Pearson College UWC
Lester B. Pearson United World College of the Pacific is one of seventeen schools and colleges around the world in the UWC movement, it is named after the late Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson, winner of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize, an early champion of the College. The mission of the UWC movement and of the school is to "make education a force to unite people and cultures for peace and a sustainable future"; the college follows the International Baccalaureate curriculum, incorporates an experiential education programme, covering the final year of high school and a pre-university year for up to 100 students annually, selected from nearly 160 countries. The current President and Head of College is Désirée McGraw, appointed in April 2015. McGraw was President of the Jeanne Sauvé Foundation, a former advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada. Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and former Prime Minister of Canada, was the driving force behind the founding of Pearson College UWC.
After retiring from public life, Pearson became interested in the United World Colleges movement. At that time, only one United World College existed — Atlantic College in Wales, established in 1962. Pearson visited there, met with students and faculty, he came away convinced that there must be more such colleges around the world and, in particular, one on Canada's west coast. He envisioned that:“Students will be welcomed without regard to race, religion or politics and we intend to establish scholarships so that the students who attend the College will be from all levels of society and will be genuine representatives of their own peoples; this system … could become a revolutionary force in international education.”Lester B. Pearson became Honorary Chairman of a committee formed to build what was to be known as the College of the Pacific, he worked tirelessly in the early days of the planning process, but died in December 1972, just as the project was getting underway. Soon after his death, it was decided that the College would be renamed Lester B. Pearson College of the Pacific as a living memorial to his legacy.
The Hon. John L. Nichol, CC, was chosen as initial Chairman of the Board of Trustees and a major fundraising effort began, with over $4 million raised—83% coming from individuals and foundations across Canada and around the world, the remaining 17% from governments around the world. Ground broke on the college's construction on Sep. 25, 1973. Over the next year, Jack Matthews, the founding director of the College, recruited a faculty of men and women from around the globe, on Sep. 25, 1974, the inaugural cohort of 100 students arrived. An official opening the following year was attended by Lord Mountbatten, Jean Chretien, Charles, Prince of Wales. Since up to 200 students have attended each year. Pearson College UWC continues to be funded through individuals, corporations, select provincial and local governments in Canada and some UWC donors. Today, more than 4,000 students have graduated from Pearson College UWC. Alumni, including several Rhodes Scholars, work in a variety of professions in every corner of the globe.
The College's main academic curriculum follows the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme – Pearson was the first school in Canada to adopt the IB Diploma Programme. Students are required to participate in community-oriented services, cultural activities, physical fitness. A highlight of the academic year is the student-driven, professional-level dance and cultural show, "One World", which attracts audiences from Victoria and surrounding communities. All UWC students are selected by their respective UWC National Committees based on their merit and potential; each of the nearly 160 National Committees makes recommendations for admission to UWC schools independently and according to their individual selection procedures. Admission is thus competitive, is deliberately intended to reflect diversity in all respects. Sponsorship to fund scholarships that help make it possible for more students to attend Pearson comes from a variety of organizations, foundations and individual donors; the College is located on the shores of Pedder Bay, near Victoria, British Columbia on Vancouver Island, located within the traditional territory of the Beecher Bay First Nation.
The College provides an excellent location for environmental studies thanks to the surrounding woodlands and the nearby Race Rocks Marine Protected Area, an ecological conservation area maintained by the College. Pearson works in partnership with BC Parks, the Canadian Coast Guard and several other committed parties to ensure a resident volunteer Ecoguardian is always present on Race Rocks; the College has five residence houses that accommodate all students in four-person dorm rooms and, in a connected apartment, resident "houseparents." Houseparents can include some staff of the College. All student residence houses accommodate male and female students on separate floors and are equipped with common dayroom for study and relaxation. Campus facilities include a large dining hall, an indoor swimming pool and fitness facility, a large library with study and classroom areas, a student commons building, two theatre-style seating lecture halls as well as traditional classrooms, labs and a floating marine sciences building.
