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Phuket Province

Phuket is one of the southern provinces of Thailand. It consists of the island of Phuket, the country's largest island, another 32 smaller islands off its coast, it lies off the west coast of Thailand in the Andaman Sea. Phuket Island is connected by the Sarasin Bridge to Phang Nga Province to the north; the next nearest province is Krabi, to the east across Phang Nga Bay Phuket Province has an area of 576 square kilometres, somewhat less than that of Singapore, is the second-smallest province of Thailand. The island was on one of the major trading routes between India and China, was mentioned in foreign ships' logs of Portuguese, French and English traders, but was never colonised by a European power, it derived its wealth from tin and rubber and now from tourism. There are several possible derivations of the recent name "Phuket". One theory is it is derived from the word Bukit in Malay which means "hill", as this is what the island appears like from a distance. Phuket was known as Thalang, derived from the old Malay "telong" which means "cape".

The northern district of the province, the location of the old capital, still uses this name. In Western sources and navigation charts, it was known as Junk Junkceylon. Phuket is the largest island in Thailand, it is in the Andaman Sea in southern Thailand. The island is mountainous with a mountain range in the west of the island from the north to the south; the mountains of Phuket form the southern end of the Phuket mountain range, which ranges for 440 kilometres from the Kra Isthmus. Although some recent geographical works refer to the sections of the Tenasserim Hills in the isthmus as the "Phuket Range", these names are not found in classical geographic sources. Besides, the name Phuket is recent having been named Jung Ceylon and Thalang; the highest elevation of the island is regarded as Khao Mai Thao Sip Song, at 529 metres above sea level. However, it has been reported by barometric pressure readings that there is an higher elevation, of 542 meters above sea level, in the Kamala hills behind Kathu waterfall.

Its population was 249,446 in 2000, rising to 525,709 in the 2010 decennial census, the highest growth rate of all provinces nationwide at 7.4 percent annually. Some 600,000 people reside on Phuket among them migrants, international ex-pats, Thais registered in other provinces, locals; the registered population, includes only Thais who are registered in a "tabien baan" or house registration book, which most are not, the end of 2012 was 360,905 persons. Phuket is 863 kilometres south of Bangkok and covers an area of 543 square kilometres excluding small islets, it is estimated that Phuket would have a total area of 576 square kilometres if all its outlying islands were included. Other islands are: Ko Lone 4.77 square kilometres, Ko Maprao 3.7 square kilometres, Ko Naka Yai 2.08 square kilometres, Ko Racha Noi 3.06 square kilometres, Ko Racha Yai 4.5 square kilometres, the second biggest, Ko Sire 8.8 square kilometres. The island's length, from north to south, is 48 kilometres and its width is 21 kilometres.

Seventy percent of Phuket's area is covered with mountains. The remaining 30 percent are plains in the eastern parts of the island, it does not have any major rivers. Forest and palm oil plantations cover 60 percent of the island; the west coast has several sandy beaches. The east coast beaches are more muddy. Near the southernmost point is Laem Phromthep, a popular viewpoint. In the mountainous north of the island is the Khao Phra Thaeo No-Hunting Area, protecting more than 20 km² of the rainforest; the three highest peaks of this reserve are the Khao Prathiu, Khao Bang Pae 388 metres, Khao Phara 422 metres. The Sirinat National Park on the northwest coast was established in 1981 to protect an area of 90 square kilometres, including the Nai Yang Beach where sea turtles lay their eggs; the most popular tourist area on Phuket is Patong Beach on the central west coast owing to the easy access to its wide and long beach. Most of Phuket's nightlife and its shopping is in Patong, the area has become developed.

Patong means "the forest filled with banana leaves" in Thai. South of Patong lie Karon Beach, Kata Beach, Kata Noi Beach, around the southern tip of the island, Nai Han Beach and Rawai. To the north of Patong are Kamala Beach, Surin Beach, Bang Tao Beach; these areas are much less developed than Patong. To the southeast is Bon Island and to the south are several coral islands; the Similan Islands lie to the northwest and the Phi Phi Islands which are part of Krabi Province, to the southeast. The Portuguese explorer Fernão Mendes Pinto arrived in Siam in 1545, his accounts of the country go beyond Ayutthaya and include a reasonably detailed account of ports in the south of the Kingdom as well. Pinto was one of the first European explorers to detail Phuket in his travel accounts, he referred to the island as "Junk Ceylon", a name the Portuguese used for Phuket Island in their maps, mentioning the name seven times in his accounts. Pinto sa

