Hồ Cóc is a small beach community located in Vietnam's Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province, in Xuyên Mộc District. It is situated about 125 kilometers southeast of Hồ Chí Minh City; the trip to Hồ Cóc takes only about 2 hours from HCMC by car or 90 minutes via the ferry from HCMC to Vũng Tàu. Hồ Cóc is expected to follow the development of Hồ Tràm beach as well as the ACDL MGM Hồ Tràm casino project located nearby and become a major resort destination in southern Vietnam. Notable in the area are hot springs and an 11,000-hectare rain forest, designated as a nature reserve in 1975. Information about Ho Coc beach
Mũi Né is a coastal fishing town in the south-central Bình Thuan Province of Vietnam. The town, with 25,000 residents, is a ward of the city of Phan Thiết. Mui Ne and the other wards of Phan Thiet stretch along the coast for 50 kilometers and have been transformed into a resort destination since the mid 1990s, when many visited the area to view the solar eclipse of October 24, 1995. Most notably, tourism has developed in the area from the Phan Thiet city center to Mui Ne, which has more than a hundred beach resorts, as well as restaurants, bars and cafes. Mũi Né ward has two beaches, but the most developed area is Rang Beach in Ham Tien ward, which extends west of Mui Ne. Strong sea breezes make all three beaches popular for kitesurfing and windsurfing; the tourist season is from December to April. The average temperature is 27°C, the climate is hot and dry much of the year. Mui Ne is well known for unique white sand dunes, featuring several lakes and swamps straight in the middle of sandy terrain.
It is the only place in Vietnam with hot air balloon ride service for adventurous tourists. Mui Ne travel guide from Wikivoyage
Hồ Tràm is a small beach town located in Vietnam's Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province, in Xuyên Mộc District. It is situated about 125 kilometers southeast of Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Tram’s pristine, undeveloped beachfront sits at just 2 hours from HCMC by car or 90 minutes via the ferry from HCMC to Vũng Tàu. For over a century now, the Vung Tau cape has been known as a sea-side sanatorium for treatment of diseases with climate and sea water, it has become the earliest tourism city of Vietnam. Ho Tram is poised to become a major resort destination as the region develops along with its "sister" beach destination Ho Coc, located at close proximity. Ho Tram provides for the nicest beach in the area combining unspoiled waters with a large and wide beach of clear sand and is an week-end destination for wealthy Ho Chi Minh City residents as well as emerging as a resort destination for international tourists. Ho Tram provides local excursions to Binh Chau Hot Springs famous for its relaxing mud baths and curative hot mineral springs said to improve blood circulation and mental disorders.
The area is home to an 11,000-hectare rainforest, designated as a nature reserve in 1975. Most of the larger wildlife was exterminated or moved for safety reasons, but plenty of beautiful birds and monkeys can be spotted in the forest. Ho Tram Beach is mentioned by Lonely Planet Guide as the #3 of the Top 5 Places to visit around Ho Chi Minh City Lonely Planet Top 5 Around HCMC; the current development plans in this temperate climate of southern Vietnam parallels the early growth of Phuket, Las Vegas and Macau into premier tourist destinations. The yearly average temperature is 28 °C, more moderate than other South Vietnamese provinces, the annual rainfall is only 1,500 millimetres which makes it one of the driest in the country; the temperature of the sea surface is about 25 °C all year round
Tan Thanh (town)
Tan Thanh is a Town Class-5 of Lai Vung District, Đồng Tháp Province, in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. Tan Thanh was the capital of Duc Thanh district, Sa Dec province. Tan Thanh has an area of 17,9 km², the population of 2009 is 15.748 people density is 884,1 people/km². In 2013 there are 23.109 people, with a population density of 1.291 people/km² Tan Thanh borders Tan Phuoc Commune to the north and Long Hau commune to the east. The Hau River is to the west, Vinh Thoi commune is to the south. Tan Thanh town is divided into 7 hamlets. Tân An Tân Bình Tân Định Tân Lợi Tân Lộc Tân Khánh Tân Hưng Tan Thanh has two large Industrial Zones: Sông Hậu Industrial Zone. Cái Đôi Industrial Complex 100ha
South China Sea
The South China Sea is a marginal sea, part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around 3,500,000 square kilometres. The sea carries tremendous strategic importance. Huge oil and gas reserves are believed to lie beneath its seabed. According to International Hydrographic Organization Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition, it is located south of China; the minute South China Sea Islands, collectively an archipelago, number in the hundreds. The sea and its uninhabited islands are subject to competing claims of sovereignty by several countries; these claims are reflected in the variety of names used for the islands and the sea. South China Sea is the dominant term used in English for the sea, the name in most European languages is equivalent; this name is a result of early European interest in the sea as a route from Europe and South Asia to the trading opportunities of China. In the sixteenth century Portuguese sailors called it the China Sea.
