Finland national football team
The Finland national football team represents Finland in international football competitions and is controlled by the Football Association of Finland. Although the Finnish national team has never qualified for a finals tournament of the World Cup or the European Championships in spite of its long history, the Nordic nation made remarkable progression in the 2000s, reaching a peak of 30th on the Elo Rankings. Under coach Roy Hodgson they achieved notable results against much more established European teams. After a few years of poor results, they dipped to a FIFA ranking of 110, the lowest in their history. However, in the autumn of 2017, Finland began to rise up the FIFA rankings and, as of September 2018, they sit at 58th. Finland has participated on two occasions in the European sub-regional Baltic Cup championship, which takes place every two years between the Baltic countries of Estonia and Lithuania. Finland's best result in the Baltic Cup tournament was in 2012. In 2014 Finland finished the tournament in third place.
The Football Association of Finland was founded in 1907 and became a member of FIFA in 1908. At the time, Finland was an autonomous grand duchy of the Russian Empire. Finland played its first international on 22 October 1911, as Sweden beat the Finns at the Eläintarha Stadium in Helsinki. Finland participated the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, beating Italy and the Russian Empire, but losing the bronze medal match against the Netherlands. After the 1918 Civil War, the Finnish sports movement was divided into the right-wing Finnish Gymnastics and Sports Federation and the leftist Finnish Workers' Sports Federation, Finnish Football Association was a member of the SVUL. Both sides had their own championship series, between 1919–1939 the Finland national team was selected of the Football Association players only; the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation football team in turn, participated the competitions of the international labour movement. However, since the late 1920s several top footballers defected from TUL and joined the Football Association to be eligible for the national team.
During the 1930s, these ″defectors″ formed the spine of the national team. For example, the Finland squad at the 1936 Summer Olympics was composed of eight former TUL players. In 1937, Finland participated the FIFA World Cup qualification for the first time, losing all three matches against Sweden and Estonia. Since 1939, TUL players were selected to the national team and in 1956, the TUL and Football Association series were merged; the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki saw. Finland did, win the unofficial Nordic championship in 1964 and 1966. Finland took part in European Championship qualifying since the 1968 event, but had to wait for its first win until 1978; the results of the team improved somewhat in the 1980s. Finland missed out on qualification for Euro 1980 by just a point and for the 1986 World Cup by two points. Finland was invited to take part in the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow after many Western countries announced they would boycott the games, but failed to progress from its group.
By the mid-1990s Finland started to have more players in high-profile European leagues, led by the Ajax superstar Jari Litmanen. In 1996 Danish Euro 1992 winning coach Richard Møller Nielsen was hired to take Finland to the 1998 World Cup; the team enjoyed mixed fortunes in the campaign, high points of which were a draw and a win away to Norway and Switzerland respectively. Going into the last match, Finland would have needed a win at home to Hungary to earn a place in the play-offs, they led the game 1–0 going into injury time, but scored an own goal, once again the dreams of qualification were over. Møller Nielsen tried to lead Finland to Euro 2000. In this campaign the Finns recorded a sensational win away to Turkey, but couldn't compete with Germany and Turkey in the long run. Antti Muurinen succeeded Møller Nielsen as coach in 2000, he had arguably the most talented group of Finnish players at his disposal, including players such as Antti Niemi, Sami Hyypiä, Teemu Tainio and Mikael Forssell in addition to the legendary Litmanen.
The team performed quite well under him in qualification for the 2002 World Cup despite a difficult draw, earning two draws against Germany and a home draw with England as well as beating Greece 5–1 in Helsinki. In the end, however and Germany proved too strong, the Finns finished third in the group, but were the only team in that group not to lose at home. Hopes were high going into qualification for Euro 2004 after the promising last campaign and friendly wins over the likes of Norway and Portugal. However, Finland started the campaign by losing to Yugoslavia; these losses were followed by two defeats by Italy, a 3–0 home win over Serbia and Montenegro was little consolation, as the Finns finished fourth in the group. In qualification for the 2006 World Cup Finland failed to score a single point in six matches against the top three teams in their group, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic and Romania. Muurinen was sacked in June 2005, he was replaced by caretaker Jyrki Heliskoski, but results didn't improve.