The College's proximity to Pedder Bay allows a broad range of waterfront programs. A fleet of sail boats, kayaks and Scuba diving equipment are stored on the docks and in the floating marine sciences building. Students can access activities only after appropriate training. Recent graduates have placed in some of
National Institute of Economic and Social Research
The National Institute of Economic and Social Research, established in 1938, is Britain's oldest independent economic research institute. The institute is a London-based independent UK registered charity that carries out academic research of relevance to business and policy makers, both nationally and internationally; the NIESR was established in 1938 with funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, the Pilgrim Trust, the Leverhulme Trust and the Halley Stewart Trust. The vision of its founders was to carry out research to improve understanding of the economic and social forces that affect people’s lives, the ways in which policy can bring about change. Professor Noel Hall was the first Director of the Institute, prior to its official existence in 1938, from 1937 until 1940. Geoffrey Crowther became "acting" Director from 1940 but was called upon for war service in June of that year. From June 1940 to 1949, Sir Henry Clay carried out the duties of Chair of Council. Bryan Hopkin, 1952-1957 Christopher Saunders, 1957-1965 David Worswick, 1965-1982 Andrew Britton, 1982-1995 Martin Weale, 1995-2011 Jonathan Portes, 2011-2015 Dame Frances Cairncross, 2015-2016 Professor Jagjit S Chadha, 2016–present There have been chairs of council since the Institute was created.
The first was Lord Stamp, from 1937 to 1942. He was succeeded by Sir Henry Clay, who held the position from 1942 until 1949. Subsequent chairs included Humphrey Mynors, Austin Robinson, Sir John Woods, Sir Robert Hall, Sir Hugh Week, Sir Donald MacDougall, Kenneth Berrill. Diane Coyle is the current Chair of the Council of Management, the first woman to hold the position in the history of the Institute, taking over the position from Professor Tim Besley. Lord Burns was President from 2003-2010, followed by Sir Nicholas Monck from 2011-2013; the current President is Sir Charles Bean. Research areas covered by the National Institute include finance. Since 1959, the NIESR has published the National Institute Economic Review. Principal topics covered by the Review include economic modelling and analysis and training, productivity and competitiveness, workings of the international economy; each edition Includes detailed forecasts of both UK and World Economies, a commentary, special articles by Institute researchers and external authors.
An important output of NIESR has been a macroeconomic model called NiGEM, used to produce quarterly forecasts for the UK and global economy. Forecasts are published for various other OECD countries; the model is used by IMF, Bank of England, the OECD and European Central Bank. A Societe Generale researcher used the model to analyse the effect of falling oil prices on the world economy. National Institute of Economic and Social Research official site
Standard Chartered PLC is a British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London, England. It operates a network of more than 1,200 branches and outlets across more than 70 countries and employs around 87,000 people, it is a universal bank with operations in consumer and institutional banking, treasury services. Despite its UK base, it does not conduct retail banking in the UK, around 90% of its profits come from Asia and the Middle East. Standard Chartered has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, it had a market capitalisation of £24.4 billion as of 4 April 2017, the 28th-largest of any company with a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange. It has the National Stock Exchange of India, its largest shareholder is the Government of Singapore-owned Temasek Holdings. José Viñals is the Group Chairman of Standard Chartered. Bill Winters is the current Group Chief Executive; the name Standard Chartered comes from the names of the two banks from which it was formed by merger in 1969: The Chartered Bank of India and China, Standard Bank of British South Africa.
The Chartered Bank began when Queen Victoria granted a Royal Charter to Scotsman James Wilson in 1853. Chartered opened its first branches in Mumbai and Shanghai in 1858, followed by Hong Kong and Singapore in 1859; the Bank started issuing banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar in 1862. The Standard Bank was a British bank founded in the Cape Province of South Africa in 1862 by Scot, John Paterson. Having established a considerable number of branches, Standard was prominent in financing the development of the diamond fields of Kimberley from 1867 and extended its network further north to the new town of Johannesburg when gold was discovered there in 1885. Half the output of the second largest gold field in the world passed through The Standard Bank on its way to London. Standard expanded in Africa over the years, but from 1883 to 1962 was formally known as the Standard Bank of South Africa. In 1962 the bank changed its name to Standard Bank Limited, the South African operations were formed into a separate subsidiary which took the parent bank's previous name, Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd.
