Midland is a town located on Georgian Bay in Simcoe County, Canada. It is part of the Huronia/Wendat region of Central Ontario. Situated at the southern end of Georgian Bay's 30,000 Islands, Midland is the economic centre of the region, with a 125-bed hospital and a local airport, it is the main town of the southern Georgian Bay area. In the summer months, the area's population grows to over 100,000 with seasonal visitors to more than 8,000 cottages, resort hotels and national parks in the surrounding municipalities of Penetanguishene and Tay; the town of Midland was founded when, in 1871, the Midland Railway of Canada selected the sparsely populated community of Mundy's Bay as the new terminus of the Midland railway. At that time the Midland railway ran from Port Hope to Beaverton; the town site was surveyed in 1872–3 and the line to the town was completed by 1879. Settlers, attracted by the convenience of rail service, soon began to move into the area; the company sold off lots in town to help finance the settlement.
The village thrived based on the lumber and grain trade. Incorporated into a town in 1890, a number of light industrial companies have established themselves in the area and tourism in the southern Georgian Bay area contributes to the economy. On June 23, 2010, Midland was struck by an F2 tornado; the most significant damage was reported at Smith's Camp, a trailer park at the south end of the town, where several mobile homes were destroyed. At one point for the first time in 25 years, Emergency Management Ontario upgraded Environment Canada's Tornado warning to an extreme severe weather warning called "Red Alert", issued for most of Southern Ontario's cottage country due to the approaching severe weather and the possibility of violent tornadoes, informing residents in the area that they should seek shelter. In addition, a State of emergency was declared in Midland. While electrical service was knocked out for a time, there were no fatalities caused by the storm. Midland is located at the south end of the Georgian Bay and is the northern anchor of the Simcoe County.
Midland has a humid continental climate under the Köppen climate classification and has four distinct seasons. The climate has balmy summers and chilly winters. Thunderstorms, snowstorm, lake effect snow, freezing rain are commonplace for this city. In and around the centre of Midland there are a number of murals most of which were painted by now deceased artist Fred Lenz; the largest, depicting a meeting between a local native and Jesuit Missionary Jean de Brebeuf is on the silos overlooking the main harbour. This work was completed by Lenz's sons following his death in 2001. Notable sites in or near Midland include the Jesuit mission of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, now a living museum depicting missionary life in the 17th century; the Martyrs' Shrine is a Roman Catholic church commemorating the Canadian Martyrs, eight missionaries from Sainte-Marie who were martyred during the Huron-Iroquois wars. Pope John Paul II held a pastoral meeting at this site in September 1984; the Wye Marsh Wildlife Centre is nearby.
The marsh provides habitat for black terns and least bitterns. The trumpeter swan is considered a symbol of Midland and a large statue of one has been erected by the harbour. An annual Butter tart festival is held in early June, it was inaugurated in 2013. In 2016, the fourth annual Butter tart festival sold more 100,000 butter tarts. Many tourists flock to Midland during the festival. There are two divisions: commercial; the day after the Butter tart festival is the Butter Tart Trot, a 5-km fun run for older people and a 2.5-km run for children under 5 years old. Little Lake Park is a tourist destination in the summer months; the park has a refreshment stand and a number of sports facilities including volleyball courts, a baseball field, skateboard park, disc golf course. Midland is the home of The Midland Flyers Ice Hockey Club of the Provincial Junior Hockey League in the Carruthers division in the Ontario Hockey Association, it is home of the Midland Minor Hockey Association. Midland North Simcoe Sports & Recreation Centre is the home rink to these teams.
The NSSRC is the location of the Midland Sports Hall of Fame. Boating, both power and sail, is popular with a number of marinas and a sailing club based in the town; the town has easy access to the sheltered waters of south eastern Georgian Bay. Among the marinas nearby are Bay Port Yachting Centre on the northwest side of the bay, Wye Heritage Marina along the southeast shore. There is good fishing. Midland has an ever-growing and active cycling base; the Midland Tri Club has increased the number of road riders in the area. Many of these riders participate in the popular weekly Time Trial series and group rides that run throughout the summer months. Mountain view Ski Center has encouraged the growth of mountain bikers, with an extensive trail system in town; the Center hosts a variety of races, including a summer long weekly series, as well as a night race, high school event, 9 hour relay. An MTB club has been borne of the Center, is expanding its breadth into competition and other pursuits; the provincial cyclo-cross championships are to be hosted in Midland on November 13, 2016 as part of the Silver Goose CX Race.
