Halls of residence at the University of Bristol
Halls of residence at the University of Bristol are located within three distinct areas of Bristol, the City Centre and Stoke Bishop. Goldney Hall is a self-catered hall situated in Clifton; the Hall has gardens and follies which include an ornamental canal, gothic tower, mock Bastion and a subterranean shell-lined grotto. The Hall takes its name from the Goldney family. Goldney Hall is a popular location for filming with The Chronicles of Narnia, The House of Eliott and Truly, Deeply as well as the 2002 Christmas episode of Only Fools and Horses and Skins being filmed there, its latest appearance is in the BBC series Sherlock, as the venue for the wedding of John Watson and Mary Morstan in the second episode of the third season, The Sign of Three. Clifton Hill House is a catered hall in Clifton, it is a grade. Manor Hall comprises a number of annexes, each of, less than a one minute's walk from the main building; the main hall was erected between 1927 and 1932 as a women's hall of residence in the grounds of its present annex Manor House, from which the Hall takes its name.
The main building houses around 150 students, with music room, common room and computer room, all of which are accessible to all of the hall’s residents. The hall owes its existence to the generosity of the Wills family, was designed by the architect Sir George Oatley, who designed the Wills Memorial Building, Wills Hall, both of which belong to the university; this annexe came to the university in 1919, again through the generosity of the Wills family, although it has its roots in the early 18th century. Over the years it has gone through many changes. In the 19th century it was successively the home of two notable scientists, Dr William Budd, F. R. S. who discovered the origins of typhoid, Professor John Beddoes, F. R. S. A social anthropologist who wrote The Races of Man. Manor House was extensively refurbished by the University in the summers of 1997 and 1998, reopened in April 1999. Richmond house is one of the oldest houses in Clifton, being built between 1701 and 1703; this building has an extensive history.
P.s. The building is an English Heritage Grade II listed building.2, 3 and 4 Tottenham Place are houses which were built in the 1830s. The houses were named after a local resident, Ponsonby Tottenham, a relative of the Marquess of Ely, they came into the University's possession in the 1950s. Sinclair House is the most modern addition to Manor Hall’s annexes, built on the site of Holland Cottage, destroyed during the extensive German air raids of November 1940; the house was named after the Rt.. Hon; the Lady Sinclair of Cleeve. Durdham Hall is the newest of the halls of residence located in the Stoke Bishop site of the University of Bristol, it houses 220 undergraduate students. The hall is designed in the traditional'Oxbridge' style in that it is built around a central quadrangle. Durdham Hall is split into four blocks with each block being further divided into flats of five to seven people; each flat has a large communal lounge/kitchen and all bedrooms are single en suite. The hall boasts a modern bar, the largest of all the bars in the Stoke Bishop halls, known as the Badger Bar, in homage to the badger sett that once occupied the site.
There is a computer room and music room with a keyboard. Wills Hall was opened by Sir Winston Churchill, the Chancellor of the University, in December 1929, it was built on a 26-acre site around a nineteenth-century house called Downside, constructed in the style known as Strawberry Hill Gothic and, now the Warden’s house. The Hall was designed by Sir George Oatley, responsible for many other fine buildings in the University and the City; the cost of the building was met by Sir George Wills, in memory of his brother Henry Herbert Wills who presented the site to the University – both of whom were sons of Henry Overton Wills, the first Chancellor of the University. The original Downside House was extended to form the east side of the Quadrangle; the panelled first floor dining room with common rooms beneath was built at the same time. The adornments of this building include the grotesque figures. In 1930 a Chapel was added, the gift of Dame Monica Wills, the childless widow of Henry Herbert Wills.
The grounds include tennis and basketball courts, as well as a croquet lawn. To these original buildings new accommodation was added in 1961 when an "L" shaped block known as XYZ was built; this was designed to form one part of a New Quad, completed when UVW was opened in 1990. As well as providing over a hundred further rooms, all with en suite facilities, a Conference centre was built at the same time, which includes a room capable of seating up to 200 people. University Hall was constructed in 1971 and was the first self-catering Hall of Residence built on the Stoke Bishop site and accommodates around 300 students; the majority of students are accommodated in the six original buildings that comprise 12 flats each except for one block which contains 6 flats. These blocks providing five single study-bedrooms with shared facilities. In 1992 an additional cottage-style building was added to the site; this building comprises eight flats and the accommodation is arranged
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation, it grew from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge; the two'ancient universities' are jointly called'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world; the university is made up of 38 constituent colleges, a range of academic departments, which are organised into four divisions. All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities, it does not have a main campus, its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.
Undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments. It operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide. In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2018, the university had a total income of £2.237 billion, of which £579.1 million was from research grants and contracts. The university is ranked first globally by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as of 2019 and is ranked as among the world's top ten universities, it is ranked second in all major national league tables, behind Cambridge. Oxford has educated many notable alumni, including 27 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world; as of 2019, 69 Nobel Prize winners, 3 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners have studied, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.
Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes. The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in some form as early as 1096, but it is unclear when a university came into being, it grew from 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris. The historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190; the head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge forming the University of Cambridge; the students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two'nations', representing the North and the South.
In centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students' affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. In addition, members of many religious orders, including Dominicans, Franciscans and Augustinians, settled in Oxford in the mid-13th century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students. At about the same time, private benefactors established colleges as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots. Another founder, Walter de Merton, a Lord Chancellor of England and afterwards Bishop of Rochester, devised a series of regulations for college life. Thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. In 1333–34, an attempt by some dissatisfied Oxford scholars to found a new university at Stamford, was blocked by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge petitioning King Edward III.
Thereafter, until the 1820s, no new universities were allowed to be founded in England in London. The new learning of the Renaissance influenced Oxford from the late 15th century onwards. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocyn, who contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, John Colet, the noted biblical scholar. With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Church, recusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, settling at the University of Douai; the method of teaching at Oxford was transformed from the medieval scholastic method to Renaissance education, although institutions associated with the university suffered losses of land and revenues. As a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxford's reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment. In 1636 William Laud, the chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury, codified the university's statutes. These, to a large extent, remained its gove
The Open University is a public distance learning and research university, the biggest university in the UK for undergraduate education. The majority of the OU's undergraduate students are based in the United Kingdom and principally study off-campus. There are a number of full-time postgraduate research students based on the 48-hectare university campus where they use the OU facilities for research, as well as more than 1,000 members of academic and research staff and over 2,500 administrative and support staff; the OU was established in 1969 and the first students enrolled in January 1971. The university administration is based at Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, in Buckinghamshire, but has administration centres in other parts of the United Kingdom, it has a presence in other European countries. The university awards undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, as well as non-degree qualifications such as diplomas and certificates or continuing education units. With more than 174,000 students enrolled, including around 31% of new undergraduates aged under 25 and more than 7,400 overseas students, it is the largest academic institution in the United Kingdom by student number, qualifies as one of the world's largest universities.
Since it was founded, more than 2 million students have studied its courses. It was rated top university in England and Wales for student satisfaction in the 2005, 2006 and 2012 United Kingdom government national student satisfaction survey, second in the 2007 survey. Out of 132 universities and colleges, the OU was ranked 43rd in the Times Higher Education Table of Excellence in 2008, between the University of Reading and University of the Arts London, it was ranked 36th in the country and 498th in the world by the Center for World University Rankings in 2018. The Open University is one of only three United Kingdom higher education institutions to gain accreditation in the United States of America by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, an institutional accrediting agency, recognized by the United States Secretary of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation; the BSc Computing and IT course is accredited by BCS, the Chartered Institute for IT and quality assured by the European Quality Assurance Network for Informatics Education.
The OU won the Teaching Excellence and Digital Innovation categories in The Guardian University Awards 2018. The Open University was founded by the Labour government under Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Wilson was a strong advocate. Planning commenced in 1965 under Minister of State for Education Jennie Lee, who established a model for the OU as one of widening access to the highest standards of scholarship in higher education, set up a planning committee consisting of university vice-chancellors and television broadcasters, chaired by Sir Peter Venables; the British Broadcasting Corporation Assistant Director of Engineering at the time James Redmond, had obtained most of his qualifications at night school, his natural enthusiasm for the project did much to overcome the technical difficulties of using television to broadcast teaching programmes. Wilson envisioned The Open University as a major marker in the Labour Party's commitment to modernising British society, he believed that it would help build a more competitive economy while promoting greater equality of opportunity and social mobility.
The planned utilisation of television and radio to broadcast its courses was supposed to link The Open University to the technological revolution underway, which Wilson saw as a major ally of his modernization schemes. However, from the start Lee encountered widespread scepticism and opposition from within and without the Labour Party, including senior officials in the DES; the Open University was realized due to Lee's unflagging determination and tenacity in 1965–67, the steadfast support from Wilson, the fact that the anticipated costs, as reported to Lee and Wilson by Arnold Goodman, seemed modest. By the time the actual, much higher costs became apparent, it was too late to scrap the fledgling open university; the university was granted a Royal Charter by the Privy Council on 23 April 1969. The majority of staff are part-time Associate Lecturers and, as of the 2009–10 academic year 8,000 work for the OU. There are 1,286 salaried academic employees who are research active and responsible for the production and presentation of teaching materials, 1,931 who are academic-related and 1,902 support staff.
