NYPD Blue is an American police procedural drama television series set in New York City, exploring the struggles of the fictional 15th Precinct detective squad in Manhattan. Each episode intertwines several plots involving an ensemble cast; the show was created by Steven Bochco and David Milch, was inspired by Milch's relationship with Bill Clark, a former member of the New York City Police Department who became one of the show's producers. The series was broadcast on the ABC network, debuted on September 21, 1993‚ and aired its final episode on March 1, 2005, it was ABC's longest-running primetime one-hour drama series until Grey's Anatomy surpassed it in 2016. NYPD Blue was met with critical acclaim, praised for its grittiness and realistic portrayal of the cast's personal and professional lives, though the show garnered controversy for its depiction of nudity and alcoholism. In 1997, "True Confessions", written by Art Monterastelli and directed by Charles Haid, was ranked #36 on "TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time."
In 2009, "Hearts and Souls", Jimmy Smits' final episode as a main cast member, #30 on "TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time." Produced by 20th Century Fox and Steven Bochco Productions, film production took place in the greater Los Angeles area. The show did film in New York, but only for exterior shots. In the final season, the show was filmed only in Los Angeles to save money. Exterior shots of the 15th Precinct used the 9th Precinct building on East 5th Street in New York City used for Kojak; the show was a vehicle for David Caruso. John Kelly was the main character, the first season revolved around him and his professional and personal lives. Promotional shots for the show depicted Caruso in the foreground and other first-season characters set off behind him. Season two had the departure of John Kelly, the show was thereafter built around an ensemble cast. Dennis Franz, as Andy Sipowicz, a veteran New York City Police detective, evolved into the show's lead character, who assumed a mentorship role to other characters as the series progressed.
His co-stars included Jimmy Smits as Det. Bobby Simone, Rick Schroder as Det. Danny Sorenson, Mark-Paul Gosselaar as Det. John Clark, Jr.. John Kelly and Andy Sipowicz are detectives in the 15th squad. Sipowicz is the elder partner, but is an alcoholic who drinks on the job, as well as off duty, his behavior causes doubt that the partnership will last much longer. Kelly has a genuine affection for his partner, but becomes exasperated by Sipowicz's behavior. In addition to his alcoholism, Sipowicz is a negative, homophobic bigot. In the pilot, Sipowicz is shot by a suspect he had humiliated earlier; this leads to his decision to save his job. While Sipowicz is recuperating, the squad's lieutenant, Arthur Fancy, teams Kelly with a young cop from Anticrime, James Martinez. Kelly's personal life is as frenetic as his professional life, he is reluctantly going through a divorce from his wife, is embarking on an affair with a uniformed cop, Janice Licalsi. To complicate matters further, Licalsi's police-officer father is on the payroll of mob boss Angelo Marino.
Licalsi, in an attempt to protect her father, has been ordered to do a "hit" on Kelly. Instead, Licalsi murders Marino, the repercussions come back to haunt both Kelly and her. Sipowicz, sobers up and begins a relationship with ADA Sylvia Costas; the other detective in the squad, Greg Medavoy, a married man, embarks on an affair with the squad's new administrative aide, Donna Abandando. Licalsi is found guilty of the manslaughter of Marino and his driver, is given a two-year sentence; because of Kelly's involvement with Licalsi, the held belief that he withheld evidence that could have given her a longer sentence, he is transferred out of the 15th and chooses to leave the department altogether. He is replaced by Bobby Simone, a widower whose previous job was that of driver for the police commissioner; this does not sit well with Sipowicz, but after learning that Simone took the assignment to be present for his wife, suffering from cancer, Sipowicz learns to accept his new partner and builds a strong friendship with him.
When Sipowicz's relationship with Sylvia leads to marriage, he asks Simone to be his best man. After an affair with a journalist whom he suspects has used information that he disclosed to her after an intimate moment to boost her career, Simone begins a relationship with another new member of the squad, Diane Russell. Sipowicz, as a recovering alcoholic, recognizes from Russell's behavior that she has a drinking problem. After much prompting, she begins attending Alcoholics Anonymous. In another storyline, due to his low self-esteem and disbelief that a woman like Donna could love him, Medavoy's relationship with her breaks down, due in no small part to Donna's visiting sister. At the beginning of the season, Sylvia becomes pregnant with Andy's child. A baby boy, Theo, is born towards the end of the season; this is contrasted with the fate that awaits Sipowicz's older son, Andy Jr. who announces that he plans to join the police force in nearby Hackensack, New Jersey, after being discharged from the Air Force due to an injury.