In the winter and ice fishing are popular activities. Mountain-view Ski Center has 25 kilometres of cross country ski trails. John W. Bald, photographer Born Ruffians, indie rock band Mark Bourrie, author
Kitchener is a city in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Ontario. Located 100 km west of Toronto, Kitchener is the regional seat, it was called the Town of Berlin from 1854 until 1912 and the City of Berlin from 1912 until 1916. The City of Kitchener covers an area of 136.86 square kilometres and had a population of 233,222 at the time of the 2016 Census. The Kitchener metropolitan area, which includes the smaller, neighbouring cities of Waterloo to the north and Cambridge to the south, has 523,894 people, making it the tenth largest Census Metropolitan Area in Canada and the fourth largest CMA in Ontario. Kitchener and Waterloo are considered "twin cities" which are referred to jointly as "Kitchener–Waterloo", although they have separate municipal governments. Including Cambridge, the three cities are known as "the Tri-Cities". All are part of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, created in 1973, when it replaced Waterloo County, created in 1853. Kitchener is in the Saint Lawrence Lowlands.
This geological and climatic region has deciduous forests. Located in the Grand River Valley, the area is above 300m in elevation. Kitchener is the largest city within the Grand River watershed, the largest city on the Haldimand Tract. Just to the west of the city is Baden Hill, in Wilmot Township; this glacial kame remnant formation is the highest elevation for many miles. The other dominant glacial feature is the Waterloo Moraine, which snakes its way through the region and holds a significant quantity of artesian wells, from which the city derives most of its drinking water; the settlement's first name, Sandhills, is an accurate description of the higher points of the moraine. Kitchener has a humid continental climate of the warm summer subtype. Winter-like conditions last from the mid-December until mid-March, while summer temperatures occur between mid-May to close to the end of September. March 2012 went down in the history books for Kitchener – between 16 and 22 March, temperatures ranged from 21.4 °C to 27.0 °C —7 record highs in a row.
19 March high of 24 °C is one of the highest winter temperatures recorded, while 22 March high of 27 °C is the highest for March in this area. Temperatures during the year can exceed 30 °C in the summer and drop below −20 °C in the winter several times a year, but prolonged periods of extreme temperatures are rare; the frost-free period for Kitchener averages about 147 frost-free days a year, a much more limited number than cities on the Great Lakes due its inland location and higher elevation. Snowfall averages 160 centimetres per year, high but not nearly as areas more directly affected by lake effect snow; the highest temperature recorded in Kitchener was 38.3 °C on August 6 & 7, 1918 and July 27, 1941. The coldest temperature recorded was −34.1 °C on February 16, 2015. In 1784, the land Kitchener was built on was a 240,000 hectare area given to the Six Nations by the British as a gift for their allegiance during the American Revolution. Between 1796 and 1798, the Six Nations sold 38,000 hectares of this land to loyalist Colonel Richard Beasley.
The portion of land that Beasley purchased was remote but of great interest to German Mennonite farming families from Pennsylvania. They wanted to live in an area; the Mennonites purchased all of Beasley's unsold land creating 160 farm tracts. Many of the pioneers arriving from Pennsylvania, known as the Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsilfaanisch-Deitsche, after November 1803 bought land in a 60,000-acre section of Block Two from the German Company, established by a group of Mennonites from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; the tract included most of Block 2 of the previous Grand River Indian Lands. Many of the first farms were least four hundred acres in size; the German Company, represented by Daniel Erb and Samuel Bricker, had acquired the land from previous owner Richard Beasley. The payment to Beasley, in cash, arrived from Pennsylvania in kegs, carried in a wagon surrounded by armed guards. By 1800, the first buildings had been built, over the next decade several families made the difficult trip north to what was known as the Sand Hills.
