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Phaeoceros laevis.jpg
Phaeoceros laevis (L.) Prosk.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Anthocerotophyta
Class: Anthocerotopsida
Order: Notothyladales
Family: Notothyladaceae
Genus: Phaeoceros

Phaeoceros bulbiculosus (Brot.) Prosk.
Phaeoceros dichotomus
Phaeoceros evanidus
Phaeoceros hallii (Austin) Prosk.
Phaeoceros laevis (L.) Prosk.
Phaeoceros laevis subsp. carolinianus (Michx.) Prosk.
Phaeoceros mohrii (Austin) Hässel
Phaeoceros novazealandicus
Phaeoceros pearsonii (M. Howe) Prosk.
Phaeoceros striatisporus J. Haseg.
Phaeoceros tjipanasanus

Phaeoceros is a genus of hornworts in the family Notothyladaceae. The genus is global in its distribution, its name means 'yellow horn', and refers to the characteristic yellow spores that the plants produce in the horn-shaped sporophyte. The genus Phaeoceros was first recognized in 1951 by Johannes Max Proskauer; the type species is Phaeoceros laevis. The genus is distinguished by having yellow spores, different chloroplast structure, relatively less frilliness of the thallus when compared to Anthoceros, and a relative lack of internal cavities in Phaeoceros.

The yellow color of the spores is the easiest way to distinguish Phaeoceros from the common genus Anthoceros, which produces spores that are dark brown to black. Phaeoceros is often confused with Anthoceros, and dried plants are particularly difficult to distinguish in, but the two genera can always be recognized, when fertile and mature, by the spores; when sterile, the distinguishing characteristic is the absence of lacunae (gaps within the tissue) within the thallus, which in Anthoceros are large and numerous.[1]


  1. ^ Howe, Marshall A. (1899). The Hepaticae and Anthocerotes of California. Columbia University. p. 16. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  • Proskauer, J. (1951). "Studies on Anthocerotales. III". Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78: 331-349.

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