Eduardo Buenavista is a Filipino long-distance runner and two-time Olympian. He holds the Philippine record for multiple long distance events, his best marathon time is 2:18:44 hours. He holds the Philippine 5000 metres record of 13 minutes, 58 seconds, performed the 10,000 metres in 29:02.36 minutes. "Vertek", as called by his friends and the media, finished 67th in the 2004 Athens Olympic marathon. He was a silver medallist in the 23rd Southeast Asian Games in the 10,000m run, he has won many road races in the Philippines, distance races on previous South East Asian Games the Adidas King of the Road in South Korea and the Adidas King of the Road 2012 in Singapore. Eduardo Buenavista's profile Eduardo Buenavista at IAAF
Equestrian at the 2000 Summer Olympics
The equestrian events at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney included dressage and show jumping. All three disciplines had both individual and team competitions. Imtiaz Anees David O'Connor United States Andrew Hoy Mark Todd Phillip Dutton Stuart Tinney Matt Ryan Ian Stark Jeanette Brakewell Princess Haya Jordan Pippa Funnell Leslie Law Nina Fout United States Karen O'Connor United States Linden Wiesman United States Anky van Grunsven Netherlands Jane Hoy Isabell Werth Ulla Salzgeber Germany Alexandra Simons de Ridder Germany Ellen Bontje Netherlands Arjen Teeuwissen Netherlands Coby van Baalen Netherlands Susan Blinks United States Robert Dover United States Guenter Seidel United States Christine Traurig United States Jeroen Dubbeldam Netherlands Albert Voorn Netherlands Khaled Al Eid Ludger Beerbaum Germany Lars Nieberg Germany Marcus Ehning Germany Otto Becker Germany Markus Fuchs Beat Maendli Lesley McNaught Willi Melliger Rodrigo Pessoa Luiz Felipe De Azevedo Álvaro Miranda Neto Andre Johannpeter Ali Nilforoushan Iran Official Olympic Report
Archery at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Women's individual
The women's individual archery event at the 2000 Summer Olympics was part of the archery programme. Like other archery events at the Olympics, it featured the recurve discipline. All archery was done at a range of 70 metres. 64 archers competed. The competition format was unchanged from 1996; the competition began with a 72-arrow ranking round. This was followed by three elimination rounds, in which archers competed head-to-head in 18-arrow matches. After these rounds, there were 8 archers left; the quarterfinals and medal matches were 12-arrow matches. In all matches, losers were eliminated and received a final rank determined by their score in that round, with the exception of the semifinals; the losers of the semifinals competed in the bronze medal match. The initial round was held on 16 September; each archer fired 72 arrows, with the score from this round determining their seeding into the single-elimination tournament to follow. Official Report Wudarski, Pawel. "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich". Archived from the original on 18 January 2008.
Retrieved 11 February 2008
Boxing at the 2000 Summer Olympics
The boxing competition at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney was held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre in Darling Harbour. The event was only open to men and bouts were contested over four rounds of two minutes each. Five judges scored the fighters in real time and the boxer with the most points at the end was the winner. Like other Olympic combat sports, two bronze medals are awarded; as a result, the quarter-final equates to a bronze medal match, a semi-final to a silver medal match, the final to a gold medal match. 48 medals are therefore available. Men competed in the following twelve events: Light flyweight Flyweight Bantamweight Featherweight Lightweight Light welterweight Welterweight Light middleweight Middleweight Light heavyweight Heavyweight Super heavyweight 310 boxers from 77 nations participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics. Official Olympic Report Official Results – Boxing Results on Amateur Boxing Archived 22 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Flag of the Philippines
The National Flag of the Philippines is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet, with a white, equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the center of the triangle is a golden-yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing a Philippine province. At each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed, golden-yellow star, each of which representing one of the country's three main island groups—Luzon and Mindanao, the central star referred to Panay. A unique feature of this flag is its ability to indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top, achieved by flipping the flag upside-down; the flag's length is twice its width, giving it an aspect ratio of 1:2. The length of all the sides of the white triangle are equal to the width of the flag; each star is oriented in such manner that one of its tips points towards the vertex at which it is located. Moreover, the gap-angle between two neighbours of the 8 ray-bundles is as large as the angle of one ray-bundle, with each major ray having double the thickness of its two minor rays.
