Sade are an English band, formed in London in 1982 and named after their lead singer, Sade Adu. Three of their members were from Hull in the East Riding of Yorkshire, their music features elements of quiet storm, smooth jazz and sophisti-pop. The band's debut studio album, Diamond Life, reached number two on the UK Album Chart, selling over 1.2 million copies and won the Brit Award for Best British Album in 1985. The album was a hit internationally, reaching number one in several countries and within the top-ten in the United States, where it has sold four million copies. In late 1985, the band released their second studio effort Promise, which peaked at number one in both the United Kingdom and the US, it was certified double-platinum in the UK and quadruple-platinum in the US. In 1986 Sade won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist, their fifth studio album, Lovers Rock, won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. Their sixth studio album, Soldier of Love, peaked at number four in the UK and number one in the US.
In 2011, the band won their fourth Grammy for Best R&B Performance by a Group with Vocals. Sade's US certified sales so far stand at 23.5 million units according to the Recording Industry Association of America, have sold more than 75 million records worldwide to date. The band were ranked at No. 50 on VH1's list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time." The musical group Sade was formed in London by members of a Latin soul band, Pride. Sade Adu, Stuart Matthewman, Paul Denman, together with Paul Anthony Cook, formed the break-away group and began to write their own material, they named the band after lead singer Sade Adu, made their debut performance in December 1982 at Ronnie Scott's Club in London in support of Pride. In May 1983 the band performed their first US show at Danceteria Club in New York City. Andrew Hale joined the band in 1983. Sade received more attention from the media and record companies than Pride had, separated from that group altogether. On 18 October 1983, the band signed with Portrait Records.
When singer Sade and her band of the same name were establishing themselves, their record company, printed "Pronounced Shar-day" on the record labels of their releases. In February 1984, Sade released their first single, "Your Love Is King". A second single, "When Am I Going to Make a Living" made the Top 40, but the band's debut album, Diamond Life, was released in July 1984 and peaked at No. 2. It spent over six months in the UK Top Ten and was certified 4x Platinum by the BPI. Diamond Life won the 1985 Brit Award for Best British Album; the band embarked on their first major UK tour, augmented by Dave Early, Martin Ditcham, Terry Bailey and Gordon Matthewman. A third single, "Smooth Operator", was released from the album with a video directed by Julien Temple; the single became their first US hit in Spring 1985. In 1985, the band were nominated for two MTV Video Music Awards—"Best Female Video" and "Best New Artist". On 13 July 1985, Sade performed at the Live Aid at Wembley Stadium in London.
Sade Adu became the only African-born artist to appear in front of the live audience of 75,000, an estimated worldwide television audience of 1.4 billion in 170 countries. In late 1985, Sade released their second album, which peaked at No. 1 in both the UK and the US. It was certified double platinum by the BPI in the UK, quadruple platinum in the US. In 1986, Adu was nominated for an American Music Awards for Favorite Soul/R&B Female Video Artist, the band won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist. On 28 June 1986, after touring for the album, the band performed at the Artists Against Apartheid Concert in the Freedom Festival on Clapham Common in London. In 1987 the band was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group for Promise. Sade's third album, Stronger Than Pride, was released in May 1988; the album peaked at No. 3 in the UK and has been certified platinum by the BPI. It was preceded by the single "Paradise", which made the UK Top 30 and US Top 20; the band toured across the world again, augmented by Blair Cunningham, Martin Ditcham, Leroy Osbourne, Gordon Hunte, James McMillan and Jake Jacas.
In 1989, Sade Adu was nominated for an American Music Award for Favorite B Female Artist. Sade's fourth album, Love Deluxe, was released in November 1992; the album peaked at No. 3 on the US Album charts and was certified quadruple-Platinum, peaked at No. 10 in the UK and was certified Gold by the BPI. In 1993 the band recorded a cover of the Percy Mayfield song, "Please Send Me Someone to Love", for the Academy Award-winning film Philadelphia, before launching the Love Deluxe world tour. Joining the band were Leroy Osbourne, Gordon Hunte, Trevor Murrell, Karl Vanden Bossche, Rick Braun; the 1994 Grammy for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group was awarded to Sade for "No Ordinary Love", featured in the 1993 film Indecent Proposal. In November the group released The Best of Sade; the album was another Top Ten hit in both the UK and US and was certified Platinum and Quadruple-Platinum respectively. In 1996 Hale and Matthewman formed their own band as a side project and released a self-titled album.
