Feud (professional wrestling)
In professional wrestling, a feud is a staged rivalry between multiple wrestlers or groups of wrestlers. They are integrated into ongoing storylines in events which are televised. Feuds may last for months or years or be resolved with implausible speed during the course of a single match. WWE's terminology discouraged the use of the term along with the word "war". Feuds are the result of the friction, created between faces and heels. Common causes of feuds are a purported slight or insult, although they can be based on many other things, including conflicting moral codes or simple professional one-upmanship such as the pursuit of a championship; some of the more popular feuds with audiences involve pitting former allies tag team partners, against each other. Depending on how popular and entertaining the feud may be, it is common practice for a feud to continue on for weeks building toward a match in a supercard. One of the longest feuds of all time was the feud between Ric Flair and Ricky Steamboat, estimated by Flair to comprise more than 2,000 matches, though he admits that most of those matches were "confined to those in the arena."Traditionally, most promoters wanted to "protect the business" by having wrestlers act in character in public, thus further convince the live audience that the feuding wrestlers did hate each other and looked to outdo each other.
During the days when wrestling territories were more regionally based, some feuds lasted for years, if the feuding wrestlers were shown to be friends, or were associating as friends in public, it would break the illusion of their feud, undo all the work to promote it up to that point. Glossary of professional wrestling terms Work Shoot Kayfabe Angle
André the Giant
André René Roussimoff, best known as André the Giant, was a French professional wrestler and actor. He famously feuded with Hulk Hogan, culminating at WrestleMania III in 1987, his best-remembered film role was that of the giant in The Princess Bride. His size was a result of gigantism caused by excess growth hormone, which resulted in acromegaly, it led to his being called "The Eighth Wonder of the World". In the World Wrestling Federation, Roussimoff was a one-time WWF World Heavyweight Champion and a one-time WWF Tag Team Champion. In 1993, he was the inaugural inductee into the newly created WWE Hall of Fame. André Roussimoff was born in Molien, in the canton of La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, of Slavic heritage, the son of Boris and Mariann Roussimoff, his parents were immigrants to France. His nickname growing up was "Dédé"; as a child, he displayed symptoms of gigantism early, reaching a height of 191 cm and a weight of 94 kg by the age of 12. Roussimoff was a good student in mathematics, but he dropped out after the eighth grade since he did not think having a high school education was necessary for a farm labourer.
He spent years working on his father's farm, according to his brother, Jacques, he could perform the work of three men. He completed an apprenticeship in woodworking, next worked in a factory that manufactured engines for hay balers. None of these occupations, brought him any satisfaction. At the age of 18, Roussimoff moved to Paris and was taught professional wrestling by a local promoter who recognized the earning potential of Roussimoff's size, he worked as a mover during the day to pay living expenses. Roussimoff was billed as "Géant Ferré", a name based on the French folk hero Grand Ferré, began wrestling in Paris and nearby areas. Canadian promoter and wrestler Frank Valois met Roussimoff in 1966, becoming his business manager and adviser. Roussimoff began making a name for himself wrestling in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Africa, he made his Japanese debut in 1970, billed as "Monster Roussimoff", wrestling for the International Wrestling Enterprise. Wrestling as both a singles and tag-team competitor, he was made the company's tag-team champion alongside Michael Nador.
During his time in Japan, doctors first informed Roussimoff. Roussimoff next moved to Montréal, where he became an immediate success selling out the Montreal Forum. However, promoters ran out of plausible opponents for him and, as the novelty of his size wore off, the gate receipts dwindled. Roussimoff was defeated by Adnan Al-Kaissie in Baghdad in 1971, wrestled numerous times in 1972 for Verne Gagne's American Wrestling Association as a special attraction until Valois appealed to Vince McMahon Sr. founder of the World Wide Wrestling Federation, for advice. McMahon suggested several changes, he felt Roussimoff should be portrayed as a large, immovable monster, to enhance the perception of his size, McMahon discouraged Roussimoff from performing maneuvers such as dropkicks. He began billing Roussimoff as "André the Giant" and set up a travel-intensive schedule, lending him to wrestling associations around the world, to keep him from becoming overexposed in any area. Promoters had to guarantee Roussimoff a certain amount of money as well as pay McMahon's WWWF booking fee.