One of these Mennonite families, arriving in 1807, were the Schneiders, whose restored 1816 home is now a museum in the heart of Kitchener. Other families whose names can still be found in local place names were the Bechtels, the Ebys, the Erbs, the Weavers, the Cressmans and the Brubachers. In 1816 the Government of Upper Canada designated the settlement the Township of Waterloo. Much of the land, made up of moraines and swampland interspersed with rivers and streams, was converted to farmland and roads. Wild pigeons, which once swarmed by the tens of thousands, were driven from the area. Apple trees were introduced to the region by John Eby in the 1830s, several grist- and sawmills were erected throughout the area. Schneider built the town's first road, from his home to the corner of Queen Street. $1000 was raised by the settlers to extend the road from Walper corner to Huether corner, where th
The Genie Awards were given out annually by the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television to recognize the best of Canadian cinema from 1980–2012. They succeeded the Canadian Film Awards. Genie Award candidates were selected from submissions made by the owners of Canadian films or their representatives, based on the criteria laid out in the Genie Rules and Regulations booklet, distributed to Academy members and industry members. Peer-group juries, assembled from volunteer members of the Academy, meet to screen the submissions and select a group of nominees. Academy members vote on these nominations. In 2012, the Academy announced that the Genies would merge with its sister presentation for English-language television, the Gemini Awards, to form a new award presentation known as the Canadian Screen Awards; the Genie Awards were aired by CBC from 1979 to 2003, before moving to CHUM Limited's networks. After CTVglobemedia purchased CHUM Limited, the Genie Awards moved to Canwest Global's E and IFC for 2008.
The last two Genie Awards were broadcast by the CBC. The following is a listing of all Genie Awards ceremonies; the Special Achievement Genie is an award given irregularly to an individual or individuals in recognition of lifetime achievement or an important career milestone. Prix Jutra – Canadian French-language counterpart Canadian Screen Awards Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper. Based on 2015 statistics, it is Canada's highest-circulation newspaper on overall weekly circulation; the Toronto Star is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation and part of Torstar's Daily News Brands division. The Star was created in 1892 by striking Toronto News printers and writers, led by future Mayor of Toronto and social reformer Horatio Clarence Hocken, who became the newspaper's founder, along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson; the Star was first printed on Toronto World presses, at its formation, The World owned a 51% interest in it as a silent partner. That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean, the World's proprietor, was considering selling the Star to the Riordon family. After an extensive fundraising campaign among the Star staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken; the paper did poorly in its first few years.
Hocken sold out within the year, several owners followed in succession until railway entrepreneur Sir William Mackenzie bought it in 1896. Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and Frederic Thomas Nicholls, moved the entire Star operation into the same building used by the magazine Saturday Night; this would continue until Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson, backed by funds raised by supporters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, bought the paper. The supporters included William Mulock, Peter Charles Larkin and Timothy Eaton. Atkinson was the Star's editor from 1899 until his death in 1948; the newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regime saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany. Atkinson had a social conscience, he championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern welfare state: old age pensions, unemployment insurance, health care. The Government of Canada Digital Collections website describes Atkinson asa "radical" in the best sense of that term....
The Star was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King, the prime minister, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy. Atkinson became the controlling shareholder of the Star; the Star was criticized for practising the yellow journalism of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the Star published the Star Weekly. Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition. In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the Charitable Gifts Act, barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses, that required the Star to be sold. Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views.
The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles": A strong and independent Canada Social justice Individual and civil liberties Community and civic engagement The rights of working people The necessary role of governmentDescendants of the original owners, known as "the five families", still control the voting shares of Torstar, the Atkinson Principles continue to guide the paper to this day. In February 2006, Star media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog: Besides, we are the Star which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, they always work in favour of building a better Canada. From 1922 to 1933, the Star was a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA, broadcasting on a wavelength of 400 metres, whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting.
The station was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an effective radiated power of 100 watts. The Star would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station, an arrangement that lasted until 1946. In 1971, the newspaper was renamed The Toronto Star and moved to a modern office tower at One Yonge Street by Queens Quay; the original Star Building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for First Canadian Place. The new building housed the paper's presses. In 1992, the printing plant was moved to the Toronto Star Press Centre at the Highway 407 & 400 interchange in Vaughan. In September 2002, the logo was changed, "The" was dropped from the papers. During the 2003 Northeast blackout, the Star printed the paper at a press in Ontario; until the mid-2000s, the front page of the Toronto Star had no advertising aside from lottery jackpot estimates from the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation.
On May 28, 2007, the Star unveiled a redesigned paper that features larger type, narrower pages and shorter articles, renamed
The Stratford Festival is an internationally renowned repertory theatre festival which operates from April to October in the city of Stratford, Canada. Founded by local journalist-turned-producer Tom Patterson, the festival was known as the Stratford Shakespearean Festival, the Shakespeare Festival and Stratford Shakespeare Festival before changing to the current name. Theatre-goers and playwrights flock to Stratford to take part — many of the greatest Canadian and American actors play roles at the Stratford festival, it was one of the first and is still one of the most prominent arts festivals in Canada and is recognized worldwide for its productions of Shakespearean plays. The Festival's primary mandate is to present productions of William Shakespeare's plays, but it produces a wide variety of theatre from Greek tragedy to Broadway style musicals and contemporary works. For some years, Shakespeare's work represented about a third of the offerings in the largest venue, the Festival Theatre.