In October 2000 Sade Adu came out of retirement to perform at the prestigious MOBO Awards, her first live performance in several years. The following month, Sade released their
Eric Marlon Bishop, known professionally as Jamie Foxx, is an American actor, songwriter, record producer, comedian. For his portrayal of Ray Charles in the 2004 biographical film Ray, he won an Academy Award for Best Actor, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy; that same year, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the crime film Collateral. Since spring 2017, Foxx has served as the host and executive producer of the Fox game show Beat Shazam. Other acting roles include Staff Sergeant Sykes in Jarhead, record executive Curtis Taylor, Jr. in Dreamgirls, Detective Ricardo Tubbs in the 2006 film adaptation of TV series Miami Vice, the title role in the film Django Unchained, the supervillain Electro in The Amazing Spider-Man 2, Will Stacks in Annie, gangster Bats / Leon Jefferson III in Baby Driver. Foxx starred in the sketch comedy show In Living Color and his own television sitcom The Jamie Foxx Show, in which he played Jamie King, Jr. Foxx is a Grammy Award-winning musician, producing four albums, which have charted in the top ten of the U.
S. Billboard 200: Unpredictable, which topped the chart, Best Night of My Life, Hollywood: A Story of a Dozen Roses. Eric Marlon Bishop was born in Terrell, Texas on December 13, 1967, he is the son of Darrell Bishop, who sometimes worked as a stockbroker, Louise Annette Talley Dixon. Shortly after his birth, Foxx was adopted and raised by his mother's adoptive parents, Esther Marie, a domestic worker and nursery operator, Mark Talley, a yard worker, he has had little contact with his birth parents. Foxx was raised in the black quarter of Terrell, which at the time was a racially segregated community, he has acknowledged his grandmother's influence in his life as one of the greatest reasons for his success. Foxx began playing the piano, he had a strict Baptist upbringing, as a teenager he was a part-time pianist and choir leader in Terrell's New Hope Baptist Church. His natural talent for telling jokes was in evidence as a third grader, when his teacher would use him as a reward: if the class behaved, Foxx would tell them jokes.
Foxx attended Terrell High School, where he played basketball and football. His ambition was to play for the Dallas Cowboys, he was the first player in the school's history to pass for more than 1,000 yards, he sang in a band called Leather and Lace. After completing high school, Foxx received a scholarship to United States International University, where he studied musical and performing arts composition. Foxx first told jokes at a comedy club's open mic night in 1989, after accepting a girlfriend's dare; when he found that female comedians were called first to perform, he changed his name to Jamie Foxx, feeling that it was a name ambiguous enough to disallow any biases. He chose his surname as a tribute to the black comedian Redd Foxx. Foxx joined the cast of In Living Color in 1991, where his recurrent character Wanda shared a name with Redd's friend and co-worker, LaWanda Page. Following a recurring role in the comedy-drama sitcom Roc, Foxx went on to star in his own sitcom The Jamie Foxx Show, from 1996 to 2001.
Foxx made his film debut in the 1992 comedy Toys. His first dramatic role came in Oliver Stone's 1999 film Any Given Sunday, where he was cast as a hard-partying American football player because of his own football background. In 2001, Foxx starred opposite Will Smith in Michael Mann's biographical drama Ali. Three years Foxx played taxi driver Max Durocher in the film Collateral alongside Tom Cruise, for which he received outstanding reviews and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1994, Foxx released an album entitled Peep This, not commercially successful. In 2003, Foxx made a cameo in Benzino's music video for "Would You", which features LisaRaye McCoy and Mario Winans. In 2003, Foxx featured on the rapper Twista's song, "Slow Jamz", together with Kanye West, which reached #1 on the US Billboard Hot 100 singles chart and #3 on the UK Singles chart, his second collaboration with Kanye West, "Gold Digger," in which Foxx sang the Ray Charles-influenced "I Got a Woman" hook went straight to #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, remaining there for 10 weeks.