On March 26, 1973, Roussimoff debuted in the World Wide Wrestling Federation as a fan favorite, defeating Buddy Wolfe in New York's Madison Square Garden. Roussimoff was one of professional wrestling's most beloved "babyfaces" throughout the 1970s and early 1980s; as such, Gorilla Monsoon stated that Roussimoff had not been defeated in 15 years by pinfall or submission prior to WrestleMania III. He had sixty-minute time-limit draws with the two other major world champions of the day, Harley Race and Nick Bockwinkel. In 1976, Roussimoff fought professional boxer Chuck Wepner in an unscripted boxer-versus-wrestler fight; the wild fight was shown via telecast as part of the undercard of the Muhammad Ali versus Antonio Inoki fight and ended when he threw Wepner over the top rope and outside the ring and won via count out. In 1980, he feuded with Hulk Hogan, where unlike their more famous matches in the late 1980s, Hogan was the villain and Roussimoff was the hero, wrestling him at Shea Stadium's Showdown at Shea and in Pennsylvania, where after Roussimoff pinned Hogan to win the match, Hogan bodyslammed him much like their legendary WrestleMania III match in 1987.
The feud continued in Japan in 1982 and 1983 with their roles reversed and with Antonio Inoki involved. In 1982, Vince McMahon, Sr. sold the World Wide Wrestling Federation to Vince McMahon, Jr.. As McMahon began to expand his newly acquired promotion to the national level, he required his wrestlers to appear for him. McMahon signed Roussimoff to these terms in 1984, although he still allowed him to work in Japan for New Japan Pro Wrestling. One of Roussimoff's feuds pitted him against the "Mongolian Giant" Killer Khan. According to the storyline, Khan had snapped Roussimoff's ankle during a match on May 2, 1981, in Rochester, New York, by leaping off the top rope and crashing down upon it with his knee-drop. In reality, he had broken his ankle getting out of bed the morning before the match; the injury and subsequent reh
Shirley Crabtree Jr. better known as Big Daddy, was an English professional wrestler with a record-breaking 64-inch chest. He worked for the British Wrestling Federation. A heel, he teamed with Giant Haystacks, he became a fan favourite, working until the 1990s. Crabtree decided to follow in the footsteps of his father, Shirley Crabtree Sr. becoming a professional wrestler in 1952. He first became popular in the late 1950s, early 1960s as a blue-eye billed as "Blond Adonis Shirley Crabtree." He won the European Heavyweight Championship in Joint Promotions and a disputed branch of the British Heavyweight title in the independent British Wrestling Federation before he quit in 1966 following a campaign of harassment by former champion Bert Assirati. He retired for six years. During the 1960s Crabtree owned an underground nightclub in Bradford, now called Sunbridge Wells. In 1972, Crabtree returned to Joint Promotions as a villain with a gimmick of the Battling Guardsman based on his former service with the Coldstream.
It was during this period that he made his first appearances on World of Sport on ITV. Not long afterwards, Shirley's brother, was appointed as Northern area booker with Joint Promotions and began to transform Crabtree into the persona for which he would be best remembered. Based on the character of the same name played by actor Burl Ives in the first screen adaptation of Tennessee Williams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof,'Big Daddy' was first given life by Crabtree in late 1974 still as a villain; the character's leotards were emblazoned with just a large "D" and were fashioned by his wife Eunice from their chintz sofa. The character first gained attention in mid-1975 when he formed a tag team with TV newcomer Giant Haystacks and together they became notorious for crushing blue eye opponents. However, during this period, Daddy began to be cheered for the first time since his comeback when he entered into a feud with masked villain Kendo Nagasaki when he unmasked Nagasaki during a televised contest from Solihull in December 1975.