The golden sun is not in the center of the triangle but shifted to the right. This flag is waved; the shade of blue used in the flag has varied over time, beginning with the original color lazuli Rosco. The exact nature of this shade is uncertain, but a candidate is the blue of the Cuban flag, which a theory says influenced the flag's design. Specifications for the flag's colors with shades matching those used in the American flag were adopted by the National Historical Institute in 1955. President Ferdinand Marcos ordered the colors restored to the original light blue and red of the Cuban flag in 1985, but this was rescinded after the 1986 People Power Revolution that removed him from power. For the 1998 independence centennial celebrations, the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines was passed, designating royal blue as the official variant; the flag's colors are specified by Republic Act 8491 in terms of their cable number in the system developed by the Color Association of the United States.
The official colors and their approximations in other color spaces are listed below: The Philippine national flag has a rectangular design that consists of a white equilateral triangle, symbolizing liberty and fraternity. In the center of the white triangle is an eight-rayed golden sun symbolizing unity, people's democracy, sovereignty; each ray represents a province with significant involvement in the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain. However, according to the Declaration of Independence and a research by UP Professor Ambeth Ocampo, the rays of the sun symbolized the first eight provinces of the Philippines, declared under martial law during the First Philippine Revolution. Three five-pointed stars, one for each of the triangle's points, stand for the three major island groups where the revolution started: Luzon and Mindanao; the flag's original symbolism is enumerated in the text of the independence proclamation, which makes reference to an attached drawing, though no record of the drawing has surfaced.
The proclamation explains the flag as follows: The symbolism given in the 1898 Proclamation of Philippine Independence differs from the current official explanation. According to the document, the white triangle signifies the emblem of the Katipunan, the secret society that opposed Spanish rule, it says the flag's colors commemorate the flag of the United States as a manifestation of gratitude for American aid against the Spanish during the Philippine Revolution. It says that one of the three stars represents the island of Panay, rather than the entire Visayan islands. Panay, which recent interpretations call as "as representative of the entire Visayas region"; the proclamation declares that the sun represents the gigantic steps made by the sons of the country along the path of Progress and Civilization, lists Bataan instead of Tarlac among the eight provinces symbolized by the sun's rays. It has been common since the 1960s to trace the development of the Philippine flag to the various war standards of the individual leaders of the Katipunan, a pseudo-masonic revolutionary movement that opposed Spanish rule in the Philippines and led the Philippine Revolution.
However, while some symbols common to the Katipunan flags would be adopted into the iconography of the Revolution, it is inconclusive whether these war standards can be considered precursors to the present Philippine flag. The first flag of the Katipunan was a red rectangular flag with a horizontal alignment of three white Ks; the flag's red field symbolized blood, as members of the Katipunan signed their membership papers in their own blood. The various leaders of the Katipunan, such as Andrés Bonifacio, Mariano Llanera, Pío del Pilar had individual war standards; the organization was represented in Cavite province by two factions: the Magdiwang faction and the Magdalo faction, with each adopting a flag. Both used a white sun. Instead of the letter K the flags bore the symbol for the syllable ka in Baybayin, the pre-Hispanic writing script of the Tagalogs; the Katipunan adopted a new flag in 1897 during an assembly at Cavite. This new flag was red and depicted a white sun with a face; the su
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around
Philippines at the 2008 Summer Olympics
The Philippines competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. The country was represented by 15 athletes, 10 men and 5 women, who competed in 17 events across 8 sports; the Philippine government and private sector pledged a combined sum of P15-million for any athlete competing in the games who would win the country its first gold medal. Though Willy Wang won the gold medal in Wushu, it was not included in the medal tally because the Wushu tournament is a separate event which runs parallel with the Olympic Games. Though several national records were broken in swimming and weightlifting events, the country failed to win any medals for the third consecutive Olympiad. On June 12, 2008, the Philippine Olympic Committee revealed that its executive committee had selected swimmer Miguel Molina to be flag bearer at the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games. In their decision, the POC cited Molina's performance in the 2007 Southeast Asian Games, where he won three individual gold medals and a team relay gold medal, set several national swimming records, was selected as the meet's "Best Male Athlete".