The International Hydrographic Organization refers to the sea as "South China Sea". The Yizhoushu, a chronicle of the Western Zhou dynasty gives the first Chinese name for the South China Sea as Nanfang Hai, claiming that barbarians from that sea gave tributes of hawksbill sea turtles to the Zhou rulers; the Classic of Poetry, Zuo Zhuan, Guoyu classics of the Spring and Autumn period referred to the sea, but by the name Nan Hai in reference to the State of Chu's expeditions there. Nan Hai, the South Sea, was one of the Four Seas of Chinese literature. There are one for each of the four cardinal directions. During the Eastern Han dynasty, China's rulers called the Sea Zhang Hai. Fei Hai became popular during the Northern Dynasties period. Usage of the current Chinese name, Nan Hai, became widespread during the Qing Dynasty. In Southeast Asia it was once called the Champa Sea or Sea of Cham, after the maritime kingdom of Champa that flourished there before the sixteenth century; the majority of the sea came under Japanese naval control during World War II following the military acquisition of many surrounding South East Asian territories in 1941.
Japan calls the sea Minami Shina Kai "South China Sea". This was written 南支那海 until 2004, when the Japanese Foreign Ministry and other departments switched the spelling to 南シナ海, which has become the standard usage in Japan. In China, it is called the "South Sea", 南海 Nánhǎi, in Vietnam the "East Sea", Biển Đông. In Malaysia and the Philippines, it was long called the "South China Sea", with the part within Philippine territorial waters called the "Luzon Sea", Dagat Luzon, by the Philippines. However, following an escalation of the Spratly Islands dispute in 2011, various Philippine government agencies started using the name "West Philippine Sea". A Philippine Atmospheric and Astronomical Services Administration spokesperson said that the sea to the east of the Philippines will continue to be called the Philippine Sea. In September 2012, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III signed Administrative Order No. 29, mandating that all government agencies use the name "West Philippine Sea" to refer to the parts of the South China Sea within the Philippines' exclusive economic zone, including the Luzon Sea as well as the waters around and adjacent to the Kalayaan Island Group and Bajo de Masinloc, tasked the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority to use the name in official maps.
In July 2017, to assert its sovereignty, Indonesia renamed the northern reaches of its exclusive economic zone in the South China Sea as the "North Natuna Sea", located north of the Indonesian Natuna Islands, bordering the southern Vietnam exclusive economic zone, corresponding to the southern end of the South China Sea. The "Natuna Sea" is located south of Natuna Island within Indonesian territorial waters. Therefore, Indonesia has named two seas. States and territories with borders on the sea include: the People's Republic of China, Republic of China, the Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia and Vietnam. Major rivers that flow into the South China Sea include the Pearl, Jiulong, Mekong, Pahang and Pasig Rivers; the International Hydrographic Organization in its Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition, defines the limits of the South China Sea as follows: On the South. The Eastern
Commune-level town (Vietnam)
Commune-level town known as township or townlet, a type of third tier subdivision of Vietnam is divided into 11,162 units along with ward and commune have equal status. By virtue of Decree No. 42/2009/ND-CP, township are classified into Class-2, Class-3, Class-4 or Class-5. The townships can only subordinate to district as the Third Tier unit; the difference between a township and a commune is related to their industrialization rate. Communes are dominated by the practice of agriculture, whereas townships have a more diversified economic base. Population density in townships is higher than in communes. Other criteria, such as population, revenue received from taxes, land area are not taken into account. Townships have higher budgets than communes, but many counter-examples exist; the seat of government of a district is located in a township designated as a district capital —as opposed to a commune—except when the town's geographical location is not favorable. As of December 31, 2008, Vietnam had 617 commune-level towns.
