Framingham is a city in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Incorporated in 1700, it is within Middlesex County and the MetroWest subregion of the Greater Boston metropolitan area; the city proper covers 25 square miles with a population of 68,318 in 2010, making it the 14th most populous municipality in Massachusetts. As of 2017 the estimated population was 72,032. Residents voted in favor of adopting a charter to transition from a representative town meeting system to a mayor–council government in April 2017, the municipality transitioned to city status on January 1, 2018. Framingham, sited on the ancient trail known as the Old Connecticut Path, was first settled by a European when John Stone settled on the west bank of the Sudbury River in 1647. Native American leader, Tantamous lived in the Nobscot Hill area of Framingham prior to King Philip's War in 1676. In 1660, Thomas Danforth, an official of the Bay Colony of Framlingham, received a grant of land at "Danforth's Farms" and began to accumulate over 15,000 acres.
He strenuously resisted petitions for incorporation of the town, incorporated in 1700, following his death the previous year. Why the "L" was dropped from the new town's name is not known; the first church was organized in 1701, the first teacher was hired in 1706, the first permanent schoolhouse was built in 1716. On February 22, 1775, the British general Thomas Gage sent two officers and an enlisted man out of Boston to survey the route to Worcester, Massachusetts. In Framingham, those spies stopped at Buckminster's Tavern, they watched the town militia muster outside the building, impressed with the men's numbers but not their discipline. Though "the whole company" came into the tavern after their drill, the officers remained undetected and continued on their mission the next day. Gage did not order a march along that route, instead ordering troops to Concord, Massachusetts, on April 18–19. Framingham sent two militia companies totaling about 130 men into the Battles of Lexington and Concord that followed.
In the years before the American Civil War, Framingham was an annual gathering-spot for members of the abolitionist movement. Each Independence Day from 1854 to 1865, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society held a rally in a picnic area called Harmony Grove near what is now downtown Framingham. At the 1854 rally, William Lloyd Garrison burned copies of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, judicial decisions enforcing it, the United States Constitution. Other prominent abolitionists present that day included William Cooper Nell, Sojourner Truth, Wendell Phillips, Lucy Stone, Henry David Thoreau. During the post-World War II baby boom, like many other suburban areas, experienced a large increase in population and housing. Much of the housing constructed during that time consisted of ranch-style houses. Framingham is known for the Framingham Heart Study, as well as for the Dennison Manufacturing Company, founded in 1844 as a jewelry and watch box manufacturing company by Aaron Lufkin Dennison, who became the pioneer of the American System of Watch Manufacturing at the nearby Waltham Watch Company.
His brother Eliphalet Whorf Dennison developed the company into a sizable industrial complex which merged in 1990 into Avery Dennison, with headquarters in Pasadena and active corporate offices in the town. In 2000, Framingham celebrated its Tercentennial. On January 1, 2018, Framingham became a city and Yvonne M. Spicer was inaugurated as its first mayor, thus becoming the first popularly elected African-American woman mayor in Massachusetts. Framingham is located at 42°17′59″N 71°25′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 26.4 square miles. 25.1 square miles of it is land and 1.3 square miles of it is water. Framingham is in eastern Massachusetts, 20 miles west of Boston, midway between Boston and Worcester, it is bordered by Marlborough on the west. The city of Framingham is divided by Route 9, which passes east-to-west through the middle of the city. South Framingham includes Downtown Framingham, the villages of Coburnville and Salem End Road. North Framingham includes the villages of Nobscot, Pinefield and Saxonville plus Framingham Center.
As of the census of 2010, there were 68,318 people, 26,173 households, 16,535 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,732.7 people per square mile. There were 27,529 housing units, of which 1,356, or 4.9%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the city was 71.9% White, 5.8% Black, 0.3% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.9% from some other race, 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.4% of the population. Of the 26,173 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were headed by married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.0% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47, the average family size was 3.03. As of 2010, 20.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.8% were from 18 to 24, 30.0% were from 25 to 44, 25.8% were from 45 to 64, 13.6% were 65 years of age or ol
Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
The Harvey Cushing and John Hay Whitney Medical Library is the central library of the Yale School of Medicine, Yale School of Nursing, Yale-New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Connecticut. According to its mission statement, the Library "strives to be a center of excellence that develops and sustains services and resources to support the biomedical and public health care information needs of Yale University and the Yale-New Haven Medical Center." The Library was built in 1941 as a Y-shaped addition to the Sterling Hall of Medicine designed by Grosvenor Atterbury with funds from the estate of John William Sterling. The Library was enlarged in 1990 with funds from Betsey Cushing Whitney; the architects were Alexander Purves and Allan Dehar. After the renovation, the Library was named for Betsey Cushing Whitney's father, Harvey Cushing, the pioneering neurosurgeon, Yale graduate and Sterling Professor, her husband, John Hay Whitney, the businessman, Yale graduate and philanthropist; the Medical Historical Library was founded by Harvey Cushing, John F. Fulton, Arnold C.
