Philipsburg Manor House
Philipsburg Manor House is a historic house in the Upper Mills section of the former sprawling Colonial-era estate known as Philipsburg Manor. Together with a water mill and trading site the house is operated as a non-profit museum by Historic Hudson Valley, it is located on US 9 in the village of New York. Although an English-deeded tract, it is listed by some sources with the patroonships of New Netherland since it incorporated part of that owned by Dutch Jonkheer Adriaen van der Donck; the manor dates from 1693, when wealthy Province of New York merchant Frederick Philipse was granted a charter for 52,000 acres along the Hudson River by the British Crown. He built a facility at the confluence of the Pocantico and Hudson Rivers as a provisioning depot for the family Atlantic sea trade and as headquarters for a worldwide shipping operation. For more than thirty years and his wife Margaret, his son Adolph shipped hundreds of African men and children as slaves across the Atlantic. By the mid 18th century, the Philipse family had one of the largest slave-holdings in the colonial North.
The family seat of Philipsburg Manor was Philipse Manor Hall in Yonkers The manor was tenanted by farmers of various European backgrounds, operated by enslaved Africans. At the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, the Philipses supported the British, their landholdings were seized and auctioned off; the manor house was used during the war, most notably by British General Sir Henry Clinton during military activities in 1779. It was there that he wrote what is now known as the Philipsburg Proclamation, which declared all Patriot-owned slaves to be free, that blacks taken prisoner while serving in Patriot forces would be sold into slavery. Named a National Historic Landmark in 1961, the farm features a stone manor house filled with a collection of 17th- and 18th-century period furnishings, a working water-powered grist mill and millpond, an 18th-century barn, a slave garden, a reconstructed tenant farm house. Costumed interpreters re-enact life in pre-Revolutionary times, doing chores, milking the cows, grinding grain in the grist mill.
In 2016, historic restoration work sponsored by the New York State Council on the Arts was completed on the grist mill to rebuild the entire wooden waterwheel and flume. List of National Historic Landmarks in New York National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Westchester County, New York Historic Hudson Valley Clemco Construction: 2016 Historic Restoration of Philipsburg Manor Mill
Sleepy Hollow, New York
Sleepy Hollow is a village in the town of Mount Pleasant, in Westchester County, New York. The village is located on the east bank of the Hudson River, about 30 miles north of New York City, is served by the Philipse Manor stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line. To the south of Sleepy Hollow is the village of Tarrytown, to the north and east are unincorporated parts of Mount Pleasant; the population of the village at the 2010 census was 9,870. Incorporated as North Tarrytown in the late 19th century, in 1996 the village adopted the traditional name for the area; the village is known to many via "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", a short story about the local area and its infamous specter, the Headless Horseman, written by Washington Irving, who lived in Tarrytown and is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Owing to this story, as well as the village's roots in early American history and folklore, Sleepy Hollow is considered by some to be one of the "most haunted places in the world"; the village is home to the Philipsburg Manor House and the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow, as well as the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, where in addition to Washington Irving, numerous other notable people are buried.
The land that would become Sleepy Hollow was first bought from Adriaen van der Donck, a patroon in New Netherland before the English takeover in 1664. Starting in 1672 Frederick Philipse began acquiring large parcels of land in today's southern Westchester County. Comprising some 52,000 acres of land, it was bounded by the Spuyten Duyvil Creek, the Croton River, the Hudson River, the Bronx River. Philipse was granted a royal charter in 1693, creating the Manor of Philipsburg and establishing him as first lord. In today's Sleepy Hollow he established an upper mill and shipping depot, today part of the Philipse Manor House historic site. A pious man, he was architect and financier of the town's Old Dutch Church, said to have built the pulpit with his own hands; when Philipse died in 1702, the manor was divided between his son, Adolphus Philipse, his grandson, Frederick Philipse II. Adolph received the Upper Mills property. Frederick II was given the Lower Mills at the confluence of the Saw Mill and Hudson Rivers, the two parcels being reunited on his uncle's death.