Sipowicz is bonding with his long-estranged son when Andy Jr. is gunned down trying to help people in a bar holdup. This causes the elder Sipowicz to fall off the wagon. Simone kills Andy Jr.'s murderers in an act of self-defense while attempting to arrest them. Bobby and Diane, who had placed their relationship on hold while she attended AA, resume seeing each other. D
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Brockmire is an American comedy television series that premiered on April 5, 2017 on IFC. The show stars Hank Azaria, Amanda Peet, Tyrel Jackson Williams. Azaria plays a baseball play-by-play announcer. On March 29, 2018, it was announced that IFC had renewed the series for a fourth season. Brockmire follows Jim Brockmire, "a famed Major League Baseball announcer who suffers an embarrassing and public meltdown on the air after discovering his beloved wife’s serial infidelity. A decade he decides to reclaim his career and love life in a small town, calling minor league ball for the Morristown Frackers."In the second season, Brockmire becomes the play-by-play announcer for the AAA New Orleans Crawdaddy's. Hank Azaria as Jim Brockmire, an alcoholic, drug-using former Kansas City broadcaster fired in 2007 for an on-air tirade against his unfaithful wife. In the ten years since, he spent most of his time in Asian countries calling more non-traditional sporting events, such as cock-fighting. Amanda Peet as Jules James, the owner of the Morristown Frackers, which her father owned, along with the town's main bar.
She is competitive and will do anything to attract fans to the games. Tyrel Jackson Williams as Charles, the Frackers head of digital media, responsible for webcasts of the games. Although talented with computers and technology, he possesses little athletic ability-or indeed interest in sports. Paul Rae as Dale, a Morristown resident who acts in stereotypical-redneck fashion, frequenting both Frackers home games and the local bar. In season 2, it is revealed. Hemky Madera as Pedro Uribe, a baseball player for the Morristown Frackers, as well as a former Major League all-star. Molly Ephraim as Bartender Adan Rocha as Danny Cruz, a baseball player for the Morristown Frackers. Steve Coulter as Coach Pom Pom, coach for the Morristown Frackers. Ryan Lee as John Elton, a baseball player for the Morristown Frackers. Alex Phipps as Ryan Stanton, a baseball player for the Morristown Frackers. Daisuke Tsuji as Yoshi Takatsu, a baseball player for the Morristown Frackers a professional in Japan. Ethan Daniels as Bat Boy Calhoun Toby Huss as Johnny the Hat Katie Finneran as Lucy Brockmire, Brockmire's sexually adventurous ex-wife.
David Walton as Gary Brian F. Durkin as Robbie Butler Utkarsh Ambudkar as Raj, Brockmire's broadcasting partner for the Atlanta minor league affiliate New Orleans Crawdaddy's, as well as his main competitor for a big-league broadcasting job. Carrie Preston as Elle Tawny Newsome as Gabby Taylor, a former NCAA Champion softball player and Brockmire's new broadcasting partner Martha Plimpton as Shirley, Brockmire's Alcoholics Anonymous sponsor George Brett as himself Bob Costas as himself Richard Kind as Gus Barton, Brockmire’s new producer Linda Lavin as Lorraine, Brockmire’s estranged mother. J. K. Simmons as Matt "The Bat" Hardesty, a former baseball player turned sports announcer Christine Woods as Maggie, an oncology nurse In 2010, Azaria debuted the character of Jim Brockmire in the third episode of the Funny or Die web-series Gamechangers, entitled "A Legend in the Booth". Brockmire is a baseball play-by-play announcer, fired after a profanity-filled breakdown while live on air after discovering his wife was having an affair.
