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People's Front of Yugoslavia

People's Front of Yugoslavia was an organization of antifascist and democratic masses of nations of Yugoslavia. The idea of its creation sprang up in the 1930s during the May 5, 1935 parliamentary elections in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. At the Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in June 1935 held in the city of Split it was concluded to form the Front of National Freedom, it was concluded that Fascism could be defeated by the joint efforts of proletariat, nationally oppressed and all democratic and progressive layers of society. The basis for the Front of the People's Freedom would be the Communist Party of Yugoslavia joined by the trade unions, "left wings" of the peasant parties, university students, educational, sports societies, different professional associations and national liberation movements under the auspices of civic parties; the main platform was: The destruction of the 6 January Regime, Equal rights of the nations of Yugoslavia, Preventing the burden of crisis on the back of the People and improving the economic position of broad working masses at the expense of the rich.

The Communist Party of Yugoslavia comprehended the People's Front as a political platform for the approaching of masses with its ideas and as a method of alliance with other opposition parties like civic and democratic bourgeois parties. The Communist Party of Yugoslavia was banned from political life of the country but remained seized with the matter of creating a singular People's Front up to the beginning of World War II. At the conference in Stolice it was concluded that the antifascist movement should be transformed to a United People's Liberation Front of Yugoslavia; each of the future republics and autonomous provinces had its own People's Liberation Front. The first congress of the People's Front of Yugoslavia was held in Belgrade from August 5 to August 7, 1945; the Programme and the Statute of the National Front of Yugoslavia were passed. Edvard Kardelj gave the main guidelines for the NFY in his seminary which described the NFY as "the sole of the Nation, its reflection, its heroic uprising, its greatest majority – that it is – the Nation itself".

The NFY was the only organisation to contest the first postwar election, in 1945. On 29 November, the Communist-dominated parliament formally abolished the monarchy and declared Yugoslavia a republic. From that moment onward, the NFY was the only permitted political organisation in the country. At the fourth congress of the NFY it changed its name to the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Yugoslavia; the congress accepted the proposal of the sixth congress of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia to have the name changed at the fourth congress of the National Front of Yugoslavia, held in Belgrade from February 22 to February 25, 1953. Antifascist Front of Women of Yugoslavia Croatian Peasant Party Independent Democratic Party Landworkers' Party National Peasant Party Socialist Party of Yugoslavia Social-Democratic Party of Yugoslavia United Alliance of Antifascist Youth of Yugoslavia United Trade Union of Workers and Employees Yugoslav Republican Democratic Party Democratic Party National Radical Party Narodni front Jugoslavije, Političko odeljenje Ministarstva narodne odbrane, Beograd, 1945.

Katarina Spehnjak, Narodni front Jugoslavije - razvoj, programsko-teorijske osnove i procesi u društvenoj praksi, published in Povijesni prilozi Year 3, No 1, a collection of papers by the Institute of the History of the Workers Movement of Croatia, Zagreb, 1984. ISSN 0351-9767

Dorothy Savile, Viscountess Halifax

Dorothy Savile, Viscountess Halifax was the first wife of George Savile, 1st Viscount Halifax, the mother of the 2nd Marquess. Dorothy was the daughter of Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, his wife, the former Lady Dorothy Sidney. Lady Dorothy married George Savile on 29 December 1656, at St Giles in the Fields in London, they had two children: William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax Anne Savile Countess of Carbery In 1667, George Savile was created Viscount Halifax. Following his wife's death, he remarried, in 1672, his second wife being Gertrude Pierrepont, daughter of William Pierrepont of Thoresby, his elevation to the title of Marquess of Halifax came in 1682, some years after Dorothy's death