Salaries are the OU's main cost—over £275 million for the 2009–2010 academic year. In 2010 the OU became one of the Sunday Times' Best Places to Work in the Public Sector. Open University Employees Credit Union Limited is a savings and loans co-operative established by the University for staff in 1994. A member of the Association of British Credit Unions Limited, it is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the PRA. Like the banks and building societies, members’ savings are protected against business failure by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. In 2016, the university reorga
Professor is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being an expert in arts or sciences, a teacher of the highest rank. In most systems of academic ranks the word "Professor" only refers to the most senior academic position, sometimes informally known as "full professor". In some countries or institutions, the word professor is used in titles of lower ranks such as associate professor and assistant professor; this colloquial usage would be considered incorrect among most other academic communities. However, the unqualified title Professor designated with a capital letter refers to a full professor in English language usage. Professors conduct original research and teach undergraduate and postgraduate courses in their fields of expertise. In universities with graduate schools, professors may mentor and supervise graduate students conducting research for a thesis or dissertation.
In many universities,'full professors' take on senior managerial roles, leading departments, research teams and institutes, filling roles such as president, principal or vice-chancellor. The role of professor may be more public facing than that of more junior staff, professors are expected to be national or international leaders in their field of expertise; the term "professor" was first used in the late 14th century to mean "one who teaches a branch of knowledge". The word comes "...from Old French professeur and directly from Latin professor'person who professes to be an expert in some art or science. As a title, "prefixed to a name, it dates from 1706"; the "hort form prof is recorded from 1838". The term "professor" is used with a different meaning: "ne professing religion; this canting use of the word comes down from the Elizabethan period, but is obsolete in England." A professor is an accomplished and recognized academic. In most Commonwealth nations, as well as northern Europe, the title professor is the highest academic rank at a university.
In the United States and Canada, the title of professor applies to most post-doctoral academics, so a larger percentage are thus designated. In these areas, professors are scholars with doctorate degrees or equivalent qualifications who teach in four-year colleges and universities. An emeritus professor is a title given to selected retired professors with whom the university wishes to continue to be associated due to their stature and ongoing research. Emeritus professors do not receive a salary, but they are given office or lab space, use of libraries, so on; the term professor is used in the titles assistant professor and associate professor, which are not considered professor-level positions in all European countries. In Australia, the title associate professor is used in place of the term reader as used in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries. Beyond holding the proper academic title, universities in many countries give notable artists and foreign dignitaries the title honorary professor if these persons do not have the academic qualifications necessary for professorship and they do not take up professorial duties.
However, such "professors" do not undertake academic work for the granting institution. In general, the title of professor is used for academic positions rather than for those holding it on honorary basis. Professors are qualified experts in their field who perform some or all the following tasks: Managing teaching and publications in their departments. Other roles of professorial tasks depend on the institution, its legacy, protocols and time. For example, professors at research-oriented universities in North America and at European universities, are promoted on the basis of research achievements and external grant-raising success. Many colleges and universities and other institutions of higher learning throughout the world follow a similar hierarchical ranking structure amongst scholars in academia. A professor earns a base salary and a range of benefits. In addition, a professor who undertakes additional roles in their institution earns additional income; some professors earn additional income by moonlighting in other jobs, such as consulting, publishing academic or popular press books, giving speeches, or coaching executives.
Some fields give professors more opportun
A praelector is a traditional role at the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. The role differs somewhat between the two ancient universities. At Cambridge, a praelector is the fellow of a college who formally presents students during their matriculation and the graduation ceremony at Cambridge during the Congregation of the Regent House when degrees are conferred; the praelector is vicariously responsible for a student's actions and can be punished for those actions. At Oxford, a praelector may be a fellow of the college, but may be a college tutor, responsible for running an honours school in the absence of a fellow. A praelector may hold a college fellowship. Praelector information at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
All Souls College, Oxford
All Souls College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically become fellows, it has no undergraduate members, but each year recent graduate and postgraduate students at Oxford are eligible to apply for examination fellowships through a competitive examination and, for the several shortlisted after the examinations, an interview. All Souls is one of the wealthiest colleges in Oxford, with a financial endowment of £420.2 million. However, since the college's principal source of revenue is its endowment, as of 2007 it only ranked 19th among Oxford colleges in total income. All Souls is a registered charity under English law; the college is located on the north side of the High Street adjoining Radcliffe Square to the west. To the east is The Queen's College with Hertford College to the north; the current warden is a graduate of Oriel College, Oxford. The college was founded by Henry VI of England and Henry Chichele, in 1438, to commemorate the victims of the Hundred Years' War.
