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Phonetic algorithm

A phonetic algorithm is an algorithm for indexing of words by their pronunciation. Most phonetic algorithms were developed for use with the English language, they are complex algorithms with many rules and exceptions, because English spelling and pronunciation is complicated by historical changes in pronunciation and words borrowed from many languages. Among the best-known phonetic algorithms are: Soundex, developed to encode surnames for use in censuses. Soundex codes are four-character strings composed of a single letter followed by three numbers. Daitch–Mokotoff Soundex, a refinement of Soundex designed to better match surnames of Slavic and Germanic origin. Daitch–Mokotoff Soundex codes are strings composed of six numeric digits. Cologne phonetics: This is similar to Soundex, but more suitable for German words. Metaphone, Double Metaphone, Metaphone 3 which are suitable for use with most English words, not just names. Metaphone algorithms are the basis for many popular spell checkers. New York State Identification and Intelligence System, which maps similar phonemes to the same letter.

The result is a string. Match Rating Approach developed by Western Airlines in 1977 - this algorithm has an encoding and range comparison technique. Caverphone, created to assist in data matching between late 19th century and early 20th century electoral rolls, optimized for accents present in parts of New Zealand. Spell checkers can contain phonetic algorithms; the Metaphone algorithm, for example, can create a code. The code is looked up in directory for words with the same or similar Metaphone. Words that have the same or similar Metaphone become possible alternative spellings. Search functionality will use phonetic algorithms to find results that don't match the term used in the search. Searching for names can be difficult as there are multiple alternative spellings for names. An example is the name Claire, it has Clare/Clair, which are both pronounced the same. Searching for one spelling wouldn't show results for the two others. Using Soundex all three variations produce the same Soundex code, C460.

By searching names based on the Soundex code all three variations will be returned. Approximate string matching Hamming distance Levenshtein distance Damerau–Levenshtein distance This article incorporates public domain material from the NIST document: Black, Paul E. "phonetic coding". Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures. Algorithm for converting words to phonemes and back. StringMetric project a Scala library of phonetic algorithms. Clj-fuzzy project a Clojure library of phonetic algorithms. SoundexBR library of phonetic algorithm implemented in R. Talisman a JavaScript library collecting various phonetic algorithms that one can try online

Fund for Wild Nature

The Fund For Wild Nature is an environmental organization that gives financial support to grassroot projects and organizations that work for the protection of biodiversity and wilderness. The Fund works for projects in countries of North America, it has no endowment and is supported by donations from individuals. Their support has helped foster the beginning of such groups as the Rainforest Action Network, Center for Biological Diversity and Ruckus Society, they were founded in 1982 by members of the Earth First! organization, their headquarters is in Portland, Oregon. The Fund For Wild Nature was founded as the Earth First! Foundation in 1982 by Lance Christie, LaRue Christie, Abe Blank, Bill Bishop, Ken Sanders, Bruce Hayse; the current name was adopted in 1991. Among the groups that were initiated with the help of their support, we can find the Rainforest Action Network, the Center for Biological Diversity, Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund, Los Padres Forest Watch, Prairie Dog Coalition, Firefighters United for Safety and Ecology.

The Fund provides modest grants to grassroots organizations. It funds project expenses, not general overhead; the Fund provides money for campaigns within the United States and Mexico to conserve and restore native species and wild ecosystems, including actions to defend wilderness and biological diversity. The Funds supports grassroot projects for issues that are not given enough national attention, would otherwise not be funded through mainstream sources, they believe in seeking alliances with related groups within the field to achieve systemic change. The Fund has supported actions for wildlife, wilderness and marine life, as well as actions against development, grazing and other activities the Fund considers harmful; the Fund bases their principles on the philosophy of biocentrism. They believe that human beings have become displaced from their natural environment, see the importance of protecting wildlife as part of a fundamental struggle to reconnect to our origins and protect an healthy state of existence.

