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A phospholipase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic substances. There are four major classes, termed A, B, C and D, which are distinguished by the type of reaction which they catalyze: Phospholipase A Phospholipase A1 – cleaves the SN-1 acyl chain. Phospholipase A2 – cleaves the SN-2 acyl chain, releasing arachidonic acid. Phospholipase B – cleaves both SN-1 and SN-2 acyl chains. Phospholipase C – cleaves before the phosphate, releasing diacylglycerol and a phosphate-containing head group. Phospholipase Cs play a central role in signal transduction, releasing the second messenger inositol triphosphate. Phospholipase D – cleaves after the phosphate, releasing phosphatidic acid and an alcohol. Types C and D are considered phosphodiesterases. Endothelial lipase is a phospholipase. Phospholipase A2 acts on the intact lecithin molecule and hydrolyses the fatty acid esterified to the second carbon atom; the resulting products are a fatty acid. Phospholipase A2 is an enzyme present in the venom of bees and viper snakes.

Patatin-like phospholipase Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy Tappia, Paramjit S. & Dhalla, Naranjan S.: Phospholipases in Health and Disease. Springer, 2014. ISBN 978-1-4939-0463-1.

Vincenzo degli Azani

Vincenzo degli Azani was an Italian painter. He was born in Palermo, where he spent most of his life, except for a spell in Rome, where he came under the influence of Raphael, he is known as Vincenzo da Pavia, Vincenzo Aniemolo, Vincenzo degli Azani da Pavia, Il Romano and Vincenzo Romano. Vincenzo was born at Palermo towards the end of the 15th century. After having studied the works of Perugino and other masters in his native town, he went to Rome. There he came under the influence of Raphael, whose works had a great impact on his style, although it is not known if he was his pupil. Vincenzo left the city in 1527 at the time of the its pillage and returned to Sicily, going first to Messina and on to Palermo, where he lived until his death, he left many pictures in the churches of Palermo including the Virgin and Child between four Saints, in San Pietro Martire. All show strong traces of the influence of Raphael. A late work, the Death of the Virgin, for the Chiesa del Carmine in Sciacca, was based on a painting of the same subject by the Netherlandish artist Petrus Christus.

It was left unfinished when Vincenzo died in 1557. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Michael. "Aniemolo, Vincenzo". In Graves, Robert Edmund. Bryan's Dictionary of Engravers. I. London: George Bell & Sons. "Paintings by Vincenzo da Pavia". Art UK. Retrieved 15 October 2012

California Taxpayers Association

The California Taxpayers Association is an advocacy organization in the U. S. state of California founded in 1926 to promote lower taxes in the state. The association known as CalTax, serves its members through research and advocacy on significant tax and spending issues in the legislative and judicial branches of government. CalTax is led by President Teresa Casazza, a certified public accountant with many years of experience working on tax policy; when working on tax policy problems before the Legislature, tax agencies, local governments, in court, or on statewide ballots, CalTax staff members monitor legislative, tax agency, local government tax policy deliberations and coordinate with CalTax members to oppose tax policy changes that would increase taxe. CalTax supports budget reform to end the state government's boom-and-bust system of budgeting. CalTaxletter The CalTaxletter is published weekly when the Legislature is in session, every other week when the Legislature is in recess. CalTaxReports A digest of recent tax and spending developments published 40 times a year for state policy officials and the media.

California's Tax Machine - Published by CalTax “California’s Tax Machine,” by tax policy expert David R. Doerr, is an account of the many moving parts that make up the Golden State's tax system; the book's second edition, published in late 2008, provides full coverage of Governor Gray Davis’ term and the first five years of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's administration. The first edition was published in 2000; the includes photos and tables, expanded coverage of tax-like fees, valuable descriptions of court cases that impact taxpayers, extensive coverage of how the state's tax agencies operate California's Tax Machine. “California’s Tax Machine” chronicles the birth of assessments on property, sales, vehicles and corporations, oil and tobacco. It includes detailed chapters on the landmark property tax initiative Proposition 13, chronicling the causes and effects of the taxpayers’ revolt. David R. Doerr has been active in California's tax scene for five decades, serving as the chief tax consultant to legislators from both political parties, for the past 21 years as chief tax consultant for the California Taxpayers Association.

George P. Cronk, Los Angeles City Council member, 1945–52, Southern California finance director California Taxpayers Association CalTax History CalTax Policy staff CalTax Publications

Polydore Beaufaux

Polydore Beaufaux was a Belgian painter. He favored Biblical scenes and genre pieces. From 1844 to 1850, he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1857, he won the Prix de Rome for painting, he used his prize money to make a study trip from 1859 to 1863, visiting France and Italy, where he did a portrait of Pope Pius IX. The following year, he became a Professor at the Academy, where he taught a course entitled "Painting from Life". Léon Abry, Gerard Portielje and Edouard de Jans are among his best-known students, he exhibited at the Paris Salon. In 1889, he made a trip to England left Antwerp to settle in Wavre. A year he became paralyzed in his hands and could no longer paint. Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, Vol. 8, München-Leipzig, 1994. Léon Maret. Le peintre Polydore Beaufaux 1829—1905 Prix de Rome. — S.l. 1967. — 45 pp. Arcadja Auctions: Polydore Beaufaux Repro-Tableaux: Portrait of Leopold I

Solar Ray

Solar Ray is a 2001 remix album by Susumu Hirasawa. It is the centerpiece of "Hirasawa Energy Works", a project to produce music in an ecologically friendly way. In 2000, Hirasawa switched from a gasoline-powered car to a hybrid electric, developing an interest in sustainable energy in the idea of using solar power to make music, he purchased two 120-watt solar panels, outfitted his home studio to be powered by them, connected two car batteries to store additional energy, which combined allowed Hirasawa to work for 12 hours. To further optimize the work hours and prepare for bad weather days, only equipment necessary for work was kept on; the studio was illuminated by less than 30 small low wattage blue LEDs. Hirasawa's workdays ended. In total, less than 7 kg of carbon dioxide were emitted during the making of the album. Solar Ray features remixes of songs from previous albums in the energetic technopop style of Hirasawa's former band, P-Model. All tracks are written by Susumu Hirasawa. Susumu Hirasawa - Vocals, Electric guitars, Sampler, Amiga/Laptop, Programming, Production Sadatoshi Tainaka - Drums on "AURORA 2" Miss N. & Wisakha Fraytes - Vocals on "Sim City 2" Tuan Chin Kuan - Vocals on "World Turbine" Masanori Chinzei - Engineering Music Samples from SOLAR RAY Hirasawa Energy Works D Audio File to Honor the Hunters LOOP The Sound Track β1 at the Wayback Machine loop on YouTube Solar Ray at MusicBrainz

Minuscule 303

Minuscule 303, Θε32, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on cotton paper. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1255; the codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 321 paper leaves with some lacunae. The text is written in 33 lines per page. John 1:1-3:29 is written on vellum, it contains numbers of Verses at the end of each Gospel. It contains Homilies of Chrysostomos to Matthew 13-14, some iambic verses; the biblical text is surrounded by a catena. The commentary is of Theophylact's authorship; the Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V, it was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method. The manuscript was written by a monk, it was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz. The manuscript was examined by Scholz, it was described by Paulin Martin. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885; the manuscript is housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France at Paris. List of New Testament minuscules Biblical manuscript Textual criticism Gregory, Caspar René.

Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. P. 177