The Peugeot 201 is a car produced by Peugeot between 1929 and 1937. The car was manufactured at the company's Sochaux plant near the Swiss frontier, is today celebrated in the adjacent Peugeot museum. Although Peugeot had produced a petrol/gasoline-powered motor vehicle as early as 1886, the Peugeot 201 may reasonably be seen as the company's first volume model; the Peugeot 201 was presented at the 1929 Paris Motor Show with the backdrop of the Wall Street Crash. While many European manufacturers did not survive the ensuing depression, the 201's image as an inexpensive car helped Peugeot to survive the economic crisis with its finances intact and its status as a major auto producer confirmed. During the 1930s Peugeot offered several variants of the 201, the engine capacity grew, it was powered by a 1122 cc engine developing 23 horsepower at 3500 rpm. This was followed by an engine of 1307 cc, a 1465 cc unit of 35 hp; the Peugeot 201C, launched in 1931, is claimed as the first volume produced car equipped with independent front suspension, a concept adopted by the competition.
The simpler beam front axle version remained available, but the independent system improved road holding and reduced steering column vibration. In the early decades of the twentieth century, car manufacturers paid little attention to the naming of their vehicles; the 201's predecessor, the Type 190, is so named because it was the 190th distinct design developed by Peugeot. However, at the time few customers would have been aware of the name "Type 190". In the company's own brochures, the car now known as the Type 190 was called "La 5CV Peugeot". For Peugeot, a new naming scheme was introduced when the Type 190 was replaced by Peugeot 201; the 201 was the first Peugeot to carry a name comprising three numerals with a central zero, a naming scheme continued with the 301 and 401. Peugeot took effective steps to protect all such automobile names, to the discomfiture of Porsche in the 1960s as they prepared to launch their iconic new 901 model. Curiously, having a Ferrari 308 was not a problem. Between 1931 and 1933 the company produced 1,676 commercial versions of the 201, aimed at small shopkeepers and other businessmen.
A wide range of body types was produced including a flatbed truck, a "bakers' van" and light vans with and without side windows behind the B-pillar. Auto passion, nbr 37, juillet 1990 Rétro hebdo, nbr 28, septembre 1997 Rétroviseur ISSN 0992-5007, nbr 58
Peugeot Type 6
The Peugeot Type 6 was the ordinally last Peugeot vehicle to carry over the tired 2-hp 565 cc V-twin from the earliest Peugeot models. It was larger than the Type 5 and offered for 1894 only. A mere 7 units were sold, of which one survives in Louwman's museum in the Netherlands. Peugeot Car Models 1889-1909 Peugeot Type 6/7 at Histomobile Peugeot 6 at Louwman's car museum, The Netherlands
Peugeot 301 (1932–36)
The Peugeot 301 is a four-cylinder large family car produced by Peugeot between 1932 and 1936. The original 301 can be seen either as a belated replacement for the Type 177, which had not been on sale since 1928, or as a return by Peugeot to that market segment after having left it for four years, it was replaced in 1936 by the Peugeot 302. The 301C saloon produced in 1932 and 1933 featured a six-light four-door boxy body, with space at the back for a separate boot. Longer-boded versions without the separate luggage box were available; the 301 CR introduced to the Sochaux lines after the summer break of 1933 was less angular, the word "aérodynamique" featured prominently in Peugeot's publicity for the restyled car. Another, bolder change to the look of the saloon came with the introduction of the 301D in 1934; the 301D was no longer a six-light saloon, it featured a longer sloping tail which suggested the streamlining of the Peugeot 402 and 302 which would appear during the following two years.
A variety of four-door 301s constructed on the same 2,720 mm chassis were produced, although a longer 2,940 mm wheelbase was available for use, among other applications, as a taxicab with a middle set of seats that could be folded away. There were various 2-door versions which could be bodied as coupés or cabriolets. A commercial version, the 301T, had a tall van body replacing the usual passenger cabin section directly behind the B pillar. Despite the changes in body design over the lifetime of the Peugeot 301, the configuration of the engine remained the same: a four-cylinder water-cooled unit of 1465 cc. A maximum output of 35 bhp at 4000 rpm was stated for the 301D, with passenger car maximum speeds of between 80 km/h and 100 km/h according to body type. For the much taller 301 van the maximum speed did not exceed 70 km/h. An electric starter motor was included, although, as was normal at the time, provision for manual cranking remained; the 301 was based on the underpinnings of the commercially more successful Peugeot 201 introduced in 1929.
