Phoenissae (Seneca)

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Kokular Oedipus and Antigone.jpg
Antigone accompanies her father Oedipus (Aleksander Kokular, 1820s)
Author Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Country Rome
Language Latin
Genre Tragedy
Set in Thebes, Boeotia
Publication date
1st century
Text Phoenissae at Wikisource

Phoenissae (Phoenician women) is a fabula crepidata (Roman tragedy with Greek subject) written by Lucius Annaeus Seneca; with only c. 664 lines of verse it is his shortest play. It is an incomplete text in two parts. It is situated in Thebes in Boeotia, the city founded by Cadmus, who came from Sidon, in Phoenicia.


  • Oedipus, son of Jocasta
  • Antigone, daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta
  • nuntius (messenger)
  • Jocasta, mother and wife of Oedipus
  • satelles (attendant)
  • Polynices, son of Oedipus and Jocasta, twin brother of Eteocles
  • Eteocles, son of Oedipus and Jocasta, twin brother of Polynices


When Oedipus discovered his crime, he blinded himself; and went into exile with his daughter Antigone, who offered herself as guide. In the meantime his sons Eteocles and Polynices engage in war, the treaty binding them to reign alternately being violated.

Act I[edit]

Antigone, the daughter, becomes guide to her blind father, and prevails on Oedipus to relinquish his determination to die.[1]

Act II[edit]

A messenger sent from Thebes, beseeches Oedipus that he should return and reconcile his sons. Oedipus refuses, and heading to the dismal forests, lavishes his insults upon his sons.[1]

Act III[edit]

(The beginning of this act is lost). Jocasta from the report that the armies of the brothers are drawn up against each other in battle array, is summoned hastily. She tries her utmost to reconcile the brothers.[1]

Act IV[edit]

Jocasta entreats the brothers that they should put away their mutual hatred, and return to the paths of reconciliation and affection. (The rest of this incomplete tragedy is missing.)[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Bradshaw, Watson (1903). The ten tragedies of Seneca. S. Sonnenschein & Co. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Otto Zwierlein (ed.), Seneca Tragoedia (Oxford: Clarendon Press: Oxford Classical Texts: 1986)
  • John G. Fitch Tragedies, Volume I: Hercules. Trojan Women. Phoenician Women. Medea. Phaedra (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: Loeb Classical Library: 2002)