The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Edgemere is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States. The population was 8,669 at the 2010 census. Edgemere is located at 39°13′45″N 76°26′56″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 20.6 square miles, of which 10.8 square miles is land and 9.8 square miles, or 47.47%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,248 people, 3,530 households, 2,513 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 855.6 people per square mile. There were 3,764 housing units at an average density of 348.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.43% White, 5.19% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population. There were 3,530 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families.
24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,928, the median income for a family was $55,662. Males had a median income of $40,577 versus $28,398 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,802. About 5.4% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over
Torrey C. Brown Rail Trail
The Torrey C. Brown Rail Trail, the official name of the Northern Central Railroad Trail, is a rail trail that runs along an abandoned railroad corridor where the Northern Central Railway once operated; the trail extends 20 miles from Ashland Road in Cockeysville, Maryland to the boundary with Pennsylvania. At the Pennsylvania line, the Torrey C. Brown Trail becomes the York County Heritage Rail Trail and continues to the city of York; the trail is 10 feet wide with a stone dust surface and the majority of the trail runs along the Gunpowder River and Beetree Run. Popular activities on the trail include horseback riding, walking, hiking and biking, it is open to the public from dawn to seven days a week throughout the year. The trail is pet-friendly as long as the pet is on a leash; the TCB makes up a segment of the East Coast Greenway, a 3,000 mile long system of trails connecting Maine to Florida. The Northern Central Railway, built in 1832, ran between Baltimore and Sunbury, was one of the oldest rail lines in the country.
The railway serviced the growing Baltimore and Harrisburg industries, had 46 stops, 22 of which were in Maryland, operated for 140 years. It carried passengers, people vacationing at Bentley Springs, freight between Baltimore and York or Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. During the Civil War, the Pennsylvania Railroad-controlled Northern Central served as a major transportation route for supplies, food and material, as well as troops heading to the South from Camp Curtin and other Northern military training stations. In financial trouble, the NCR ceased operations between Cockeysville and York in 1972 after Hurricane Agnes battered its bridges; the old bed, converted to a rail-trail in 1984, can still be seen today. Historical markers can be found along the trail such as the Monkton Train Station that underwent renovations and is now serving as a museum, gift shop, ranger station. In the early 1980s when it was proposed to place the hike and bike trail in the place of the train tracks, a contentious battle raged between property owners and the state.
The owners contended that the property was taken under eminent domain for the purpose of train tracks, that once the property was no longer to be used for a train the property rights should revert to the previous land owners. The state prevailed in its fight for the property and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources converted the corridor into a trail which opened to the public in 1984; the trail is used by hundreds of people daily by bicycle and horse. The trail provides access to the Gunpowder River and Loch Raven watershed for boating and fishing. In honor of Dr. Torrey C. Brown's unconditional support for the trail, it was renamed the Torrey C. Brown Rail Trail, after the third Secretary of the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, in 2007; the majority of the trail’s 20 miles is 10 feet wide with a smooth surface of crushed limestone. The trail is wheel-chair accessible. Mile 0 of the Trail is located just off Maryland Route 145, where the road's name changes to Paper Mill Road, in a small subdivision, where there is a small parking lot.
A larger parking lot is located less than a mile north of Mile 0 on Paper Mill Road, additional parking lots exist along the length of the trail. Warning signals, mileage markers and railroad signs are placed throughout the trail to warn and ensure the safety of trail goers. Amenities include drinking fountains, picnic tables and portable restrooms. Within a mile of the trail, there are hotels and motels and there is easy access to a bike shop that rents and repairs bikes. In addition to the renovations to the Monkton Station, there is the Sparks Bank Nature Center, in Sparks, Maryland; the Torrey C. Brown Trail is managed and maintained by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, a state government agency; the Maryland Park Service's volunteer program is in charge of recruiting volunteers to invest their time in the many trails throughout the state of Maryland. The trail receives state and federal funding as well as donations. There are different events hosted every month put together by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, as well as from outside institutions.
