Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Professor of American History
The Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Professorship is an endowed chair in American history at the University of Oxford, tenable for one year. The Harmsworth Professorship was established by Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere in memory of his son Harold Vyvyan Alfred St George, killed in the First World War, whose favorite subject was history. Lord Rothermere established a Harmsworth Professorship in imperial and naval history at Cambridge University in honour of his son Vere, killed in the same war; the King Edward VII Professor of English Literature at Cambridge University was endowed by Sir Harold Harmsworth in memory of King Edward VII, who died in 1910. The Harmsworth Professorship was inaugurated in 1922 with an endowment of £20,000. Holders of the chair are affiliated to Queen's College, Oxford and, since 2001, the Rothermere American Institute; the Rothermere American Institute houses the Vere Harmsworth Library, named in honour of Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount Rothermere. The Harmsworth Professor is selected by the Electors of Oxford and a Committee on the Harold Vyvyan Harmsworth Professorship in American History at the American Historical Association, established in 1939.
Barbara D. Savage Elliott West Alan Taylor Kristin L. Hoganson Annette Gordon-Reed Richard J. M. Blackett Gary Gerstle Philip D. Morgan Ian R. Tyrrell Robin Kelley Peter S. Onuf Lizabeth Cohen Linda K. Kerber Kathryn Kish Sklar Joel H. Silbey Richard R. Beeman Melvyn P. Leffler David Hollinger T. H. Breen Robin W. Winks Alan Brinkley Ernest May Robert Middlekauff David Kennedy Robert Dallek Eric Foner John Lewis Gaddis James A. Henretta Joyce Appleby Daniel Walker Howe George M. Fredrickson Richard Slator Dunn David M. Kennedy David Hackett Fischer J. Morgan Kousser John W. Shy Samuel P. Hays James T. Patterson Morton Keller Eric McKitrick Norman Arthur Graebner Willie Lee Nichols Rose John Morton Blum Jack P. Greene Richard Clement Wade Carl Degler Oscar Handlin William Leuchtenburg Charles Grier Sellers David Brion Davis Fletcher Melvin Green Don Fehrenbacher T. Harry Williams Bell I. Wiley Allan Nevins Frank Vandiver Richard N. Current Kenneth Stampp George E. Mowry David H. Donald Arthur S.
Link Walter Johnson Arthur Bestor Frank Friedel C. Vann Woodward Ray Allen Billington Henry Steele Commager Lawrence H. Gipson Charles S. Sydnor Merrill Jensen Louis M. Hacker David M. Potter Walt W. Rostow Vacant Thomas J. Wertenbaker Vacant Walter Prescott Webb Vacant Allan Nevins Thomas J. Wertenbaker Robert McNutt McElroy Samuel E. Morison
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Library of Virginia
The Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia, is the library agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia, its archival agency, the reference library at the seat of government. The Library moved into a new building in 1997 and is located at 800 East Broad Street, two blocks from the Virginia State Capitol building, it was known as the Virginia State Library and as the Virginia State Library and Archives. Formally founded by the Virginia General Assembly in 1823, the Library of Virginia organizes, cares for, manages the state's collection of books and official records, many of which date back to the early colonial period, it houses what is believed to be the most comprehensive collection of materials on Virginia government and culture available anywhere. Its research collections contain more than 808,500 bound volumes. Although the Library of Virginia was established in 1823, its history goes back to the collection of materials acquired for official use by the colonial Council and subsequent colonial and state authorities.
The first permanent home of the Library was a small room on the top floor of the State Capitol. The state's books and records outgrew this space, overflow books and documents were stored in several rented locations across Richmond. In an 1851 survey by the Smithsonian, the library was listed as having 14,000 volumes. In 1892, the General Assembly provided for a new Virginia State Library on Capitol Square in what is today known as the Oliver Hill Building. Over the ensuing forty years, the Library again outgrew that building, in 1940 it moved to its third location at the edge of Capitol Square between 11th and Governor Streets, it shared this space with the State Law Library, the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, the Virginia Department of Law, the Office of the Attorney General. The Library moved to its current location at 800 East Broad Street in 1997; the old library buildings were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008 and 2005, respectively. The state library houses one of the most comprehensive collections on Virginia.
The collection covers Virginia government and culture. The collection focuses on the varied past of the commonwealth, documenting the lives of important and ordinary Virginians and their deeds; the collections include printed material and photographic collections. The Library supplies research and reference assistance to state officials. Since 1998, the Library of Virginia and the Library of Virginia Foundation have sponsored the annual Library of Virginia Literary Awards honoring outstanding Virginia authors and books about Virginia in the areas of fiction and poetry, they present annually a lifetime achievement award, whose past recipients are Ellen Glasgow, Edgar Allan Poe, Anne Spencer, Booker T. Washington, Mary Lee Settle, Louis D. Rubin, Jr. George Garrett, Merrill D. Peterson, William Styron, Tom Wolfe, Rita Dove, John Grisham, Lee Smith, Earl Hamner, Jr. Tim Robbins, Charles Wright, Barbara Kingsolver; the Library of Virginia sponsors the annual Virginia Women in History project to honor eight Virginia women and dead, who have made extraordinary contributions to the state or to their professions and the annual African American Trailblazers in Virginia project.