Biodiversity Earth First! Wilderness Fund for Wild Nature


KUTX is a non-commercial radio station licensed to Leander and serving the greater Austin, Texas area with an Adult album alternative format. The station is owned by University of Texas at Austin with headquarters at the Belo Center for New Media on the University of Texas at Austin campus. 98.9 signed on in 1988 at 99.1 FM as KLTD, "Kool 99 FM" with the Satellite Music Network's "Kool Gold" format by Adams Broadcasting, which spun off the Kool Gold format to Dial Global. In 1993, KLTD changed calls to KUTZ and format to hard rock as part of the Satellite Music Network-Z Rock Network. In 1996, 98.9 FM changed to news/talk as KJFK, which lasted until September 2000 when Border Media Partners acquired the station and changed formats to Rock AC as "The Hill", KHHL. 98.9 FM became Spanish CHR, "Exitos 98.9", "La Ley 98.9" with a Regional Mexican format. The Regional Mexican format lasted until November 29, 2009, when Bain Capital took over most of the assets of the Austin, Texas cluster of Border Media Partners, changed formats to talk radio as "98.9 The Big Talker" and new calls KXBT.

As "98.9 The Big Talker", the station's weekday line-up included The Sean Rima Show during morning rush hour/drive time hours, The Glenn Beck Program during late-morning and early-afternoon hours, The Dave Ramsey Show during mid-afternoon hours, "Tabu" Saturdays and Sundays 9pm-Midnight with Rachael Wax, The Schnitt Show during late-afternoon hours, The Mark Levin Show during late-rush hour and early-evening hours. The weekends included The Jesus Christ Show, The Otherside with Steve Godfrey, Leo Laporte The Tech Guy, John Clay Wolfe, The Weekend; the station was the Houston Texans affiliate for the Austin, Texas market. On August 15, 2011, after a listener survey and facing stagnant ratings, BMP Radio dropped the news/talk format in favor of Classic Hits. From August 15, 2011 to September 3, 2011, KXBT simulcasted KXXS; the True Oldies Channel programming moved permanently to 98.9 FM on September 3 as "98.9 Austin's Greatest Hits", KXXS dropped the oldies format in favor of ESPN Deportes located on KWNX.

As of January 23, 2012, KXBT began locally programming Monday-Friday 6am-7pm and added a local morning show from 6am-10am with Bo Chase In The Morning as well as syndicated host Tom Kent weekdays from 7pm-12am. Scott Shannon's satellite-fed True Oldies Channel continued to Sundays at 7 pm. On Saturdays, KXBT aired Saturday Night Dance Fever live at the Iron Cactus North on Stonelake Boulevard in Austin; the program featured dance classics of the 1970s, 1980s, early-1990s. On July 7, 2012, as part of Border Media's Austin selloff, the Board of Regents at the University of Texas announced their intention to vote on their acquisition of KXBT for $6 million. On November 26, KXBT announced that their classic hits format would end the following Friday, the 30th. At 2PM that day, Austin's Greatest Hits signed off with Don McLean's "American Pie", 98.9 began playing Christmas music whilst promoting the upcoming launch of KUTX, Starting with Here Comes Santa Claus by Elvis Presley from the 1957 Album, Elvis' Christmas Album.

On December 26 at Midnight, after playing "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer by Burl Ives & Videocraft Chorus, 98.9, finishing out the entire soundtrack to the movie of the same name, began its "Music Preview", with the first song as KUTX being "We Can Work It Out" by The Beatles. The jockless preview gave way to the staffed version of the format on January 2. KUTX is marketed as "The Austin Music Experience." Music shows moved from KUT include hosted by John Aielli. KUTX official website Query the FCC's FM station database for KUTX Radio-Locator information on KUTX Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KUTX

Nordoff–Robbins music therapy

The Nordoff–Robbins approach to music therapy known as creative music therapy, developed from the 17-year collaboration of Paul Nordoff and Clive Robbins beginning in 1958. It was devised as a therapy for children with psychological, physical, or developmental disabilities, its early development was influenced by Rudolph Steiner and anthroposophical philosophy and teachings. Nordoff–Robbins music therapy is grounded in the belief that everyone can respond to music, no matter how ill or disabled, it holds that the unique qualities of music as therapy can enhance communication, support change, enable people to live more resourcefully and creatively. Nordoff-Robbins music therapists practice worldwide and have graduated from training programs around the world including England, the USA, Germany, New Zealand, South Africa, the Far East. Nordoff Robbins is a registered UK charity; the charity runs the Nordoff Robbins music therapy centre in London and a number of music therapy outreach projects nationwide.