Topics include local archaeological and plant-life investigations, night-time bike-rides, inner tubing, a marathon. The Northern Central & York County Heritage Trails The Northern Central Railroad Trail page at RailsToTrails.us Northern Central Rail Trail photos Northern Central Rail Trail Images and Information
Pink Flamingos is a 1972 American exploitation black comedy film directed, produced and edited by John Waters. It is part of what Waters has labelled the "Trash Trilogy", which includes Female Trouble and Desperate Living; the film stars the countercultural drag queen Divine as a criminal living under the name of Babs Johnson, "the filthiest person alive". While living in a trailer with Edie and Crackers —her mother and son respectively—and companion Cotton, Divine is confronted by the Marbles, a couple of criminals envious of her reputation; the characters engage in several grotesque and explicitly crude situations. Displaying the tagline "An exercise in poor taste", Pink Flamingos is notorious for its "outrageousness", profanity, "pursuit of frivolity, scatology and skewed epistemology." As it features a "number of revolting scenes" that centre on exhibitionism, sodomy, gluttony, rape, murder, cannibalism and foot fetishism, the film is considered a preliminary exponent of abject art. The film has received a warm reception from film critics and the LGBT community, despite being banned in several countries, became a cult film in subsequent decades.
The notorious criminal Divine lives under the pseudonym "Babs Johnson" with her mentally ill mother Edie, delinquent son Crackers, traveling companion Cotton. They share a trailer on the outskirts of Phoenix, next to a gazing ball and a pair of eponymous plastic pink flamingos. After learning that Divine has been named "the filthiest person alive" by a tabloid paper, jealous rivals Connie and Raymond Marble attempt to usurp her title; the Marbles run a black market baby ring: they kidnap young women, have them impregnated by their manservant and sell the babies to lesbian couples. The proceeds are used to finance pornography shops and a network of dealers selling heroin in inner-city elementary schools. Raymond earns money by exposing himself — with a large kielbasa sausage or turkey neck tied to his penis — to women and stealing their purses when they flee. One of Raymond's would-be targets, a transgender woman who has not completed gender reassignment surgery, thwarts his scheme by exposing her breast and scrotum, causing Raymond to flee in shock.
The Marbles enlist Cookie, to gather information about Divine by dating Crackers. In one of the film's most infamous scenes and Crackers have sex while crushing a live chicken between them as Cotton looks on through a window. Cookie informs the Marbles about Babs' real identity, her whereabouts, her family — as well as her upcoming birthday party; the Marbles send a box of human feces to Divine as a birthday present with a card addressing her as "Fatso" and proclaiming themselves "the filthiest people alive". Worried her title has been seized, Divine declares. While the Marbles are gone, Channing dresses in Connie's clothes and imitates his employers' overheard conversations; when the Marbles return home, they are outraged to find Channing mocking them, so they fire him and lock him in a closet. The Marbles arrive at the trailer to spy on Divine's birthday party, her birthday gifts include poppers, fake vomit, lice shampoo, a pig's head, a meat cleaver. Entertainers include a topless woman with a snake act and a contortionist who flexes his prolapsed anus in rhythm to the song "Surfin' Bird".
The Egg Man, who delivers eggs to Edie daily, proposes marriage. She accepts his proposal and he carts her off in a wheelbarrow. Disgusted by the outrageous party, the Marbles call the police, but this backfires when Divine and her guests ambush the officers, hack up their bodies with the meat cleaver, eat them. Divine and Crackers head to the Marbles' house, where they lick and rub the furniture, which excites them so much that Divine fellates Crackers, they discover two pregnant women held captive in the basement. After Divine and Crackers free the women with a large knife, the women use the knife to emasculate Channing offscreen; the Marbles burn Divine's beloved trailer to the ground. When they return home their furniture — cursed by being licked by Divine and Crackers — "rejects" them: when they try to sit down, the cushions fly up and throw them to the floor, they find that Channing has bled to death from his emasculation and the two girls have escaped. After finding the remains of their burned-out trailer and Crackers return to the Marbles' home, kidnap them at gunpoint, bring them to the arson site.
Divine calls the local tabloid media to witness the Marbles' execution. Divine holds a kangaroo court and convicts the bound-and-gagged Marbles of "first-degree stupidity" and "assholism". Cotton and Crackers recommend a sentence of execution, so the Marbles are tied to a tree, coated in tar and feathers, shot in the head by Divine. Divine and Cotton enthusiastically decide to move to Boise, site of a homosexual scandal from 1955 to 1957. Spotting a small dog defecating on the sidewalk, Divine scoops up the feces with her hand and puts them in her mouth — proving, as the voice-over narration by Waters states, that Divine is "not only the filthiest person in the world, but is the world's filthiest actress". John Waters as Mr. J Divine as Divine/Babs Johnson David Lochary as Raymond Marble Mink Stole as Connie Marble Mary Vivian Pearce as Cotton Danny Mills as Crackers Edith Massey as Edie Cookie Mueller as Cookie Channing Wilroy as Channing Paul Swift as The Egg Man Susan Walsh as Suzie Linda Olgierson as Linda Pat Moran as Patty Hitler Steve Yeager as Nat Curza
A rail trail is the conversion of a disused railway track into a multi-use path for walking and sometimes horse riding and snowmobiling. The characteristics of abandoned railways—flat, long running through historical areas—are appealing for various developments; the term sometimes covers trails running alongside working railways. Some shared trails are segregated, with the segregation achieved without separation. Many rail trails are long-distance trails. A rail trail may still include rails, such as light streetcar. By virtue of their characteristic shape, some shorter rail trails are known as greenways and linear parks; the only carrier to exist in Bermuda folded in 1948 and was converted to a rail trail in 1984. Some of the former right of way has been converted for automobile traffic, but 18 miles are reserved for pedestrian use and bicycles on paved portions; the rail bed spans the length of the island, connected Hamilton to St. George's and several villages, though several bridges are derelict, causing the trail to be fragmented.