In 2005, Foxx featured on the single "Georgia" by Atlanta rappers Ludacris and Field Mob, which sampled Ray Charles' hit "Georgia on My Mind". Foxx would portray Ray Charles in the biographical film Ray, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. Foxx is the third male in history to receive two acting Oscar nominations in the same year for two different movies and Ray. In 2005, Foxx was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Foxx released his second studio album, Unpredictable, in December 2005, it debuted at #2, selling 598,000 copies in its first week, rising to #1 the following week and selling an additional 200,000 copies. To date, the album has sold 1.98 million copies in the United States, was certified double Platinum by the RIAA. The album charted on the UK Albums Chart, where it peaked at #9. Foxx became the fourth artist to have both won an Academy Award for an acting role and to have achieved a #1 album in the U.
S, joining Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby and Barbra Streisand. Foxx's first single from the album, the title track "Unpredictable" (f
Coventry University is a public research university in Coventry, known as Lanchester Polytechnic until 1987, Coventry Polytechnic until it was awarded university status in 1992. Its four faculties, which are made up of schools and departments, run around 300 undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Across the university there are 11 research centres which specialise in different fields, from transport to peace studies. With more than 29,000 students in 2017, Coventry University is the larger of the two universities in the city – the other being the University of Warwick – and the fastest growing university in the UK, it has two principal campuses: one in the centre of Coventry where the majority of its operations are located, one in central London which focuses on business and management courses. The university runs offshoot higher education institutions in Coventry, North Yorkshire, East London, each of which markets itself as being an "alternative to mainstream higher education". Adjacent to the Coventry campus is Coventry University Technology Park, through which several of the university’s commercial subsidiary operations provide business services to local and national organisations.
Coventry is a member of the University Alliance mission group, of which its vice-chancellor, John Latham, is the current chair. The origins of Coventry University can be traced back to the founding of the Coventry School of Design in 1843. Renamed the Coventry School of Art, it was again renamed in the early 20th century to the Municipal Art School as part of the Education Act 1902. One final name change took place in the 1950s. In the late 1950s, to address the need for a high level of technical training which the existing Coventry Technical College could not meet, the construction of a new institution began. Opened in 1961, it was called the Lanchester College of Technology, named after the car engineer Frederick Lanchester. In 1970, the Lanchester College of Technology and the College of Art, along with the Rugby College of Engineering Technology in the neighbouring town of Rugby, amalgamated to form Lanchester Polytechnic; the institution was designated as such in February 1971 by Education Secretary Margaret Thatcher.
The name Lanchester gave the institution a certain degree of obscurity, notably when none of the contestants on the BBC Radio 4 general knowledge show Brain of Britain could give its correct location. The polytechnic cancelled its graduation ceremony in 1974 following the Birmingham pub bombings in fear that public gatherings could be targeted. Lanchester Polytechnic was renamed "Coventry Polytechnic" in 1987, when the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 afforded Coventry Polytechnic university status that year, the name was changed to Coventry University. In 2010, a campus in London was established to further attract international students to the university. In 2012 "Coventry University College" was set up within the main university campus, offering qualifications up to degree-level at a lower cost compared to typical university fees; as of 2017 Coventry is the highest-ranked modern university in the UK in both the Guardian University Guide – in which it ranks 12th overall – and the Complete University Guide.
It places in the top 200 in the Times Higher Education Young University Rankings 2017, which ranks universities around the world that are aged 50 years or under. In July 2017, the university announced Margaret Casely-Hayford as its new chancellor, replacing Sir John Egan; the campus in Coventry is undergoing a £430 million investment programme for the period up to 2022, with a new £37 million science and health building and £73 million student accommodation complex – opening in 2017 and 2018 – central to the development scheme. Coventry occupies a purpose-built 33-acre campus in Coventry City Centre adjacent to Coventry Cathedral and the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, it occupies a mix of new purpose-built buildings, converted structures, those inherited from its predecessor institutions. The centrepiece of the campus is The Hub, an award-winning building which opened in August 2011; the Hub is the home of the Coventry University Students’ Union, student support services, a bar/nightclub, a food hall and food outlets which are catered by Sodexo In September 2012, a new £55 million engineering building was opened, with facilities such as a full-scale Harrier jump jet, a wind tunnel and flight simulators.
