's record attendance at the ground is 5,710 against Burscough on 28 April 2007, the final day of the 2006–07 season; as of 2 October 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Manager: Gavin Cowan Assistant manager: Phil Trainer Football Operations Manager: Luke Shelley Youth Team Manager: Declan Allen Head Physio: Jake Roe National League North division champions 2013–14 League Cup winners 2008–09 Supporters Direct Cup Winners 2010–11 Shropshire Senior Cup Winners 2008–09, 2013–14, 2016–17 The Huddersfield Cup Winners 2018 Best FA Cup performance: Second round, 2014–15 Best FA Trophy performance: Semi-finals, 2008–09, 2018–19 Biggest victory: 7–0 vs Runcorn, 17 April 2006 Record defeat: 14–1 vs TNS, Shropshire Senior Cup, 20 July 2017 Record home crowd: 5,710 vs
The Sunday Telegraph
The Sunday Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper, founded in February 1961, is published by the Telegraph Media Group, a division of Press Holdings. It is the sister paper of The Daily Telegraph published by the Telegraph Media Group. A separate operation with a different editorial staff, since 2013 the Telegraph has been a seven-day operation. Official website
The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph referred to as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally. It was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in 1855 as Daily Telegraph & Courier; the Telegraph is regarded as a national "newspaper of record" and it maintains an international reputation for quality, having been described by the BBC as "one of the world's great titles". The paper's motto, "Was, is, will be", appears in the editorial pages and has featured in every edition of the newspaper since 19 April 1858; the paper had a circulation of 363,183 in December 2018, having declined following industry trends from 1.4 million in 1980. Its sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, which started in 1961, had a circulation of 281,025 as of December 2018; the Daily Telegraph has the largest circulation for a broadsheet newspaper in the UK and the sixth largest circulation of any UK newspaper as of 2016. The two sister newspapers are run separately, with different editorial staff, but there is cross-usage of stories.
Articles published in either may be published on the Telegraph Media Group's www.telegraph.co.uk website, under the title of The Telegraph. Editorially, the paper is considered conservative; the Telegraph has been the first newspaper to report on a number of notable news scoops, including the 2009 MP expenses scandal, which led to a number of high-profile political resignations and for which it was named 2009 British Newspaper of the Year, its 2016 undercover investigation on the England football manager Sam Allardyce. However, including the paper's former chief political commentator Peter Oborne, accuse it of being unduly influenced by advertisers HSBC; the Daily Telegraph and Courier was founded by Colonel Arthur B. Sleigh in June 1855 to air a personal grievance against the future commander-in-chief of the British Army, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge. Joseph Moses Levy, the owner of The Sunday Times, agreed to print the newspaper, the first edition was published on 29 June 1855; the paper was four pages long.
The first edition stressed the quality and independence of its articles and journalists: We shall be guided by a high tone of independent action. However, the paper was not a success, Sleigh was unable to pay Levy the printing bill. Levy took over the newspaper, his aim being to produce a cheaper newspaper than his main competitors in London, the Daily News and The Morning Post, to expand the size of the overall market. Levy appointed his son, Edward Levy-Lawson, Lord Burnham, Thornton Leigh Hunt to edit the newspaper. Lord Burnham relaunched the paper as The Daily Telegraph, with the slogan "the largest and cheapest newspaper in the world". Hunt laid out the newspaper's principles in a memorandum sent to Levy: "We should report all striking events in science, so told that the intelligent public can understand what has happened and can see its bearing on our daily life and our future; the same principle should apply to all other events—to fashion, to new inventions, to new methods of conducting business".
In 1876, Jules Verne published his novel Michael Strogoff, whose plot takes place during a fictional uprising and war in Siberia. Verne included among the book's characters a war correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, named Harry Blount—who is depicted as an exceptionally dedicated and brave journalist, taking great personal risks to follow the ongoing war and bring accurate news of it to The Telegraph's readership, ahead of competing papers. In 1908, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany gave a controversial interview to The Daily Telegraph that damaged Anglo-German relations and added to international tensions in the build-up to World War I. In 1928 the son of Baron Burnham, Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson, 2nd Baron Burnham, sold the paper to William Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, in partnership with his brother Gomer Berry, 1st Viscount Kemsley and Edward Iliffe, 1st Baron Iliffe. In 1937, the newspaper absorbed The Morning Post, which traditionally espoused a conservative position and sold predominantly amongst the retired officer class.
William Ewart Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose, bought The Morning Post with the intention of publishing it alongside The Daily Telegraph, but poor sales of the former led him to merge the two. For some years the paper was retitled The Daily Telegraph and Morning Post before it reverted to just The Daily Telegraph. In the late 1930s Victor Gordon Lennox, The Telegraph's diplomatic editor, published an anti-appeasement private newspaper The Whitehall Letter that received much of its information from leaks from Sir Robert Vansittart, the Permanent Under-Secretary of the Foreign Office, Rex Leeper, the Foreign Office's Press Secretary; as a result, Gordon Lennox was monitored by MI5. In 1939, The Telegraph published Clare Hollingworth's scoop. In November 1940, with Fleet Street subjected to daily bombing raids by the Luftwaffe, The Telegraph started printing in Manchester at Kemsley House, run by Camrose's brother Kemsley. Manchester quite printed the entire run of The Telegraph when its Fleet Street offices were under threat.
The name Kemsley House was changed to Thomson House in 1959. In 1986 printing of Northern editions of the Daily and Sunday Telegraph moved to Trafford Park and in 2008 to Newsprinters at Knowsley, Liverpool. During the Second World War, The Daily Telegraph covertly helped in the recruitment of code-breakers for Bletchley Park; the ability to solve The Telegraph's crossword in under 12 minutes was considered to be a recruitment test. The newspaper was asked to organise a crossword competition, after wh