The Kettle Valley Rail Trail in British Columbia uses a rail corridor, built for the now-abandoned Kettle Valley Railway. The trail was developed during the 1990s after the Canadian Pacific Railway abandoned train service; the longest rail trail in Canada is the Newfoundland T'Railway that covers a distance of 883 km ). Protected as a linear park under the provincial park system, the T'Railway consists of the railbed of the historic Newfoundland Railway as transferred from its most recent owner, Canadian National Railway, to the provincial government after rail service was abandoned on the island of Newfoundland in 1988; the rail corridor stretches from Channel-Port aux Basques in the west to St. John's in the east with branches to Stephenville, Bonavista and Carbonear. Following the abandonment of the Prince Edward Island Railway in 1989, the government of Prince Edward Island purchased the right-of-way to the entire railway system; the Confederation Trail was developed as a tip-to-tip walking/cycling gravel rail trail which doubles as a monitored and groomed snowmobile trail during the winter months, operated by the PEI Snowmobile Association.
In Quebec, Le P'tit Train du Nord runs 200 km from Saint-Jérôme to Mont-Laurier. In Toronto, there are the Beltline Trail and the West Toronto Railpath. In central Ontario, the former Victoria Railway line, which runs 89 kilometres from the town of Lindsay, north to the village of Haliburton, in Haliburton County, serves as a public recreation trail, it can be used for cross country skiing and snowmobiling in the winter months, walking and horse riding from spring to autumn. The majority of the rail trail passes through sparsely populated areas of the Canadian Shield, with historic trestle bridges crossing several rivers; the old Sarnia Bridge in St. Marys, was re-purposed as part of the Grand Trunk Trail; the former Grand Trunk Railway viaduct was purchased from Canadian National Railway in 1995. The Grand Trunk Trail was opened in 1998 with over 3 km of paved, accessible trail. In 2012, The re-purposing of the Sarnia Bridge was inducted into the North America Railway Hall of Fame. A railroad between Gateway Road and Raleigh Street in Winnipeg, was turned into a 7 km asphalt trail in 2007.
It is called the Northeast Pioneers Greenway, has plans for expansion into East St. Paul, to Birds Hill Park. A considerable part of the Trans Canada Trail are repurposed defunct rail lines donated to provincial governments by CP and CN rail rebuilt as walking trails; the main section runs along the southern areas of Canada connecting most of Canada's major cities and most populous areas. There is a long northern arm which runs through Alberta to Edmonton and up through northern British Columbia to Yukon; the trail is multi-use and depending on the section may allow hikers, horseback riders, cross country skiers and snowmobilers. In North America, the decades-long consolidation of the rail industry led to the closure of a number of uneconomical branch lines and redundant mainlines; some were maintained as short line railways. The first abandoned rail corridor in the United States converted into a recreational trail was the Elroy-Sparta State Trail in Wisconsin, which opened in 1967; the following year the Illinois Prairie Path opened.