In August 2005, it was announced that Roy Hodgson would become the new Finland coach in 2006, he started in the job in January of that year. Hodgson stepped down as manager after they failed to qualify for Euro 2008, his replacement was a Scotsman, Stuart Baxter, who signed a contract until the end of the 2012 European Championship qualification
Stoke City F.C.
Stoke City Football Club is an English professional football club based in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. Founded as Stoke Ramblers in 1863 the club changed its name to Stoke in 1878 and to Stoke City in 1925 after Stoke-on-Trent was granted city status, they are the second-oldest professional football club in the world, after Notts County, were a founding member of the Football League in 1888. The team competes in the second tier of English football, their first, to date only, major trophy, the League Cup was won in 1972, when the team beat Chelsea 2–1. The club's highest league finish in the top division is fourth, achieved in the 1935–36 and 1946–47 seasons. Stoke played in the FA Cup Final in 2011, finishing runners-up to Manchester City and have reached three FA Cup semi-finals. Stoke have competed in European football on three occasions, firstly in 1972–73 in 1974–75 and most in 2011–12; the club has won the Football League Trophy twice, in 1992 and in 2000. Stoke's home ground is Bet365 Stadium.
Before the stadium was opened in 1997, the club was based at the Victoria Ground, their home ground since 1878. The club's nickname is'The Potters', named after the pottery industry in Stoke-on-Trent and their traditional home kit is a red and white vertically striped shirt, white shorts and stockings. Stoke's traditional rivals are Midlands clubs West Bromwich Albion and Wolverhampton Wanderers whilst their local rivals are Port Vale with whom they contest the Potteries derby. Stoke City F. C. was formed in 1863 under the name Stoke Ramblers, when pupils of Charterhouse School formed a football club while they were apprentices at the North Staffordshire Railway works in Stoke-upon-Trent. The club's first documented match was in October 1868, against an EW May XV at the Victoria Cricket Club ground. Henry Almond, the club's founder, was captain, scored the club's first goal. During this period they played at the Victoria Cricket Ground. In 1878, the club merged with Stoke Victoria Cricket Club, became Stoke Football Club.
They moved from their previous ground, Sweetings Field, to the Athletic Club ground, which soon became known as the Victoria Ground. It was around this time. In August 1885, the club turned professional. Stoke were one of the twelve founding members of the Football League when it was introduced in 1888; the club struggled in their first two seasons, 1888–89 and 1889–90, finishing bottom on both occasions. In 1890 Stoke failed to be re-elected and joined the Football Alliance, which they won and thus were re-elected to the Football League. Stoke spent the next 15 seasons in the First Division and reached the FA Cup Semi-final in the 1898–99 season before being relegated in 1907. Stoke went bankrupt and entered non-league football until 1914, when the First World War meant the Football League was suspended for four years. During the wartime period, Stoke entered the Lancashire Secondary leagues; when football recommenced in August 1919, Stoke re-joined the league. The club became owners of the Victoria Ground in 1919.
This was followed by the construction of the Butler Street stand, which increased the overall capacity of the ground to 50,000. In 1925, Stoke-on-Trent was granted "city status" and this led the club to change its name to Stoke City F. C; the 1930s saw the debut of Stanley Matthews. Matthews, who grew up in Hanley, was an apprentice at the club and made his first appearance in March 1932, against Bury, at the age of 17. By end of the decade, Matthews had established himself as an England international and as one of the best footballers of his generation. Stoke achieved promotion from the Second Division in 1932–33 – as champions – however Matthews only featured in fifteen games in this season, he did however score his first goal for the club in a 3–1 win against local rivals Port Vale. By 1934, the club's average attendance had risen to over 23,000, which in turn allowed the club to give the manager Tom Mather increased transfer funds; the club was now considered one of the top teams in the country.