By 2017 however, only three of the 14 productions were Shakespeare's works. The success of the festival changed the image of Stratford into one of a city where the arts and tourism play important roles in its economy; the festival attracts many tourists from outside Canada those British and American, is seen as a important part of Stratford's tourism sector. The Festival was founded as the Stratford Shakespearean Festival of Canada, due to Tom Patterson, a Stratford-native journalist who wanted to revitalize his town's economy by creating a theatre festival dedicated to the works of William Shakespeare, as the town shares the name of Shakespeare's birthplace, Stratford-upon-Avon, England. Stratford was a railway junction and major locomotive shop, was facing a disastrous loss of employment with the imminent elimination of steam power. Patterson achieved his goal after gaining encouragement from Mayor David Simpson and the local council, the Stratford Shakespearean Festival became a legal entity on October 31, 1952.
Established in Canadian theatre, Dora Mavor Moore helped put Patterson in touch with British actor and director Tyrone Guthrie, first with a transatlantic telephone call. On July 13, 1953, actor Alec Guinness spoke the first lines of the first play produced by the festival, a production of Richard III: "Now is the winter of our discontent / Made glorious summer by this son of York." Alec Guinness and Irene Worth were among the cast of Stratford's inaugural performance of Richard III, working for expenses only. This first performances took place in a concrete amphitheatre covered by giant canvas tent on the banks of the River Avon; the first of many years of Stratford Shakespeare Festival production history started with a six-week season opening on 13 July 1953 with Richard III and All's Well That Ends Well both starring Alec Guinness. The 1954 season ran for nine weeks and included Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex and two Shakespeare plays, Measure for Measure and The Taming of the Shrew. Young actors during the first four seasons included several who went on to great success in subsequent years, Douglas Campbell, Timothy Findley, Don Harron, William Hutt and Douglas Rain.
Fund raising to build a permanent theatre was slow but was helped by donations from Governor General Vincent Massey and the Perth Mutual Insurance Company. The new Festival Theatre was dedicated on 30 June 1957, with seating for over 1,800 people; the design was deliberately intended to resemble a huge tent. That season's productions included Hamlet, Twelfth Night, the satirical My Fur Lady, The Turn of the Screw and Ibsen's Peer Gynt; the Festival Theatre's thrust stage was designed by British designer Tanya Moiseiwitsch to resemble both a classic Greek amphitheatre and Shakespeare's Globe Theatre, has become a model for other stages in North America and Great Britain. Tony Award-nominee Scott Wentworth has performed within the festival's stage productions on numerous occasions since 1985, beginning with The Glass Menagerie, the festival has helped Sara Topham found herself with a career in acting, performing from 2000 to 2011, a young, unknown Christopher Walken appeared in Stratford's 1968 stage productions of Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Night's Dream, portraying Romeo and Lysander respectively.
Long-serving Artistic Director Richard Monette retired in 2007 after holding the position for fourteen seasons. He was replaced with an artistic team consisting of General Director Antoni Cimolino and Artistic Directors Marti Maraden, Des McAnuff, Don Shipley. On March 12, 2008 it was announced that Shipley and Maraden would be stepping down, leaving Des McAnuff as sole Artistic Director. In 2013 Des McAnuff was replaced by Antoni Cimolino as Artistic DirectorAs of 2012, the Festival was in a deficit of $3.4 million, but had a surplus of $3.1 million by 2015, under the control of Cimolino and executive director Anita Gaffney. They had not yet reached the target of a half million ticket sales for the season but had achieved a significant increase in the number of new patrons to the theatres; the 2018 season offers a wide range of productions. Those at the Festival Theatre include The Tempest, Julius Caesar, To Kill a Mockingbird and The Music Man. Two other Shakespeare plays and The Comedy of Errors are joined by Oscar Wilde's An Ideal Husband and Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night.
