Piccolo (Dragon Ball)
Piccolo is a fictional character in the Dragon Ball manga series created by Akira Toriyama. He is first seen as the reincarnation of the evil Piccolo Daimaō in chapter #161 Son Goku Wins!!, published in Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine on February 9, 1988, making him a demon and archrival of the protagonist Son Goku. However, it is revealed that he is a member of an extraterrestrial humanoid species called Namekians, those able to create the series' eponymous wish-granting Dragon Balls. After losing to Goku, Piccolo decides to team up with him and his friends in order to defeat newer, more dangerous threats, he trains Goku's first child Gohan in martial arts, with the two forming a strong bond. Piccolo, more his parent Piccolo Daimaō, was created by Toriyama as he wanted to have a villain who would be a true "bad guy." Prior to his creation, nearly all the previous villains in the series were considered too likable. His editor, Kazuhiko Torishima, claimed he introduced Toriyama to evil historical figures for inspiration.
Piccolo Daimaō was created after he told the author how Roman Emperor Nero enjoyed watching people suffer. However, the Shenlong Times issue #2, a bonus pamphlet given to some buyers of the Daizenshuu 2: Story Guide guidebook, says that the character was modeled after Torishima himself. After creating Piccolo Daimaō, Toriyama noted that it was one of the most interesting parts of the series and that he became one of his favorite characters. Although Piccolo's transformation from a villain to a hero was considered by Toriyama to be cliché, he still felt excited when drawing him, noting that despite having a scary face, he still looks appealing. Piccolo is assumed to, like his parent, be a member of the Demon Clan, midway through the series it is learned that they are members of the alien race called Namekians. Toriyama stated, but afterwards he did try to make it consistent, such as drawing the Namekian architecture similar to the throne Piccolo Daimaō had. He inherits his name from his parent, like those of his parent's minions, is a pun on a musical instrument.
The Namekian name is a pun on namekuji, because of the antennae on their heads. Just before characters travel to his home planet, it is revealed that Piccolo's name means "Different World" in the Namekian language; when Piccolo Daimaō was introduced in chapter #135 The Conspiracy of Kuririn's Death Comes Fearfully first published in Weekly Shōnen Jump on August 10, 1987, he was designed to appear as a strange-looking divine creature, who had pointy ears, antennae and four-fingers. Like all Namekians, he is hairless with green skin, aside from their shoulders and forearm areas, which are light yellow. In the anime adaptations, this area is pink instead and all Namekians have an additional fifth finger on each hand. Piccolo Daimaō wears the kanji for Ma meaning "demon" on the front of his gi, which becomes a representative symbol of himself and his "demon clan". Piccolo Jr. makes his first appearance in chapter #161 Son Goku Wins!! as a child, newly hatched from his egg, wearing an outfit similar to his parent's original complete with the kanji.
However, his more common appearance is first seen in chapter #166 Everyone's Reunion, which takes place three years wearing purple gi, without the kanji, underneath his signature large white cape with shoulder guards and a white turban. Piccolo is one of the few major characters in the series whose appearance does not drastically change as the series continues except that he is noticeably taller by the end. Introduced as the offspring and reincarnate of the demon Piccolo Daimaō, Piccolo Jr. plans to continue his parent's mission of world domination, avenge his death at the hands of Goku. Piccolo enters the 23rd Tenka'ichi Budōkai under the alias "Demon Junior". Piccolo defeats both Kuririn, who gives up, Kami disguised as Hero, sealing Kami in the container of the Evil Containment Wave after Kami attacks him with the move and Piccolo sends it back in his direction, he fights Goku in the final round, who tricks Piccolo into enlarging himself so he can retrieve Kami, from there causing many of Piccolo's techniques to backfire on him.
Though crippling both Goku's arms and legs, Piccolo is defeated when Goku headbutts him out of the ring, though recovers thanks to receiving a Senzu Bean from Goku, who he promises to defeat as he departs. Five years Piccolo is confronted by Raditz. Realizing the Saiyan would thwart his plans for world domination, Piccolo teams up with Goku in an attempt to stop Raditz from destroying the Earth; when the two arch rivals team up, Piccolo is able to defeat Raditz, but at the cost of Goku's life, as Piccolo's move Makankōsappō cuts through both Saiyans. Piccolo's subsequent conversation with the dying Raditz, in which he reveals that the Dragon Balls can resurrect, is broadcast. Piccolo remains amazed with the powers from Gohan and trains him in preparation to fight against the two Saiyans who will invade Earth. Early in their training, Piccolo destroys the moon to prevent Gohan from transforming into an Oozaru and removes his tail; when the Saiyans arrive a year Piccolo discovers his heritage from them.
