A philosophical movement is either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy, or a broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject. Major philosophical movements are characterized with reference to the nation, language, or historical era in which they arose. Talk of a philosophical movement can function as a shorthand for talk of the views of a great number of different philosophers. On the other hand, most philosophical movements in history consisted in a great number of individual thinkers who disagreed in various ways. More the defining ideas of any philosophical movement are templates on which individual thinkers develop their own particular ideas. In contrast to the idea of a philosophical movement, the Renaissance and Romanticism are broader cultural "movements" that happened to be characterized by distinctive philosophical concerns: although they are movements with philosophical cores, they extend beyond the field of philosophy into art and culture more broadly, hence are not specific enough to philosophy to be considered movements within it.
Like specific doctrines and theories, movements are given names with "ism" suffixes. What makes a movement identifiable and interesting as distinct from a specific theory is that a movement consists in a large flourishing of intellectual work on one or more ideas, in a specifiable time and place. Following is short list of major philosophical movements, in rough chronological order: Academic Skepticism Aristotelianism Confucianism Cynicism Cyrenaicism Epicureanism Platonism Pythagoreanism Pyrrhonism Stoicism Sophism Augustinianism Neo-Confucianism Neoplatonism Occamism Scholasticism Scotism Thomism Empiricism Existentialism German idealism Logicism Logical Positivism Modernism Objectivism Phenomenology Pragmatism Rationalism Utilitarianism Atheism Deconstructionism. Emotivism Postmodernism Poststructuralism Process philosophy Structuralism See Eastern philosophy for a list of Asian philosophical movements. See African philosophy for a list of African philosophical movements
'Bing Crosby Sings the Song Hits from... is a Decca Records album by Bing Crosby featuring songs from recent Broadway musicals issued as a 10” LP issued as catalog No. DL5298 and as a 4-disc 78rpm box set and as a 4-disc 45rpm set; the sides were issued as singles and received warm reviews from Billboard. Looking at "The Big Movie Show in the Sky" they said "Pretentious production number from “Texas L’il Darlin’” is performed impressively by Crosby and the Morgan organization." And for "The Yodel Blues" "Bing is convincing with this “Texas L’il Darlin’” lilt. He’s brilliantly supported by Morgan and vocal group." "If I Were a Bell" was highlighted by the magazine in their review. "Remarkably light and happy treatment of a cleverly carved rhythm item from “Guys and Dolls” should bring in heavy returns. Patti and Bing’s adroit sense of humor make this one of high spot diskings of the day."Variety commented: "Stay Well / The Little Gray House - Bing Crosby endows this coupling from the B’way musical hit, “Lost In The Stars,” with one of his better, more relaxed and tonally rich baritonings."
The writer Will Friedwald discussing Crosby's recordings of show tunes said that "My particular favorites are a pair of songs from Kurt Weill and Maxwell Anderson’s Lost in the Stars, “Stay Well” and “The Little Gray House.”... Of all the many lesser known Crosby performances from the postwar era, these are the ones that most deserve to be heard again." Recording dates follow track titles
Chris Caple, FSA, FIIC, is a senior lecturer at Durham University, who specialises in the conservation of artefacts. Involved in archaeological excavations from the age of 14 Caple holds degrees from the University of Wales and the University of Bradford, he has worked as a conservator at York Castle Museum and in 1988 was appointed as director of Durham University's artefact conservation postgraduate programme. He has authored two books on archaeology. Involved in the excavation of archaeological sites since the age of 14, Caple graduated from Cardiff College of the University of Wales in 1979, with a Bachelor of Science in archaeological conservation. In 1986 he received a Ph. D. from the University of Bradford, for researching the composition and manufacturing of medieval copper alloy pins. Caple has been an excavating archaeologist for 34 years, an archaeological conservator for 32, a lecturer in the latter subject for 20 years. From 1984, while still a student, to 1988, he worked at the York Castle Museum as the artefacts conservator, after which he took a post at Durham University's department of archaeology as a lecturer in archaeological conservation and archaeological science.
Caple has authored two books: Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making in 2000, Objects: Reluctant Witnesses to the Past in 2006. Both are used as textbooks in courses on conservation, museum studies. Conservation Skills was reviewed as a broad assessment of the conservation field, as a "well-balanced" book that "achieves a detached approach without preaching to the audience", using case studies to illustrate the underlying issues of, philosophy of approach to, conservation. A case study on the "re-reconstruction" of the Sutton Hoo helmet, which became an icon of Anglo-Saxon England after it was reconstructed by Herbert Maryon in the 1940s, yet was reconstructed again by Nigel Williams in the 1970s, focuses on the concepts of reversibility and truthfulness. Caple, Chris. Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-18880-6. Caple, Chris. Objects: Reluctant Witnesses to the Past. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-30589-6. "Dr Chris Caple". Centre for the Ethics of Cultural Heritage.