Library of Virginia hosts the Virginia Literary Festival. This event attracts authors and residents of Virginia. Attendees get the chance to meet new authors as well as well known authors; the library awards seven different literary awards at their annual event. Archives Month focuses on institutions and individuals that have made significant impact on the preservation and accessibility of historical records. In conjunction with the Archive Month the Library of Virginia produces posters commemorating archival and special collections repositories throughout the state. Many archives contribute to the celebration by hosting events. Library of Virginia hosts an ongoing series of Book Talk Series; these book talks feature books on the state of Virginia. These are hosted nearly every week and the cover a wide range of topics: from Virginia's role in the founding of the United States to the legacy of the Civil War to the many facets of the civil rights struggle in Virginia; the audience is given the opportunity to listen and interact with a variety of scholars and literary authors.
The Library's Virginia Heritage Resource Center offers a series of lectures by researchers and subject specialists showcasing the contents of the library's collection and its potential as a resource for researchers. Library of Virginia offers a variety of workshops each year for anyone who works in library services; these workshops and conferences are designed to develop new approaches. These workshops cover topics such as serving special needs patrons, cataloging databases, reference services. In 2007 and 2008 work began on the Virginia Memory project, which serves as an extension of the Library of Virginia's online presence; the project launched in 2009 and has four components, the Li
Royal Library of the Netherlands
The Royal Library of the Netherlands is based in The Hague and was founded in 1798. The mission of the Royal Library of the Netherlands, as presented on the library's web site, is to provide "access to the knowledge and culture of the past and the present by providing high-quality services for research and cultural experience"; the initiative to found a national library was proposed by representative Albert Jan Verbeek on August 17 1798. The collection would be based on the confiscated book collection of William V; the library was founded as the Nationale Bibliotheek on November 8 of the same year, after a committee of representatives had advised the creation of a national library on the same day. The National Library was only open to members of the Representative Body. King Louis Bonaparte gave the national library its name of the Royal Library in 1806. Napoleon Bonaparte transferred the Royal Library to The Hague as property, while allowing the Imperial Library in Paris to expropriate publications from the Royal Library.
In 1815 King William I of the Netherlands confirmed the name of'Royal Library' by royal resolution. It has been known as the National Library of the Netherlands since 1982, when it opened new quarters; the institution became independent of the state in 1996, although it is financed by the Department of Education and Science. In 2004, the National Library of the Netherlands contained 3,300,000 items, equivalent to 67 kilometers of bookshelves. Most items in the collection are books. There are pieces of "grey literature", where the author, publisher, or date may not be apparent but the document has cultural or intellectual significance; the collection contains the entire literature of the Netherlands, from medieval manuscripts to modern scientific publications. For a publication to be accepted, it must be from a registered Dutch publisher; the collection is accessible for members. Any person aged 16 years or older can become a member. One day passes are available. Requests for material take 30 minutes.
The KB hosts several open access websites, including the "Memory of the Netherlands". List of libraries in the Netherlands European Library Nederlandse Centrale Catalogus Books in the Netherlands Media related to Koninklijke Bibliotheek at Wikimedia Commons Official website
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation, it grew from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge; the two'ancient universities' are jointly called'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world; the university is made up of 38 constituent colleges, a range of academic departments, which are organised into four divisions. All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities, it does not have a main campus, its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.
Undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments. It operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide. In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2018, the university had a total income of £2.237 billion, of which £579.1 million was from research grants and contracts. The university is ranked first globally by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as of 2019 and is ranked as among the world's top ten universities, it is ranked second in all major national league tables, behind Cambridge. Oxford has educated many notable alumni, including 27 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world; as of 2019, 69 Nobel Prize winners, 3 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners have studied, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.
Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes. The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in some form as early as 1096, but it is unclear when a university came into being, it grew from 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris. The historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190; the head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge forming the University of Cambridge; the students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two'nations', representing the North and the South.
In centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students' affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. In addition, members of many religious orders, including Dominicans, Franciscans and Augustinians, settled in Oxford in the mid-13th century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students. At about the same time, private benefactors established colleges as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots. Another founder, Walter de Merton, a Lord Chancellor of England and afterwards Bishop of Rochester, devised a series of regulations for college life. Thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. In 1333–34, an attempt by some dissatisfied Oxford scholars to found a new university at Stamford, was blocked by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge petitioning King Edward III.
Thereafter, until the 1820s, no new universities were allowed to be founded in England in London. The new learning of the Renaissance influenced Oxford from the late 15th century onwards. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocyn, who contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, John Colet, the noted biblical scholar. With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Church, recusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, settling at the University of Douai; the method of teaching at Oxford was transformed from the medieval scholastic method to Renaissance education, although institutions associated with the university suffered losses of land and revenues. As a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxford's reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment. In 1636 William Laud, the chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury, codified the university's statutes. These, to a large extent, remained its gove