Both banks spread their networks further. In 1969, the banks decided to merge and to counterbalance their network by expanding in Europe and the United States, while continuing expansion in their traditional markets in Asia and Africa. In 1986, Lloyds made a hostile takeover bid for the Group; the bid was defeated. Union Bank was sold to the Bank of Tokyo and United Bank of Arizona was sold to Citicorp. In 1987, Standard Chartered sold its remaining interests in the South African bank. In 1992, scandal broke when banking regulators charged several employees of Standard Chartered in Mumbai with illegally diverting depositors' funds to speculate in the stock market. Fines by Indian regulators and provisions for losses cost the bank ₤350 million, at that time a third of its capital. In 1994, London's Sunday Times reported that an executive in the bank's metals division had bribed officials in Malaysia and the Philippines to win business; the bank, in a statement on 18 July 1994, acknowledged that there were "discrepancies in expense claims... included gifts to individuals in certain countries to facilitate business, a practice contrary to bank rules".
In 1994, the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission found Standard Chartered's Asian investment bank to have illegally helped to artificially support the price of new shares they had underwritten for six companies from July 1991 to March 1993. The bank admitted the offence and reorganized its brokerage units; the commission banned the bank from underwriting IPOs in Hong Kong for nine months. In 1997, Standard Chartered sold Mocatta Bullion and Base Metals, its metals division, to Toronto-based Scotiabank for US$26 million. Standard Chartered's Asian investment banking operations never recovered. In 2000 the bank closed them down. In 1986, a business consortium purchased a 35% stake to fend off Lloyds. A member of this consortium was Malaysian-born property tycoon Khoo Teck Puat, who purchased 5% of the bank's shares, which he increased to 13.4%. In 2000, Standard Chartered acquired Grindlays Bank from ANZ, increasing its presence in private banking and further expanding its operations in India and Pakistan.
Standard Chartered retained Grindlays' private banking operations in London and Luxembourg, as well as the subsidiary in Jersey, all of which were integrated into its own private bank. This now serves high-net-worth customers in Hong Kong and Johannesburg under the name Standard Chartered Grindlays Offshore Financial Services. Leading to the incorporation of Standard Chartered on 1 July 2004, the Legislative Council of Hong Kong amended Legal Tender Notes Issue Ordinance; the amendment replaced Standard Chartered Bank with its newly incorporated subsidiary - Standard Chartered Bank Ltd - as one of the note-issuing banks in Hong Kong. The same year, Standard Chartered Bank and Astra International took over PermataBank and in 2006, both shareholders increased their joint ownership to 89.01%. With 276 branches and 549 ATMs in 55 cities throughout Indonesia, PermataBank has the second largest branch network in Standard Chartered organization. On 15 April 2005, the
Mark R. Dybul
Mark R. Dybul is an American diplomat and medical researcher, he served as the executive director of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria from 2012 until 2017. Mark Dybul was born in 1963, he received his A. B. and M. D. from Georgetown University and completed his residency in internal medicine at the University of Chicago Hospitals and a fellowship in infectious diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Dybul's scientific and clinical research interests have covered the fields of molecular biology, virology and infectious diseases, he and his colleagues have published in these fields, he has spoken at medical conferences in infectious diseases. Of significance are his original research papers in virology and infectious diseases their ground-breaking discoveries in the field of HIV and other viral infections, he started his career by working with AIDS patients in California. Under the presidency of George W. Bush, he was appointed as the United States Global AIDS Coordinator, leading the implementation of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief from 2006 to 2009.
However, he is a registered Independent. He was asked to stay on temporarily during the Barack Obama presidency transition, but was required to resign following the administration change, as he was a political appointee of the Bush administration. On November 15, 2012, he was appointed the next Executive Director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, his selection as Executive Director by the Global Fund's Board during its 28th meeting in Geneva was met with strong praise from both donors and the development community. World Bank President Jim Yong Kim called Dybul's appointment a "superb choice for a crucial role". In an interview published in the Global Fund's digital newsletter, Dybul said his role as the Global Fund's new head "will be to maintain the strong forward trajectory of the Fund in order to end the three diseases", he assumed his role of head of the Global Fund in February 2013. U. S. Senator John Kerry signaled his approval saying that it is "terrific news, for the Global Fund and the important work that it does.
