Physical Quality of Life Index

The Physical Quality of Life Index is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, life expectancy at age one, all weighted on a 0 to 100 scale, it was developed for the Overseas Development Council in the mid-1970s by Morris David Morris, as one of a number of measures created due to dissatisfaction with the use of GNP as an indicator of development. PQLI might be regarded as an improvement but shares the general problems of measuring quality of life in a quantitative way, it has been criticized because there is considerable overlap between infant mortality and life expectancy. The UN Human Development Index is a more used means of measuring well-being. Steps to Calculate Physical Quality of Life: 1) Find percentage of the population, literate. 2) Find the infant mortality rate. INDEXED Infant Mortality Rate = × 0.625 3) Find the Life Expectancy. INDEXED Life Expectancy = × 2.7 4) Physical Quality of Life = _________________________________________________________________________ 3 - ABOUT PHYSICAL QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX= PQLI: Increase in national income and per capita income are not the real indicators of economic development, as it has a number of limitations.

Increasing incomes of the country are concentrated in the hands of a few people, not development. The development of a country should be such that the living standards of the poor rise, the basic requirements of the citizens are fulfilled. Keeping this in mind, Morris Davis Morris presented the physical quality of life index, in short known as the PQLI. In this index, betterment of physical quality of life of human beings is considered economic development; the level of physical quality of life determines the level of economic development. If any country's physical quality of life is higher than that of the other country that country is considered as more developed. There are three standards to measure the physical quality, which are depicted here:1)- Extent of Education, 2)- Life Expectancy & 3)- Infant Mortality Rate Basic Well-being Index Human Poverty Index Quality-of-life Index, a different index calculated in 2005 Quality of well-being scale Gross National Happiness Bhutan GNH Index Happiness economics

Oku, Cameroon

Oku is a subdivision in North West Region, Cameroon. The term Oku refers to the people who live in this region and the primary language that they speak. Oku is a rural area containing about 36 villages; the nearest large city is Bamenda, but Kumbo, closer, is large enough to have telephone lines and a Baptist-run hospital. Oku has a Sub-divisional hospital. However, three mobile telephone networks are available in Oku; as such, mobile internet facilities are available. Oku is a mountainous region, around 1,200 metres above sea level, thus rather cool considering its latitude, it is not cold enough for snow, but at night during the dry season temperatures drop below human comfort range. Mount Oku, a stratovolcano, reaches a height of 3011 metres and is the second highest mountain of Cameroon after Mount Fako; the broader Oku or Foumbot volcanic field includes many scoria cones and maars, several of which are filled by crater lakes. Lake Oku is a crater lake. Two of the crater lakes, Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun, have been the subject of extensive research.

Quantities of gas build up in the lakes and are released. Some of the locals believe that a god must be appeased; the region is an important one for biodiversity the Kelum mountain Forest. Oku has many well graded earth road linking its various villages and neighbouring subdivisions like Noni and Kumbo central, although none of them would be called good by most Westerners. Oku has got a road link through Babungo from Bamenda. One can now take two hours from Bamenda through Ibal Oku, Mawes*lake oku* through Tolon, Ikal to Elak and to Banso. Oku is characterized by subsistence farming. There is a shortage of arable land, the people farm the steep hillsides. A typical practice is to plant beans and potatoes together in the same furrows. There is a lot of bee farming in OKU and Oku is the only area in the whole of Cameroon that produces the natural white honey and has an Oku Honey Cooperative to manage and sell what bee farmers harvest."One of the first three products is Oku white honey from the Republic of Cameroon, produced in the nationally protected forest of Kilum Ijim near Mount Oku.

As one of Cameroon’s first registered GIs, producers and cooperatives involved in the production of Oku white honey are hoping that their product can compete on an international level with the likes of other well-known GIs and spur economic development." The religion of the region is predominantly a mixture of assorted local traditional beliefs with diluted forms of Christianity. As of 2004, the former Fon, who has a Baptist background, was attempting some religious reforms, to move the people away from some of the more un-Christian traditional practices; the shrines in Oku are Lumetu, Wuchia. Lumetu is Famous for its in this shrine the houses the second grave of Mnkong Moteh; the palaces example is the Mboggekwei palace "Oku Volcanic Field". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution

Fulfillment Amphitheater

The Fulfillment Amphitheater is a large-scale outdoor amphitheater in Wen-Hsin Forest Park on Wenxin Road, Nantun District, Taiwan. Every year, Taichung City Government holds "MidTaiwan Lantern Festival" here. Amphitheater is now managed by the Taichung City Cultural Affairs Bureau; the built-in Amphitheater stage is an open performance space ranging between 51 meters wide. The stage has a length of 18 meters covered by a roof; the 363.638 square meters backstage area is constructed with three concrete layers, with steel used in the middle layer. The whole facility covers 816.5326 square meters and has 6,036 general seats, +20 seats for the disabled, distributed among three floors. However, the surrounding grass areas mean. Since August 5, 2006, a wide variety of artistic and cultural events have been held here, with only exception being the year when the Amphitheater roof was being constructed; this public space has not only provided a venue for top-quality cultural and recreational activities in Taichung, but has helped to encourage the general public’s participation in arts and cultural events.

The size of this facility is about 8.86 hectares. Located in the city’s Nantun District, it is in the vicinity of the fifth and seventh redevelopment zones, can be conveniently accessed via Wenxin Road, Xiangshang Road, Section 2, Dadun 7th Street and Huiwen Road, putting it less than 15 minutes away from the Taichung High Speed Rail station and national freeway network; the Daxin Elementary School, Chunghwa Telecom Building, Huiwen Flower Market and a large number of trendy, exotic restaurants are all within easy walking distance. This convenient transportation network and ease of access have undoubtedly made this neighborhood a top residential choice in Taichung. Nantun District Fulfillment Amphitheater