Romance of Celluloid

The Romance of Celluloid is a 1937 short black and white documentary film, narrated by Frank Whitbeck, which goes behind the scenes to look at the manufacture of film and the making of motion pictures. The film was the first of the studio's Romance of Celluloid series which included: Another Romance of Celluloid From the Ends of the Earth: Another Romance of Celluloid Electric Power: Another Romance of Celluloid A New Romance of Celluloid: The Miracle of Sound A New Romance of Celluloid: Hollywood; the film starts with a brief look at cotton being picked on a plantation in the southern United States, before cutting to the Kodak plant in Rochester, New York where the raw cotton is processed into cellulose, treated with silver and other materials to make film stock. Behind the scenes at the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios in Culver City, where sets are being constructed, we see make-up artist Jack Dawn demonstrating his Abraham Lincoln make-up, costume designer Adrian sketching a dress for Jeanette MacDonald in The Firefly, composer Herbert Stothart conducting the music for Conquest, Virginia Grey doing her first screen test with Clark Gable, candid footage of Robert Montgomery, Cliff Edwards, Rosalind Russell, Gladys George, Jessie Ralph, Maureen O'Sullivan and studio trainer Don Loomis.

The film concludes with a montage from trailers for coming MGM pictures featuring the studio's parade of stars. The Romance of Celluloid on IMDb We Must Have Music on IMDb


Planica is an Alpine valley in northwestern Slovenia, extending south from the border village of Rateče, not far from another well-known ski resort, Kranjska Gora. Further south, the valley extends into the Tamar Valley, a popular hiking destination in Triglav National Park. Planica is famous for ski jumping; the first ski jumping hill was constructed before 1930 at the slope of Mount Ponca. In 1933, Ivan Rožman constructed a larger hill, known as the "Bloudek Giant" after Stanko Bloudek, which gave rise to ski flying; the first ski jump over 100 m was achieved here in 1936 by the Austrian Sepp Bradl. At the time, this was the biggest jumping hill in the world, sometimes called "the mother of all jumping hills."In 1969, a new K-185 hill, the Letalnica bratov Gorišek was built by Vlado and Janez Gorišek. Media related to Planica at Wikimedia Commons

McCook Field

McCook Field was an airfield and aviation experimentation station in Dayton, Ohio. It was operated by the Aviation Section, U. S. Signal Corps and its successor the United States Army Air Service from 1917 to 1927, it was named for Alexander McDowell McCook, an American Civil War general and his brothers and cousins, who were collectively known as "The Fighting McCooks". In 1917, anticipating a massive need for military airplanes by the United States during World War I, six Dayton businessmen including Edward A. Deeds formed the Dayton-Wright Company in Ohio. In addition to building a factory in Moraine, Deeds built an airfield on property he owned in Moraine for use by the company. Deeds was interested in building a public aviation field along the Great Miami River one mile north of downtown Dayton, purchasing the property in March 1917, he called it North Field to differentiate it from the South Field in Moraine. The United States entered the war. Deeds sold his interest in the Dayton-Wright Company to become a member of the Aircraft Production Board, on which he served until August 2, 1917 accepted a commission as a colonel in the Signal Corps and became Chief of the Equipment Division.

Its responsibility was to oversee the building of aircraft and engines needed for the Aviation Section. His frustration with the fragmentation of the division and slow progress of the aviation effort led to a recommendation to construct a temporary experimental engineering station, his recommendation for leasing South Field for that purpose was accepted by the War Department but was objected to by the Dayton-Wright Company, which needed the field for wartime production of new aircraft, in particular the DH-4. Instead, the Army leased North Field and opened McCook Field on December 4, 1917. McCook Field's flying field was in the flood plain of the Great Miami River between the confluences of that river, the Stillwater River, the Mad River, and its structures were located on what was the site of the Parkside Homes housing project before its demolition in 2008. Constructed during World War I, it became the location of the Aviation Service's Engineering Division in 1919. World War I Air Service units assigned to McCook Field were: 246th Aero Squadron, November 1917Re-designated as Squadron "A", July–August 1918881st Aero Squadron, February 1918Re-designated as Squadron "B", July–August 1918Detachment #10, Air Service, Aircraft Production, August 1918-May 1919Organized as consolidation of Squadrons "A" and "B"The field was unusual in that to optimize flight test conditions, it had a smooth-surfaced runway built of macadam and cinders rather than the bumpy grass runways nearly universal at the time.

However, to use the prevailing winds, the runway transected the narrow dimension of the tract and ended at a flood levee. It never exceeded 2,000 feet. A huge sign painted across the front of McCook's main hangar prominently warned arriving pilots: THIS FIELD IS SMALL. USE IT ALL. Urban growth encroached on the space and larger aircraft being developed overtaxed the field's grass surface; the field became too small for its purpose. The Army had from the start intended at some point to relocate McCook's operations to a permanent home at Langley Field, but Dayton's civic leaders did not want to lose this center of innovation and industry. John H. Patterson, President of the National Cash Register Corporation, vowed to keep Army aviation in Dayton and began a local campaign to raise money to purchase a tract of land large enough for a new airfield; the land would be donated to the U. S. Army with the understanding that it would become the permanent home of the Engineering Division. Patterson died in 1922, his son, Frederick B. Patterson organized the Dayton Air Service Committee, a coalition of prominent Daytonians and businessmen dedicated to raising the money necessary to purchase land for the Air Service.