Piccolo tries to capitalize on Gohan's increased strength but cannot due to the child's fear, convincing him to withdraw Gohan from the battle and is knocked unconscious by Nappa after trying to weaken him. Piccolo saves Kuririn from being finished o
The A-flat clarinet is a member of the clarinet family and sounding a perfect fourth higher than the E♭ clarinet. The A♭ is rare, but less common, obsolete instruments in high C, B♭, A♮ are listed by Shackleton; some writers call the A♭ and these other instruments octave clarinets, sopranino clarinets, or piccolo clarinets. The boundary between the octave and soprano clarinets is not well-defined, the rare instruments in G and F might be considered as either. Shackleton, along with many early twentieth-century composers, uses the term "piccolo clarinet" to refer to the E♭ and D clarinets as well; this designation is less common today, with the E♭ and D instruments more designated soprano clarinets. The term "piccolo clarinet" is used by some recent music software for the A♭ clarinet; the A♭ clarinet is pitched a minor seventh higher than the B♭ clarinet. Its lowest note, E, sounds as the same as many concert flutes. Clarinets pitched in A♭ appeared in European wind bands in Spain and Italy, at least through the middle of the 20th century, are called for in the stage-band parts for several operas by Verdi.
Cecil Forsyth associated the high instruments with Austria saying, "Clarinets in F, in A♭ are used abroad. The latter instrument is employed in the Austrian military bands." A famous example of extensive use of a high clarinet in a Viennese small ensemble was the Schrammel quartet, consisting of two violins, a bass guitar, G clarinet, played by Georg Dänzer, during the 1880s. The A♭ clarinet is not uncommon in clarinet choir arrangements—for instance, those of Lucien Cailliet, including Mozart's Marriage of Figaro overture—though the instrument is optional or cued in other voices. There are parts for A♭ clarinet in Béla Bartók's Scherzo for Piano and Orchestra, op. 2 and in John Tavener's Celtic Requiem. Several chamber works of Hans-Joachim Hespos employ the A♭ clarinet, including the wild go which features soprano sarrusophone, tárogató. Hespos uses the A♭ clarinet in the orchestral work Interactions. Matthijs Vermeulen's Symphony Nr. 4 has a part for A♭ clarinet. At least three manufacturers produce A♭ clarinets: L. A. Ripamonti, Orsi Instruments and Schwenk and Seggelke.
Leblanc had produced A♭ clarinets prior to their acquisition by Conn-Selmer in 2004, but has since ceased production. Ripamonti produces both French system A ♭ clarinets. Schwenk and Seggelke make German system clarinets in A high G. Nicholas Shackleton. "Clarinet", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy, grovemusic.com. Schwenk and Seggelke's A♭ clarinet page
Piccolo is a name given to a type of firecracker in the form of a thin small cylindrical stick filled with gunpowder and lit in the same way as a match. Piccolo sticks ignite by rubbing the phosphorus-tipped head on a specially designed striking surface similar to a regular match, can explode on wet surfaces or underwater due to its thick cardboard shell, they are sold in boxes with pirate-themed artwork though variants exist with either generic or differently-themed packaging. As they are available and inexpensive, it has since earned notoriety as a leading cause of firecracker-related injuries in the Philippines among small children, either due to premature ignition or accidental ingestion; the Department of Health, along with the Bureau of Fire Protection and local government agencies, has taken steps to outlaw the sale and importation of piccolo sticks. Counterfeit and repackaged versions are being sold in flea markets and sidewalk stalls such as in Divisoria, with most bearing patently false markings such as "Made in Bulacan" and instructions in Tagalog in an attempt to disguise its origin and thus evade detection by authorities
A snare drum or side drum is a percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin. Snare drums are used in orchestras, concert bands, marching bands, drumlines, drum corps, more, it is one of the central pieces in a drum set, a collection of percussion instruments designed to be played by a seated drummer and used in many genres of music. Snare drums are played with drum sticks, but other beaters such as the brush or the rute can be used to achieve different tones; the snare drum is a versatile and expressive percussion instrument due to its sensitivity and responsiveness. The sensitivity of the snare drum allows it to respond audibly to the softest strokes with a wire brush, its high dynamic range allows the player to produce powerful accents with vigorous strokes and a thundering crack when rimshot strokes are used. The snare drum originates from the tabor, a drum first used to accompany the flute.
