The Bloomberg Terminal is a computer software system provided by the financial data vendor Bloomberg L. P. that enables professionals in the financial service sector and other industries to access the Bloomberg Professional service through which users can monitor and analyze real-time financial market data and place trades on the electronic trading platform. The system provides news, price quotes, messaging across its proprietary secure network, it is well-known among the financial community for its black interface, not optimized for user experience but has become a recognizable trait of the service. Most large financial firms have subscriptions to the Bloomberg Professional service. Many exchanges charge their own additional fees for access to real time price feeds across the terminal; the same applies to various news organizations. All Bloomberg Terminals are leased in two-year cycles, with leases based on how many displays were connected to each terminal. Most Bloomberg setups have between six displays.
Each server machine runs multiple instances of the server process. Using a proprietary form of context-switching, the servers keep track of the state of each end user, allowing consecutive interactions from a single user to be handled by different server processes; the graphical user interface code is proprietary. Michael Bloomberg's 1997 autobiography contains a chapter entitled Computers for Virgins, which explains the differences in the design of the terminal and its keyboard from the standard IBM PC keyboard layout, popular at that time; the terminal's keyboard layout was designed for traders and market makers who had no prior computer experience. While the look and feel of the Bloomberg keyboard is similar to the standard computer keyboard, there are several enhancements that help users navigate through the system, from the idea for a user-friendly system when designed in the early 1980s. Keyboard keys are referred to inside angle brackets with full commands being contained in curly brackets e.g..
The function keys names were replaced and the standard beige color, opting for a memorable color and user-friendly name, Yellow. The F10 key is thus a Yellow key named <Index>. The Esc is coloured red and named <CANCEL> in the Bloomberg system, with the red to catch one's eye to stop a task. The Enter key is referred to as <GO> with a green color, deriving from the Monopoly game board, by passing Go and collecting $200 in a hope that the user could make money on the information he would find. The Bloomberg keyboard includes a unique <MENU> key which navigates back to the previous function used. If no previous commands are found, <MENU> displays a list of related functions. The History key will populate the command-line with used functions in reverse chronological order, as the Up arrow key function does in certain command prompts; the yellow hotkeys along the top of the keyboard are used to enter market sectors, are used as suffixes to allow the terminal to identify a security. F2 GOVT – government securities F3 CORP – corporate debt F4 MTGE – mortgage securities F5 M-Mkt – money market F6 MUNI – municipal debt F7 PFD – preferred shares F8 EQUITY – equity shares F9 COMDTY – commodity markets F10 INDEX – indexes F11 CURNCY – currency markets F12 CLIENT/ALPHA – portfolio functionalityFor example, if someone is interested in the Vodafone stock listed in the London market, one enters where VOD is the company's ticker symbol, LN is the venue code for London, <Equity> is the market sector.
A detailed option list related to Vodafone UK stock will pop up, the person can choose different options by pressing related keys or using the mouse to select the option. Displays the U. S. dollar–Euro exchange spot rate. Other common Bloomberg commands for Equity include: – Historical Price – Display the detailed historical price of the loaded stock – Dividend / Split Summary of the loaded stock – Corporate Actions related to the loaded stock – Company News – News related to the loaded stockThus, if someone interested in the Vodafone UK stock price, they can directly type in; the Bloomberg keyboard has traditionally been heavier and sturdier than standard keyboards with 3mm key travel an
Michael Rubens Bloomberg KBE is an American businessman, politician and philanthropist. As of March 2019, his net worth was estimated at $55.5 billion, making him the 8th-richest person in the United States and the 9th richest person in the world. He has joined The Giving Pledge, whereby billionaires pledge to give away at least half of their wealth. To date, Bloomberg has given away $8.2 billion, including his November 2018 $1.8 billion gift to Johns Hopkins University for student aid — the largest private donation made to a higher education institution. Bloomberg is one of the founders, CEO, owner of Bloomberg L. P. a global financial services and mass media company that bears his name, is notable for its Bloomberg Terminal, a computer software system providing financial data used in the global financial services industry. He began his career at the securities brokerage Salomon Brothers, before forming his own company in 1981 and spending the next twenty years as its chairman and CEO. Bloomberg served as chair of the board of trustees at his alma mater, Johns Hopkins University, from 1996 to 2002.