Azaria based the character's broadcasting style on Bob Murphy and Phil Rizzuto. Azaria appeared as Brockmire in 2012 on the NFL Network's The Rich Eisen Podcast to discuss the National Football League. In November 2012, with Azaria fielding offers for a movie based on the character, he sued actor Craig Bierko over the ownership of the Brockmire voice. Bierko claimed. Azaria won the case in 2014, as Gary Allen Feess, a United States district judge, ruled that, though both actors had been using a baseball announcer voice before and since meeting at a party in 1990, only Azaria's voice was, as Brockmire, a defined, "tangible" character and thus subject to copyright. On February 22, 2016, it was announced that IFC had given the production, a comedy series based on the Brockmire character, a series order for a first season consisting of eight episodes; the series was set to be directed by Tim Kirkby. Executive producers were expected to include Azaria, Church-Cooper, Mike Farah, Joe Farrell. On April 5, 2017, right before the series premiere, it was announced that IFC had renewed the show for a second season consisting of eight episodes.
On March 29, 2018, it was announced that IFC had renewed the series for a fourth season. Alongside the series order announcement, it was confirmed that Hank Azaria would star in the series as the titular Brockmire. On May 13, 2016, it was announced. On June 30, 2016, it was reported that Tyrel Jackson Williams had been cast in a series regular role. In October 2018, it was announced that Tawny Newsome and Martha Plimpton had been cast in recurring roles for season three and that George Brett, Bob Costas, Richard Kind, Linda Lavin, J. K. Simmons, Christine Woods would make guest appearances. In season one, baseball scenes of the show were filmed at Luther Williams Field in Macon, Georgia.. Parts of season one, the majority of season two, were filmed at Coolray Field in Gwinnett County, Georgia; the first season of Brockmire has been met with a positive response from critics. On the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the first season holds a 94% approval rating with an average rating of 6.72 out of 10 based on 17 reviews.
The website's critics consensus reads, "Brockmire insinuates itself as the series goes on, elevated by assured, co
Girlfriends (2000 TV series)
Girlfriends is an American sitcom that premiered on September 11, 2000, on UPN and aired on UPN's successor network, The CW, before being cancelled in 2008. The final episode aired on February 11, 2008; when Girlfriends returned in fall 2007 for its eighth season, it became the longest-running live-action sitcom on network television, on air during that time. It was one of the highest-rated scripted shows on television among African-American adults 18-34, including its spin-off The Game; the series debuted on UPN on Monday September 11, 2000. After airing for several years on the network at 9/8C on Mondays, The CW moved Girlfriends to Sundays at 8/7C; the ratings plummeted. On October 9, 2006, along with The CW's other African-American programs, moved back to Mondays. At this point, Girlfriends returned to its original time slot. While UPN was still airing new episodes of Girlfriends, the network began airing reruns five days per week; when the show moved to The CW network after UPN merged with The WB network, MyNetwork TV picked up the rights to air reruns of Girlfriends, although they discontinued this.
WE tv, a network with women's programming acquired exclusive rights to air the limited-release episodes on Sundays and exercised an option to not allow broadcast television networks re-broadcast rights to these reruns. The final two episodes recorded before the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike aired back-to-back on Monday, February 11 at 9/8c. However, this was not a 2-part episode; the timeslot was planned to be moved to Sundays due to the writer's strike and the returning of The CW's reality series. On February 13, 2008, it was announced by a The CW representative that a proper series finale would not be done because it would be too expensive confirming the show's cancellation. A retrospective episode was to be aired on The CW Network to conclude the eight-year series. However, the characters' storylines would receive no resolutions as the retrospective/series finale did not come to pass; the network offered the actors only half of their usual episodic salary to take part, the actors collectively turned them down.
Joan Carol Clayton, Esq. is considered the unofficial "den mother" of the group, as she looks out for her friends at the expense of dealing with her own problems, which are plentiful throughout the series run. Joan from Fresno, met Toni when they were children, met Lynn in college. Maya is her assistant at the law firm, she gave up her law career to pursue her dreams. She and Toni clash several times throughout the series, resulting in ending and reconciling their friendship. Major incidents involved Joan inadvertently revealing Toni's cheating to Greg, Joan's jealousy of Toni's marriage to Todd, but their friendship ends by the end of Season 6 when Joan fails to appear for Toni's custody hearing. For much of Season 7, Joan mourned the loss of her friendship with Toni opting to resent and belittle her in front of the group. At the end of Season 7, she became engaged to Aaron Waters, whom she met while rehabilitating homes in New Orleans damaged by Hurricane Katrina. Maya Denise Wilkes is a former assistant to a housewife/author.