His son, Frederick III, became the third lord of the manor in 1751. In 1779, Frederick Philipse III, a Loyalist, was attained for treason, The manor was confiscated and sold at public auction, split between 287 buyers; the largest tract of land was at the Upper Mills. Thanks to the philanthropy of John D. Rockefeller Jr. about 20 acres were restored as today's historic site. Sleepy Hollow is located at 41°5′31″N 73°51′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.1 square miles, of which 2.3 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles, or 55.58%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 9,870 people, 3,181 households, 2,239 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,054.7 people per square mile. There were 3,253 housing units at an average density of 1,431.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 61.01% Caucasian, 6.21% African American, 0.83% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 23.47% from other races, 5.22% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.04% of the population, many of whom are Ecuadorian, Dominican and Puerto Rican. There were 3,181 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.37. In the village, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $54,201, the median income for a family was $63,889. Males had a median income of $39,923 versus $32,146 for females.
The per capita income for the village was $28,325. About 5.7% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. The Edward Harden Mansion, now serving as the administration building for the Public Schools of the Tarrytowns, Patriot's Park, Philipse Manor Railroad Station, Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, the Tarrytown Light are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow and Philipsburg Manor House are listed as National Historic Landmarks. Of note are Kingsland Point Park, Philipse Manor Beach Club, the Rockefeller State Park Preserve. In 2017, former FDNY fireboat John D. McKean will be opened as a floating museum, near Tarrytown Lighthouse; as of 2014, the village's police department had 27 officers, four school crossing guards, three civilian employees. The village is served by the New York State Police and Westchester County Department of Public Safety. Police officers from the villages of Sleepy Hollow and Dobbs Ferry, the town of Greenburgh, the New York State Police make up a Marine / H.
E. A. T. Unit; as of 2006, police base salaries in Sleepy Hollow were low compared to other Westchester County forces, in par
The Philipse Patent was a British royal patent for a large tract of land on the east bank of the Hudson River about 50 miles north of New York City belonging to the Philipse family. It purchased in 1697 by Adolphus Philipse, a wealthy landowner of Dutch descent in the Province of New York, in time it became today's Putnam County. Philipse bought the 250 sq mi tract from two Dutch traders who had purchased it from "Wiccopee chiefs" of the Wappinger native American people. Known as the Highland Patent, it spanned from the Hudson to the Connecticut Colony along today's northern Westchester County border. In 1731 it was incorporated into Dutchess County, was divided in 1754 among three heirs, but remained in the Loyalists Philipse family until seized in 1779 during the Revolution; the Commissioners of Forfeitures of the Revolutionary colony of New York auctioned it in parcels, without compensation to its prior owners. In spite of a provision requiring it in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, restitution never was made.
Adolphus was the second son of Frederick Philipse, the first Lord of the Manor of Philipsborough, a Dutch immigrant to North America of Bohemian heritage who had risen to become one of the greatest landholders in New Netherland. In 1697 he Philipse purchased a tract of land from Dutch traders Lambert Dortlandt and Jan Sybrandt, who had bought it a few years before from several Wiccopee chiefs; this became known as the Highland Patent, extended 13 miles along the east shore of the Hudson River, from Annsville Creek to the Fish Kill, eastward some 20 or so miles to the border of the Colony of Connecticut, including Pollopel Island in the Hudson. Shortly after purchasing it, whose residence was the Philipse Manor Hall near Tarrytown, who maintained only a bachelor shooting lodge on Lake Mahopac in the Highland Patent, opened the tract to tenant settlers, thus began a policy that lasted throughout his lifetime and his heirs' so long as they owned the land, to rent rather than sell, a practice which led to stunted growth for two and a half centuries to come.