Klebs in 1941 and possesses an internationally important collection of early and rare books and other materials related to the history of medicine. Among its treasures are numerous rare medieval and Renaissance manuscripts, including works of Islamic and Persian provenance, its holdings of printed books are spectacular and include over 300 medical incunabula as well as significant gatherings of Hippocrates, Vesalius, Robert Boyle, William Harvey, S. Weir Mitchell in historical editions; the Clements C. Fry Print Collection possesses rare prints and drawings from the last four hundred years with outstanding examples by James Gillray, George Cruikshank, William Hogarth, Honoré Daumier and others; the Edward C. Streeter Collection of Weights and Measures features one of the most geographically and comprehensive collections of weights and measures in the world; the Library houses hundreds of important manuscript and papers collections from the last four centuries. Some of its important individual collections include: Harvey Cushing Papers, John Farquhar Fulton Papers, Charles Goff Collection on Christopher Columbus, Grace Goldin Historic Hospital Image Collection, Arnold C.
Klebs Papers, Laetrile Collection, Averill W. Liebow Papers, Meyer & Macia Friedman DNA Collection, S. Wier Mitchell Papers, Peter Parker Papers and Lam Qua Portraits, Ivan P. Pavlov Papers, Herbert Thoms Papers, the Tobacco Advertisement Collection; the Library's collections cover clinical medicine and its specialties, the pre-clinical sciences, public health and related fields. They include the Historical Library's distinguished holdings; the library now holds over 416,000 volumes. As of 2016, the Library provided Yale users with access to over 23,000 online journals in the health sciences, as well as licensing bioinformatics tools, clinical point-of-care reference tools, systematic review software. Library staff provide a range of information services for Yale users, including interlibrary loan and document delivery; the Library hosts an extensive collection of free online instructional videos on topics including database searching, citation management, evidence-based practice, research impact.
In addition to its collections and information services, the Library hosts wellness programming including weekly drop-in mindfulness practice and visits from a therapy dog. The Cushing Center, located within the Library, serves as a museum dedicated to the life and work of Dr. Cushing, it contains a collection of brain tumor specimens from Dr. Cushing's patients, photos of the patients, a range of personal documents and memorabilia related to Cushing, some of the highlights of the Medical Historical Library's special collections, it is open to the public for visit, with weekly guided tours and group tours available upon request. Cushing/Whitney Medical Library Site Medical Historical Library Site The Cushing Center
The Smithsonian Institution, founded on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States. The institution is named after British scientist James Smithson. Organized as the "United States National Museum," that name ceased to exist as an administrative entity in 1967. Termed "the nation's attic" for its eclectic holdings of 154 million items, the Institution's nineteen museums, nine research centers, zoo include historical and architectural landmarks located in the District of Columbia. Additional facilities are located in Arizona, Massachusetts, New York City, Texas and Panama. More than 200 institutions and museums in 45 states, Puerto Rico, Panama are Smithsonian Affiliates; the Institution's thirty million annual visitors are admitted without charge. Its annual budget is around $1.2 billion with two-thirds coming from annual federal appropriations. Other funding comes from the Institution's endowment and corporate contributions, membership dues, earned retail and licensing revenue.
Institution publications include Air & Space magazines. The British scientist James Smithson left most of his wealth to his nephew Henry James Hungerford; when Hungerford died childless in 1835, the estate passed "to the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an Establishment for the increase & diffusion of knowledge among men", in accordance with Smithson's will. Congress accepted the legacy bequeathed to the nation, pledged the faith of the United States to the charitable trust on July 1, 1836; the American diplomat Richard Rush was dispatched to England by President Andrew Jackson to collect the bequest. Rush returned in August 1838 with 105 sacks containing 104,960 gold sovereigns. Once the money was in hand, eight years of Congressional haggling ensued over how to interpret Smithson's rather vague mandate "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge." The money was invested by the US Treasury in bonds issued by the state of Arkansas, which soon defaulted.