By the middle of 1977, Daddy had completed his transformation into a blue eye, a change cemented by the breakdown of his tag team with Haystacks and a subsequent feud between the two which would last until the early 1990s. A firm fans' favourite amongst children, Big Daddy came to the ring in either a sequinned cape or a Union Flag jacket and top hat. In addition to his feud with Haystacks, Daddy feuded with Canadian wrestler'Mighty' John Quinn, he headlined Wembley Arena with singles matches against Quinn in 1979 and Haystacks in 1981. In the 1980s he feuded with Dave "Fit" Finlay, Drew McDonald and numerous other villains. In August 1987 at the Hippodrome circus in Great Yarmouth, Big Daddy performed in a tag team match pitting himself and nephew Steve Crabtree against King Kong Kirk and King Kendo. After Big Daddy had delivered a splash and pinned King Kong Kirk, rather than selling the impact of the finishing move, Kirk turned an unhealthy colour and was rushed to a nearby hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival.
Despite the fact that the inquest into Kirk's death found that he had a serious heart condition and cleared Crabtree of any responsibility, Crabtree was devastated. He continued to make regular appearances into the early 1990s, but he retired from wrestling altogether to spend the remainder of his days in his home town of Halifax. During his career, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Queen Elizabeth II said they were fans of'Big Daddy'. Crabtree was a professional rugby league footballer for Bradford Northern, Halifax, his temper forced him off the pitch early. He had stints as a coal miner and with the British Army's Coldstream Guards. Crabtree's 64 inch chest earned him a place in the Guinness Book of Records, his brother Brian was a wrestling referee and MC, while his other brother Max was a booker for – and proprietor of – Joint Promotions. His nephews Steve and Scott Crabtree had wrestling careers – Steve wrestled in the 1980s, 1990s, billed as'Greg Valentine' while Scott wrestled as Scott Valentine.
Both worked as tag team partners for their uncle. Another nephew Eorl Crabtree was England international rugby league player. Crabtree died of a stroke in December 1997 in Halifax General Hospital, he was survived by his second wife of 31 years and six children. Big Daddy had his own comic strip in Buster during the early 1980s drawn by Mike Lacey. In 1982 ITV planned to build a TV programme around'Big Daddy' as a replacement for the popular children's Saturday morning Tiswas show. A pilot for Big Daddy's Saturday Show was shot and a series announced but Crabtree pulled out at the last moment, leaving the hastily renamed The Saturday Show presented by Isla St Clair and Tommy Boyd; the European version of the multi-format game Legends of Wrestling II featured Big Daddy as an exclusive extra Legendary Wrestler. A stage play by Brian Mitchell and Joseph Nixon, Big Daddy vs Giant Haystacks premiered at the Brighton Festival Fringe in East Sussex, England between 26–28 May 2011 and subsequently toured Great Britain.
Big Daddy features on Luke Haines' 2011 album 9½ Psychedelic Meditations on British Wrestling of the 1970s, early'80s as the owner of a Casio VL-Tone synthesizer. British Wrestling FederationBritish Heavyweight Championship European Heavyweight Championship Obituary in The Independent BBC.co.uk's h2g2 article – The Immortal Legends of British Professional Wrestling
Arena (UK TV series)
Arena is a British television documentary series and broadcast by the BBC since 1 October 1975. Voted by TV executives in Broadcast magazine as one of the top 50 most influential programmes of all time, it has produced over six hundred episodes directed by, among others, Frederick Baker, Jana Boková, Jonathan Demme, Nigel Finch, Mary Harron, Vikram Jayanti, Vivian Kubrick, Paul Lee, Adam Low, Bernard MacMahon, James Marsh, Leslie Megahey, Volker Schlondorff, Martin Scorsese, Julian Temple, Anthony Wall, Leslie Woodhead, Alan Yentob; the current series editor is Anthony Wall, who has edited Arena since 1985. The arts strand Arena was created in 1975 by the BBC Head of Music & Arts at that time, Humphrey Burton, when he founded a magazine named Arena exploring art, design and theatre. In 1977, under producer and director Leslie Megahey, the strand divided into Arena Theatre and Arena Art and Design, Arena became less of a magazine and more a home for short and stylish films about British theatre and visual arts.