It was in this period that the club recorded its record league win, a 10–3 win over West Bromwich Albion in February 1937. In April of that year, the club achieved its record league crowd – 51,373 against Arsenal. Freddie Steele's 33 league goals in the 1936–37 season remains a club record. Following the resumption of the FA Cup after World War II, tragedy struck on 9 March 1946, as 33 fans died and 520 were injured during a 6th round tie away against Bolton Wanderers; this came known as the Burnden Park disaster. In 1946–47, Stoke mounted a serious title challenge; the club needed a win in their final game of the season to win the First Division title. However, a 2 -- 1 defeat to Sheffield United meant. Stanley Matthews left with 3 games remaining of the 1946–47 season, opting to join Blackpool at the age of 32. Stoke were relegated from the First Division in 1952–53. Former Wolverhampton Wanderers defender Frank Taylor took over at the club looking to gain promotion back to the First Division.
However, after seven seasons in the Second Division without promotion, Taylor was sacked. Taylor vowed never to be associated with football again. Tony Waddington was appointed as the club's manager in June 1960, he joined the club in 1952 as a coach, before being promoted to assistant manager in 1957. Waddington pulled off a significant coup by enticing Stanley Matthe
The 2007–08 Eredivisie was the 52nd season of the Eredivisie, the top division of association football in the Netherlands. The season began in August 2007 and ended on 18 May 2008, with defending champions PSV retaining their title with 72 points; the following teams are promoted to the Eredivisie at the start of the season: VVV-Venlo Source: EredivisieRules for classification: 1) points. Only applicable when the season is not finished: = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated. Last updated: April 20, 2008 Source: Eredivisie official website For one Champions League ticket For one UEFA Cup playoff ticket For one UEFA Cup ticket The winner of match G, FC Twente, qualifies for UEFA Champions League 2008-09; the loser of match G, qualifies for the UEFA Cup 2008-09. The losers of matches A and B, SC Heerenveen and NAC Breda, faced each other in match H; the winner, SC Heerenveen, qualified for the UEFA Cup. The loser of match H, NAC Breda, faced NEC, the winner of the playoffs featuring FC Groningen, NEC, Roda JC and FC Utrecht.
NEC won that match, match J, clinched the final UEFA Cup ticket, while the loser, NAC Breda, qualified for the UEFA Intertoto Cup. Round 1Round 2 Round 3 The winners of matches G and H will play in the Eredivisie 2008–09. Last updated on April 20, 2008. First goal of the season: Kemy Agustien for AZ against VVV-Venlo Widest winning margin: SC Heerenveen 9-0 Heracles Almelo Most goals in a match: SC Heerenveen 9-0 Heracles Almelo, De Graafschap 1-8 Ajax Fastest goal in a match: Roy Makaay for Feyenoord against Heracles Almelo Best offensive team: Ajax with 94 goals in 34 matches. Worst offensive team: Excelsior with 32 goals in 34 matches. Best defensive team: PSV with 24 goals against in 34 matches. Worst defensive team: Sparta and VVV-Venlo with 76 goals against in 34 matches. First yellow card: Gianni Zuiverloon for SC Heerenveen against Willem II First red card: Patrick Mtiliga for NAC Breda against FC Groningen
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
Aalesunds Fotballklubb is a Norwegian football club from the city of Ålesund playing in the 1. Divisjon, the second tier of the Norwegian football league system; the club was founded on 25 June 1914. As of 2004, the football club had 835 members and several teams on both professional and amateur levels; these teams are the 1st and 2nd teams, junior team, several age-specific teams. In 2009 the club won the Norwegian Cup for the first time in its history, they beat rival Molde FK in the Final, thereby qualified for participation in the UEFA Europa League. Aalesund won the 2011 Cup Final, where they beat SK Brann; the local supporter club for AaFK is called "The Storm", with about 2000 members. Rival football clubs in the city include Herd, Skarbøvik and Spjelkavik, with Molde and Hødd traditionally being the main regional rivals. Hødd has been less competitive with AaFK in recent years, as they have not been in the same division for some time. More recent rivalries have centred on Molde and Strømsgodset, to some extent Brann.