Bloomberg served as the 108th Mayor of New York City, holding office for three consecutive terms, beginning his first in 2001. A Democrat before seeking elective office, Bloomberg switched his party registration in 2001 to run for mayor as a Republican, he defeated opponent Mark Green in a close election held just weeks after the September 11 terrorist attacks. He won a second term in 2005, left the Republican Party two years later. Bloomberg campaigned to change the city's term limits law, was elected to his third term in 2009 as an Independent on the Republican ballot line. Bloomberg was mentioned as a possible centrist candidate for the U. S. Presidential elections in 2008, 2012, as well as for Governor of New York in 2010, he declined opting to continue serving as the mayor of New York City. His final term as mayor ended on January 1, 2014. After a brief stint as a full-time philanthropist, Bloomberg re-assumed the position of CEO at Bloomberg L. P. by the end of 2014. On March 7, 2016, Bloomberg announced that he would not run as a third party candidate in the 2016 U.
S. presidential election despite widespread speculation that he would, endorsed Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton for president. In October 2018, Bloomberg announced that he had changed his political party affiliation to Democratic, which he had been registered as prior to 2001. Michael Bloomberg was born at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts on February 14, 1942. Bloomberg's family is Jewish. Bloomberg is a prominent member of the Emanu-El Temple in Manhattan. Bloomberg's father, William Henry Bloomberg, was born in Chelsea and worked as an accountant for a dairy company, he was the son of an immigrant from Russia. The Bloomberg Center at the Harvard Business School was named in William Henry's honor, his mother, Charlotte Bloomberg was a native of New Jersey. Bloomberg's maternal grandfather, Max Rubens, was an immigrant from; the family lived in Allston until Bloomberg was two years old, when they moved to Brookline for the next two years settling in the Boston suburb of Medford, where he lived until after he graduated from college.
Bloomberg is an Eagle Scout. Bloomberg attended Johns Hopkins University, where he joined the fraternity Phi Kappa Psi. In 1962, as a sophomore, he constructed the school mascot's costume, he graduated in 1964 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. In 1966 he graduated from Harvard Business School with a Master of Business Administration. In 1973, Bloomberg became a general partner at Salomon Brothers, a bulge-bracket Wall Street investment bank, where he headed equity trading and systems development. In 1981, Salomon Brothers was bought by Phibro Corporation, Bloomberg was laid off from the investment bank, he owned $10 million worth of equity as a partner at the firm. Using this money, Bloomberg went on to set up a company named Innovative Market Systems, his business plan was based on the realization that Wall Street was willing to pay for high-quality business information, delivered as as possible and in as many usable forms possible, via technology. In 1982, Merrill Lynch became the new company's first customer, installing 22 of the company's Market Master terminals and investing $30 million in the company.
The company was renamed Bloomberg L. P. in 1987. By 1990, it had installed 8,000 terminals. Over the years, ancillary products including Bloomberg News, Bloomberg Message, Bloomberg Tradebook were launched; as of October 2015, the company had more than 325,000 terminal subscribers worldwide. His company has a radio network which has 1130 WBBR AM in New York City as its flagship station, he left the position of CEO to pursue a political career as the mayor of New York City. Bloomberg was replaced as CEO by Lex Fenwick. During Bloomberg's three mayoral terms, the company was led by president Daniel L. Doctoroff, a former deputy mayor under Bloomberg. After completing his final term as the mayor of New York City, Bloomberg spent his first eight months out of office as a full-time philanthropist. In fall 2014, he announced that he would return to Bloomberg L. P. as CEO at the end of 2014, succeeding Doctoroff, who had led the company since retiring from the Bloomberg administration in February 2008. Bloomberg remains the CEO of Bloomberg L.