After heated debate, Massachusetts Representative John Quincy Adams persuaded Congress to restore the lost funds with interest and, despite designs on the money for other purposes, convinced his colleagues to preserve it for an institution of science and learning. On August 10, 1846, President James K. Polk signed the legislation that established the Smithsonian Institution as a trust instrumentality of the United States, to be administered by a Board of Regents and a Secretary of the Smithsonian. Though the Smithsonian's first Secretary, Joseph Henry, wanted the Institution to be a center for scientific research, it became the depository for various Washington and U. S. government collections. The United States Exploring Expedition by the U. S. Navy circumnavigated the globe between 1838 and 1842; the voyage amassed thousands of animal specimens, an herbarium of 50,000 plant specimens, diverse shells and minerals, tropical birds, jars of seawater, ethnographic artifacts from the South Pacific Ocean.
These specimens and artifacts became part of the Smithsonian collections, as did those collected by several military and civilian surveys of the American West, including the Mexican Boundary Survey and Pacific Railroad Surveys, which assembled many Native American artifacts and natural history specimens. In 1846, the regents developed a plan for weather observation; the Institution became a magnet for young scientists from 1857 to 1866, who formed a group called the Megatherium Club. The Smithsonian played a critical role as the U. S. partner institution in early bilateral scientific exchanges with the Academy of Sciences of Cuba. Construction began on the Smithsonian Institution Building in 1849. Designed by architect James Renwick Jr. its interiors were completed by general contractor Gilbert Cameron. The building opened in 1855; the Smithsonian's first expansion came with construction of the Arts and Industries Building in 1881. Congress had promised to build a new structure for the museum if the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition generated enough income.
It did, the building was designed by architects Adolf Cluss and Paul Schulze, based on original plans developed by Major General Montgomery C. Meigs of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, it opened in 1881. The National Zoological Park opened in 1889 to accommodate the Smithsonian's Department of Living Animals; the park was designed by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The National Museum of Natural History opened in June 1911 to accommodate the Smithsonian's United States National Museum, housed in the Castle and the Arts and Industries Building; this structure was designed by the D. C. architectural firm of Hornblower & Marshall. When Detroit philanthropist Charles Lang Freer donated his private collection to the Smithsonian and funds to build the museum to hold it, it was among the Smithsonian's first major donations from a private individual; the gallery opened in 1923. More than 40 years would pass before the next museum, the Museum of History and Technology, opened in 1964.
It was designed by the world-renowned firm of Mead & White. The Anacostia Community Museum, an "experimental store-front" museum created at the initiative of Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley, opened in the Anacostia neighborhood of
Yale School of Medicine
The Yale School of Medicine is the graduate medical school at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. It was founded in 1810 as The Medical Institution of Yale College, formally opened in 1813; the primary teaching hospital for the school is Yale-New Haven Hospital. The school is home to the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, one of the largest modern medical libraries and known for its historical collections; the faculty includes 62 National Academy of Sciences members, 40 Institute of Medicine investigators, 16 Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators. U. S. News and World Report ranks the Yale School of Medicine 13th in the country for research, 51st in primary care. Entrance is selective; the average GPA for Class of 2018 was a 3.81, with an average MCAT of 36.6. The School of Medicine offers the Doctor of Medicine degree and a Master of Medical Science degree through the Yale Physician Associate Program and Yale Physician Assistant Online Program for prospective physician assistants.
Public health degrees are administered through the Yale School of Public Health. There are joint degree programs with other disciplines at Yale, including the M. D/Juris Doctor in conjunction with Yale Law School. D./Master of Business Administration in conjunction with the Yale School of Management. D./Master of Public Health in conjunction with the Yale School of Public Health. D./Master of Divinity in conjunction with Yale Divinity School. Students pursuing a tuition-free fifth year of research are eligible for the Master of Health Science degree; the M. D. program is notable for its assessment of student achievement. In particular, the school employs the so-called "Yale System" established by Dean Winternitz in the 1920s, wherein first- and second-year students are not graded or ranked among their classmates. In addition, course examinations are anonymous, are intended only for students' self-evaluation. Student performance is thus based on seminar participation, qualifying examinations, clinical clerkship evaluations, the United States Medical Licensing Examination.