On 17 February 2015, AP News reported that the Stratford Shakespeare Festival plans to film all of Shakespeare's plays. Well known actors who have participated in the festival include Alan Bates, Brian Bedford, Martha Burns, Jackie Burroughs, Zoe Caldwell, Douglas Campbell, Len Cariou, Brent Carver, P
Road to Avonlea
Road to Avonlea is a Canadian television series first broadcast in Canada between January 7, 1990, March 31, 1996, in the United States starting on March 5, 1990. The program was created by Kevin Sullivan and produced by Sullivan Films in association with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Disney Channel, with additional funding from Telefilm Canada; the Disney Channel began airing the series in the United States on March 5, 1990, continued airing it in January 1997. The series was loosely adapted from a number of novels by Lucy Maud Montgomery, a number of the series' episodes and situations were adapted from her stories; the characters are sourced from Montgomery’s works. Episodes included many leading characters that had no direct basis in Montgomery's written work; some episodes of the show were turned into the independent books by various authors. Around 30 titles have been released. In the United States, its title was shortened to Avonlea, a number of episodes were retitled and reordered.
When the series was released on VHS and DVD in the United States, the title changed from Road to Avonlea to Tales from Avonlea. The series was loosely adapted from a number of books by Lucy Maud Montgomery the books The Story Girl and The Golden Road, both of which feature the character of Sara Stanley, as well as the characters of Felicity and Cecily. However, these books, while set in Prince Edward Island, were not set in the village of Avonlea, a number of the series' episodes and situations were adapted from stories recounted in Montgomery's Chronicles of Avonlea and Further Chronicles of Avonlea. Other characters are sourced from other Montgomery works; the seen characters of Rachel Lynde and Marilla Cuthbert were only mentioned in passing in Chronicles of Avonlea—instead, they appeared as full-fledged characters in Montgomery's debut novel Anne of Green Gables. The characters of Davy and Dora were from Anne Of Avonlea, a sequel to Anne Of Green Gables. Episodes in particular included many leading characters that had no direct basis in Montgomery's written work.
As well, Montgomery's most famous character, Anne Shirley never appeared on Road To Avonlea, although she was referred to on few occasions. Some episodes of the show were turned into independent books by different authors. Around 30 titles have been released. In the United States, its title was shortened to Avonlea, a number of episodes were retitled and reordered; when the series was released on VHS and DVD in the United States, the title changed from Road to Avonlea to Tales from Avonlea. The series is set in the fictional small town of Avonlea, Prince Edward Island, in the early 20th century. There, 10-year-old Montreal heiress Sara Stanley is sent by her wealthy father to live with her two maiden aunts and Olivia King, to be near her late mother's side of the family after an embezzlement scandal results in him being placed under house arrest; the show's focus shifted over the years from Sara's interactions with locals to stories about the King family. Seasons of the show focused more on residents of Avonlea who were connected to the King family.
Sarah Polley left the show in 1994, returning for one guest star appearance in the sixth season and another one in the seventh season. Following the series proper, a reunion TV movie called An Avonlea Christmas was produced in 1998. Sara Stanley: An adventurous 10-year-old girl, used to fine living in Montreal, including a nanny, must learn to adjust to the simpler life in Avonlea, her mother, Ruth King - sister to Hetty, Alec and Olivia — died of tuberculosis when Sara was a toddler. When Sara's father, Blair Stanley runs into legal trouble, he arranges to have Sara and her nanny, Louisa Banks stay in Avonlea for a while. Sara stays without her nanny and lives with her single aunts and Olivia, at Rose Cottage. In seasons three–five, Sara concerns herself with matchmaking in Avonlea, which causes much controversy within the conservative town. After season five, Sarah Polley left the show. In the middle of season six, Sara reappears, both Louisa and Aunt Hetty start planning her future without consulting her.
Sara, yearning to become a writer, has applied to a prestigious writing school in Paris. In the end and Hetty accept Sara's plan. Sara returns for Felicity's wedding in the series finale, but does not appear in the reunion film, An Avonlea Christmas. However, Felicity mentions something Felix and Sara did in the past while trying to comfort a terrified Janet when Felix is listed as missing in action. Henrietta "Hetty" King: As the oldest King sibling, Hetty is head of the King family, she lives at Rose Cottage with her sister and their niece, Sara. She is an strict disciplinarian and school teacher for the Avonlea School. In seasons, Hetty quits teaching to write, but returns to teaching. While Sara is in Europe with her nanny, Hetty takes in Mrs. Lynde and the twins and Dora Keith. In the reunion movie, Hetty plans a holiday concert with her students, but she is badly injured before the big night and Felicity takes over the concert. While Hetty is in the hospital, she learns she has a malignant tumor and must have a risky operation.