The tabor evolved into more modern versions, such as the kit snare, marching snare, tarol snare, piccolo snare. Each type presents a different style of size; the snare drum that one might see in a popular music concert is used in a backbeat style to create rhythm. In marching bands, it can do the same but is used for a front beat. In comparison with the marching snare, the kit snare is smaller in length, while the piccolo is the smallest of the three; the snare drum is recognizable by its loud cracking sound when struck with a drumstick or mallet. The depth of the sound varies from snare to snare because of the different techniques and construction qualities of the drum; some of these qualities are head material and tension and rim and drum shell materials and construction. The snare drum is constructed of two heads—both made of plastic—along with a rattle of metal wires on the bottom head called the snares; the wires can be placed on the top, as in the tarol snare, or both heads as in the case of the Highland snare drum.
The top head is called the batter head because, where the drummer strikes it, while the bottom head is called the snare head because, where the snares are located. The tension of each head is held constant by tension rods. Tension rod adjustment allows the pitch and tonal character of the drum to be customized by the player; the strainer is a lever that engages or disengages contact between the snares and the head, allows snare tension adjustment. If the strainer is disengaged, the sound of the drum resembles a tom because the snares are inactive; the rim is the metal ring around the batter head, which can be used for a variety of things, although it is notably used to sound a piercing rimshot with the drumstick. The drum can be played by striking it with a drum stick or any other form of beater, including brushes and hands, all of which produce a softer-sounding vibration from the snare wires; when using a stick, the drummer may strike the head of the rim, or the shell. When the top head is struck, the bottom head vibrates in tandem, which in turn stimulates the snares and produces a cracking sound.
The snares can be thrown off with a lever on the strainer so that the drum produces a sound reminiscent of a tom-tom. Rimshots are a technique associated with snare drums in which the head and rim are struck with one stick. In contemporary and/or pop and rock music, where the snare drum is used as a part of a drum kit, many of the backbeats and accented notes on the snare drum are played as rimshots, due to the ever-increasing demand for their typical sharp and high-volume sound. A used alternative way to play the snare drum is known as cross stick or side stick; this is done by holding the tip of the drumstick against the drum head and striking the stick's other end against the rim, using the hand to mute the head. This produces a dry high-pitched click, similar to a set of claves, is common in Latin and jazz music. So-called "ghost notes" are light "filler notes" played in between the backbeats in genres such as funk and rhythm and blues; the iconic drum roll is produced by alternately bouncing the sticks on the drum head, striving for a controlled rebound.
A similar effect can be obtained by playing alternating double strokes on the drum, creating a double stroke roll, or fast single strokes, creating a single stroke roll. The snares are a fundamental ingredient in the pressed drum roll, as they help to blend together distinct strokes that are perceived as a single, sustained sound; the snare drum is the first instrument to learn in preparing to play a full drum kit. Rudiments are sets of basic patterns played on a snare drum. Snare drums may be made from various wood, acrylic, or composite, e.g. fiberglass materials. A typical diameter for snare drums is 14 in. Marching snare drums are deeper in size than snare drums used for orchestral or drum kit purposes measuring 12 in deep. Orchestral and drum kit snare drum shells are about 6 in deep. Piccolo snare drums are shallower at about 3 in deep. Soprano and firecracker snare drums have diameters as small as 8 in and are used for higher-pitched special effects. Most wooden snare drum shells are constructed in plies that are heat- and compression-moulded into a cylinder.
Steam-bent shells consist of one ply of wood tha
A piccolo bass is either an electric bass guitar or acoustic double bass, tuned to a higher range one octave higher than conventional bass tuning. This allows bass players to use higher registers during soloing while retaining a familiar scale length and string spacing. In the early 1970s, Ron Carter and Stanley Clarke were independently exploring the possibilities of stringing their instruments in a higher, or piccolo, tuning; the earliest recording of Carter playing his piccolo bass is on the 1973 album Blues Farm. The acoustic piccolo bass is constructed in the same way as a double bass, allowing the player to use the same arco and pizzicato techniques; the scale length will be similar to that of standard upright bass, with thinner strings to allow a higher-pitched tuning. The acoustic piccolo bass is tuned in fourths, E2-A2-D3-G3, although Ron Carter uses A1-D2-G2-C3; the electric piccolo bass is constructed in the same way as an electric bass guitar. In many cases, these are conventional bass guitars.