Dr. Dybul helped create the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief and he was instrumental in working with Congress to see it through the reauthorization process in 2008; as Global AIDS Coordinator, Mark Dybul exemplified bipartisanship and commitment to maximizing efficiency and effectiveness in combatting HIV/AIDS. Those same skills will serve him – and the world – well as he takes on the challenge of overseeing the Global Fund's reforms. I look forward to continuing to work with him on our combined bilateral and multilateral efforts to create an AIDS free generation and to bring all our twenty-first century tools to bear in combatting malaria and TB." He serves on the Boards of Malaria No More, the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, the Children's Investment Fund Foundation, the Global Business Coalition for Health, Georgetown University's O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, the Accordia Global Health Foundation, Management Sciences for Health. He is married
A director is a person from a group of managers who leads or supervises a particular area of a company. Companies that use this term have many directors spread throughout different business functions or roles; the director reports directly to a vice president or to the CEO directly in order to let them know the progress of the organization. Large organizations sometimes have assistant directors or deputy directors. Director refers to the lowest level of executive in an organization, but many large companies use the title of associate director more frequently. An executive director is equivalent to Vice President or Senior director in some businesses; some companies have regional directors and area directors. Regional directors are present in companies that are organized by location and have their departments under that, they are responsible for the operations for their particular country. Though directors are the first stage in the executive team, area directors are seen as higher up, based on their area of control.
Corporate titles are titles given to individuals within a business depending on the role they have and which portray the duties and responsibilities within that specific role. The larger the business, the more titles that are present, such as CEO, COO and executive directors; those that have higher roles within a company such as the elite positions are referred to as "chief" and those that have lower roles within the company are employees that carry out day-to-day tasks. There are many titles within a company such as executive director, managing director, company director and chairman; the corporate structure consists of four key areas: Board of directors- oversees a department and maintains full operational responsibilities area is next to the C-level executives in the corporate jobs hierarchy. They oversee daily tasks of the company. Employees- This role is ranked at the bottom of the structure. Employees work on daily tasks and objectives either in a group or individually aiming for that common goal.
Depending upon the size of an organization or a company, the number of directors can vary. Start-up companies can have a single director, the minimum for a private limited company according to the law. However, as organizations and businesses expand, the number of directors can increase because more tasks and responsibilities become present. For example, if the company expands and has more than one department, such as finance, marketing, production and IT the business may form a board of directors, with each director overseeing a department and maintaining full responsibility within that department. A board of directors ensures that a outlined structure is in place which will help the business to work much more efficiently. Larger businesses and organizations will form a clear board structure as the following: Chairman - This particular role within the company is a non executive role that has the task of overseeing the entire business or organization. Managing Director - A managing director is employed by the business by the chairman.
Other roles include producing salaries. The managing director manages the board of directors and oversees the performance of the business, thus reporting back to the chairman. Executive Directors - A group of executive directors who each play a significant role within the company, they maintain full responsibility over their respective departments such as Finance and Sales. Each director manages their department ensuring that objectives are being met. Executive directors sit on the board. Non-executive directors - These advise the business by proposing different forms of strategy and decide remuneration of the executive directors. Having a clear structure within the business has a positive impact on the employees and it helps to organize the business. By having a team of executive directors, employees can report to their executive directors if a problem or an issue occurs. A managing director oversees the performance of the company as a whole and has the duty to report back to the chairman or board of directors.
The chairman or board of directors may set daily and weekly targets, which should be met by the employees that are working within their respective departments. The managing director has the role to report their progress so the board can evaluate it to see if targets have been achieved. Maintaining the overall performance of the company and in particular the departments within. Producing and planning strategic operating plans and objectives for the long-term future. Ensuring all short term targets have been achieved. Keeping in regular contact with the board of directors or chairman and to maintain a positive relationship. An executive director within a company or an organization is from the board of directors and oversees a specific department within the organization such as Marketing, Production and IT; the Executive Director must ensure that all employees within his/her department are achieving the objectives which have been set and must make daily decisions within the department. Overseeing their specific department such as Finance, Marketing or Manufacturing.