The rear wheels were driven via a three-speed manual transmission. There was no synchromesh; the drum brakes were cable operated. The lights, controlled from a knob in the middle of the steering column, operated on a twelve-volt electrical system; the 301 was fitted with independent front suspension: it was one of the first volume produced cars to be thus equipped from launch, benefited from exceptionally good road holding as well as reduced vibration from the steering column by the standards of the time. Leaf springs at the rear were in line with contemporary practice; the 301 competed in the 8 hp class in terms of fiscal horsepower, sold 70,000 units during its four-year model run. Dedicated Peugeot 301 website This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding French Wikipedia article as of 2008-03-16
Peugeot Type 31
The Peugeot Type 31 is an early motor vehicle produced between 1900 and 1902 by the French auto-maker Peugeot at their Audincourt plant. It was the smallest Peugeot offered for sale. Only 7 were produced; the vehicle was powered by a rear-mounted four stroke engine, manufactured by Peugeot themselves. The engine's two cylinders were mounted in parallel and not in the V-format used for the company's first petrol engined vehicles; the engine was mounted behind his passenger above the rear axle. A maximum output of 8 hp was delivered to the rear wheels via a chain-drive mechanism; the car shared the frame of the manufacturer’s earlier Type 24, introduced two years earlier, but was shorter. The Peugeot Type 31 is believed to have been the shortest Peugeot to have been put into production. A wheelbase of 1,400 mm supported a vehicle length of 2,100 mm, on which sat a tall two person carriage format “Duc” body; the Type 31 was produced until 1902. Wolfgang Schmarbeck: Alle Peugeot Automobile 1890-1990.
Motorbuch-Verlag. Stuttgart 1990. ISBN 3-613-01351-7
Peugeot Type 7
The Peugeot Type 7 was built on the same chassis as the Peugeot Type 6 and shared some mechanicals but its engine was twice the size, twice as powerful. It had a phaeton style body for 4 persons. 25 units were built between 1894 and 1897. The engine was carried over to the Type 8; the 1,282 cc V-twin Daimler engine was mounted at the back, produced 3.7 hp. The cooling radiator was mounted at the front of the vehicle and the coolant flowed within the chassis tubing. Transmission was via 4 speed gearbox and chains propelling the rear wheels; some models had steel wire wheels with rubber tyres and others had wooden wheels. The weight was circa top speed was 18-20 km/h. In 1894 Peugeot entered the'Le Petit Journal' Competition for Horseless Carriages that ran from Paris to Rouen with several Type 5's and 7s. Albert Lemaître's Type 7 Phaeton was the first petrol powered vehicle to finish, 3 minutes behind Jules-Albert, Comte de Dion on his steam powered tractor. In 1895, a Peugeot Type 7 driven by Paul Koechlin with Rubichon as a mechanic, won the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race.
Peugeot Car Models 1889-1909 at the Wayback Machine Peugeot Type 6/7 at Histomobile at the Wayback Machine
Paris Motor Show
The Paris Motor Show is a biennial auto show in Paris. Held during October, it is one of the most important auto shows with many new production automobile and concept car debuts; the show presently takes place in Paris expo Porte de Versailles. The Mondial is scheduled by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, which considers it a major international auto show. In 2016, the Paris Motor Show welcomed 1,253,513 visitors, making it the most visited auto show in the world, ahead of Tokyo and Frankfurt; the key figures of the show are: 125 000 m2 of exhibition, 8 pavilions, 260 brands from 18 countries, 65 world premieres, more than 10 000 test drives for electric and hybrid cars, more than 10 000 journalists from 103 countries. Until 1986, it was called the Salon de l'Automobile; the show was held annually through 1976. The show was the first motor show in the world, started in 1898 by industry pioneer, Albert de Dion. After 1910 it was held at the Grand Palais in the Champs-Élysées.
During the First World War motor shows were suspended, meaning that the show of October 1919 was only the 15th "Salon". There was again no Paris Motor Show in 1925, the venue having been booked instead for an Exhibition of Decorative Arts. In October 1926 the Motor Show returned; the outbreak of war again intervened in 1939 when the 33rd Salon de l'Automobile was cancelled at short notice. Normality of a sorts returned some six years and the 33rd "Salon" opened in October 1946. In January 1977, it was announced that no Paris Motor Show would take place that year, because of the "current economic situation": at the same time the organisers confirmed that a 1978 Auto Salon for Paris was planned; the 65th Salon de Paris duly opened on 15 October 1978 in the modern buildings of the Parc des Expositions on the south-western edge of central Paris at the Porte de Versailles, where the show had been held since 1962. 1898 1st 1913 14th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1919 15th "Salon de l'Automobile" The first "Salon" since 1913.9 October 1919 65 French automobile makers exhibited.
At least 118 exhibitors in total. There was no "Salon de l'Automobile" in 1920 1921 16th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1922 17th "Salon de l'Automobile" 4 October 1922 81 French automobile makers exhibited 113 exhibitors in total.1923 18th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1924 19th "Salon de l'Automobile" 2 October 1924 78 French automobile makers exhibited 116 exhibitors in total. There was no "Salon de l'Automobile" in 1925 due to the venue having been allocated to an Exhibition of Decorative Arts 1926 20th "Salon de l'Automobile" 7 October 1926 81 French automobile makers exhibited and 42 non French automobile industry businesses exhibited. 126 exhibitors in total1927 21st "Salon de l'Automobile" 1928 22nd "Salon de l'Automobile" 1929 23rd "Salon de l'Automobile" 1930 24th "Salon de l'Automobile" 2 October 1930 46 French automobile makers and 46 non French automobile makers exhibited. 92 exhibitors in total.1931 25th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1 October 1931 39 French automobile makers and 37 non French automobile makers exhibited.
