Physical therapy known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using evidence-based kinesiology, shockwave modality, exercise prescription, joint mobilization and health education, treats conditions such as chronic or acute pain, soft tissue injuries, cartilage damage, gait disorders and physical impairments of musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary and endocrinological origins. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient's physical functions through physical examination, prognosis, physical intervention and patient education, it is practiced by physical therapists. In addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical therapy profession include research, education and administration. Physical therapy is provided as a primary care treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with, other medical services. In some jurisdictions, such as the United Kingdom, physical therapists have the power to prescribe medication. Physical therapy attempts to address the illnesses, or injuries that limit a person's abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives.
PTs use an individual's history and physical examination to arrive at a diagnosis and establish a management plan and, when necessary, incorporate the results of laboratory and imaging studies like X-rays, CT-scan, or MRI findings. Electrodiagnostic testing may be used. PT management includes prescription of or assistance with specific exercises, manual therapy and manipulation, mechanical devices such as traction, electrophysical modalities which include heat, electricity, sound waves, assistive devices, prostheses and other interventions. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles, providing services to individuals and populations to develop and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan; this includes providing therapeutic treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, disease or environmental factors.
Functional movement is central to. Physical therapy is a professional career which has many specialties including musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, endocrinology, sports medicine, pediatrics, women's health, wound care and electromyography. Neurological rehabilitation is in particular a emerging field. PTs practice in many settings, such as private-owned physical therapy clinics, outpatient clinics or offices and wellness clinics, rehabilitation hospitals facilities, skilled nursing facilities, extended care facilities, private homes and research centers, hospices and this workplaces or other occupational environments, fitness centers and sports training facilities. Physical therapists practice in the non-patient care roles such as health policy, health insurance, health care administration and as health care executives. Physical therapists are involved in the medical-legal field serving as experts, performing peer review and independent medical examinations. Education varies by country; the span of education ranges from some countries having little formal education to others having doctoral degrees and post doctoral residencies and fellowships.
Physicians like Hippocrates and Galen are believed to have been the first practitioners of physical therapy, advocating massage, manual therapy techniques and hydrotherapy to treat people in 460 BC. After the development of orthopedics in the eighteenth century, machines like the Gymnasticon were developed to treat gout and similar diseases by systematic exercise of the joints, similar to developments in physical therapy; the earliest documented origins of actual physical therapy as a professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling, "Father of Swedish Gymnastics," who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics in 1813 for manipulation, exercise. The Swedish word for a physical therapist is sjukgymnast = someone involved in gymnastics for those who are ill. In 1887, PTs were given official registration by Sweden's National Board of Welfare. Other countries soon followed. In 1894, four nurses in Great Britain formed the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy; the School of Physiotherapy at the University of Otago in New Zealand in 1913, the United States' 1914 Reed College in Portland, which graduated "reconstruction aides."
Since the profession's inception, spinal manipulative therapy has been a component of the physical therapist practice. Modern physical therapy was established towards the end of the 19th century due to events that had an effect on a global scale, which called for rapid advances in physical therapy. Soon following American orthopedic surgeons began treating children with disabilities and began employing women trained in physical education, remedial exercise; these treatments were applied and promoted further during the Polio outbreak of 1916. During the First World War, women were recruited to work with and restore physical function to injured soldiers, the field of physical therapy was institutionalized. In 1918 the term "Reconstruction Aide" was used to refer to individuals practicing physical therapy; the first school of physical therapy was established at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D. C. following the outbreak of World War I. Research catalyzed the physical therapy movement; the first physical therapy research was published in the United States in Marc
Košarkaški klub Zlatibor referred to as KK Zlatibor, is a men's professional basketball club based in Čajetina, Serbia. They are competing in the Basketball League of Serbia. Basketball beginnings in Čajetina came with success of amateur sport competition in western Serbia known as the MOSI. Pioneers of basketball in Čajetina, Sead Begović and Radomir Raković among the others founded KK Zlatibor on 19 September 1979; the first club president was Aleksandar Vasiljević. Most of its history, Zlatibor played in 3rd-tier league West Division with several attempts of attacking 1st place which leads to the higher league. In 2015 after the win against neighbor-team Priboj from Priboj, Zlatibor got promoted to Second League of Serbia. In 2016–17 season, Zlatibor won the Second League of Serbia and got promoted to the Basketball League of Serbia for the 2017–18 season; that year Zlatibor ended up in 4th place which took them to the second phase - Basketball League of Serbia. After group phase and matches against Crvena Zvezda, Mega Bemax and Mladost, Zlatibor advanced to the playoffs with score 4w-6l.
Same year, club won Serbian Cup competition. Zlatibor recognized four former players for great achievements in club's history as the Legends: Sead Begović, Radomir Raković, Želimir Džambić and Duško Pantović. Second League of Serbia Winner: 2016–17 First Regional League Winner: 2014–15 League Cup of Serbia Winner: 2017–18 Robert Songolo Ngijol Nikola Vasić Mladen Šekularac 2017–18 Basketball League of Serbia season KK Zlatibor official website Profile at eurobasket.com
The Brooklyn Book Festival is an annual book fair held in the fall in Brooklyn, New York. It was begun in 2006 by Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz, co-producers Liz Koch and Carolyn Greer who wanted to showcase the "Brooklyn voice" in literature, as numerous authors reside in the borough. However, in subsequent years the fair has expanded its scope and hosted many non-Brooklyn and international writers, including Joan Didion, Dennis Lehane, John Reed, Rosanne Cash, Salman Rushdie, Karl Ove Knausgård and Dave Eggers. In 2009, attendance reached 30,000. In 2009, St. Francis College established a biannual Literary Prize worth US$50,000 to support a mid-career writer; the winner of the prize is announced by a panel of authors during the Brooklyn Book Festival every other year in September. The festival includes themed readings, panel discussions and author signings. In recent years, the Book Festival has expanded to include a Children's Day and Bookends, literary-themed events like book readings, stand-up shows and performances in various public venues in Brooklyn.