P. Bloomberg is a member of Kap
Mario Francesco Batali is an American chef, writer and media personality. Batali co-owned restaurants in New York City. Batali was known for his appearances on the Food Network, on shows such as Molto Mario and Iron Chef America, on which he was one of the featured "Iron Chefs". In 2017 the restaurant review site Eater revealed multiple accusations of sexual assault against Batali and, in March 2019, he sold all his restaurant holdings—attributed to the aforementioned allegations. Batali was born in Seattle, Washington on September 19, 1960, to Marilyn and Armandino Batali, who founded Seattle's Salumi restaurant in 2006, his father is of Italian descent and his mother is of part French-Canadian ancestry. Batali attended Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey while working as a cook at the pub/restaurant Stuff Yer Face. In 1994, he married Susi Cahn, he is son-in-law to Miles and Lillian Cahn, founders of Coach Inc. Mario Batali's brother Dana Batali was Director of Pixar RenderMan development from 2001 to 2015.
At 29, Batali was a sous chef at the Four Seasons Biltmore after working as a sous chef for the Four Seasons Clift Hotel San Francisco. Early in his career, Batali worked with chef Jeremiah Tower at his San Francisco restaurant, Stars. Stars was open from 1984 until 1999 and is considered one of the birthplaces of the institution of the celebrity chef. Batali appeared in the Food Network show Molto Mario which aired from 1996 to 2004 and made Batali a household name and popularized the Food Network. In 1998, Joe Bastianich and Lidia Bastianich formed the B&B Hospitality Group known as Batali & Bastianich Hospitality Group; the flagship restaurant for B&B is Babbo Ristorante e Enoteca in New York City which has a Michelin star. Batali was a co-host of the ABC daytime talk show The Chew when it premiered in 2011 till 2017. In 2012, a lawsuit was settled by Batali with 117 members of the restaurant staff, who alleged that the Batali organization had skimmed a percentage of the tip pools in his restaurants over a period of years.
Batali is a critic of hydraulic fracturing known as fracking, a method of natural gas extraction. He has signed onto the cause of Chefs for the Marcellus, whose mission is to "protect regional foodshed from the dangers of hydraulic fracturing for natural gas." In May 2013, Batali co-wrote an opinion article with chef Bill Telepan for the New York Daily News, in which the two wrote that "Fracking... could do serious damage to agricultural industry and hurt businesses, like ours, that rely on safe, locally sourced foods."Batali was the subject of a 2007 book titled "Heat" by Bill Buford which detailed his philosophy to various aspects of social activism as well as cooking and life. Batali served as an ambassador and on the board of directors for The Lunchbox Fund, a non-profit organization which provides a daily meal to students of township schools in Soweto, South Africa; as of December 2017, Batali released in response to the sexual misconduct allegations, he would step down from his role with this organization.
In 2008, Batali and his wife Susi Cahn founded the Mario Batali Foundation, funding various children's educational programs and pediatric disease research. He supports the practice of Transcendental Meditation through the David Lynch Foundation. In a 2012 interview, Batali said that good Italian cooking was characterized by simplicity, an insight he attributed to his time working at a restaurant in Borgo Capanne, Italy. On December 11, 2017, restaurant news website Eater reported that four women accused Batali of sexual harassment and sexual misconduct. By the following day four more women had come forward. Batali took a leave of absence from his position at the management company Batali & Bastianich Hospitality Group. Producers of ABC's The Chew asked him to step aside temporarily, while his fellow co-hosts publicly addressed the allegations on air, he was fired from the show on December 14, 2017. Food Network halted plans to release episodes of his television show Molto Mario after the allegations.
Target announced it pulled Batali's pasta cookbooks out of sales. In May 2018, more accusations of sexual misconduct against Batali were aired on an episode of 60 Minutes, the New York Police Department confirmed it was investigating Batali for his past behavior including an alleged assault that took place at The Spotted Pig, a restaurant where Batali was an investor. Batali denied an allegation of sexual assault, but said "My past behavior has been inappropriate and I am sincerely remorseful for my actions." Days Batali's company B&B Hospitality Group announced it would be closing its three Las Vegas Strip restaurants after the Las Vegas Sands Corp. terminated the companies' relationship. In March 2019, Mario Batali surrendered ownership of his stakes in Batali & Bastianich Hospitality Group, a partnership between Batali, the Bastianich family, including Joe and Lidia Bastianich, he sold his minority ownership in Eataly, an Italian food marketplace. The Bastianichs said. Batali was the first chef to surrender ownerships in all his restaurants after reports of sexual misconducts.