The conversion of rails to trails hastened with the federal government passing legislation promoting the use of railbanking for abandoned railroad corridors in 1983, upheld by the U. S. Supreme Court in 1990; this process preserves rail corridors for possible future rail use with interim use as a trail. By the 1970s main lines were being sold or abandoned; this was true when regional rail lines merged and streamlined their operations. As both the supply of potential trails increased and awareness of the possibilities rose, state governments, conservation authorities, private organizations bought the rail corridors to create, expand or link green spaces; the longest developed rail trail is the 240 miles Katy Trail in Missouri. When complete, the Cowboy Trail in Nebraska will become the longest; the Beltline, in Atlanta, Georgia, is under construction. In 2030, its anticipated year of completion, it will be one of the longest continuous trails; the Atlanta BeltLine is a sustainable redevelopment project that will provide a network of public parks, multi-use trails and transit along a historic 22-mile railroad corridor circling downtown and connecting many neigh
7-Eleven Inc. is a Japanese-owned American international chain of convenience stores, headquartered in Dallas, Texas. The chain was known as Tote'm Stores until it was renamed in 1946, its parent company since 2005, Seven-Eleven Japan Co. Ltd. operates and licenses 67,480 stores in 17 countries as of December 2018. Seven-Eleven Japan is headquartered in Chiyoda and held by Seven & I Holdings Co. Ltd.. The most recent franchise agreement gives up to 59% of a franchise's gross profit to the company; the company's first outlets were named "Tote'm Stores" because customers "toted" away their purchases. Some stores featured genuine Alaskan totem poles in front of the store. In 1946, the chain's name was changed from "Tote'm" to "7-Eleven" to reflect the company's new, extended hours, 7:00 am to 11:00 pm, seven days per week. In November 1999, the corporate name of the US company was changed from "The Southland Corporation" to "7-Eleven Inc." In 1927, Southland Ice Company employee John Jefferson Green began selling eggs and bread from one of 16 ice house storefronts in Dallas, with permission from one of Southland's founding directors, Joe C.
Thompson, Sr. Although small grocery stores and general merchandisers were available, Thompson theorized that selling products such as bread and milk in convenience stores would reduce the need for customers to travel long distances for basic items, he bought the Southland Ice Company and turned it into Southland Corporation, which oversaw several locations in the Dallas area. In 1928, Jenna Lira brought a totem pole as a souvenir from Alaska and placed it in front of the store; the pole served as a marketing tool for the company. Soon, executives added totem poles in front of every store and adopted an Alaska Native-inspired theme for their stores. On, the stores began operating under the name "Tote'm Stores". In the same year, the company began constructing gasoline stations in some of its Dallas locations as an experiment. Joe Thompson provided a distinct characteristic to the company's stores, training the staff so that people would receive the same quality and service in every store. Southland started to have a uniform for its ice station service boys.
This became the major factor in the company's success as a retail convenience store. In 1931, the Great Depression affected the company; the company continued its operations through re-organization and receivership. A Dallas banker, W. W. Overton Jr. helped to revive the company's finances by selling the company's bonds for seven cents on the dollar. This brought the company's ownership under the control of a board of directors. In 1946, in an effort to continue the company's post-war recovery, the name of the franchise was changed to 7-Eleven to reflect the stores' new hours of operation, which were unprecedented at the time. In 1963, 7-Eleven experimented with a 24-hour schedule in Austin, after an Austin store stayed open all night to satisfy customer demand. On, 24-hour stores were established in Fort Worth and Dallas, Texas, as well as Las Vegas, Nevada. In 1971, Southland acquired convenience stores of the former Pak-A-Sak chain owned by Graham Allen Penniman, Sr. of Shreveport, Louisiana.
With the purchase in 1964 of 126 Speedee Mart franchised convenience stores in California, the company entered the franchise business. The company signed its first area licensing agreement in 1968 with Garb-Ko, Inc. of Saginaw, which became the first U. S. domestic area 7-Eleven licensee. In the late 1980s, Southland Corporation was threatened by a rumored corporate takeover, prompting the Thompson family to take steps to convert the company into a private model by buying out public shareholders in a tender offer. In December 1987, John Philp Thompson, the chairman and CEO of 7-Eleven, completed a $5.2 billion management buyout of the company. The buyout suffered from the effects of the 1987 stock market crash and after failing to raise high yield debt financing, the company was required to offer a portion of stock as an inducement to invest in the company's bonds. Various assets, such as the Chief Auto Parts chain, the ice division, hundreds of store locations, were sold between 1987 and 1990 to relieve debt incurred during the buyout.
This downsizing resulted in numerous metropolitan areas losing 7-Eleven stores to rival convenience store operators. In October 1990, the indebted Southland Corp. filed a pre-packaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy in order to transfer control of 70% of the company to Japanese affiliate Ito-Yokado. Southland exited bankruptcy in March 1991, after a cash infusion of $430 million from Ito-Yokado and Seven-Eleven Japan; these two Japanese entities now controlled 70% of the company, with the founding Thompson family retaining 5%. In 1999, Southland Corp. changed its name to 7-Eleven, Inc. citing the divestment of operations other than 7-Eleven. Ito-Yokado formed Seven & I Holdings Co. and 7-Eleven became its subsidiary in 2005. In 2007, Seven & I Holdings announced that it would be expanding its American operations, with an additional 1,000 7-Eleven stores in the United States. For the 2010 rankings, 7-Eleven climbed to the No. 3 spot in Entrepreneur Magazine's 31st Annual Franchise 500, "the first and most comprehensive ranking in the world".