The Hub was awarded a BREEAM'excellent' rating and between them The Hub and the engineering building feature sustainable initiatives such as grey-water harvesting, a biomass boiler and a green roof. The opening of the buildings marks the first stage of a £160 million redevelopment plan of the campus phased over 15 years. Coventry's £ 20 million library is on the outskirts of the campus, it was opened by Princess Anne in September 2001 and contains over 2,000 print periodicals, 350,000 monographs, more than 6,000 video tapes, audio tapes and films. The library has a distinctive turreted exterior and has won awards for its interior design which features a light distribution system to make the most of natural light throughout the building. There are two converted buildings on the campus. A former car engine factory built in 1910 located next to the university's library now houses the Coventry Business School, a cinema built in 1880 on Jordan Well is home to the School of Media and Performing Arts, now part of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, part of the Coventry School of Art and Design.
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Michelle Lynn Johnson, better known as Meshell Ndegeocello, is an American singer-songwriter and bassist. She has gone by the name Meshell Suhaila Bashir-Shakur, used as a writing credit on some of her work, her music incorporates a wide variety of influences, including funk, jazz, hip hop and rock. She has received significant critical acclaim throughout her career, although she has never won a Grammy Award, she has been nominated ten times, she has been credited for helping to have "sparked the neo-soul movement." Ndegeocello was born Michelle Lynn Johnson in Berlin, Germany, to army Sergeant Major and saxophonist father Jacques Johnson and health care worker mother Helen. She was raised in Washington, D. C. where she attended Duke Ellington School of Oxon Hill High School. In early press releases from Maverick Records her birth year was erroneously listed as 1969; the 1968 birth date has been confirmed through lifelong friend. Named Michelle Lynn Johnson at birth, Ndegeocello adopted her surname at the age of 17, which she says means "free like a bird" in Swahili.
Early pressings of Plantation Lullabies were affixed with stickers to help pronounce her name. The spelling has changed in the hands of record labels a few times during her career. Ndegeocello honed her skills on the D. C. go-go circuit in the late 1980s with the bands Prophecy, Little Bennie and the Masters, Rare Essence She unsuccessfully tried out for Living Colour's bassist position, vacated in 1992 by Muzz Skillings. Going solo, she was one of the first artists to sign with Maverick Records, where she released her debut album, Plantation Lullabies; this recording presented a distinctly androgynous persona. Her biggest hit is a duet with John Mellencamp, a cover version of Van Morrison's "Wild Night", which reached No. 3 on the Billboard charts. Her only other Billboard Hot 100 hit besides "Wild Night" has been her self-penned "If That's Your Boyfriend", which peaked at No. 73 in 1994. In 1994, Ndegeocello collaborated with Herbie Hancock on "Nocturnal Sunshine," a track for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool.
The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time magazine. She had a No. 1 Dance hit in 1996 with a Bill Withers cover song called "Who Is He?" as well as Dance Top 20 hits with "Earth", "Leviticus: Faggot", "Stay" and the aforementioned "If That's Your Boyfriend.. Last Night)". Ndegeocello played bass on the song "I'd Rather be Your Lover" for Madonna on her album Bedtime Stories. Ndegeocello was tapped, at the last minute, to perform a rap on the same song; this came after Madonna and producers decided to remove Tupac Shakur's rap, after he had criminal charges filed against him. Ndegeocello performed a rap on Chaka Khan's single "Never Miss the Water", from the album Epiphany: The Best of Chaka Khan, Vol. 1, released in 1996. The song reached #1 on Billboard's Dance Club Play Chart and #36 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Chart, her music has been featured in a number of film soundtracks including How Stella Got Her Groove Back, Lost & Delirious, Batman & Robin, Love Jones, Love & Basketball, Talk to Me, Tyler Perry's Daddy's Little Girls, The Best Man, Higher Learning, Down in the Delta, The Hurricane, Noah's Arc: Jumping the Broom, Soul Men.