In 1978 Megahey became editor of Omnibus and Alan Yentob, supervising Arena Theatre, took over and the two themes were merged. The series, relaunched in January 1979 and renamed Arena, began to adopt a format of single subject essays, it earned great critical acclaim for its enthusiasm for the popular as well as the high arts. During Yentob's time as editor, Arena had three BAFTA awards. A group of radical directors, notably Nigel Finch and Anthony Wall, gathered around Yentob and Arena, including Nigel Williams and Mary Dickinson. Hits from 1977 included Who Is Poly Styrene?, La Dame Aux Gladiolas, a portrait of Edna Everage, most notably the groundbreaking My Way, an examination of the appeal of the song, by Finch and Wall. It was the first of their collaborations, which developed a new kind of arts film, taking an unlikely subject and building a poetic meditation on its various aspects - further examples include The Chelsea Hotel, The Private Life of the Ford Cortina, Desert Island Discs.
Other successes included Megahey's portrait of Orson Welles, Williams's study of George Orwell, Yentob's portrait of Mel Brooks and Wall's four-part documentary on Slim Gaillard. On Yentob’s move to become Head of Music & Arts in 1985, Finch and Wall took over as joint editor of Arena until Finch’s death in 1995. Following a period of uncertainty concerning the future of the arts strand, series editor Wall protected the series in a reshuffle of the BBC. Since Arena has been transmitted outside the conventional weekly broadcast strand on BBC Two and BBC Four, latterly on BBC Four. Under Wall and Finch, Arena developed the idea of the themed evening, beginning with Blues Night, followed by Caribbean Nights, Animal Night, Food Night, Texas Saturday Night and Stories My Country Told Me, a three-and-a-half-hour presentation on Nations and Nationalism. Since Arena has won numerous awards with regular screenings at the BFI Southbank and has continued to cover the arts and culture at the highest level, with films on Bob Dylan, Harold Pinter, The National Theatre and Spitting Image, to name but a few.
Most Arena has developed a substantial online presence featuring the Arena Hotel, a site that turns the 600-film Arena archive into a resource to build an online hotel for the stars. The Arena Hotel was nominated for a Focal International Award in 2013; the Hotel was commissioned for The Space, will continue to expand. Werner Herzog has praised the series as "the oasis in the sea of insanity, television"; the programme's theme music is taken from the title track of the 1975 album Another Green World by Brian Eno, himself the subject of a 2010 Arena film subtitled Another Green World. The Arena opening titles were voted among the "Top 5 Most Influential Opening Titles in the History of Television" by Broadcast magazine in 2004. Anthony Wall has been the Editor of Arena since 1985, he became one of its leading directors. Arena has won a Primetime and International Emmys, a Grammy, nine BAFTAs, six Royal Television Society Awards, a Peabody and the Prix Italia. Arena won the Sundance Grand Jury Prize for Paris is Burning, the Best Performance Award for Lili Taylor's role in I Shot Andy Warhol at the Sundance Film Festival.
Vahimagi, Tise. British Television: An Illustrated Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press / British Film Institute, 1994. ISBN 0-19-818336-4. Arena at BBC Programmes Arena Hotel site at The Space Arena on IMDb Arena at TV.com
Samurai were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan. In Japanese, they are referred to as bushi or buke. According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was a verb meaning'to wait upon','accompany persons' in the upper ranks of society, this is true of the original term in Japanese, saburau. In both countries the terms were nominalized to mean'those who serve in close attendance to the nobility', the Japanese term saburai being the nominal form of the verb." According to Wilson, an early reference to the word samurai appears in the Kokin Wakashū, the first imperial anthology of poems, completed in the first part of the 10th century. By the end of the 12th century, samurai became entirely synonymous with bushi, the word was associated with the middle and upper echelons of the warrior class; the samurai were associated with a clan and their lord, were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy. While the samurai numbered less than 10% of Japan's population, their teachings can still be found today in both everyday life and in modern Japanese martial arts.