79 exhibitors in total.1932 26th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1933 27th "Salon de l'Automobile" 5 October 1933 26 French automobile makers exhibited.1934 28th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1935 29th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1936 30th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1937 31st "Salon de l'Automobile" 7 October 1937 22 French automobile makers exhibited.1938 32nd 1946 33rd 1947 34th "Salon de l'Automobile" 23 October 1947 27 French automobile makers exhibited.1948 35th 1949 36th 1950 37th 1951 38th "Salon de l'Automobile" 4 October 1951 23 French automobile makers exhibited.1952 39th 1953 40th 1954 41st 1955 42nd 1956 43rd 1957 44th "Salon de l'Automobile" 3 October 1957 24 French automobile makers exhibited.1958 45th 1959 46th 1960 47th 1961 48th "Salon de l'Automobile" 5 October 1961 9 French automobile makers exhibited. 1962 49th SalonThis was the first year the show was held at the Porte de Versailles on the outskirts of Paris.1963 50th 1964 51st 1965 52nd "Salon de l'Automobile" October 1965 9 French automobile makers exhibited.
1966 53rd 1967 54th "Salon de l'Automobile" 6 October 1967 8 French automobile makers exhibited, plus one coachbuilder Citroën Dyane world premiere1968 55th "Salon de l'Automobile" 1976 63rd "Salon de l'Automobile" known as a "Salon of Sobriété"Ferrari 400 world premiere1978 64th "Salon de l'Automobile" 15 October 19781998 Paris Motor Show 2000 Paris Motor Show 2002 Paris Motor Show 2004 Paris Motor Show 2006 Paris Motor Show 2008 Paris Motor Show 2010 Paris Motor Show 2012 Paris Motor Show 2014 Paris Motor Show 2016 Paris Motor Show 2018 Paris Motor Show Media related to Mondial de l’Automobile de Paris at Wikimedia Commons Official website Template:Paris Motor Show
Peugeot Type 2
The Peugeot Type 2 is the first petrol/gasoline-powered motor vehicle produced between 1890 and 1891 by the French auto-maker Peugeot at their Valentigney plant. The car was presented just two years after Armand Peugeot had split away from the Peugeot family business in order to concentrate on cars, with a separate Peugeot Automobiles business. In 1889 Peugeot attended that year's Paris Universal Exhibition, where he was demonstrating four of his Peugeot Type 1 prototypes, which were powered by steam engines; the Type 1 received a tepid reception, Peugeot was aware of the limitations arising from the vibration profile and sheer weight of a steam engine in this type of car-sized powered vehicle. The visit to the exhibition was not wasted, however, as he came across the revolutionary invention of Gottlieb Daimler, a reciprocating combustion engine powered by petrol/gasoline; as soon as the exhibition was over Daimler arranged for his engine to be assembled in France by Panhard et Levassor of Paris and came to an agreement with Peugeot for its use in a new quadricycle.
Peugeot was able to negotiate with the widow of Edouard Sarazin. Sarazin's acquisition, before he died, of the rights to manufacture the Daimler combustion engine in France, made his widow, Louise, a key figure in the early life of the motor industry in France, which would be the world's top auto producing nation till out-produced by the United States in 1906. A year after Armand Peugeot's eventful visit top Paris, the Peugeot Type 2 appeared, to be followed by the Type 3, which events together marked the inauguration of the Peugeot automobile business; the Peugeot Type 2 was powered by a two-cylinder four stroke V-format petrol/gasoline engine, assembled under licence from Daimler. The engine was mounted underneath the seat and ahead of the rear axle to which it was linked by a chain-drive. 2 hp of power was provided from the 565 cc unit. A maximum speed of 18 km/h was recorded. Cooling being as now a challenge in a combustion engine, the Type 2's engine incorporated tubes filled with water, adumbrating the radiator that would be an essential feature of many combustion engines in the ensuing centuries.
A wheelbase of 1400mm supported a vehicle length of 2300 mm. The width and height were 1350 mm and 1450 mm. A rudimentary suspension system pointed the way ahead regarding what would become another mainstream feature of the motor car; the main Peugeot business was, at this time, expanding its bicycle production, the Type 2’s light weight may have incorporated lessons learned from cycle production. Four Type 2s were produced. Three were quadricycles, they all had space for two on the bench above the engine. Wolfgang Schmarbeck: Alle Peugeot Automobile 1890–1990. Motorbuch-Verlag. Stuttgart 1990. ISBN 3-613-01351-7. Picture