She has appeared on recordings by Basement Jaxx, Indigo Girls, Scritti Politti, The Blind Boys of Alabama. On The Rolling Stones' 1997 album Bridges to Babylon she plays bass on the song "Saint of Me". On Alanis Morissette's 2002 album Under Rug Swept, she plays bass on the songs "So Unsexy" and "You Owe Me Nothing in Return". On Zap Mama's album ReCreation, she plays bass on the song "African Diamond", she can be seen in the documentary Standing in the Shadows of Motown, singing The Miracles' "You've Really Got a Hold on Me" and The Temptations' "Cloud Nine". In the late 1990s, she toured with Lilith Fair, she did a remake of the song "Two Doors Down" on the 2003 release Just Because I'm A Woman: The Songs of Dolly Parton. Ndegeocello was a judge for The 2nd, 12th, 13 and the 2015 14th Annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists' careers, her song "Tie One On" was chosen as the Starbucks iTunes Pick of the Week on February 23, 2010. In 2016, she provided the theme song, "Nova", for the Oprah Winfrey-produced show Queen Sugar.
She collaborated with french-cuban duo Ibeyi in the song Transmission/Michaelion for the album Ash reciting a poem by Frida Kahlo. In December 2016, the world premiere of Ndegeocello’s Can I Get a Witness? The Gospel of James Baldwin, a new theatrical music and art work, was held in New York. In 2002, Ndegeocello collaborated with Yerba Buena on a track featuring Ron Black for the Red Hot Organization's tribute album to Fela Kuti, Red Hot and Riot. Proceeds from the album went per the Red Hot Organization's mission. In June 2010, she contributed a cover of U2's "40" to the Enough Project and Downtown Records' Raise Hope for Congo compilation. Proceeds from the compilation fund efforts to make the protection and empowerment of Congo's women a priority, as well as inspire individuals around the world to raise their voice for peace in Congo. In 2010, Ndegeocello contributed to the essay anthology It Gets Better: Coming Out, Overcoming Bullying, Creating a Life Worth Living, edited by Dan Savage and Terry Miller in the vein of the It Gets Better Project.
Christopher Maurice Brown is an American singer, songwriter and actor. Born in Tappahannock, Virginia, he was involved in his church choir and several local talent shows from a young age. Having signed with Jive Records in 2004, Brown released his self-titled debut studio album the following year, it peaked at number two on the US Billboard 200 and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, selling an overall three million copies worldwide. With his first single "Run It!" Peaking atop the US Billboard Hot 100, Brown became the first male artist as a lead since Diddy in 1997 to have his debut single top the chart. His second album Exclusive spawned his second Hot 100 number one "Kiss Kiss", in addition to "With You" and "Forever"; the album was certified double platinum by the RIAA. In addition to his solo commercial success, Brown has been featured on several singles such as "No Air", a duet with singer Jordin Sparks, "Shortie Like Mine" with the rapper Bow Wow and "Shawty Get Loose" alongside Lil Mama and T-Pain.
The songs have peaked at number three, number nine, number ten and eight on the US Billboard Hot 100 respectively. His third album Graffiti was released that year, included the top-twenty single "I Can Transform Ya". Brown's fourth album F. A. M. E. Became his first to top the Billboard 200. F. A. M. E. Earned Brown his first Grammy Award for Best R&B Album at the 54th Grammy Awards, his fifth album Fortune was released in 2012, with X, Royalty and Heartbreak on a Full Moon being released the following years, all peaking in the top 5 on the Billboard 200 charts. Alongside his work in the music industry, Brown has pursued an acting career. In 2007, he made his on-screen feature film debut in Stomp the Yard, appeared as a guest on the television series The O. C.. Other films Brown has appeared in include This Christmas, Think Like a Man, Battle of the Year. In 2009, Brown received significant media attention after pleading guilty to felony assault of his girlfriend, singer Rihanna. Brown has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists.