Following the Battle of Hakusukinoe against Tang China and Silla in 663 AD which led to a retreat from Korean affairs, Japan underwent widespread reform. One of the most important was that of the Taika Reform, issued by Prince Naka-no-Ōe in 646 AD; this edict allowed the Japanese aristocracy to adopt the Tang dynasty political structure, culture and philosophy. As part of the Taihō Code of 702 AD, the Yōrō Code, the population was required to report for the census, a precursor for national conscription. With an understanding of how the population was distributed, Emperor Monmu introduced a law whereby 1 in 3–4 adult males were drafted into the national military; these soldiers were required to supply their own weapons, in return were exempted from duties and taxes. This was one of the first attempts by the Imperial government to form an organized army modeled after the Chinese system, it was called "Gundan-Sei" by historians and is believed to have been short-lived. The Taihō Code classified most of the Imperial bureaucrats into 12 ranks, each divided into two sub-ranks, 1st rank being the highest adviser to the Emperor.
Those of 6th rank and below were dealt with day-to-day affairs. Although these "samurai" were civilian public servants, the modern word is believed to have derived from this term. Military men, would not be referred to as "samurai" for many more centuries. In the early Heian period, during the late 8th and early 9th centuries, Emperor Kanmu sought to consolidate and expand his rule in northern Honshū, sent military campaigns against the Emishi, who resisted the governance of the Kyoto-based imperial court. Emperor Kanmu introduced the title of sei'i-taishōgun, or shōgun, began to rely on the powerful regional clans to conquer the Emishi. Skilled in mounted combat and archery, these clan warriors became the Emperor's preferred tool for putting down rebellions. Though this is the first known use of the title shōgun, it was a temporary title and was not imbued with political power until the 13th century. At this time, the Imperial Court officials considered them to be a military section under the control of the Imperial Court.
Emperor Kanmu disbanded his army. From this time, the emperor's power declined. While the emperor was still the ruler, powerful clans around Kyoto assumed positions as ministers, their relatives bought positions as magistrates. To amass wealth and repay their debts, magistrates imposed heavy taxes, resulting in many farmers becoming landless. Through protective agreements and political marriages, the aristocrats accumulated political power surpassing the traditional aristocracy; some clans were formed by farmers who had taken up arms to protect themselves from the Imperial magistrates sent to govern their lands and collect taxes. These clans formed alliances to protect themselves against more powerful clans, by the mid-Heian period, they had adopted characteristic Japanese armor and weapons; the Emperor and non-warrior nobility employed these warrior nobles. In time they amassed enough manpower and political backing, in the form of alliances with one another, to establish the first samurai-dominated government.
As the power of these regional clans grew, their chief was a distant relative of the Emperor and a lesser member of either the Fujiwara, Minamoto, or Taira clans. Though sent to provincial areas for fixed four-year terms as magistrates, the toryo declined to return to the capital when their terms ended, their sons inherited their positions and continued to lead the clans in putting down rebellions throughout Japan during the middle- and later-Heian period; because of their rising military and economic power, the warriors became a new force in the politics of the Imperial court. Their involvement in the Hōgen Rebellion in the late Heian period consolidated their power, which pitted the rivalry of Minamoto and Taira clans against each other in the Heiji Rebellion of 1160; the victor, Taira no Kiyomori, became an imperial advisor and was the first warrior to attain such a position. He seized control of the central government, establishing the first samurai-dominated government and relegating the Emperor to figurehead status.
However, the Taira clan was still conservative when compared to its eventual successor, the Minamoto, instead of expanding or stre
This Is Your Life
This Is Your Life was an American reality documentary series broadcast on NBC radio from 1948 to 1952, on NBC television from 1952 to 1961. It was hosted by its creator and producer Ralph Edwards. In the program, the host would surprise guests and take them through a retrospective of their lives in front of an audience, including appearances by colleagues and family. Edwards revived the show in 1971–1972, Joseph Campanella hosted a version in 1983. Edwards returned for some specials in the late 1980s, before his death in 2005; the idea for This Is Your Life arose while Edwards was working on Consequences. He had been asked by the U. S. Army to "do something" for paraplegic soldiers at Birmingham General Hospital, a California Army rehabilitation hospital in Van Nuys, Los Angeles. Edwards chose a "particularly despondent young soldier and hit on the idea of presenting his life on the air, in order to integrate the wreckage of the present with his happier past and the promise of a hopeful future."