Maya is married to her high school sweetheart, Darnell. They have Jabari. Maya is the sassiest of the group, is at odds with Toni over her ego-driven lifestyle, she is a devoted wife and mother, is depicted with stronger religious convictions than the rest of the group. Maya is the most "working class" member of the group in earlier seasons of the series. In the first few seasons Maya was more "from the hood", with the associated stereotyped speech and mannerisms. However, as she becomes more successful and interacts more extensively with the legal and publishing industries, she exhibits fewer stereotypes. In early seasons, Maya's marriage to Darnell imploded after she had an emotional affair with an acquaintance. After she launches a career as a self-help author, they reunite. In Season 8, the couple endured a miscarriage, explored the possibility of adopting a baby girl. Lynn Ann Searcy was Joan and Toni's roommate at UCLA and lived with Joan for eight years before the series begins. Lynn holds five post-graduate degrees.
Born in Virginia to a black father and a bipolar white mother who comes from a wealthy family, Lynn was adopted by a white family in Seattle. She did not embrace her black background until attending college, where she met Toni; when Joan decides it is time for Lynn to move out of her home, Lynn reluctantly becomes more independent by taking on various menial jobs. She lived with Toni, William and Sivad, she produces a documentary on the HIV/AIDS pandemic. While Lynn is depicted as the most sexually adventurous of the group, she dates frequently, she is most attracted to artistic and spiritual men, over the course of the series has
Brooklyn Nine-Nine is an American police television sitcom that premiered on Fox on September 17, 2013. Created by Dan Goor and Michael Schur, the series revolves around Jake Peralta, an immature but talented NYPD detective in Brooklyn's 99th Precinct, who comes into conflict with his new commanding officer, the serious and stern Captain Raymond Holt; the ensemble and supporting cast feature Stephanie Beatriz as Rosa Diaz, Terry Crews as Terry Jeffords, Melissa Fumero as Amy Santiago, Joe Lo Truglio as Charles Boyle, Chelsea Peretti as Gina Linetti, Dirk Blocker as Michael Hitchcock, Joel McKinnon Miller as Norm Scully. Produced as a single-camera comedy, Fox ordered thirteen episodes for its first season expanding it to 22 episodes; the series has been praised for its cast Samberg and Braugher. It has won two Creative Arts Emmy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards: one for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy and one for Samberg for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy. Braugher has been nominated for three consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series.
The series has received particular praise for its portrayal of serious issues with a blend of humor. On May 10, 2018, Fox canceled the series after five seasons; the following day, NBC picked up the series for a sixth season of thirteen episodes. The sixth season began on NBC on January 10, 2019. On February 27, 2019, NBC renewed the series for a seventh season. Set in the fictional 99th Precinct of the New York City Police Department in Brooklyn, Brooklyn Nine-Nine follows a team of detectives headed by the overly serious, newly-appointed Captain Raymond Holt; the detectives include Jake Peralta, who tops the squad in collars despite his relaxed, carefree attitude, much to the annoyance of his more stern and by-the-book partner, Amy Santiago. The hard-working but timid Charles Boyle is partnered with the stoic and sometimes aggressive Rosa Diaz. Detectives Michael Hitchcock and Norm Scully seem incompetent but have solved more cases than the others due to numerous years on the job; the detectives report to Sergeant Terry Jeffords, a gentle giant and devoted family man, afraid to go back to active police work for fear of dying in the line of duty and leaving his children fatherless.
Rounding out the precinct is sarcastic civilian administrator Gina Linetti, who dislikes her job, prefers to enjoy her social life, believes that dancing is her life goal. Andy Samberg as Jake Peralta Stephanie Beatriz as Rosa Diaz Terry Crews as Terry Jeffords Melissa Fumero as Amy Santiago Joe Lo Truglio as Charles Boyle Chelsea Peretti as Gina Linetti Andre Braugher as Captain Raymond Holt Dirk Blocker as Michael Hitchcock Joel McKinnon Miller as Norm Scully Michael Schur and Dan Goor, who had known each other since their time as students at Harvard and had collaborated on Parks and Recreation, liked the idea of setting a comedy in a police station, a setting which they felt was insufficiently used for television comedies since Barney Miller, they pitched the idea to NBCUniversal. NBC passed, the duo sold the show to Fox. On May 8, 2013, Fox placed a thirteen-episode order for the single-camera ensemble comedy. On October 18, 2013, the series was picked up for a full season of 22 episodes, was chosen to air with New Girl in a "special one-hour comedy event" as the Super Bowl XLVIII lead-out programs.