Their intensive campaign netted $425,000, enough to purchase 4,520 acres of land east of Dayton, including Wilbur Wright Field adjacent to Fairfield, Ohio leased by the Air Service. The area encompassed the Wright brothers' flying field on Huffman Prairie; the Dayton Air Service Committee's offer far exceeded all others, in August 1924 President Calvin Coolidge accepted Dayton's gift. This facility would become Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. McCook Field closed concurrent with the opening of the new Wright Field. Beginning in March 1927, 4500 tons of its materiel and assets were relocated by truck to the new base, with 85% moved in 1,859 truckloads by June 1. On April 1, 1927, demolition of McCook began with the former enlisted barracks, by early 1928 all infrastructure at McCook had been leveled and cleaned up; the field was closed to landings of U. S. government aircraft on June 30 by order of the Air Corps, but by all aircraft had shifted to the Fairfield Air Intermediate Depot's field. One of the last flights received at McCook occurred after the order, on July 20, when the Atlantic-Fokker C-2 transport based at McCook flew in from Milwaukee with Lts.

Lester J. Maitland and Albert F. Hegenberger, two of its most distinguished alumni; the pair had accomplished the first transpacific flight, flying the Bird of Paradise to Hawaii on June 28–29, were on a triumphant tour whose stops included their hometowns and McCook, where the flight project started in 1919. Aerial application, or "Crop Dusting" Aircraft pressurization Airport service vehicles Landing lights for aircraft The free fall parachute Li

Ch√Ęteau de Vallery

The Early Renaissance French Château de Vallery, in Vallery, in the département of Yonne in the Burgundy region of France, was built in 1548 for Jacques d'Albon de Saint-André, marquis de Fronsac, a court favorite of Henri II and maréchal de France. It was never completed, what remains of it have been mutilated; the site he chose was the ancient château-fort of Vallery, dating in part to the early thirteenth century. The architect was the king's architect, Pierre Lescot, who built the hôtel particulier of the Maréchal in Paris. Vallery's facades, today of brick with stone quoins and details, were covered with red and black marble. Works at Vallery were interrupted by the king's death, followed by that of the Maréchal. Two years his widow passed Vallery to Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé, who decorated the ceilings of the south wing: Francesco Primaticcio provided some of the internal decoration in the manner of his School of Fontainebleau. Engravings of Vallery and its parterre gardens at this time appeared in Jacques Androuet du Cerceau's Les plus excellents bastiments de France.

In the church is the grand marble tomb of Henry II de Bourbon, prince de Condé, designed by the illustrious sculptor Gilles Guérin. After drawings by Sengre documented the state of the château, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, Louise-Anne de Bourbon-Condé, Mlle de Sens, daughter of Louis III de Bourbon, prince de Condé, demolished the south wing, the main corps de logis, leaving the west wing, a grand gallery supported on an arcade, now closed in, the southwest corner pavilion. In 1747 the heiress Elisabeth de Condé sold the château. More its Grande Galerie has had its partitions removed and is restored to its original dimensions.

Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, 1st Baron St Audries

Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, 1st Baron St Audries PC, known as Sir Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, Bt, until 1911, was a British Conservative Party politician. He served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury under Arthur Balfour from 1902 to 1905. Fuller-Acland-Hood was the son of Sir Alexander Acland-Hood, 3rd Baronet, by his wife Isabel, daughter of Sir Peregrine Palmer-Fuller-Acland, 2nd Baronet, he was a descendant of uncle of Lord Hood and Lord Bridport. He succeeded his father in the baronetcy in 1892. In 1905 he succeeded his kinsman as 6th Baronet of Hartington Hall. Fuller-Acland-Hood sat as Member of Parliament for Wellington, Somerset from 1892 until 1911, he was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household under Lord Salisbury in 1900, a post he held until 1902, served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury under Arthur Balfour from August 1902 until 1905. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1904 and raised to the peerage as Baron St Audries, of St Audries in the County of Somerset, in 1911.

Lord St Audries married the Hon. Mildred Rose Evelyn, daughter of Dayrolles Blakeney Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 4th Baron Ventry, in 1888, they had two daughters. He died in June 1917, aged 63, was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Alexander. Lady St Audries died in October 1949. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, 1st Baron St Audries