Molina was set to compete in 200m individual medley events at the games. Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo asked the POC to reconsider their decision, requesting instead that popular Filipino boxer Manny Pacquiao be given the honor of carrying the flag. Pacquiao was not a competitor at the games, but had won the World Boxing Council lightweight title in a publicized fight against David Diaz. POC president Jose Cojuangco agreed with the president's decision, saying having Pacquiao as flag bearer would be a morale booster to the athletes. Though the deadline for changing of the national contingent's composition in the Olympiad has elapsed, special arrangements were made for Pacquiao to be given accreditation. On July 9, 2008, POC announced that everything had been cleared for Pacquiao to be official flag bearer. Miguel Molina, who did not mind yielding the honor to Pacquiao, was instead given the role of flag bearer at the closing ceremony; the games' opening ceremony was attended by President Arroyo, the first Philippine president in history to do so.
The Philippine delegation was the 164th to enter the Beijing National Stadium in the parade of nations. The Philippines was represented in the Men's individual archery event by Mark Javier, who earned his spot at the Olympics by winning the continental archery qualifiers in the 2007 Asian Archery Championships. In the ranking round he placed 36th out of 64 competitors lost in his first knockout matchup against Kuo Cheng Wei of Chinese Taipei; the Philippines was represented in athletics by two long jumpers, Henry Dagmil and Marestella Torres. The two did not qualify to the games via the usual route, but were accepted as wild card entries by the International Olympic Committee upon the request of the Philippine Amateur Track and Field Association. Dagmil registered just one successful jump in the qualifying round, finishing with a result of 7.58 meters, was ranked 34th out of 41 competitors. Torres, who hoped to improve upon her personal best of 6.63 meters, injured her left knee while picking up speed before taking off for her first jump.
She finished the qualifying round with a result of 6.17 meters, was ranked 35th out of 42 competitors. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round MenWomen Though boxing has been the Philippines' traditional source of medals at the Olympics, the country's only representative for boxing at the Beijing Olympics was Harry Tañamor, who earned his spot at the games through his second-place finish at the World Amateur Boxing Championships in 2007. Tañamor was the only Filipino athlete predicted to win a medal in Sports Illustrated's Olympic Preview issue, which tipped him to capture the silver. However, he was defeated by Manyo Plange of Ghana in the first matchup of the games; the Philippines was represented in diving events by two athletes—Rexel Ryan Fabriga, who competed in the men's 10 m platform, Sheila Mae Perez, who competed in the women's 3 m springboard.
Neither diver advanced past the preliminary stage of the competition. During practice in Xi'an weeks before the Olympic games, Fabriga suffered a waist injury that hampered the pace of his training. Both he and his coach admitted that his performance in the games would be affected by the injury, with the possibility that he would be unable to finish his dive. In the preliminary stage of the competition, Fabriga's opening dive was the least impressive of the round, he went on to finish the preliminaries in 28th place in a field of 30. Perez finished her preliminary round at 23rd place in a field of 30 divers. MenWomen The Philippines was represented in trap shooting by 37-year-old Eric Ang, the team's oldest competing athlete. Ang narrowly failed to make the Olympic qualifying standard, but was able to compete as a wild card contestant. Ang got off to a poor start in the qualifying round, shooting only 19 in the first string and ending the first day of qualifications ranked 30th of 35, he did not improve on the second day, finished the event in last place.
Men The Philippine swimming team had the largest share of the country's athletes represented in Beijing, with five swimmers competing in seven events. Though no Philippine swimmer advanced past the preliminary round of their respective events, several national swimming records were broken at the games: Miguel Molina completed the men's 200 m individual medley in 2:01.61, Christel Simms co