This was the 17th year 7-Eleven was named in the top 10. In 2010, the first "green" 7-Eleven store opened in DeLand, Florida; the store features U. S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Environmental Design elements; the environmentally-friendly design brings the store savings in energy costs. That same year, 7-Eleven went mobile with the launch of the Slurpee drink's iPhone and An
Dundalk is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States. The population was 63,597 at the 2010 census. In 1960 and 1970, Dundalk was the largest unincorporated community in Maryland, it was named after the town of Ireland. Dundalk is considered one of the first inner-ring suburbs of Baltimore; the area now known as Dundalk was first explored by John Smith in 1608. Up until this time, the area was occupied by the tribes of the Susquehannock Indians. In 1856 Henry McShane, an immigrant from Ireland, established the McShane Bell Foundry on the banks of the Patapsco River in the far southeastern outskirts of Baltimore; the foundry relocated to the Patterson Park area of Baltimore until a fire during the 1940s caused it to move to 201 East Federal Street. In addition to bronze bells, the foundry once manufactured cast iron pipes and furnace fittings; when asked by the Baltimore and Sparrows Point Railroad for a name of a depot for the foundry, on their rail line, McShane wrote Dundalk, after the town of his birth, Ireland.
In 1977 the foundry moved to its current location in Glen Burnie. In 1916 the Bethlehem Steel Company purchased 1,000 acres of farmland, near the McShane foundry, to develop housing for its shipyard workers; the Dundalk Company was formed to plan a town in the new style, similar to that of the Roland Park area of Baltimore, excluding businesses except at specific spots and leaving land for future development of schools, playing fields, parks. By 1917 Dundalk proper was founded, at which point it had 62 houses, two stores, a post office, a telephone exchange. Streets were laid out in a pedestrian-friendly open grid, with monikers like "Shipway", "Northship", "Flagship", "Admiral"; the two-story houses had steeply pitched roofs and stucco exteriors. As the demand for steel increased during World War 1, white workers streamed into Dundalk, pushing black workers into a small community nearby named Turner Station. Turner Station expanded more during World War II as demand for steel increased more.
The Dundalk Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.4 square miles, of which 13.1 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles, or 24.84%, is water. Most of Dundalk is flat and near sea level, with a few small hills close to the city of Baltimore to the west. Dundalk is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Elevations range from sea level on the shore of the Chesapeake Bay to 40 feet above sea level along the northern reaches of Dundalk Avenue and North Point Boulevard. Bread and Cheese Creek is a tributary of the Back River in Dundalk; the creek is 8.5 miles long, with headwaters in Baltimore City. It flows through Dundalk before emptying into the Back River; the watershed area of the creek is 1.85 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 63,597 people; the racial makeup of Dundalk was 79.2% white, 11.0% African American, 5.0% Hispanic, 1.7% Asian, 3.1% all other. There were 24,772 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families.
26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,789, the median income for a family was $46,035. Males had a median income of $36,512 versus $25,964 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,543. About 6.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over. Some of the major roads in the Dundalk area are: Dundalk Avenue Eastern Avenue Holabird Avenue Merritt Boulevard North Point Boulevard Sollers Point Road Wise Avenue Public transportation between Sparrows Point and Baltimore City was operated by the United Railways and Electric Company's #26 streetcar line which ran down the middle of Dundalk Avenue until August 1958.
Until the early 1950s, the line carried the famous "Red Rocket" streetcars which were two and three car trains of wooden trolleys. During World War II's rush hours on the line, trains operated on a 30-second headway. Between 1940 and 1972, bus service in the Dundalk area was provided by Dundalk Bus Lines. Today, public transportation is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration. MTA lines that serve the area are CityLink Blue, CityLink Navy, CityLink Orange, LocalLink 59, LocalLink 62, LocalLink 63 and LocalLink 65. Dundalk contains a campus of the Community College of Baltimore County, known as CCBC-Dundalk, it was known as Dundalk Community College. For primary and secondary education Dundalk is served by the Baltimore County Public Schools system, with Dundalk High School, Patapsco High School, Sparrows Point High School being the major high schools to serve the area. Dundalk is home to Sollers Point Technical High School, one of the only high schools in the country to hold an ISO 9001 certification.
Dundalk is under jurisdiction of Baltimore County Police Department, North Point, which