The Statutes provided for a forty fellows. The college's Codrington Library was completed in 1751 through the bequest in 1710 of Christopher Codrington, a wealthy slave and plantation owner from Barbados, who attended Oxford and became colonial governor of the Leeward Islands. Today the college is a graduate research institution, with no undergraduate members. All Souls did have undergraduates: Robert Hovenden introduced undergraduates to provide the fellows with servientes, but this was abandoned by the end of the Commonwealth. Four Bible Clerks remained on the foundation until 1924. For over five hundred years All Souls College admitted only men; the All Souls Library was founded through a bequest from Christopher Codrington, a fellow of the college. Christopher Codrington bequeathed books in addition to £ 10,000 in currency; this bequest allowed the library to be endowed. Christopher Codrington was born in Barbados, amassed his fortune from his sugar plantation in the West Indies; the library was completed in 1751, has been in continuous use since then.
The modern library comprises some 185,000 items, about a third of which were published before 1800. The collections are strong in law and history. Built between 1438 and 1442, the chapel remained unchanged until the Commonwealth. Oxford, having been a Royalist stronghold, suffered under the Puritans' wrath; the 42 misericords date from the Chapel's building, show a resemblance to the misericords at Higham Ferrers. Both may have been carved by Richard Tyllock. Christopher Wren was a fellow from 1653, in 1658 produced a sundial for the college; this was placed on the south wall of the Chapel, until it was moved to the quadrangle in 1877. During the 1660s a screen was installed in the Chapel, based on a design by Wren. However, this screen needed to be rebuilt by 1713. By the mid-19th century the Chapel was in great need of renovation, so the current structure is influenced by Victorian design ideals. All services at the chapel are according to the Book of Common Prayer. In the three years following the award of their bachelor's degrees, students graduating from Oxford and current Oxford postgraduate students having graduated elsewhere are eligible to apply for examination fellowships of seven years each.
While tutors may advise their students to sit for the All Souls examination fellowship, the examination is open to anybody who fulfils the eligibility criteria and the college does not issue invitations to candidates to sit. Every year in early March, the college hosts an open evening for women, offering women interested in the examination fellowship an opportunity to find out more about the exam process and to meet members of the college; each year several dozen candidates sit the examination. Two examination fellows are elected each year, although the college has awarded a single place or three places in some years, on rare occasions made no award; the competition, offered since 1878 and open to women since 1979, is held over two days in late September, with two papers of three hours each per day. It has been described in the past as "the hardest exam in the world". Two papers are on a single subject of the candidate's choice. Candidates may sit their two specialist papers in different specialist subjects, provided each paper is in one subject only.
Candidates who choose Classics have an additional translation examination on a third day. Two papers are on general subjects. For each general examination, candidates choose three questions from a list. Past questions have included: "'If a man could say nothing against a character but what he could prove, history could not be written' (S
Royal Library of the Netherlands
The Royal Library of the Netherlands is based in The Hague and was founded in 1798. The mission of the Royal Library of the Netherlands, as presented on the library's web site, is to provide "access to the knowledge and culture of the past and the present by providing high-quality services for research and cultural experience"; the initiative to found a national library was proposed by representative Albert Jan Verbeek on August 17 1798. The collection would be based on the confiscated book collection of William V; the library was founded as the Nationale Bibliotheek on November 8 of the same year, after a committee of representatives had advised the creation of a national library on the same day. The National Library was only open to members of the Representative Body. King Louis Bonaparte gave the national library its name of the Royal Library in 1806. Napoleon Bonaparte transferred the Royal Library to The Hague as property, while allowing the Imperial Library in Paris to expropriate publications from the Royal Library.
In 1815 King William I of the Netherlands confirmed the name of'Royal Library' by royal resolution. It has been known as the National Library of the Netherlands since 1982, when it opened new quarters; the institution became independent of the state in 1996, although it is financed by the Department of Education and Science. In 2004, the National Library of the Netherlands contained 3,300,000 items, equivalent to 67 kilometers of bookshelves. Most items in the collection are books. There are pieces of "grey literature", where the author, publisher, or date may not be apparent but the document has cultural or intellectual significance; the collection contains the entire literature of the Netherlands, from medieval manuscripts to modern scientific publications. For a publication to be accepted, it must be from a registered Dutch publisher; the collection is accessible for members. Any person aged 16 years or older can become a member. One day passes are available. Requests for material take 30 minutes.
The KB hosts several open access websites, including the "Memory of the Netherlands". List of libraries in the Netherlands European Library Nederlandse Centrale Catalogus Books in the Netherlands Media related to Koninklijke Bibliotheek at Wikimedia Commons Official website