The tumor is removed and Hetty is able to attend th
Brigadoon is a musical with a book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, music by Frederick Loewe. Songs from the musical, such as "Almost Like Being in Love", have become standards; the story involves two American tourists who stumble upon Brigadoon, a mysterious Scottish village that appears for only one day every 100 years. Tommy, one of the tourists, falls in love with a young woman from Brigadoon; the original production ran for 581 performances. It starred David Brooks, Marion Bell, Pamela Britton, Lee Sullivan. In 1949, Brigadoon ran for 685 performances. A 1954 film version starred Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse, a 1966 television version starred Robert Goulet and Peter Falk. Lyricist and book writer Alan Jay Lerner and composer Frederick Loewe had collaborated on three musicals. Inspired by Rodgers and Hammerstein's successful collaborations Oklahoma! and Carousel, they created Brigadoon, about a magical village in the Scottish highlands. Like Oklahoma! and Carousel, Brigadoon included a serious love story as the main plot and a lighter romance as subplot.
Thematically, the musical depicted the contrast between empty city life and the warmth and simplicity of the country, focusing on a theme of love transcending time. Agnes de Mille, who had choreographed Oklahoma! and Carousel, was hired as choreographer, her work for Brigadoon incorporated elements of traditional Scottish folk dance: a traditional sword dance, a chase scene, a funeral dance. Though Lerner and Loewe took Brigadoon to producer Billy Rose, Cheryl Crawford was the producer who brought Brigadoon to Broadway. Lerner explained the change in producer by saying: "The contract which wished us to sign negated Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation that freed the slaves." Under Loewe's guidance, Ted Royal received a sole orchestrator credit for his work on the original production. His atmospheric arrangements have been used for the revivals; the New York Times's theatre critic George Jean Nathan wrote that Lerner's book was based on a much older German story by Friedrich Gerstäcker translated by Charles Brandon Schaeffer, about the mythical village of Germelshausen that fell under a magic curse.
However, Lerner denied that he had based the book on an older story, and, in an explanation published in The New York Times, stated that he didn't learn of the existence of the Germelshausen story until after he had completed the first draft of Brigadoon. Lerner said that in his subsequent research, he found many other legends of disappearing towns in various countries' folklore, he pronounced their similarities "unconscious coincidence". Lerner's name for his imaginary locale was based on a well-known Scottish landmark, the Brig o' Doon. Other sources suggest that the fictional village's name was constructed from the Celtic word briga, which means "town" and the Scottish Gaelic dùn, which means "fort"; the name may refer to the Celtic goddess Brigid. Act INew Yorkers Tommy Albright and Jeff Douglas have travelled to the Scottish Highlands on a game-hunting vacation, but they get lost on their first night out, they begin to hear music coming from a nearby village. They head over there to get directions back to their inn and find a fair in progress, with villagers dressed in traditional Scottish tartan.
Andrew MacLaren and his daughters arrive at the fair to purchase supplies for younger daughter Jean's wedding to Charlie Dalrymple. Harry Beaton, son of Archie Beaton, is madly in love with Jean and is depressed at the thought of her marrying another, unable to find comfort in Maggie Anderson's devotion to him. One of the girls asks Jean's older sister Fiona when she'll marry, Fiona answers she's waiting for the right person. Tommy and Jeff ask where they are. Fiona invites the wanderers to have a rest at the MacLaren home. Flirtatious dairymaid Meg Brockie takes a liking to Jeff and leads him off. Charlie Dalrymple appears, he shares a drink with Tommy, toasting to a Mr. Forsythe whom he thanks for "postponing the miracle"; when Tommy asks what that means, Fiona shushes him and leads him away as Charlie celebrates the end of his bachelorhood. Tommy tells Fiona that he has a fiancée, Jane, in New York, but he's in no hurry to marry her, Fiona reveals that she likes Tommy much. Tommy insists on accompanying Fiona to gather heather for the wedding.
Meanwhile, Meg takes Jeff to a place in the forest with a cot. She tells him she's "highly attracted" to him, she reflects on her'eventful' love life. At the MacLarens', Jean's friends help her pack her things to move into Charlie's home. Charlie arrives to sign the MacLarens' family Bible, he wants to see Jean. Tommy and Fiona return with a basket full of heather, Fiona goes upstairs to help Jean dress for the wedding. Jeff arrives wearing a pair of Highland trews. Jeff finds that Tommy is so happy that he can contain it ("Almost Like Being In