Throughout his career, Brown has won several awards, including a Grammy Award, 15 BET Awards, 4 Billboard Music Awards, 6 Soul Train Music Awards. According to Billboard, Brown has the seventh most Hot 100 entries on the chart with 90. Christopher Maurice Brown was born on May 5, 1989, in the small town of Tappahannock, Virginia, to Joyce Hawkins, a former day care center director, Clinton Brown, a corrections officer at a local prison, he has Lytrell Bundy, who works in a bank. Music was always present in Brown's life beginning in his childhood, he would listen to soul albums that his parents owned, began to show interest in the hip-hop scene. Brown taught himself to sing and dance at a young age and cites Michael Jackson as his inspiration, he began to perform in several local talent shows. When he mimicked an Usher performance of "My Way", his mother recognized his vocal talent, they began to look for the opportunity of a record deal. At the same time, Brown was going through personal issues.
His parents had divorced, his mother's boyfriend terrified him by subjecting her to domestic violence. At age 13, Brown was discovered by Hitmission Records, a local production team that visited his father's gas station while searching for new talent. Hitmission's Lamont Fleming provided voice coaching for Brown, the team helped to arrange a demo package and approached contacts in New York to seek a record deal. Tina Davis, senior A&R executive at Def Jam Recordings, was impressed when Brown auditioned in her New York office, she took him to meet the former president of the Island Def Jam Music Group, Antonio "L. A." Reid, who offered to sign him that day. "I knew that Chris had real talent," says Davis. "I just knew I wanted to be part of it."The negotiations with Def Jam continued for two months, Davis lost her job due to a corporate merger. Brown asked her to be his manager, once Davis accepted, she promoted the singer to labels such as Jive Records, J-Records and Warner Bros. Records. According to Mark Pitts in an interview with HitQuarters, Davis presented Brown with a video recording, Pitts' reaction was: "I saw the potential...
I didn't love all the records. It wasn't a problem because I knew that he could sing, I knew how to make records." Brown chose Jive due to its successful work with then-young acts such as Britney Spears and Justin Timberlake. Brown stated, "I picked Jive because they had the best success with younger artists in the pop market, I knew I was going to capture my African American audience, but Jive had a lot of strength in the pop area as well as longevity in careers." Brown attended Essex High School in Virginia until early 2005, when he moved to New York to pursue his music career. After being signed to Jive Records in 2004, Brown began recording his self-titled debut studio album in February 2005. By May, there were 50 songs recorded, 14 of which were picked to the final track listing; the singer worked with several producers and songwriters—Scott Storch, Cool & Dre and Jazze Pha among them—commenting that they "really believed in ". Brown made some input on the album, receiving co-writing credits of five tracks.
"I write about the things that 16 year olds go through every day," says Brown. "Like you just got in trouble for sneaking your girl into the house, or you can't drive, so you steal a car or som
Michael Eugene Archer, better known by his stage name D'Angelo, is an American singer, multi-instrumentalist and record producer. Along with artists like Erykah Badu, Lauryn Hill and collaborator Angie Stone, D'Angelo is associated with the Neo soul movement. Born in Richmond, the son of a Pentecostal minister, he taught himself piano as a child. At eighteen he won the amateur talent competition at Harlem's Apollo Theater three weeks in a row. After a brief affiliation with hip-hop group I. D. U, his first major success came in 1994 as the co-writer and co-producer of the song "U Will Know". His debut solo album, Brown Sugar, sold over two million copies, his next album, debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200. Its lead single "Untitled," won a Grammy for Best Male R&B Vocal. D'Angelo was hailed as the next Marvin Gaye by GQ in 2014. Following the release of the video for "Untitled," D'Angelo became more uncomfortable with his growing status as a sex symbol; this was followed by numerous personal struggles including alcoholism, a fourteen-year musical hiatus.