Durham University. Retrieved 28 March 2018. "Dr Chris Caple, BSc, PhD, ACR, FIIC, FSA". Department of Archaeology. Durham University. Retrieved 28 March 2018. Dreghorn, Brenda. "Review: Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making". Journal of the Society of Archivists. Society of Archivists. 23: 118–119. Doi:10.1080/00379810220120636. Kolb, Charles C.. "Review: Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making". Choice Reviews. 38. Doi:10.5860/CHOICE.38-5089. Rhyne, Charles S.. "Review: Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making". Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites. 5: 185–187. Scott, David A.. "Review: Conservation Skills: Judgement and Decision Making". Studies in Conservation. International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 48: 283–284. JSTOR 1506919. Official website List of publications
Annie from Tharau is a 1954 West German romance film directed by Wolfgang Schleif and starring Ilse Werner, Heinz Engelmann, Helmuth Schneider. It takes its name from a historic song of the same title and was part of the post-war tradition of heimatfilm in German cinema, it was shot at the Tempelhof Studios on location across Bavaria. The film's sets were designed by the art director Wilhelm Vorwerg. Ilse Werner as Anna "Ännchen" Wittkuhn Heinz Engelmann as Ulrich Lessau Helmuth Schneider as Adrian Rotenbach Klaus-Ulrich Krause as Utz Wittkuhn Albert Florath as Tobias Rotenbach Elsa Wagner as Babette Rotenbach Bruno Hübner as Dr. Bruns Stanislav Ledinek as Lobsam Karl Hellmer as Willuweit Margarete Haagen as Gru Gutjahr Paul Heidemann as Herr Selke Blandine Ebinger as Frau Selke Loni Heuser as Alma Möske Brigitte Rau as Trudel Möske Ludwig Schmitz as Ali Schnurre Hans Hermann Schaufuß as Wehrle Rolf Weih as Grabner Bock, Hans-Michael & Bergfelder, Tim; the Concise CineGraph. Encyclopedia of German Cinema.
Berghahn Books, 2009. Annie from Tharau on IMDb
Glow is the third album by the American folk rock band The Innocence Mission, released in 1995 on A&M Records. Musically, it marks a radical departure for the group, as The Sundays/10,000 Maniacs-inspired dream pop aesthetic found on their first two albums was replaced by a more straightforward, cleaner rock sound; the album was recorded over a several-month period at Kingsway Studios, New Orleans and Bad Animals Studios, Washington. "Keeping Awake" – 3:58 "Bright As Yellow" – 3:32 "Brave" – 3:49 "That Was Another Country" – 4:18 "Speak Our Minds" – 2:54 "Happy, The End" – 3:38 "Our Harry" – 2:21 "Go" – 3:06 "Everything's Different Now" – 3:16 "Spinning" – 3:13 "There" – 3:55 "I Hear You Say So" – 2:11All songs written by Karen Peris except "Keeping Awake", music by Don and Karen Peris. "Bright As Yellow", the album's only official single, peaked at number 33 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart. It was featured extensively on several episodes of the hit TV series Party Of Five and can be found on the soundtrack to the movie Empire Records, among others.
On June 6, 2008, "Bright as Yellow" was played as the official NASA wake-up call for the crew of Space Shuttle mission STS-124 on flight day 7. The track list for the single is as follows: "Bright As Yellow" – 3:33 "Let's Talk About Something Else" – 3:15 "That Was Another Country" – 4:17 "Geranium Lake" – 1:27All songs written by Karen Peris except "Let's Talk About Something Else" and "Geranium Lake", written by Karen Peris & Don Peris. All songs produced by Dennis Herring except two and four and engineered by Don Peris. Karen Peris – vocals, acoustic guitar, organ Don Peris – guitars, organ Mike Bitts – bass guitar, vibes Steve Brown – drums, tambourine David Tonkonogui – cello on "That Was Another Country" Dennis Herring – producer Bob Ludwig – mastering Chris Fuhrman – engineer John Burton – assistant engineer Trina Shoemaker – assistant engineer
Warbirds & Wheels in Wanaka, New Zealand is a museum displaying classic and vintage automobiles and motorcycles, focusing on the early 20th century, as well as military aircraft. It is located at Wanaka Airport on State Highway 6; the museum was opened in December 2011 under an initiative by the Warbirds Over Wanaka Community Trust and three local businessmen to replace the former New Zealand Fighter Pilots Museum. While the current museum still has several military aircraft on static display - as of 2016 a Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, a BAC Strikemaster Mk 88, a de Havilland Vampire FB5, a Hawker Hurricane Mk IIA, a replica Royal Aircraft Factory S. E.5a - the emphasis has shifted more towards classic and vintage automobiles and motorcycles. The museum is managed by a consortium of private car collectors from Wanaka and focuses on vehicles from the 1930s to 1950s; the collection includes several rare cars and examples of automobiles from before World War II, such as a meticulously restored 1934 Duesenberg Model J e the only one in the southern hemisphere, a 1935 Auburn 851 SC, a "one of two" 1918 Packard semi-collapsible Landaulet Fleetwood model from New York, a handful of pre-World War I vehicles such as a 1907 Ford Model K.
All of the cars are in working order and have current registrations and Warrants of Fitness, with some of them on loan by their private owners and taken out for rides occasionally. The displays are complemented by equipment and paraphernalia from the respective time periods, such as old petrol pumps and signs; the car displays list stories about the individual cars. Official website