The club's supporters enjoy a good relationship with supporters of Oslo club Vålerenga, it is not uncommon for supporters of one club to support the other in competitions where only one team participates. In the 2011 game against Neath in Wales, some supporters of 2010's Europa League opponents Motherwell made their way to support the club. Aalesund played their home matches at Kråmyra Stadium until the 2005 season, when they relocated to the new Color Line Stadium with an approximate capacity of 11,000 people. Boosted by the new stadium, recent success and general increasing attendance in Norway, Aalesund has gone from attracting crowds of 1,000 to selling out their stadium in only a few years, their average attendance of 9,943 in the 2006 1. Divisjon became at the time a new record for attendances at the second tier of the Norwegian league system; as of 2 April 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. For season transfers, see 2018 Aalesunds FK season.
Head coach: Lars Bohinen Assistant coach: Karl Oskar Fjørtoft Goalkeeper coach: Frank Mathiesen Physical trainer: Bjørn Erik Melland Youth coach: Jan Erik Sørnes Youth coach: Erling Ytterland Bobby Gould Egil "Drillo" Olsen Eivind Syversen Knut Torbjørn Eggen Bård Wiggen Geir Hansen Ivar Morten Normark Per Joar Hansen Sören Åkeby Kjetil Rekdal Jan Jönsson Harald Aabrekk Trond Fredriksen Lars Bohinen John Arne Riise Jonathan Parr Adin Brown Anders Lindegaard Tor Hogne Aarøy Bjørn Helge Riise Norwegian Cup: Winners: 2009, 2011 Official website Stormen Fanclub Site
FC Jazz is a football club from Pori, Finland playing in the Finnish third tier Kakkonen. FC Jazz was established in 1934 as Porin Pallo-Toverit by 18 young men who had played football in the local sports club Pyrintö; the founders had strong labour movement background and PPT joined the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. PPT had a section for bandy. PPT played its first years in TUL regional series and after the second world war in TUL national divisions; the club made its debut in Finnish Football Association's national divisions in 1948 Suomensarja, the second tier of Finnish football. After six more seasons in TUL series PPT joined the FA's divisions permanently in 1955 playing third or fourth tiers up to the 1980s. In 1982 PPT was promoted to 1. Division and year to the premier division Mestaruussarja. In 1992 PPT changed its name for FC Jazz; the name was inspired by Pori Jazz festival, one of the most popular jazz festivals in Europe. FC Jazz won two Finnish championship titles in 1993 and 1996.
The club was relegated to second tier in 2004, but the first team was dissolved 2005 as a result of financial problems. FC Jazz youth section had been separated from the league organisation in 2002 and was known as FC Jazz-juniorit. In 2006 club started in FA Satakunta district 5. Division. Two years FC Jazz-juniorit was promoted to third tier Kakkonen, the lowest national level in Finnish football. Since 2010 FC Jazz-juniorit has been again known as FC Jazz. In 2013 FC Jazz was promoted to Ykkönen after beating Ekenäs IF 4–2 on aggregate in the promotion playoffs. Porin Pallo-Toverit FC Jazz FC Jazz-juniorit FC Jazz Finnish Championship: Winners: 1993, 1996 Finnish Cup: Runners-up: 1995 Finnish League Cup: Runners-up: 1994 UEFA Champions League: UEFA Cup: UEFA Intertoto Cup: As of 16 August 2016. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the reserve team compete in the Kakkonen Group C for the 2016 season. Since the season 2016 the FC Jazz 2 team is known as PPT.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. All following FC Jazz players have been capped at least once by their respective national team's first squad. FC Jazz Official Website
Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi known as HJK Helsinki, or as HJK, is a professional football club based in Helsinki, Finland. The club competes in the Finnish Veikkausliiga. Founded in 1907, the club has spent most of its history in the top tier of Finnish football; the club's home ground is the 10,770-seat Telia 5G -areena, where they have played since 2000. Considered Finland's biggest club, HJK is the most successful Finnish club in terms of championship titles with 29; the club has won 13 Finnish Cups and 5 Finnish League Cups. Many of Finland's most successful players have played for HJK before moving abroad; the club has similar success with women's Naisten Liiga. HJK is the only Finnish club. In 1998, they beat Metz in the play-off round to clinch their place in the competition for the following season. HJK has participated in the UEFA Europa League, in 2014–15, defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round; the club's highest score in a European competition came during the 2011–12 season, with a 13–0 aggregate victory over Welsh champions Bangor City, which included a 10–0 home win.