A surveying error during the establishment of the border between the provinces of New York and the Connecticut Colony resulted in a portion of a disputed tract known as The Oblong spanning the entire eastern border of the Patent. The proper boundaries were not resolved until a land swap between the U. S. states late in the 18th century. Upon Frederick's death in 1702, Adolphus inherited a partial share of the Manor's lands, which amounted to over 80 square miles and encompassed the bulk of today's lower Westchester County; the title and balance of the lands passed to his nephew, Frederick Philipse II, whose father Philip, elder brother of Adolphus, had predeceased Frederick I. Adolphus Philipse died in 1750, with the Highland Patent passing to Frederick II, his only heir-at-law. Upon Frederick II's death in 1751, the Manor went to his son Frederick Philipse III, while the Patent was divided among four of Frederick II's offspring: son Philip, daughters, Susannah and Margaret, who died intestate.
By terms of her father's will Margaret's portion was equally divided among her brother and sisters. Based upon a 1751 survey, the tract was geographically divided on the 7th of Feb 1754 into nine Lots as seen in the preserved undated pen and ink map: three on the river, three in the interior, three on the eastern border abutting the Oblong; each of the three heirs inherited a lot in each division. Frederick was a Loyalist during the American Revolution; as such, he was attained by the Provincial Congress of New York in 1779 and his Manor and other lands in today's Westchester County were seized. Several months their sale was ordered. Philipse family holdings belonging to other members, principally the Highland Patent, were seized by the Commissioners of Forfeitures. Sale was withheld during the war, as its outcome was uncertain, confiscated lands had been pledged as collateral against monies borrowed by the provisional government to finance the conflict, tenants lobbied for the right of preemptive purchase of leased land.
Sale proceeded. In spite of assurances of restitution in the 1783 Treaty of Paris signed with the British, the enormous sum raised – the better part of a quarter of a million pounds Sterling – New York's Provisional Congress reneged and no compensation was forthcoming. Several thousand acres of the Philipse estate went to the tenant farmers. In all, the lands were divided up into 200 different parcels, with the bulk of the holdings going to Dutch New York businessman Henry Beekman. In 1787, a British court decided that the inheritance rights of heirs to property, confiscated by the Americans during the American Revolution was recoverable. Under this decision, John Jacob Astor I purchased the reversionary rights to the Philipse lands in 1809 from the heirs of Roger Morris for £20,000. After Mary Philipse Morris died in 1825, Astor attempted to collect rents on the lands, but the new “owners,” who had purchased from the lands from the NY Commission of Forfeiture, refused to pay, Astor tried to evict them.
A compromise was reached in 1828 when NY State compensated Astor for the reversionary rights in the amount of $500,000. The Highland Patent had been incorporated into Dutchess County in 1737, where it was known as the "South Precinct." In 1806 a small portion north of the Hudson Highlands by the mouth of Fishkill Creek was split off from Philipstown and given to the Town of Fishkill. In 1812 the balance of the Phili
Philipse Manor Hall State Historic Site
Philipse Manor Hall State Historic Site is a historic house museum located in the Getty Square neighborhood of Yonkers, New York. The family seat of Philipse Manor, it is Westchester County's oldest standing building. Located near the Hudson River at Warburton Avenue and Dock Street, it is owned and operated by the New York State Office of Parks and Historic Preservation; the southwest corner, the oldest part of the structure, was built around 1682 by Dutch-born merchant and trader Frederick Philipse, the first Lord of Philipsburg Manor, his wife Margaret Hardenbroeck. Philipse, who by his second marriage became a son-in-law of Stephanus Van Cortlandt, had amassed by the time of his death a 52,000-acre estate along the Hudson River that encompassed the entire modern city of Yonkers and much of western and lower Westchester County. During Philipse's life, the building was used as a stopover point on the long journey up and down the river between his home in New Amsterdam and the northern parts of his estate.