1998 – "Best New Restaurant of 1998" from the James Beard Foundation for "Babbo Ristorante e Enoteca" 1999 – "Man of the Year" in GQ's chef category 2001 – D'Artagnan Cervena Who's Who of Food & Beverage in America 2002 – "Best Chef: New York City" from the James Beard Foundation 2004 – Three Stars from The New York Times for "Babbo Ristorante e Enot
Town & Country (magazine)
Town & Country the Home Journal and The National Press, is a monthly American lifestyle magazine. It is the oldest continually published general interest magazine in the United States, it was founded by poet and essayist Nathaniel Parker Willis and New York Evening Mirror newspaper editor George Pope Morris, as The National Press in 1846. Eight months it was renamed The Home Journal. After 1901, the magazine title became "Town & Country" and it has retained that name since. Throughout most of the 19th century, this weekly magazine featured poetry and fiction; as more influential people began reading it, the magazine began to include society news and gossip in its pages. After 1901, the magazine continued to chronicle the social events and leisure activities of the North American landed aristocracy such as debutante or cotillion balls, reported on the subsequent "advantageous marriages" that came from people meeting at such social engagements; the magazine's earlier readership consisted of members of the Establishment.
This included older wealthy families of New York City, Boston Brahmins and those people in other parts of the United States whose surnames may have appeared in the Social Register. Willis owned and edited the magazine from 1846 until his death in 1867. After Willis's death, the magazine went through several owners and editors until William Randolph Hearst acquired ownership in 1925; the first editor under Hearst ownership was Harry Bull. He edited the magazine from 1925 through 1949. Henry B. Sell became Bull's successor; the magazine is still published by the Hearst Corporation. Today, the magazine is published monthly, its readership is composed of younger socialites, café society, middle class professionals. Most of the advertising copy in the magazine is for luxury services; the feature articles and photography focus on fashion, culture, interior design, weddings, gala events and other interests and concerns of the upper class. In May 1993, Pamela Fiori became the first woman editor-in-chief of Country magazine.
During her tenure, Fiori has been credited with increasing circulation in several ways, including making the magazine more fashion forward and, in recent years, making philanthropy more of a priority for the magazine. Fiori has pushed for more diversity in the magazine's coverage. In an effort to play down the magazine's perceived snobbish and elitist WASP, or preppy image, more celebrities have been showing up on the magazine covers, there has been an increase in the number of articles showcasing the events and weddings of prominent persons of African-American descent, as well as the social activities of people of other ethnicities. On April 6, 2010 Fiori was replaced by Steven Drucker as the editor in chief of the magazine; the current editor in chief is Jay Fielden. Jay has worked at publications including Vogue and The New Yorker, he served as the editor in chief of Men's Vogue. According to HuffPost on May 9, 2018, Town & Country took criticism for disinviting Monica Lewinsky from its philanthropic summit because former President Bill Clinton decided to attend the event.
Hollywood producer Judd Apatow commented, "This is what everyone is fighting against." He added that Town & Country "should be ashamed of themselves." In September 2003, a spin-off magazine entitled Town & Country Travel appeared. It is published quarterly. In September 2007, Town & Country Travel launched a travel website, its staff travel blog. There is a special edition of the magazine focusing on wedding planning. In the past decade, several etiquette and lifestyle guidebooks have published by the magazine. Among the most recent books published by the magazine is "Modern Manners: The Thinking Person's Guide to Social Graces," released in 2005 and edited by Town & Country senior editor Thomas Farley. In 2003, Town & Country released Town & Country Weddings, published twice yearly; the first international version, Town & Country Philippines, was launched by Summit Media in 2007. A British Town & Country magazine was launched by Hearst Magazines UK, a subsidiary of Hearst Corporation, in May 2014.