This requires a new nut to accept the thinner strings. The tuning is E2-A2-D3-G3, the same as the lower four string on a guitar; some short-scale piccolo basses may be strung with conventional guitar strings. However, in general a piccolo bass will require special string sets to cater for the longer scale length, larger ball ends to cope with the larger drilled holes in a bass bridge; the tuning varies with the personal tastes of the artist. Joey DeMaio from the heavy metal band Manowar plays with four strings on his piccolo bass. Jazz bassist John Patitucci used a six-string piccolo bass, unaccompanied, on his song "Sachi's Eyes" on his album One More Angel. Michael Manring uses D'Addario EXL 280 piccolo bass strings, in a variety of tunings, on his four-string hyperbass, made by Zon Guitars. Brian Bromberg Ron Carter Stanley Clarke Les Claypool Joey DeMaio Dwayne Dolphin Michael Manring Joe "Foley" McCreary Charnett Moffett Jackie Orszaczky John Patitucci Jeff Schmidt Lee Sklar Henry Threadgill Wayman Tisdale Julian Vaughn R.
M. Mottola's Mezzaluna electric bass family includes both a piccolo and a piccolino electric bass
The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet, pitched one octave higher than the standard B♭ trumpet. Most piccolo trumpets are built to play in either A, using a separate leadpipe for each key; the tubing in the B♭ piccolo trumpet is one-half the length of that in a standard B♭ trumpet. Piccolo trumpets in G, F, high C are manufactured, but are rarer; the piccolo trumpet should not be confused with the pocket trumpet, which plays in the same pitch as the regular B♭ trumpet. The piccolo trumpet in B♭ is a transposing instrument, which sounds a minor seventh higher than written, it is, however written for specifically. The soprano trumpet in D known as the Bach trumpet, was invented in about 1890 by the Belgian instrument maker Victor Mahillon to play the high trumpet parts in music by Bach and Handel; the modern piccolo trumpet enables players to play the difficult trumpet parts of Baroque music, such as Bach's second Brandenburg Concerto and Mass in B minor. Adolf Scherbaum was the first to specialize in the piccolo trumpet repertoire and to discover new baroque works, doing original transcriptions.
Maurice André further developed the modern piccolo repertoire. The sound production technique is the same as that used on the larger B♭ trumpet. Air pressure and tonguing are different, players use a shallower mouthpiece for the piccolo trumpet. All piccolo trumpets have four valves instead of three — the fourth valve lowers the pitch by a fourth; this provides alternate fingerings and improved intonation for some notes. The piccolo trumpet solo in the Beatles' "Penny Lane", which introduced the instrument to pop music, was played by David Mason. Paul McCartney was dissatisfied with the initial attempts at the song's instrumental fill, was inspired to use the instrument after hearing Mason's performance in a BBC radio broadcast of the second Brandenburg Concerto and asking George Martin what the "tremendously high" trumpet was. Mason recorded the solo using a piccolo trumpet in A; the piccolo trumpet was used to quote Bach's Invention no. 8 in F major during the fade-out of "All You Need Is Love".
Use of the instrument is now commonplace in many musical genres. Maurice André, Otto Sauter, Guy Touvron, Reinhold Friedrich, Adolf Scherbaum, Ludwig Güttler, Wynton Marsalis, Håkan Hardenberger are some well-known piccolo trumpet players. Brass instrument Cornet Piccolo Pocket trumpet Trumpet Maurice Andre website See section: Piccolo tpt Piccolo trumpet models Piccolo trumpet manufacturers History of the piccolo trumpet
The sopranissimo or soprillo saxophone is the smallest member of the saxophone family. It is pitched in one octave above the soprano saxophone; because of the difficulties in building such a small instrument—the soprillo is 30 cm long, 33 cm with the mouthpiece—it is only that a true sopranissimo saxophone has been produced. The keywork only extends to a written E ♭ 6, rather than F ♯, or sometimes G, like most saxophones; the small mouthpiece requires a small and focused embouchure, making the soprillo difficult to play in its upper register. There is little market demand for soprillos, reducing the economy of scale and making the soprillo more expensive than more common saxophones like the alto or tenor; as of 2015, soprillos were being manufactured by the German instrument maker Benedikt Eppelsheim and the retail price is US$3,400. Sopranino saxophone Soprano saxophone Tubax Website dedicated to the soprillo Soprillo page from Benedikt Eppelsheim site The National Saxophone Choir of Great Britain Hear the soprillo in action with other members of the saxophone family Strange saxes page at the web site of Jay C.
Easton. Soprillo MP3s from Benedikt Eppelsheim site Soprillogy: CD dedicated to the soprillo