The exterior view of the fictional 99th Precinct building, complete with numerous NYPD vehicles parked in front of it, is the actual 78th Precinct building at the corner of Sixth Avenue and Bergen Street, one block south of the Barclays Center and one block east of the Bergen Street station on the New York City Subway's 2, 3, 4 routes. On May 10, 2018, Fox canceled the series after five seasons. Shortly afterwards, there were announcements that negotiations had begun with Hulu, TBS, NBC and Netflix for the possibility of reviving the show for a sixth season; the next day, TVLine reported Hulu had passed on the series. Shortly after, Goor announced. In a statement, NBC Entertainment chairman Robert Greenblatt expressed regret for passing on the series to Fox and was "thrilled" at its addition to NBC. A few days it was announced that the series would premiere mid-season in the 2018–19 television season. In September 2018, NBC ordered an additional five episodes for season 6, bringing the order to 18.
The sixth season began on NBC on January 10, 2019. On February 27, 2019, NBC renewed the series for a seventh season. Rotten Tomatoes gave Season 1 a score of 89% based on 55 reviews; the consensus is: "Led by the effective pairing of Andy Samberg and Andre Braugher, Brooklyn Nine-Nine is a charming, intelligently written take on the cop show format." For Season 2, it received a score of 100% based on 17 reviews. That season's consensus is: "Brooklyn Nine-Nine's winning cast, appealing characters and wacky gags make it good comfort food." Metacritic gives the first season of the show a weighted average rating of 70/100 based on 33 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". The Huffington Post posted a list of "9 Reasons You Need To Start Watching Brooklyn Nine-Nine", while Paste magazine celebrated "The 10 Best Moments from Brooklyn Nine-Nine's First Season" in 2014. Brooklyn Nine-Nine has received praise for its forthright portrayal of LGBTQ
Veep is an American political satire comedy television series, starring Julia Louis-Dreyfus, that premiered on HBO on April 22, 2012. The series was created by Scottish writer Armando Iannucci as an adaptation of his British sitcom The Thick of It. Veep is set in the office of a fictional vice president of the United States; the series follows Meyer and her team as they attempt to make their mark and leave a legacy without getting tripped up in the day-to-day political games that define the American government. Veep has won several major awards, it has been nominated six years in a row for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, winning the award for its fourth and sixth seasons. Its second and sixth seasons won the Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Comedy Series, the third season won the Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy. Louis-Dreyfus' performance as Selina Meyer has won her six consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, two Critics' Choice Television Awards, a Television Critics Association Award, five consecutive Golden Globe nominations.
For his portrayal of Selina's personal aide, Tony Hale has received five consecutive Emmy nominations for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series, winning in 2013 and 2015. Supporting cast members have received Emmy nominations, among them Anna Chlumsky, Gary Cole, Hugh Laurie, Matt Walsh; the series was renewed for a seventh and final season, which premiered on March 31, 2019, will consist of seven episodes. The series follows the personal life and political career of Selina Meyer, the Vice President and President of the United States, her party affiliation is unknown, though hinted in the fourth season finale to be Democratic. A United States Senator from Maryland, Meyer campaigns for her party's nomination in the 2012 presidential election and is the front-runner, but loses the nomination to Stuart Hughes. Meyer subsequently is elected Vice President, her staff as Vice President, upon whom Meyer is reliant, includes chief of staff Amy Brookheimer. Additions to her team as president include White House Chief of Staff Ben Cafferty and political strategist Kent Davison.
Jonah Ryan a White House liaison to the Vice President's office and a New Hampshire congressman features prominently. At the outset of the series, Meyer finds herself relegated and ignored by Hughes. In the second season, Meyer comes to accrue some power and influence and, by the end of the season, is considering challenging Hughes for their party's nomination in the 2016 election; this becomes a moot point when Hughes decides not to seek a second term and Meyer begins her presidential campaign in the third season. Hughes abruptly resigns and Meyer assumes the presidency at the end of the season; the election results in a tie between Meyer and challenger Bill O'Brien, leading to a vote in the House of Representatives during the fifth season to decide the next president after a recount in Nevada fails to alter the election's outcome. The House vote ends in a tie, leading to the Senate voting to elect the Vice President; the Senate vote ends in a tie. The sixth season follows Meyer out of office for the first time in the series, as she attempts to ensure her legacy by authoring a memoir, setting up a foundation and attempting to establish a presidential library.