Official website Town & Country Travel Town & Country Travels blog Official British Town & Country website
Anthony Michael Bourdain was an American celebrity chef and travel documentarian who starred in programs focusing on the exploration of international culture and the human condition. Bourdain was a 1978 graduate of The Culinary Institute of America and a veteran of a number of professional kitchens in his long career, which included many years spent as executive chef at Brasserie Les Halles in Manhattan, he first became known for his bestselling book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly. His first food and world-travel television show, A Cook's Tour, ran for 35 episodes on the Food Network in 2002 and 2003. In 2005, he began hosting the Travel Channel's culinary and cultural adventure programs Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations and The Layover. In 2013, he began a three-season run as a judge on The Taste, concurrently switched his travelogue programming to CNN to host Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown. Though best known for his culinary writings and television presentations, along with several books on food and cooking and travel adventures, Bourdain wrote both fiction and historical nonfiction.
On June 8, 2018, Bourdain committed suicide while on location in France for Parts Unknown. Anthony Bourdain was born June 1956, in New York City, he was the older of two sons born to Gladys Bourdain. Although Bourdain was not raised in a specified religion, his father was Catholic and his mother was Jewish. Bourdain stated that though considered Jewish by the teachings of Judaism, "I've never been in a synagogue. I don't believe in a higher power, but that doesn't make me any less Jewish...". Bourdain stated that his family was not religious. At the time of Bourdain's birth, his father was a salesman at a New York City camera store as well as a floor manager at a record store. Pierre Bourdain became an executive for Columbia Records, Gladys Bourdain was a staff editor at The New York Times. Bourdain's paternal grandparents were French. Bourdain's father grew up speaking French. Bourdain spent most of his childhood in New Jersey. In a 2014 interview, Bourdain talked about how in the 1960s, after seeing films, he would go to a restaurant afterwards with friends and discuss the film.
In his youth, Bourdain was a member of the Boy Scouts of America. Bourdain wrote that his love of food was kindled in his youth while on a family vacation in France, when he tried his first oyster on a fisherman's boat, he graduated from the Dwight-Englewood School—an independent coeducational college-preparatory day school in Englewood, New Jersey—in 1973 enrolled at Vassar College, but dropped out after two years. He worked in seafood restaurants in Provincetown, while attending Vassar, which inspired his decision to pursue cooking as a career. Bourdain attended The Culinary Institute of America, graduating in 1978. From there he went on to run various restaurant kitchens in New York City—including the Supper Club, One Fifth Avenue, Sullivan's. In 1998, Bourdain became executive chef at Brasserie Les Halles. Based in Manhattan, at the time the brand had additional restaurants in Miami, Washington, D. C. and Tokyo. Bourdain remained executive chef there for many years, when no longer formally employed at Les Halles, maintained a relationship with the restaurant, which described him in January 2014 as their "chef at large."
Les Halles closed after filing for bankruptcy. Bourdain's book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly, a New York Times bestseller, was an expansion of his 1999 New Yorker article "Don't Eat Before Reading This." A sequel to the book, Medium Raw: A Bloody Valentine to the World of Food and the People Who Cook, was published in 2010. He wrote two more bestselling nonfiction books: A Cook's Tour, an account of his food and travel exploits around the world, written in conjunction with his first television series of the same title, The Nasty Bits, another collection of essays centered on food, his additional books include Anthony Bourdain's Les Halles Cookbook, the culinary mysteries Bone in the Throat and Gone Bamboo, a hypothetical historical investigation, Typhoid Mary: An Urban Historical, No Reservations: Around the World on an Empty Stomach. His articles and essays appeared in many publications, including in The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Times of London, the Los Angeles Times, The Observer, Gourmet and Esquire magazines.
His blog for the third season of Top Chef was nominated for a Webby Award for Best Blog in 2008. In 2012, Bourdain co-wrote the original graphic novel Get Jiro! along with Joel Rose. In 2015, Bourdain joined the travel and politics publication Roads & Kingdoms as the site’s sole investor and editor-at-large. Over the next several years, Bourdain contributed to the site and edited the Dispatched By Bourdain series. Bourdain and Roads & Kingdoms partnered on the digital series Explore Parts Unknown, which launched in 2017 and won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Short Form Nonfiction or Reality Series in 2018; the acclaim surrounding Bourdain's memoir Kitchen Confidential led to an offer by the Food Network for him to host his own food and world-travel show, A Cook's Tour, which premiered in January 2002. It ran for 35 episodes, through 2003. In July 2005, he premiered a new, somewhat similar television series, Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations, on the Travel Channel; as a fur
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is an intergovernmental organisation of 14 nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members, headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria. As of September 2018, the 14 member countries accounted for an estimated 44 percent of global oil production and 81.5 percent of the world's "proven" oil reserves, giving OPEC a major influence on global oil prices that were determined by the so called "Seven Sisters” grouping of multinational oil companies. The stated mission of the organisation is to "coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its member countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets, in order to secure an efficient and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers, a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry." The organization is a significant provider of information about the international oil market. The current OPEC members are the following: Algeria, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Kuwait, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela.