His grandson, Frederick Philipse II, the second Lord, his great-grandson, Frederick Philipse III the last, successively enlarged and enhanced the building, making it the primary family residence. On November 28, 1776, nearly five months after the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the start of the American Revolution, Frederick Philipse III and over 200 of his contemporaries signed a document declaring their allegiance to the British Crown and their unwillingness to support the Revolutionary cause; because of his Loyalism, Philipse was branded a traitor and placed under arrest on orders signed by General George Washington. He was held in Connecticut for a time, but was given special permission to travel back to Yonkers to settle his affairs on the condition he was not to aid the British cause. In violation of his parole, he and his family fled to British-occupied New York City and to Great Britain, leaving their estate and Philipse Manor Hall behind to be attained in 1779. Philipse family holdings, which included the Philipse Patent, a 250 square mile tract that became today's Putnam and part of Dutchess counties, were sold at public auction by New York's Commissioners of Forfeitures during the Revolution.
Philipse Manor Hall was occupied by various families throughout the 19th century. In 1868, the building became Yonkers' municipal center and remained such until 1908. During this period, an elaborate monument to those Yonkers natives who had died during the American Civil War was installed on the east lawn. By 1908, the growing complexity of city government had made the building nearly obsolete as a government center. Public meetings were held, options such as adding wings onto the building and tearing it down outright were discussed; the question became moot when Eva Smith Cochran, matriarch of a wealthy local carpet milling family, stepped in and donated $50,000 to the city as a nominal reimbursement for their care of the building during the previous 40 years. This allowed the City to turn ownership of the building over to the State of New York. Between that time and the 1960s, the building was owned by the state but cared for by the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society. Since the dissolution of the Society, the building is owned and curated by the New York State Office of Parks and Historic Preservation.
From 1911 to 1912, the most intense restoration project in the building's history brought the house back to a semblance of its colonial appearance. The building has been open as a museum of history and architecture since 1912; the building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The house is home to a ca. 1750 papier-mâché and plaster Rococo ceiling, one of two in-situ ceilings of its type in the United States. The elaborate ceiling is covered in designs and motifs relevant to Frederick Philipse III's lifestyle. For example, his love of music is represented by lute players and singers. Of architectural significance is the 1868 City Council Chamber, designed by John Davis Hatch; the Chamber's high, vaulted ceiling and woodwork are intentionally reminiscent of a typical English manor house's great hall. Throughout the house are paintings from the Cochran Collection of American Portraiture; this collection was put together by agents of Alexander Smith Cochran and features works by Charles Willson Peale and John Trumbull.
Represented among the 60 paintings are nearly all of the Presidents of the United States from Washington to Calvin Coolidge, as well as war heroes, historical figures, members of the Philipse family. Great Houses of the Hudson River, Michael Middleton Dwyer, with preface by Mark Rockefeller, Boston, MA: Little and Company, published in association with Historic Hudson Valley, 2001. ISBN 0-8212-2767-X. Philipsburg Manor House Yonkers, New York List of National Historic Landmarks in New York List of the oldest buildings in New York Friends of Philipse Manor Hall Philipse Manor Hall State Historic Site at the New York Office of Parks and Historic Preservation
Philipse Manor station
The Philipse Manor station is a commuter rail stop on the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line, located in the Philipse Manor area of Sleepy Hollow, New York, United States. Trains leave for New York City every hour on weekdays, about every 25 minutes during rush hour, it is 25.7 miles from Grand Central Terminal, the trip there takes about 57 minutes. Trains of electric multiple units serve the station. Built around 1910 and opened on January 30, 1911, the Tudorbethan architecture of the station's original has earned it a listing on the National Register of Historic Places as an intact example of an early commuter rail station, it is the only station on the Hudson Line besides Poughkeepsie to be so recognized. The main building is a one-story hip-roofed octagonal structure of rock-faced granite block with stone and wood trim, it is built into the bluff created when the tracks were cut, thus access to them was provided through the basement, through doors which have since been bricked off. The station's east facade is augmented with two gabled portes-cocheres projecting at oblique angles, each supported by a heavy granite pier.