D'Angelo released his third studio album, Black Messiah, in December 2014. The album was met with critical acclaim and fared well on music charts, peaking at number five on the US Billboard 200. D'Angelo contributed to the soundtrack for the 2018 video game Red Dead Redemption 2, performing the song "Unshaken". D'Angelo was born Michael Eugene Archer, in Richmond, Virginia on February 11, 1974, to a Pentecostal preacher father, he was raised in an Pentecostal family. Archer's musical talents were discovered early on. At 3, he was spotted by his 10-year-old brother Luther. Following the formation of his native-Richmond, Virginia musical group, Michael Archer and Precise, its success on the Amateur Night competition at Harlem, New York's Apollo Theater in 1991, the 18-year-old singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist dropped out of school and moved to New York City, as an attempt to develop his music career; the group enjoyed some notice in Richmond, evenly dividing their repertoire between soul covers and originals, while D'Angelo accumulated compositions of his own and developed his songwriting skills.
The group's turnout on Amateur Night resulted in three consecutive wins and cash prize, after which, upon returning home to Richmond, D'Angelo was inspired to produce an album and began composing material, after a brief tenure as a member of the hip hop group I. D. U.. D'Angelo signed a publishing deal with EMI Music in 1991 after catching the attention of record executives through a demo tape, by the group. After an impressive audition for EMI execs, a three-hour impromptu piano recital, D'Angelo was signed to a recording contract in 1993. A&R-man Gary Harris was responsible for his signing, while manager Kedar Massenburg helped negotiate the contract as well. Massenburg became D'Angelo's manager after hearing of him through "the buzz on the streets", he had managed hip hop group Stetsasonic and formed the artist management-firm Kedar Entertainment in 1991, which he diversified into production, music publishing and publicity. In 1994, his first significant success came in the form of the hit single "U Will Know".
D'Angelo co-wrote and co-produced the song for the all-male R&B supergroup Black Men United, which featured R&B singers such as Brian McKnight, Usher, R. Kelly, Boyz II Men, Raphael Saadiq and Gerald Levert. D'Angelo composed the music for "U Will Know", while Luther Archer, wrote the lyrics. Featured on the soundtrack to the film Jason's Lyric, the single peaked at number 5 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks and at number 28 on the Billboard Hot 100; the music video for "U Will Know" featured D'Angelo as the group's choir director. That same year, he wrote and produced the song "Overjoyed" for the Boys Choir of Harlem, which appeared on their studio album The Sound of Hope; the success of "U Will Know" helped build the buzz surrounding D'Angelo, followed by a number of promoted showcases, added to the buzz among music industry insiders. Brown Sugar was released in June 1995. Although sales were sluggish at first, the album was a hit; the album debuted at number six on the US Billboard Top R&B Albums chart in the week of July 22, 1995.
It peaked at number four in the week of February 24, 1996, spent a total of 54 weeks on the chart. Brown Sugar spent 65 weeks on the Billboard 200 and peaked at number 22 on the chart, it sold 300,000 copies within its two months of release. The album had been selling 35,000 to 40,000 copies a week through to November 1995, by January 1996, it had sold 400,000 copies. With the help of its four singles, including the gold-selling Billboard Hot 100 hit "Lady" and R&B top-ten singles "Brown Sugar" and "Cruisin", the album reached sales of 500,000 copies in the United States by October 1995. On February 7, 1996, it was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, following shipments in excess of one million copies in the U. S; the album was certified gold in Canada on May 9, 2000. Its total sales have been estimated within the range of 1.5 million to over two million copies. Following the success of his debut album Brown Sugar, D'Angelo went into a four and a half year absence from the music scene and releasing solo work.
After spending two years on tour promoting Brown Sugar, D'Angelo found himself stuck with
Chrysalis Records is a British record label, created in 1968. The name was both a reference to the pupal stage of a butterfly and a combination of its founders' names, Chris Wright and Terry Ellis, it started as the Ellis-Wright Agency. In an interview for Jethro Tull's video 20 Years of Jethro Tull, released in 1988, Wright states "Chrysalis Records might have come into being anyway, you never know what might have happened, but Chrysalis Records came into being because Jethro Tull couldn't get a record deal and MGM couldn't get their name right on the record"; this was. Chrysalis entered into a licensing deal with Chris Blackwell's Island Records for distribution, based on the success of bands like Jethro Tull, Ten Years After and Procol Harum, which were promoted by the label. Jethro Tull signed with Reprise Records in the United States, which led Chrysalis to an American distribution deal with Reprise's parent company, Warner Bros. Records; this lasted from 1972 until U. S. Chrysalis switched to independent distribution in 1976.