Thanh Hóa Province with 30 commune-level towns is the most of all province-level administrative units, followed by Hanoi with 22 commune-level towns. Ninh Thuận Province has only three commune-level towns and Đà Nẵng has none
The Côn Đảo Islands are an archipelago of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province, in the Southeast region of Vietnam, a district of this province. Situated about 185 km from Vũng Tàu and 230 km from Saigon, the group includes 16 mountainous islands and islets; the total land area reaches 75.15 km2 and the local population is about 5,000. The islands are composed of magmatic rocks of different ages. Hon Bay Canh, Hon Cau, Hon Bong Lang composed of Cretaceous microgranit rocks; the Northern part of Con Dao Island composed of quartz diorite and granite - granodiorit of late Mesozoic- early Cenozoic age, is covered by Quaternary marine sediments. The Southern part of this island and Hon Ba island are composed of the riolit and intrusive formations of unknown age. On the western slope of Con Dao Island, there exist of outcrops of diorite and microgranit penetrated by big quartz bands; the island group is served by Côn Đảo Airport situated on the largest island in the Archipelago: Côn Sơn Island. A Khmer Empire territory known as Koh Tralach, the islands were settled by the Vietnamese by the 17th century.
On June 16, 1702, the English East India Company founded a settlement on Pulo Condore as an entrepôt for ships plying between India and China. Three years on 2 March 1705, the Vietnamese murdered the English agents, destroyed the factory, expelled the remaining settlers. During the internecine wars for the Court of Hue, the Nguyen Prince Nguyễn Phúc Ánh ceded the islands to France in the Treaty of Versailles in return for military assistance; the treaty however was abrogated. It was only under conquest that the islands came under French control in 1861. During the French colonial era, the island was made infamous for its penal facilities and the notorious "tiger cages". Vietnamese and Cambodian nationalists were sent here to serve their sentence for anti-French activities. Many Vietnamese Communist leaders were "schooled" on Côn Đảo Island as well; the French Indochinese government named the group of islands Poulo-Condore Islands, a name that derives from the islands' Malay name Pulo Condore. Many of the islands were given protected status in 1984 as part of Côn Đảo National Park.
This natural preserve was subsequently enlarged in 1998. Endangered species protected within the park include the hawksbill turtle, the green turtle and the dugong. Ecosystems represented in the park include seagrass meadow and coral reefs. Côn Đảo National Park is working with the World Wildlife Fund Vietnam to further protection in the marine areas, with programs to establish a Marine Protected Area that protects coral reefs, seagrass beds and species, while developing sustainable nature-based ecotourism; the island's management is geared towards sustainable use, hoping to learn from previous experiences in Vietnam and the region to balance development with conservation. A new hydrofoil service from Vung Tau to Con Dao was started in February 2019; the service is a daily return and boasts that the ferry will operate year round, regardless of the weather. Travel time is 4-5 hours, returning from Con Dao at around 2 pm. Two ferries operate between the mainland. There is a daily overnight hour ferry service from Vũng Tàu which, in addition to bringing passengers, serves as the main source of importing goods to the islands.
The ferry operates on a daily basis however in winter months the service depends on weather conditions as the seas between Côn Đảo and the mainland can be rough. In 2016 a new ferry service for passengers opened up between Sóc Trăng and Côn Đảo shortening the length of the journey to three hours. With the addition of a fast ferry to the islands, the islands have experienced an increase in tourism fueled by domestic tourists who view Côn Đảo as a sacred place due to its history. Côn Đảo Islands include 16 islands, with a total area of 76 km². Côn Lôn Island or Côn Sơn, Phú Hải, 51.52 km² Little Côn Lôn Island, or Hòn Bà, Phú Sơn, 5.45 km² Bảy Cạnh Island, or Bãi Cạnh Island, Phú Hòa, 5.5 km² Cau Island, or Phú Lệ 1.8 km² Bông Lan Island, or Bông Lang, Bông Lau, Phú Phong, 0.2 km² Vung Island, or Phú Vinh 0.15 km² Ngọc Island, or Trọc Island, hòn Trai, Phú Nghĩa, 0.4 km² Trứng Island, or Đá Bạc Island, Đá Trắng Island, Phú Thọ, 0.1 km² Tài Lớn Island, or Phú Bình 0.38 km² Tài Nhỏ Island, or Thỏ Island, Phú An, 0.1 km² Trác Lớn Island, or Phú Hưng 0.25 km² Trác Nhỏ Island, or Phú Thịnh 0.1 km² Tre Lớn Island, or Phú Hòa 0.75 km² Tre Nhỏ Island, or Phú Hội, 0.25 km² Anh Island, or Trứng Lớn Island Em Island, or Trứng Nhỏ Island Con Dao photos The Kun Lun Shan islands are shown on sheet 11 of the Mao Kun map Wu Bei Zhi at the Library of Congress Vietnamese Sea and Islands – position Resources, typical geological and ecological wonders.
Publisher Science and Technology. Ha Noi, Editor: Nguyen Khoa Son, ISBN 978-604-913-063-2. In Vietnamese