Prior to graduation, students are required to submit a thesis based on original research. A hallmark of the Yale System is the unusual flexibility. Other key features of the Yale System include: commentary-based feedback from small group leaders an integrated Molecules to Systems course that includes Biochemistry and Cell Biology and the corresponding small group conferences early clinical exposure through the one and half-year Pre-Clinical Clerkship course, in which students are assigned a physician mentor with whom they will learn the History and Physical Examination a surgery-based Human Anatomy course that focuses on teaching the principles of anatomy through case-based dissections involving surgical procedures rather than rote memorization a comprehensive student teaching program in which second-year students review key concepts during optional evening sessions several times each week the opportunity to take electives that include advanced cell biology and neuroscience, global health, translational research, or any topic being taught through graduate or undergraduate programs at the UniversityMore graduates of the Yale School of Medicine enter medical scholarship as professors of medicine than those graduates of other medical schools.
In 18th century United States, credentials were not needed to practice medicine. Prior to the founding of the medical school, Yale graduates would train through an apprenticeship in order to become physicians. Yale President Ezra Stiles conceived the idea of training physicians at Yale and his successor Timothy Dwight IV helped to found the medical school; the school was chartered in 1810 and opened in New Haven in 1813. Nathan Smith and Benjamin Silliman were the first faculty members. Silliman taught at both Yale College and the Medical School; the other two founding faculty were Jonathan Knight, anatomy and surgery and Eli Ives, pediatrics. One of Yale's earliest medical graduates was Dr. Asaph Leavitt Bissell of Hanover, New Hampshire, who graduated in 1815, a member of the school's second graduating class. Following his graduation, Dr. Bissell moved to Suffield, Connecticut, a tobacco-farming community where his parents came from, where he practiced as a country physician for the rest of his life.
The saddlebags that Dr. Bissell carried in his practice, packed with paper packets and glass bottles, are today in the school's Medical Historical Library; the original building became Sheffield Hall, part of the Sheffield Scientific School. In 1860, the school moved to Medical Hall near Chapel. In 1925, the school moved to neighboring the hospital; this campus includes the Sterling Hall of Medicine, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Anlyan Center and the Amistad Building (20
New International Encyclopedia
The New International Encyclopedia was an American encyclopedia first published in 1902 by Dodd and Company. It descended from the International Cyclopaedia and was updated in 1906, 1914 and 1926; the New International Encyclopedia was the successor of the International Cyclopaedia. The International Cyclopaedia was a reprint of Alden's Library of Universal Knowledge, a reprint of the British Chambers's Encyclopaedia; the title was changed to The New International Encyclopedia in 1902, with editors Harry Thurston Peck, Daniel Coit Gilman, Frank Moore Colby. The encyclopedia was popular and reprints were made in 1904, 1905, 1907, 1909 and 1911; the 2nd edition appeared from 1914 to 1917 in 24 volumes. With Peck and Gilman deceased, Colby was joined by Talcott Williams; this edition was set up from new type and revised. It was strong in biography. A third edition was published in 1923, however this was a reprint with the addition of a history of the First World War in volume 24, a reading and study guide.
A two-volume supplement was published in 1925 and was incorporated into the 1927 reprint, which had 25 volumes. A further two volumes supplement in 1930 along with another reprint; the final edition was published in 1935, now under the Wagnalls label. This edition included another updating supplement, authored by Herbert Treadwell Wade; some material from the The New International would be incorporated into future books published by Funk and Wagnall's books such as Funk & Wagnalls Standard Encyclopaedia. The 1926 material was printed in Massachusetts, by Yale University Press. Boston Bookbinding Company of Cambridge produced the covers. Thirteen books enclosing 23 volumes comprise the encyclopedia, which includes a supplement after Volume 23; each book contains about 1600 pages. Like other encyclopedias of the time, The New International had a yearly supplement, The New International Yearbook, beginning in 1908. Like the encyclopedia itself, this publication was sold to Funk and Wagnalls in 1931.