Edwards received such positive public feedback from the "capsule narrative" of the soldier he gave on Truth or Consequences that he developed This Is Your Life as a new radio show. In the show, Edwards would surprise each guest by narrating a biography of the subject; the show "alternated in presenting the life stories of entertainment personalities and'ordinary' people who had contributed in some way to their communities." The host, consulting his "red book", would narrate while presenting the subject with family members and others who had affected his or her life. By the 1950s, the show was aired live before a theater audience; the guests were confronted by the microphone and cameras. Planning for the broadcast meant. For example, Eddie Cantor had a heart condition, so the show's producers made sure that he was not surprised; some celebrities were unpleasantly surprised. Stan Laurel of Laurel and Hardy was angered by being "tricked" into what would be the team's only American television appearance, on December 1, 1954.
Laurel said, "Oliver Hardy and I were always planning to do something on TV. But we never dreamed that we would make our television debut on an unrehearsed network program... I was damned if I was going to put on a free show for them." In 1993, Angie Dickinson refused to appear on a retrospective show. One of the show's subjects was a survivor of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. During the episode Edwards introduced Tanimoto to Robert A. Lewis, the co-pilot of the Enola Gay, the plane that dropped the bomb on Hiroshima. Hanna Bloch Kohner, a Holocaust survivor, was a subject on May 27, 1953. In February 1953, Lillian Roth, a "topflight torch singer of the Prohibition era" was the subject of the show, "cheerfully admit that she had been a hopeless drunk for 16 years before being rescued by Alcoholics Anonymous." Edwards described Roth's condition as "impending blindness, an inflamed sinus and a form of alcoholic insanity" and brought on a psychiatrist who had treated her, a brother-in-law "who had paid her bills" and several "glamorous foul-weather friends" such as Lita Grey Chaplin and Ruby Keeler.
Roth's story became the basis of her 1954 autobiography and 1955 film adaption, I'll Cry Tomorrow, with Edwards appearing as himself. Kate Newcomb, a doctor who practiced in a "70-mile circle" around Woodruff, was the subject of a 1954 episode, bringing attention to her "million pennies" drive to raise funds for a small community hospital; the New York Times reported on September 1, 1955 that the Sixth United States Army requested a kinescope of the April 27 episode which honored World War II and Korean War General Mark Clark. The request stated, "We believe that showing of such a program would contribute materially toward the objectives of troop information, since it would create appreciation of the career of an outstanding military leader and further better understanding of certain highlights in the recent history of the Army."According to The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows, 1946–Present, one celebrity, forbidden was Edwards himself, who threatened to fire every member of his staff if they tried to turn the tables on him and publicly present Edwards' own life.
This Is Your Life was nominated three times for as "Best Audience Participation, Quiz or Panel Program" at the Emmy Awards, losing in 1953 at the 5th Emmy Awards to What's My Line? and sharing the category's award with What's My Line? at the Emmys in 1954 and 1955. It fared well in the ratings during the 1950s, finishing at #11 in 1953–1954, #12 in 1954–1955, #26 in 1955–1956, #19 in 1957–1958 and #29 in 1958–1959. By October 1960, Time magazine was calling This Is Your Life "the most sickeningly sentimental show on the air"; the episode on Hahn was cited as an example of the limited research that the show was doing on its guests. The show had presented Hahn as "devoted to her husband and so dedicated to her children that she had worked as a chambermaid and cook to further their education and keep them off the streets", ignoring details such as that Hahn, on the advice of her rabbi, had brought her daughter into a magistrate's court as a delinquent, that before the episode was broadcast, Hahn's husband had sued her for divorce.