At the end of the season, Meyer decides to run for president again. The series explores Meyer's personal life, such as her strained relationships with her daughter Catherine, ex-husband Andrew and a number of significant others; the lives and relationships of the other characters are explored intersecting with the series' principal narrative, satirizing the political activities and inner workings of the contemporary U. S. government. Julia Louis-Dreyfus as Selina Meyer: Born Selina Catherine Eaton, a former Maryland Senator who, in the start of the series, is the titular Vice President, or "Veep", who has a strained relationship with the President. After the President declines to run for a second term, she begins campaigning for the presidency in Season 3. At the end of Season 3, she becomes President. Due to a complex manipulation of constitutional law, she loses the presidential race in Season 5, she is divorced with one daughter, but remains romantically entangled with her ex-husband during the first two seasons and the sixth.
Louis-Dreyfus has received widespread critical acclaim for her performance, winning a record-breaking six Primetime Emmy Awards and three Screen Actors Guild Awards, receiving five consecutive Golden Globe nominations. Anna Chlumsky as Amy Brookheimer: the Vice President's Chief of Staff, she credits herself as the Vice President's "trouble-shooter, problem-solver, issue-m
HBO is an American premium cable and satellite television network owned by the namesake unit Home Box Office, Inc. a division of AT&T's WarnerMedia. The program which featured on the network consists of theatrically released motion pictures and original television shows, along with made-for-cable movies and occasional comedy and concert specials. HBO is the oldest and longest continuously operating pay television service in the United States, having been in operation since November 8, 1972. In 2016, HBO had an adjusted operating income of US$1.93 billion, compared to the US$1.88 billion it accrued in 2015. HBO has 130 million subscribers worldwide as of 2016; the network provides seven 24-hour multiplex channels, including HBO Comedy, HBO Latino, HBO Signature, HBO Family. It launched the streaming service HBO Now in April 2015 and has over 2 million subscribers in the United States as of February 2017; as of July 2015, HBO's programming is available to 36,493,000 households with at least one television set in the United States, making it the second largest premium channel in the United States.
In addition to its U. S. subscriber base, HBO distributes content in at least 151 countries, with 130 million subscribers worldwide. HBO subscribers pay for an extra tier of service that includes other cable- and satellite-exclusive channels before paying for the channel itself. However, a regulation imposed by the Federal Communications Commission requires that cable providers allow subscribers to get just "limited" basic cable and premium services such as HBO, without subscribing to expanded service. Cable providers can require the use of a converter box—usually digital—in order to receive HBO. HBO provides its content through digital media. HBO maintains near-ubiquitous distribution in hotels across the United States through agreements with DirecTV, Echostar, SONIFI Solutions, Satellite Management Services, Inc. Telerent Leasing Corporation, Total Media Concepts and World Cinema as well as cable providers that maintain hospitality service arrangements with individual hotels and local franchises of national hotel/motel chains.
Since June 2018, through a content partnership with Enseo, HBO Go is distributed to some Marriott International hotels around the U. S.. Many HBO programs have been syndicated to other networks and broadcast television stations, a number of HBO-produced series and films have been released on DVD. Since HBO's more successful series air on over-the-air broadcasters in other countries, HBO's programming has the potential of being exposed to a higher percentage of the population of those countries compared to the United States; because of the cost of HBO, many Americans only view HBO programs through DVDs or in basic cable or broadcast syndication—months or years after these programs have first aired on the network—and with editing for both content and to allow advertising, although several series have filmed alternate "clean" scenes intended for syndication runs. In 1965, Charles Dolan—who had done pioneering work in the commercial use of cables and had developed Teleguide, a closed-circuit tourist information television system distributed to hotels in the New York metropolitan area—won a franchise to build a cable television system in the Lower Manhattan section of New York City.
The new system, which Dolan named "Sterling Information Services", became the first urban underground cable televisi