HJK's regular kit colours have long been white shirts with blue shorts and socks. The club's crest has been nearly untouched for a century, it has only undergone one minor font change in order to modernize it; the club was founded as Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi – Helsingfors Fotbollsklubb in 1907 by Fredrik Wathén. The founding meeting was held at a bowling alley in Kaisaniemi Park in May; the first competitive fixture was played against Ekenäs IF in Ekenäs. HJK won 2–4. Early on, HJK became popular amongst Finnish-speaking students, while Swedish-speaking students preferred to play for Unitas or HIFK. In late 1908, after a heated debate, the language was switched to unilingually Finnish and this resulted in many Swedish-speaking members switching over to HIFK and other clubs, although a few chose to stay. In 1909, the colours blue and white were chosen to support the fennoman movement and bandy was introduced as the club's second official sport; the club moved from Kaisaniemi Ground to the new Eläintarha Stadium.
At the end of the year, Fredrik Wathen was forced to leave his post as the club's chairman due to illness. In 1910, Lauri Tanner became the longest-running club chairman to date; the same year, the club's first international match was played, against Eriksdals IF from Stockholm in Kaisaniemi. The first championship title was won in 1911. In 1915, the club moved to newly build Töölön Pallokenttä. In 1916, tennis was introduced as the third official sport in HJK, it was played in the club until the early 1920s. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, two HJK club members, fighting for the "Whites", were killed. In 1921, the first bandy championship was won and during the following five seasons, HJK reached five finals, winning three more titles. Bowling was added to the club's repertoire in 1925, but the bowlers formed their own club, Helsingin Keilaajat, the following year. In 1928, ice hockey became an official sport and the first championship was won in 1929. League format was introduced to Finnish football in 1930 but HJK failed to qualify for the first season.
In 1931, HJK played their first season in the league, however at the end of the season, they were relegated. During World War II, HJK lost 22 members serving in the military, of which nine fell in the Winter War, twelve in the Continuation War and one in the Lapland War. In 1943, handball was introduced as the club's sixth official sport. HJK won one silver and two bronze medals in handball during the following three seasons but did not gain further success. Handball was first of HJK's sports where women competed; the women's team played a total of 22 seasons at the highest level. In 1963, HJK played their last season in the second level of the football pyramid, winning 20 out of 22 matches and scoring 127 goals. In 1964, the newly promoted club won their tenth championship title and the following season, in 1965–66, they played their first European Cup match, against Manchester United at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. However, a 2–9 aggregate loss resulted in HJK's elimination from the competition.
In 1966, the club secured their first cup title by winning KTP 6–1 in the final in front of 7,000 spectators. Bandy section was disbanded in the late 1960s; the last official sport, figure skating, was added into the club's repertoire in 1966, was abolished in 1972. The ice hockey section was disbanded in 1972 and the last season in handball was played in 1978. Hereafter, HJK therefore only participated in football following 69 years as a multisport club; the 1998–99 season saw HJK become the first and, to date, only Finnish club to play in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League after defeating Metz in the second qualifying round. The club managed a respectable five points in their group, defeating Benfica at home and earning draws at home to 1. FC away to Benfica, they lost to Kaiserslautern away. The club's current home stadium, the Telia 5G -areena, was opened in 2000; the 20th championship title was won in 2002 and in 2008, the club won its tenth Finnish Cup title. The 2009 season was the start of a championship run that resulted in six titles in a row from 2009 to 2014.
In 2014, HJK became the first Finnish club to play in the UEFA Europa League group stage after defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round. HJK, with wins over Torino and Copenhagen at home, finished third in their group with six points. HJK made several acquisitions during the winter of 2015, including Córdoba forward Mike Havenaar, J-league playmaker Atomu Tanaka and Birmin