Maintaining the role of a specified decision maker within the department. Analyzing and evaluating the efficiency of day to day tasks within the departments and ensuring all objectives are being met. A company director is one of the employees within a group of managers who maintains a prolific role within an organization and has the higher role within an organization; this is because they decide on how to control the business and make the final and key decisions. The comp
World Economic Forum
The World Economic Forum, based in Cologny-Geneva, was founded in 1971 as a not-for-profit organization. It gained formal status in January 2015 under the Swiss Host-State Act, confirming the role of the Forum as an International Institution for Public-Private Cooperation; the Forum's mission is cited as "committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political and other leaders of society to shape global and industry agendas". The WEF hosts a annual meeting at the end of January in Davos, a mountain resort in Graubünden, in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland; the meeting brings together some 2,500 business leaders, international political leaders, economists and journalists for up to four days to discuss the most pressing issues facing the world. The organization convenes some six to eight regional meetings each year in locations across Africa, East Asia and Latin America, holds two further annual meetings in China and the United Arab Emirates. Beside meetings, the organization provides a platform for leaders from all stakeholder groups from around the world – business and civil society – to come together.
It produces a series of research reports and engages its members in sector-specific initiatives. There have been many other international conferences nicknamed with "Davos". However, the World Economic Forum objected the use of "Davos" in such contexts for any event not organised by them; this particular statement was issued on 22 October 2018, a day before the opening of 2018 Future Investment Initiative organised by the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia. The WEF was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a business professor at the University of Geneva. First named the "European Management Forum", it changed its name to the World Economic Forum in 1987 and sought to broaden its vision to include providing a platform for resolving international conflicts. In the summer of 1971, Schwab invited 444 executives from Western European firms to the first European Management Symposium held in the Davos Congress Centre under the patronage of the European Commission and European industrial associations, where Schwab sought to introduce European firms to American management practices.
He founded the WEF as a nonprofit organization based in Geneva and drew European business leaders to Davos for the annual meetings each January. Schwab developed the "stakeholder" management approach, which attributed corporate success to managers taking account of all interests: not shareholders and customers, but employees and the communities within which the firm is situated, including governments. Events in 1973, including the collapse of the Bretton Woods fixed-exchange rate mechanism and the Arab–Israeli War, saw the annual meeting expand its focus from management to economic and social issues, for the first time, political leaders were invited to the annual meeting in January 1974. Political leaders soon began to use the annual meeting as a neutral platform; the Davos Declaration was signed in 1988 by Greece and Turkey, helping them turn back from the brink of war. In 1992, South African President F. W. de Klerk met with Nelson Mandela and Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the annual meeting, their first joint appearance outside South Africa.
At the 1994 annual meeting, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat reached a draft agreement on Gaza and Jericho. In late 2015, the invitation was extended to include a North Korean delegation for the 2016 forum, "in view of positive signs coming out of the country", the WEF organizers noted. North Korea has not been attending the WEF since 1998; the invitation was accepted but after the January 2016 North Korean nuclear test on 6 January, the invitation was revoked, the country's delegation was made subject to "existing and possible forthcoming sanctions". Despite protests by North Korea calling the decision by the WEF managing board a "sudden and irresponsible" move, the WEF committee maintained the exclusion because "under these circumstances there would be no opportunity for international dialogue". In 2017, the World Economic Forum in Davos attracted considerable attention when for the first time, a head of state from the People's Republic of China was present at the alpine resort.
With the backdrop of Brexit, an incoming protectionist US administration and significant pressures on free trade zones and trade agreements, President Xi Jinping defended the global economic scheme, portrayed China as a responsible nation and a leader for environmental causes. He rebuked the current populist movements that would introduce tariffs and hinder global commerce, warning that such protectionism could foster isolation and reduced economic opportunity. In 2018, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave the plenary speech, becoming the first head of state from India to deliver the inaugural keynote for the annual meet at Davos. Modi highlighted climate change and protectionism as the three major global challenges, expressed confidence that they can be tackled with collective effort. In 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro gave the keynote address at the plenary session of the conference. On his first international trip to Davos, he emphasized liberal economic policies despite his populist agenda, attempted to reassure the world that Brazil is a protector of the rain forest while utilizing its resources for food production and export.