It runs postgraduate training courses in music therapy and a research programme with regular public courses and conferences. Nordoff Robbins runs the annual Silver Clef Awards. Founded by Dr. Clive Robbins and Carol Robbins, the Nordoff-Robbins Center for Music Therapy at New York University, Steinhardt School of Culture and Human Development, opened in 1989; the Center is affiliated with New York University's Graduate Music Therapy Program. The mission of the Center has six main components: Providing music therapy services to children and adults with a wide range of needs and disabilities including autism spectrum disorders, behavioral disorders, developmental delays, sensory impairments, multiple handicaps, psychiatric disorders; the Center provides individual and group therapy sessions, provides services for adults struggling with difficult life circumstances or seeking an expressive form of therapy in order to pursue greater self-understanding. Offering advanced music therapy training; the Center offers three levels of training: a) fieldwork and internships for students pursuing academic degrees in music therapy.

Conducting and publishing research. The Center maintains an extensive archive that includes recordings and documentation of the pioneering work of Nordoff and Robbins; the archive is continually being updated by contemporary clinical work. Ongoing research in clinical practice focuses on the role of improvisational music therapy in addressing the needs of clients with different areas of disability including autism spectrum disorder and hearing impairment. Presenting lectures and symposia to professional audiences; the Center's video documentation of therapy sessions makes it possible to communicate to professional audiences the nature and dynamics of the creative music therapy process. The Center's therapists and researchers lecture internationally. Publishing musical and instructional materials; the Center produces audio and printed materials that provide musical resources and instruction in clinical process and improvisation. Disseminating information and resources; the Center serves as a resource for music therapists, musicians, allied professionals, the media, the general public.

It provides consultant services, organizes seminars and workshops, hosts over 150 visitors annually. The Nordoff-Robbins training at Molloy College, established in 2010, is the newest approved Nordoff-Robbins program in the US, it is located at The Rebecca Center for Music Therapy at Molloy College, an outpatient center serving children and adults in the Long Island and metropolitan New York area. Both training programs include all aspects of Nordoff-Robbins work including assessment, archival coursework, clinical work, group music therapy, clinical improvisation instruction. Trainees come from both the abroad. Nordoff Robbins website EEUU: Nordoff - Robbins Center For Music Therapy History of Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy, The Steinhardt School, New York University Osbournes win Silver Clef honour, BBC News, June 16, 2006

Dinnie Block

Dinnie Block is or was a property in Grand Forks, North Dakota. It was removed from the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. Along with Wright Block, the Telephone Co. Building, the Clifford Annex, Golden Square, the Dinnie Block was one of many "commercial vernacular brick buildings with classical revival details" that were built during a major building boom, with high quality brickwork; the Dinnie Block was built in 1907. The National Register listing covered Early Commercial, "Vernacular-Classical ornamen", Other architecture; the listing was for an area of less than one acre with just one contributing building. Its listing status is RN, which means removed from National Register

List of airports in the Cape Town area

The following are airports serving the Cape Town area. List of airports in South Africa "ICAO Location Indicators by State". International Civil Aviation Organization. 12 January 2006. "UN Location Codes: South Africa] [includes IATA codes". UN/LOCODE 2006-2. UNECE. 30 April 2007. South African Air Force Bases Lists of airports in South Africa: Great Circle Mapper Aircraft Charter World The Airport Guide World Aero Data A-Z World Airports Cape Town International Airport home page AFB Ysterplaat