Indonesia and Qatar are former members. The formation of OPEC marked a turning point toward national sovereignty over natural resources, OPEC decisions have come to play a prominent role in the global oil market and international relations; the effect can be strong when wars or civil disorders lead to extended interruptions in supply. In the 1970s, restrictions in oil production led to a dramatic rise in oil prices and in the revenue and wealth of OPEC, with long-lasting and far-reaching consequences for the global economy. In the 1980s, OPEC began setting production targets for its member nations; this has occurred most from the organization's 2008 and 2016 decisions to trim oversupply. Economists cite OPEC as a textbook example of a cartel that cooperates to reduce market competition, but one whose consultations are protected by the doctrine of state immunity under international law. In December 2014, "OPEC and the oil men" ranked as #3 on Lloyd's list of "the top 100 most influential people in the shipping industry".
However, the influence of OPEC on international trade is periodically challenged by the expansion of non-OPEC energy sources, by the recurring temptation for individual OPEC countries to exceed production targets and pursue conflicting self-interests. As of January 2019, OPEC has 14 member countries: five in the Middle East, seven in Africa, two in South America. According to the U. S. Energy Information Administration, OPEC's combined rate of oil production represented 44 percent of the world's total in 2016, OPEC accounted for 81.5 percent of the world's "proven" oil reserves. Approval of a new member country requires agreement by three-quarters of OPEC's existing members, including all five of the founders. In October 2015, Sudan formally submitted an application to join. Qatar left OPEC on 1 January 2019, after joining the organization in 1961, to focus on natural gas production, of which it is the world's largest exporter in the form of liquified natural gas. For countries that export petroleum at low volume, their limited negotiating power as OPEC members would not justify the burdens imposed by OPEC production quotas and membership costs.
Ecuador withdrew from OPEC in December 1992, because it was unwilling to pay the annual US$2 million membership fee and felt that it needed to produce more oil than it was allowed under its OPEC quota at the time, although it rejoined in October 2007. Similar concerns prompted Gabon to suspend membership in January 1995. In May 2008, Indonesia announced that it would leave OPEC when its membership expired at the end of that year, having become a net importer of oil and being unable to meet its production quota, it rejoined the organization in January 2016, but announced another "temporary suspension" of its membership at year-end when OPEC requested a 5 percent production cut. Some commentators consider that the United States was a de facto member of OPEC during its formal occupation of Iraq, due to its leadership of the Coalition Provisional Authority in 2003–2004, but this is not borne out by the minutes of OPEC meetings, as no US representative attended in an official capacity. Since the 1980s, representatives from Egypt, Norway, Oman and other oil-exporting nations have attended many OPEC meetings as observers.
This arrangement serves as an informal mechanism for coordinating policies. The OPEC Conference is the supreme authority of the organization, consists of delegations headed by the oil ministers of member countries; the chief executive of the organization is the OPEC Secretary General. The Conference ordinarily meets at the Vienna headquarters, at least twice a year and in additional extraordinary sessions when necessary, it operates on the principles of unanimity and "one member, one vote", with each country paying an equal membership fee into the annual budget. However, since Saudi Arabia is by far the largest and most-profitable oil exporter in the world, with enough capacity to function as the traditional swing producer to balance the global market, it serves as "OPEC's de facto leader". At various times, OPEC members have displayed apparent anti-competitive cartel behavior through the organization's agreements about oil production and price levels. In fact, economists cite OPEC as a textbook example of a cartel that cooperates to reduce market competition, as in this definition f