He stated that "his government will seek to better integrate Brazil into the world by mainstreaming international best practices, such as those adopted and promoted by the OECD". Environmental concerns like extreme weather events, the failure of climate-change mitigation and adaptation were among the top-r
The Browne Review or Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance was a review to consider the future direction of higher education funding in England. It was launched on 9 November 2009 and published its findings on 12 October 2010, it was chaired by Lord Browne of Madingley, the former chief executive of BP. It recommended wide-ranging changes to the system of university funding, including removing the cap on the level of fees that universities can charge, increasing the income level at which graduates must begin to pay back their loans to £21,000. According to Lord Mandelson the review would consider "balance of contributions to universities by taxpayers, students and employers" to University finances; the review would consider. The panel was told to take into account the goal of widening participation; the panel would report its findings after the 2010 General Election. The review had been promised in 2004 to try to win over Labour rebels who nearly rejected the Bill which introduced £3,000 a year fees.
The review would consider other issues including simplifying the system of student finance and bursary arrangements. The Browne Review made its first call for evidence in December 2009. Times Higher Education reported that the review's themes were "participation rates, the quality of the higher education system and affordability for students and the state"; the Browne Review spent £68,000 on research, from a research budget of £120,000. The majority of the expenditure funded one unpublished opinion survey of parents; the survey focussed on. It asked 80 school pupils, 40 parents, 40 early-year University students, 18 part-time students from various backgrounds for their opinion on University funding. Participants of the survey were posed questions on an upper-limit on fees of £6,000 per-annum. In March 2010 the review published its initial findings stating that it had found "clear agreement" that the current level of fees had not deterred students but that the system of finance for part-time students was inadequate.
The panel found: clear evidence that bursaries are not understood by students early enough to have a substantial impact on their choices consensus that potential students need better information and guidance, including information on the teaching experience they can expect on different courses some concerns that a minority of students are deterred by top-up fees that there has been progress over the past five years in widening participation to higher education, but that this has been less marked at the most selective universities The Browne Review was set up by Labour in 2009, but did not report until after the 2010 General Election. No party won the election outright, after negotiations the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties formed a coalition government; the Coalition Agreement gave the Liberal Democrats, who had campaigned against fee increases, the right to abstain from any vote to increase tuition fees. In this case, the effective majority of the Conservatives would fall to 24, meaning that the government could be defeated by a rebellion of 12 of its own MPs.
Lord Mandelson, the former Business Secretary who set up the review into higher education funding, hinted in July 2009 at a tuition fee rise stating that excellence in higher education was "not cheap" and that the country "had to face up to the challenge of paying for excellence". The Labour Party manifesto for the 2010 General Election promised extra University places but made no commitment on how much students would have to pay. During the Labour Party leadership election in 2010 following the resignation of Gordon Brown both Ed Balls and the eventual winner Ed Miliband came out in support of a graduate tax as a method of funding universities in the future. David Miliband was the only candidate in the leadership election not to support a graduate tax; the Conservatives have said. In June 2010 David Willets stated that under the current arrangements students were a "burden on the taxpayer that had to be tackled" although he stated he did not want to pre-empt the findings of Lord Browne; the Liberal Democrats have traditionally supported free higher education but downgraded this pledge because it was seen to be an unaffordable spending commitment.
The Liberal Democrats had promised to abolish tuition fees over 6 years. All the elected Liberal Democrat MPs, as well as a number of others signed the NUS Vote for Students pledge, promising to vote against any proposed increase in fees; the Liberal Democrats agreed to abstain on a vote to increase fees as part of a Liberal-Conservative coalition government which emerged after the 2010 General Election. This would allow the Conservatives to pass an increase in tuition fees or the removal of the cap on fees without the Liberal Democrats voting them down; the chief executive of Universities UK, Nicola Dandridge, has stated that senior Liberal Democrats have told them that they consider their election manifesto pledge to be "complete nonsense" and that the "visceral" opposition to fees from the party base was not shared by senior figures. Former Liberal Democrat leader Ming Campbell has said that he is "likely" to honour the pledge he made to his constituents and rebel against his party by voting against a rise in fees and newly elected Liberal Democrat Deputy Leader Simon Hughes has stated that the issue of fees could split the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government while reiterating the opposition of the Liberal Democrats to tuition fees.
The MP for the student-populated Leeds North West, Greg Mulholland, is considered to be the leader of a backbench rebellion again