Virginia Graham, in her autobiography, noted that the show had
Drew McDonald was a Scottish professional wrestler. He was best known for wrestling in the United Kingdom since the 1980s. McDonald, born Charles Shaw, first got into wrestling when friend of his who ran a school in Perth for wayward children was promoting a wrestling show to make funds for the school. Ian Law who held a splinter claim to the British Middleweight Championship at the time was helping his friend run the show. One of the wrestlers had been injured two weeks out from the show and a friend asked McDonald if he would stand in for the injured man. McDonald had a two-week crash course before first pro match against Wild Angus, The match lasted 5 rounds with Angus beating McDonald by the final bell. McDonald stayed in Scotland wrestling for another year after that first match, in April 1984 he went down to England to work for Joint Promotions, the biggest promoters at that time; the next five years saw McDonald wrestle against the likes of Ray Steele and Gill Singh and become a frequent face on ITV's televised wrestling coverage.
Outside of the ring, McDonald would develop friendships with the likes of Danny Boy Collins, Fit Finlay and referee Jeff Kaye. McDonald at one point would join the army at the Guards Depot at Pirbright where he joined with the Scots Guards. During his time there he met Dave Taylor of WCW fame, who had enlisted in the same regiment as McDonald, as a bandsman on the same day. A match screened as part of ITV's 1984 FA Cup Final coverage saw McDonald team with Big Daddy to defeat Giant Haystacks and Finlay. Three years he adopted the persona of the masked Spoiler, managed by the German Doctor Monika Kaiser. Teaming with King Kendo to face Daddy and Andy Blair, he was unmasked by Daddy but preserved his identity due to a black nylon stocking worn over his head and under the mask, concealing his identity so he could get away. A subsequent match pitting the Spoiler and Rasputin against Daddy and Jason "Kashmir" Singh saw the Spoiler again unmasked and this time identified as McDonald. A rematch between the four with a "Hair vs Hair" stipulation ended in the defeated McDonald being shaved bald.
He would retain this look for all his remaining matches on ITV. After the demise of ITV's wrestling coverage, McDonald moved to All Star Wrestling. For some time, he continued to be managed by Kaiser in All Star. In the early 1990s, he adopted the image of "The Ultimate Chippendale" forming a tag team of'Chippendales' with Dale "The Model" Preston. Aside from wrestling for all the top promotions in the UK, McDonald traveled worldwide, wrestling for promotions like Canada's Stampede Wrestling under the name Ben Doon McDonald, feuding with stars like Chris Benoit. McDonald won many UK top titles including Scottish Championship Wrestling's Scottish Heavyweight Championship, All Star Wrestling's British Heavyweight Championship, he won the British title when he defeated Robbie Brookside in Croydon on 7 July 2005. McDonald teamed up with many long time wrestlers, including Dave Finlay, Ulf Herman, Robbie Brookside. McDonald would team with rookie stars like Thunder, Raj Gosh. During a time when both Thunder and Gosh wrestled in Frontier Wrestling Alliance at the same time as McDonald the group banded together under the stable name "The Triad".
In January 2006, Steve Sonic defeated McDonald in a ladder match for All Star Wrestling's British Heavyweight Championship. Throughout 2006 McDonald would continue to wrestle in All Star as well as with other British independent promotions. McDonald ran his own wrestling school along with former wrestler and referee Jeff Kaye in Stanningley, Leeds. In 2008, he began working for Superstars of Wrestling. McDonald died at the age of 59 on 9 February 2015 from cancer. WWE Wrestler Paige paid tribute to him on that night's episode of Monday Night Raw with the words "RIP Drew McDonald" written on her arms. All Star Wrestling ASW British Heavyweight Championship European Wrestling Promotion Iron Man Tournament Frontier Wrestling Alliance FWA Tag Team Championship - with Ulf Herman Scottish Championship Wrestling SCW Scottish Heavyweight Championship The Wrestling Alliance TWA British Heavyweight Championship