It was edited by Frank Moore Colby until his death in 1925, by Wade. In 1937 Frank Horace Vizetelly became editor; the yearbook outlasted the parent encyclopedia, running to 1966. More than 500 men and women submitted and composed the information contained in the The New International Encyclopedia. Walsh, S. P.. Anglo-American general encyclopedias: a historical bibliography, 1703–1967. New York: Bowker. OCLC 577541. Works related to The New International Encyclopedia at Wikisource
Alexander II of Russia
Alexander II was the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881. He was the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland. Alexander's most significant reform as Emperor was emancipation of Russia's serfs in 1861, for which he is known as Alexander the Liberator; the tsar was responsible for other reforms, including reorganising the judicial system, setting up elected local judges, abolishing corporal punishment, promoting local self-government through the zemstvo system, imposing universal military service, ending some privileges of the nobility, promoting university education. After an assassination attempt in 1866, Alexander adopted a somewhat more reactionary stance until his death. Alexander pivoted towards foreign policy and sold Alaska to the United States in 1867, fearing the remote colony would fall into British hands if there were another war, he sought peace, moved away from bellicose France when Napoleon III fell in 1871, in 1872 joined with Germany and Austria in the League of the Three Emperors that stabilized the European situation.
Despite his otherwise pacifist foreign policy, he fought a brief war with the Ottoman Empire in 1877–78, pursued further expansion into Siberia and the Caucasus, conquered Turkestan. Although disappointed by the results of the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Alexander abided by that agreement. Among his greatest domestic challenges was an uprising in Poland in 1863, to which he responded by stripping that land of its separate constitution and incorporating it directly into Russia. Alexander was proposing additional parliamentary reforms to counter the rise of nascent revolutionary and anarchistic movements when he was assassinated in 1881. Born in Moscow, Alexander Nikolaevich was the eldest son of Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia, his early life gave little indication of his ultimate potential. In the period of his life as heir apparent, the intellectual atmosphere of Saint Petersburg did not favour any kind of change: freedom of thought and all forms of private initiative were suppressed vigorously by the order of his father.
Personal and official censorship was rife. The education of the Tsesarevich as future emperor took place under the supervision of the liberal romantic poet and gifted translator Vasily Zhukovsky, grasping a smattering of a great many subjects and becoming familiar with the chief modern European languages. Alexander's alleged lack of interest in military affairs resulted from his reaction to the effects of the unsavoury Crimean War of 1853–1856 on his own family and on the whole country. Unusually for the time, the young Alexander was taken on a six-month tour of Russia, visiting 20 provinces in the country, he visited many prominent Western European countries in 1838 and 1839. As Tsesarevich, Alexander became the first Romanov heir to visit Siberia. While touring Russia, he befriended the exiled poet Alexander Herzen & pardoned him, it was through Herzen's influence that the tsarevich abolished serfdom in Russia. In 1839, when his parents sent him on a tour of Europe, he met twenty-year-old Queen Victoria and both were enamored of each other.
Simon Sebag Montefiore speculates. Such a marriage, would not work, as Alexander was not a minor prince of Europe and was in line to inherit a throne himself. Alexander II succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father in 1855, he inherited a large mess, wrought by his father's fear of progress during his reign. Many of the other royal families of Europe had disliked Nicholas I, which extended to distrust of the Romanov dynasty itself. So, there was no one more prepared to bring the country around than Alexander II; the first year of his reign was devoted to the prosecution of the Crimean War and, after the fall of Sevastopol, to negotiations for peace led by his trusted counsellor, Prince Alexander Gorchakov. The country had been humiliated by the war. Bribe-taking and corruption were rampant. Encouraged by public opinion, Alexander began a period of radical reforms, including an attempt not to depend on landed aristocracy controlling the poor, an effort to develop Russia's natural resources, to reform all branches of the administration.
In 1867 he sold Alaska to the United States for $7.2 million after recognising the great difficulty of defending it against the United Kingdom or the former British colony of Canada. After Alexander became emperor in 1855, he maintained a liberal course. Despite this, he was a target for numerous assassination attempts. On 13 March 1881, members of the Narodnaya Volya party killed him with a bomb; the Emperor had earlier in the day signed the Loris-Melikov constitution, which would have created two legislative commissions made up of indirectly elected representatives, had it not been repealed by his reactionary successor Alexander III. The Emancipation Reform of 1861 abolished serfdom on private estates throughout the Russian Empire. Serfs gained the full rights of free citizens, including rights to marry without having to gain con
John Ross Browne
John Ross Browne called J. Ross Browne, date of birth sometimes given as 1817, was an Irish-born American traveler, artist and government agent. John Ross Browne was the third of seven children born to Thomas Egerton Browne, an Irish newspaper editor, his wife, Elizabeth Browne. Thomas Browne was an ardent nationalist who ran afoul of the British government and was sent to prison, but released on condition of his leaving Ireland. In 1833 the family emigrated to the United States, they settled in Louisville, where Thomas became a schoolteacher and editor and proprietor of the Louisville Daily Reporter. Browne attended Louisville Medical Institute, an experience that inspired his first book, Confessions of a Quack. In 1842, after working several years on a riverboat, he signed on to a whaling ship. In 1846 he published the book Etchings of a Whaling Cruise at Harper & Brothers, New York, which earned him recognition as an artist and writer, is thought to have influenced Herman Melville, he married Lucy Anne Mitchell in 1844.