PolyGram handled Festival Records covered Australia and New Zealand. Towards the end of the 1970s, the label began to extend its range of music, incorporating acts from the Punk Rock scene such as Generation X; the Chrysalis offshoot 2 Tone Records brought in bands such as The Specials and The Selecter. In 1979 Chrysalis bought and distributed U. S. folk label Takoma Records, naming manager/producer Denny Bruce as president, who signed The Fabulous Thunderbirds and T-Bone Burnett. Jon Monday, Vice President of Takoma Records prior to the acquisition continued as General Manager becoming Director of Marketing of Chrysalis Records. Chrysalis made history in 1979 by creating the first "music video album", a videocassette featuring a corresponding music video for each song on Blondie's Eat to the Beat album. In the 1980s, Chrysalis was at the forefront of the British New Romantic movement with bands such as Gen X, Spandau Ballet; the 1980s proved to be the most successful time for the label, whose roster included Billy Idol, Pat Benatar and Huey Lewis and the News.
Chrysalis distributed Animal Records, the short-lived label founded by Blondie guitarist Chris Stein. In 1983 Daniel Glass moved to Chrysalis as Director of New Music Marketing, advancing to Senior Vice President. In 1984 after the label re-established itself in New York, Eric Heckman, formally of Atlantic and Epic records promotion took over as Senior Director of Promotion and Marketing. During the next two years Chrysalis broke the News, Billy Idol and Spandau Ballet. Pat Benetar continued to find success on both traditional and dance charts; the Chrysalis Records label was sold 50% in 1990 the remaining half in 1991 to EMI with catalogue and artists such as Starsailor being shifted to the main EMI imprints. Chrysalis Records folded into EMI subsidiary and flagship label EMI Records in 2005. In 2010, BMG Rights Management bought Chrysalis Music's assets; the British Chrysalis catalogue was put up for sale by Universal Music Group after its acquisition of EMI. In July 2013, Warner Music Group completed acquisition of Parlophone Label Group, which includes the British Chrysalis catalogue, for £487 million.
When Universal Music Group purchased EMI in 2012 ownership of Chrysalis passed to UMG. In 2013 Warner Music Group acquired part of EMI from UMG, including the original UK Chrysalis Records Ltd with its catalogue of 130 artists; the American Chrysalis catalogue, including artists such as Blondie, Huey Lewis and The News, Pat Benatar, was merged into EMI Records Group America, merged into former sister label Capitol Records, is distributed by that label. In May 2016, Blue Raincoat Music purchased Chrysalis Records Ltd and most of the British signed artist catalogue from Warner Music Group. Blue Raincoat founders Jeremy Lascelles and Robin Millar brought in Robert Devereux and Chrysalis co-founder Chris Wright to augment the team; the deal reunited Wright, named non-executive chairman of Chrysalis, with the company he set up 47 years previously. The catalogues of namely Spandau Ballet, The Proclaimers, The Ramones, Jethro Tull stayed behind with Warners. Besides its European catalogue, the Chrysalis deal included the rights to Everything but the Girl, Suzi Quatro, Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel, Fun Lovin' Criminals, Naked Eyes, Grant Lee Buffalo, The Swinging Blue Jeans, Lucinda Williams, Dario G, Toumani Diabaté.
In March 2017, BMG assigned distribution of releases by other former Chrysalis artists, namely Arrow, David Dundas, Lynsey de Paul, Climax Blue Band, Ivor Cutler, to WMG's Alternative Distribution Alliance returning Chrysalis to Warners. Official site for Chrysalis Records UK at Blue Raincoat Music Ben Sisario, "Warner Music Group Buys EMI Assets for $765 Million". New York Times, "Media Decoder" blog, 7 February 2013 Discogs page on Chrysalis Records "Chrysalis Records acquired by Blue Raincoat Music founders Jeremy Lascelles and Robin Millar". Musicweek.com. Retrieved 7 December 2017. "Newly independent Chrysalis Records extends catalogue with more EMI divestments from Warner - Complete Music Update". Completemusicupdate.com. Retrieved 7 December 2017