Trapezoidal wings jut from the narrow sides of the octagon. The loggia across the facade has central round arched opening with a parapet; this does not lead instead backing the fireplace and its corbeled stone chimney. The roof original used slate. Inside, the fireplace uses several colors of granite, flanked with original iron radiators, it is complemented by dark oak matchboards over the stucco, laid to simulate paneling and form a dado. Further ornamentation includes a double frieze at ceiling level; the more modern station subsequently built by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority consists of two long concrete, elevated side platforms with dark-green painted steel shelters. Between them are the four tracks of this section of the Hudson Line, all with third rails; the inside tracks carry express trains, diesel-powered Amtrak and Metro-North trains bound for the non-electrified sections between Croton–Harmon and the northern end of the line at Poughkeepsie, none of which stop at Philipse Manor.
A green overpass connects the two platforms. The construction of the Hudson River Railroad and its acquisition by the New York Central in the late 19th century opened up the river towns in Westchester County for suburbanization, it became possible for those of sufficient means to live in large houses amid the pastoral and scenic riverside, accordingly villages like Irvington and North Tarrytown began to grow and develop. Undeveloped areas along the railroad line were soon snapped up by developers who saw the possibilities. In 1900 one, John Brisben Walker, acquired the old Kingsland estate in the north of North Tarrytown and began subdividing it. One of his selling points was the rail access, but this failed to materialize and Walker had to sell the property, now called Philipse Manor in a confused reference to nearby Philipsburg Manor House, had to sell to William Bell, able to complete it. Construction subdivided land was sold under the name Philipse Manor Company. Bell made the rail service possible by presenting it to the railroad.
Train service began on January 30, 1911. It remained in use throughout the private ownership of the railroad; when the Metropolitan Transportation Authority assumed passenger commuter operations of the then-bankrupt Penn Central in the early 1970s and passed it along to Metro-North in 1983, it closed the station house in favor of automated ticketing operations, the main house fell into disrepair. The station has since been reused as the Hudson Valley Writers' Center, which won an award from the Preservation League of New York State for its work on the station in 2005; as of 2008 the MTA has been working to extend the platforms to accommodate eight-car trains and improve service and capacity. It is part of a $56 million program focused on all the Rivertowns stations; the agency expects it will be complete by 2010. The station has two high-level side platforms, each eight cars long. Historic Hudson Valley National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Westchester County, New York Metro-North Railroad - Philipse Manor List of upcoming train departure times and track assignments from MTA Philipse Manor Metro-North Station Entrance from Google Maps Street View
The Philipsburgh Building known as Philipsburgh Hall, is an architectural landmark building in Getty Square in downtown Yonkers, New York. The grand, Beaux-Arts style structure was designed by G. Howard Chamberlin and built in 1904 using a unique all-concrete construction making it the first fireproof office building in Westchester County. For years, the enormous grand ballroom within, with its 30-foot ceilings and extensive gold leaf decor, was a fixture of the social scene in Yonkers, playing host to all manner of meetings and theatrical productions including speeches by Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt (resulting in its being named "The Roosevelt Ballroom" by Encore Caterers. In the latter half of the 20th century, the building and the neighborhood around it fell into physical and economic disrepair. By the 1980s, most of the building had been converted to low-rent apartments, while parts of it were left unoccupied. In the 1990s, the building benefited from a renewed interest in local development, was renovated and restored.
The grand "Roosevelt" ballroom once again found its place as a focal point of local culture. The building was restored and renamed the Philipsburgh Performing Arts Center in 2001; the PPAC concept was short-lived, by early 2005 it had ceased to be. The building's primary occupant is a Middle Eastern restaurant "Nawab" and its owners are the caterers for events at the Ballroom, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. Philipsburgh Hall case study at National Trust for Historic Preservation