The couple had nine children. In 1849, at the time of the California Gold Rush, Browne moved to California and worked in various jobs for the government, as an agent for the Treasury Department, surveyor of customs houses and mints, investigator of Indian and Land Office affairs, official reporter for the state constitutional convention, he published parts of these experiences in the popular press as From Crusoe's Island. He went on a trip to Europe and the Middle East, published his impressions serially at Harper's Magazine and in book form as Yusef. Browne and his family moved in 1861 to Germany, an experience that resulted in An American Family in Germany, with Browne's side trips detailed in The Land of Thor. In 1863 he returned to the American West, vividly describing Arizona and other regions in his Adventures in the Apache Country, he was appointed Minister to China in 1868, but was recalled in 1870. Browne died December 1875, in Oakland, California; the style of his writings influenced a number of authors such as Mark Twain, Bret Harte and Dan De Quille.
1841 – Confessions of a quack, or, The auto-biography of a modern Aesculapian, James B. Marshall Publisher, Kentucky, 1841. OCLC 5230489 1850 – Etchings of a whaling cruise: with notes of a sojourn on the island of Zanzibar, to, appended a brief history of the whale fishery, its past and present condition and Brothers, New York, 1850, OCLC 18688057 1850 – Report of the debates in the Convention of California, Printed by J. T. Towers, Washington, 1850, OCLC 654476750 1853 – Yusef: or, The Journey of the Frangi. Ex. doc. / 35th Congress, 1st Session, House of Representatives, no. 39, Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1858, OCLC 9654708 1860 – A Peep at Washoe, Harpers New Monthly Magazine, December 1860. 1860 – Report of the Secretary of the Interior, communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, the correspondence between the Indian Office and the present superintendents and agents in California, J. Ross Browne, Esq.: together with the report of the Commissioner of Indians Affairs, inclosing the same to the department.
Executive Document of the Senate, Congress of the United States, 1860, OCLC 16852850 1861 – The Old Sea King: or, the wonderful adventures of Little Miché, Harper's Weekly, no. 212, January 19, 1861, p. 44–45, OCLC 62718058 1861–1862 – The Coast Rangers: a chronicle of adventures in California, Paisano Press, Balboa Island, Calif. 1959, reprinted from Harper's New Monthly Magazine, volumes 23–24, 1861–62. Part 2 title: "The Indian Reservations" 1864 – From Crusoe's Island: a Ramble in the Footsteps of Alexander Selkirk and Brothers, New York, 1864 1864 – California's Indians: A Clever Satire on the Governments dealings with its Indian Wards, Published by Harper Brothers in 1864, reprint. 1864–1865 – A tour through Arizona: San Francisco, California to Casa Grande, Arizona in October and November of 1864. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Oct.–Dec. 1864, Jan.–March, 1865, OCLC 12044825 1865 – Washoe Revisited, Harpers New Monthly Magazine, May, 1865. 1865 – Down in the cinnabar mines. With pen and pencil, Clark & Maynard, New York, 1865, OCLC 13851324 1865 – A trip to Bodie Bluff and the Dead Sea of the West.
Harper's New Sept. 1865, no. 184, OCLC 21697588 1866 – An American Family in Germany and Brothers, New York, 1866, OCLC 325598 1866 – The Reese River country, Harper's New Monthly Magazine, June 1866, OCLC 18708280 1867 – The Land of Thor and Brothers, New York, 1867 1867 – Report of J. Ross Browne on the mineral resources of the states and territories west of the Rocky Mountains, United States Department of the Treasury, General Printing Office, 1867. OCLC 7940016, part of Reports upon the mineral resources of the United States 1868 – Explorations in Lower California, Three papers in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, November & December 18